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Career as Doctor

Doctors are medical professionals who treat patients in hospitals. Physicians diagnose a patient, and prescribes medicines and treatment for disease, while surgeons perform operations. Allopathic medicine is one of the largest and most extensive field of study and research with many different specialties.

Job Profile

Career as Doctor

Physicians

  • Educate clients for prevention and control of disease
  • Diagnose different ailments and  disease
  •  Prescribing medicines and treatment
  • Advise patients for follow up
  • Keep a record of diagnosis and treatment of each patient
  • Specialize in different medical specialities such as cardiology, rheumatology etc.Training is for 3 years after the basic degree (MBBS). Super specialization requires further study.
  • Work in large hospitals to offer treatment in all branches covered under the medical specialties, in multi-speciality hospitals, clinics, nursing homes or are in defence or government hospitals to provide similar medical cover.
  • May teach and examine junior doctors or carry out research.
  • Make referals.

 Surgeons

  • Examine patients
  • Order  different diagnostic tests to help them in the diagnosis
  • Go through patient reports
  • Schedule surgery
  • Perform operations on all organs of the body as general surgeons
  • As specialist surgeons specialize in one of the many branches such as as Orthopaedic, ENT, cardiothorasic, neurosurgeons etc. They are trained to perform operations of the most complex nature with sophisticated surgical tools and equipment.
  • Follow up patients after surgery and treat any complications if needed.
  • Work in large hospitals to offer treatment in all branches covered under the surgical specialties, in multi-speciality hospitals, clinics, nursing homes or are in defence or government hospitals to provide similar medical cover.
  • May teach and examine junior doctors or carry out research.

Doctors also work in a number of non-clinical branches of study such as anatomy and physiology, biochemistry, microbiology which apply themselves to the study and research in various branches of medicine.

Employment Opportunities

  • Self employment
  • Government hospitals and clinics
  • Multi specialist hospitals and nursing homes
  • Central Health Scheme (CGHS)
  • Employees Insurance Scheme (EIS) Hospital or Primary Health Centers
  • Business organizations
  • Industries
  • Schools and embassies as consultants
  • Armed Forces
  • Railways
  • UPSC conducts a Combined Medical Services Exam for MBBS degree holders for selecting doctors for central government run hospitals

How do I get there?

  • Std XII

    Stream:PCB/Biotech&English

  • Entrance Test

    NEET-UG*

  • Graduation

    MBBS

  • PGEntry&Course

    NEET-PG**/CET-DNB***>MD/MS

  • Goal

    Doctor

*NEET-UG is an entrance exam for selecting students for MBBS and BDS courses. This is a National-level common entrance test conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Applications : www.aipmt.nic.in.  
 Eligibility: 12th examination, minimum of 50% (General category) and 40% (Reserved category) in aggregate of Physics, Chemistry Biology /Biotechnology from a recognized board.

Exam Pattern:  NEET-UG is an objective type paper-pencil test. From a total of 180 questions there are 45 questions each from physics, chemistry, botany and zoology . Syllabus can be seen on http://www.mciindia.org/NEET/NEETUG.aspx  The exam is a three hour long paper will negative marking , a deduction of  1/4 mark for every wrong answer.

The test is in English and for states in their regional languages e.g. Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Gujarat and West Bengal, have the paper in their respective regional languages.

**Postgraduate Medical Course in broad specialities is of three years duration in the case of degree course and two years in the case of Diploma courses after MBBS and in the case of super specialities the duration is three years after MD/MS. There is a single eligibility cum entrance examination :-National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for admission to Postgraduate Medical Courses conducted by the Medical Council of India.

*** The National Board of Examinations is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It conducts Postgraduate and Post Doctoral examinations medicine and allied sciences and awards Diplomate of National Board in the concerned discipline. Candidates areselected  through CET test of NBE. 

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Content on this page is by Career Expert
Mrs. Kum Kum Tandon
MA (Psychology), M.Ed, Diploma in Educational Psychology, Vocational Guidance & Counseling (NCERT, Delhi) | View Complete Profile
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