Updated on Jan 31, 2022 04:31 IST
Sreetama Datta Roy

Sreetama Datta RoyManager Content

Materials Science (also referred to as materials science and engineering) is an inter-disciplinary subject that involves the study of all materials starting from a glass or a piece of sports equipment to those used in medicine and aerospace. The subject explores the structure and design of any material and how it can be used in the most optimum way.

Apart from this, the field of materials science also focuses on the creation of new materials on the basis of different engineering requirements. The materials created through this field of science are used for a variety of purposes and range from nanotechnology to advanced polymers.  

Through their understanding of how materials work, materials scientists or engineers create new materials for new applications and develop existing materials to improve performance. Materials science is a broad field of study and contains plenty of opportunities for students who wish to build their careers in it and its related technologies.

What is Materials Science

Materials Science is an interdisciplinary subject that involves Physics and Chemistry of Matter, Engineering applications and industrial manufacturing processes. The subject deals with the interconnection between the structure and properties of a material and its manufacturing process.

The duration of the undergraduate Materials Science course is four years and that of the postgraduate course is two years. The curriculum includes Engineering and Science subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and its sub-topics such as metals, materials, alloys, ceramics, biomaterials, magnetic and optical materials, to name a few.

Materials Science Eligibility Criteria

Materials science can be pursued by candidates at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate levels. Given below are the eligibility criteria for all levels of materials science courses:

UG Level: Candidates should clear Class 12 in the Science stream with at least 50 per cent to 60 per cent aggregate.  

PG Level: Candidates should clear graduation preferably in materials science with at least 50 per cent to 60 per cent aggregate.  

PhD Level: Candidates should clear post-graduation in materials science or a related discipline with at least 60 per cent to 75 per cent marks. Candidates clearing GATE (with minimum 90 to 95 percentile) or CSIR UGC NET and had Mathematics as a mandatory subject in graduation are also eligible to apply.  

Note: Materials science eligibility criteria mentioned above might vary depending on the policy of the university in which a candidate is applying for admission.

Materials Science Admission Process

The admission process for Materials Science courses is entrance-based, i.e. candidates are given admission on the basis of their performance in entrance exams which are conducted for admission to Materials Sciences courses. Some of the top entrance exams for Materials Science courses are as follows:

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Top Colleges and Courses Offering Materials

Some of the top colleges and courses offered by those are as follows:

Colleges

Courses

Duration

IIT Madras

BTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

4 years

MTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

2 years

BTech + MTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

5 years

IIT Delhi

BTech in Materials Engineering

4 years

MTech in Materials Engineering

2 years

MTech in Solid State Materials

2 years

IIT Bombay

BTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

4 years

MTech in Materials Science

2 years

IIT Kanpur

BTech in Materials Science and Engineering

4 years

MTech in Materials Science and Engineering

2 years

PhD in Materials Science and Engineering

3 years

Jadavpur University, Kolkata

MTech in Material Engineering

2 years

Delhi Technological University

MTech in Material Science and Technology

2 years

Materials Science Course Curriculum

There are different science and engineering courses offered in materials science. However, the two popular materials science courses include BTech Materials Science & Engineering and MTech Materials Science & Engineering. Given below is an overview of the subjects taught in both courses:

BTech Materials Science & Engineering

Nature and Properties of Materials

Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria

Rate Processes

Structure and Characterization of Materials

Introduction of Biomaterials

Phase Transformation

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Materials

Physical Metallurgy Laboratory

Mechanical Behaviour Laboratory

Principles of Metal Extraction & Refining

Materials Processing

Functional Materials Laboratory

Process Engineering Laboratory

Manufacturing Processes Laboratory

Science and Technology of Thin Films and Device Fabrication

Energy Materials and Technologies

Electronic Devices and Characterization

Electro-Ceramic Materials and Applications

Materials Science Technologies for Application in Life Sciences

Iron and Steel Making

Selection and Design of Engineering Materials

Powder Metallurgy

Solidification Processing

Heat-Treatment and Surface Hardening

Symmetry and Properties of Crystals

Interfaces and Material Properties

Microscopy and Microanalysis of Materials

Dislocations and Plasticity

Material Failure- Analysis and Prevention

Nanostructures and Nano-Materials-Characterization and Properties

-

MTech Materials Science & Engineering

Engineering Mathematics

Physical Metallurgy

Materials Characterization

Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Materials Testing & characterization

Ceramic Science and Technology

Composites and Polymers

Nanomaterials and Technology

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Selection of Materials

Computational Techniques

Non Destructive Testing

Manufacturing Processes

Corrosion Engineering

Metallurgical Failure Analysis

Surface Engineering

Biomaterials

High-Temperature Materials

Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing

Thin Film Technology and Application

Electrical, Magnetic and Optoelectronic Materials

Process Modeling

Particulate Technology

Statistical Quality Control and Management

Polymer Processing

Nuclear Materials

Severe Plastic Deformations

Finite Element Methods

Theory of Plasticity

-

Required Skillset for Materials Science

All candidates looking to build their career in the field of materials science should possess the below-mentioned skillset and traits:

  • Mathematical skills
  • Scientific knowledge
  • Technical skills
  • Planning skills
  • Analytical bent of mind
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Decision-making skills
  • Inquisitiveness
  • Detail orientation
  • Innovation and creativity

Materials Science: Job Profiles & Top Recruiters

Candidates with a bachelor’s or master’s degree in materials science can find employment opportunities in a variety of industries such as automotive, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, ceramic/ glass companies, nuclear, defence, oil & gas, etc.

Some of the popular job profiles related to materials science are:

  • Material Engineer: A material engineer specialises in metals, ceramics or plastics. S/he develops composite materials and studies the atomic structure of materials in order to discover new applications for their mechanical or chemical properties.
  • Material Analyst: A material analyst, using different software systems designs material and supply movement plans for companies. Job responsibilities of a material analyst also include tracking customer product demand, managing transportation of exports and imports, and developing productivity improvement proposals.
  • Materials Scientist: A materials scientist researches as well as studies the structures and chemical properties of different man-made and natural materials such as glass, metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, etc.
  • Materials Technician: Job responsibilities of a materials technician include testing a material's strength and flexibility along with its characteristics such as chemical composition, cost assessment, safety and environmental impact, etc.  
  • Manufacturing Engineer: The job role of a manufacturing engineer includes developing manufacturing processes by studying the requirements of the product and researching, designing, modifying as well as testing manufacturing methods and equipment.
  • Product Tester: A product tester is a professional who tests, evaluates and provides feedback of products that are being launched by a company.
  • Metallurgist: A metallurgist develops metal products and structures that range from small precision-made components to huge engineering parts. A metallurgist usually specialises in one area such as structural metallurgy, process or chemical.

Top Recruiters for Materials Science

Some of the top recruiters for materials science candidates are:

  • Ultratech Cement
  • ACC Limited
  • JMC Projects
  • Hindustan Constructions Company
  • Gammon
  • Shapoorji Pallonji Group
  • Simplex Infrastructure
  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited
  • Reliance Industries Ltd.
  • Tata Steel

FAQs Regarding Materials Science

Q: What is Materials Science course?

A: Materials Science is an interdisciplinary course that studies the properties of solid materials and how those determine a solid material’s composition and structure. The Materials Science curriculum includes subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Metallurgy.

Q: Is Materials Science an Engineering discipline?

A: Yes, Materials Science is an Engineering discipline. But it can be studied as a Science subject (BSc/MSc) as well.

Q: What is the duration of the Materials Science course?

A: The duration of the undergraduate Materials Science course is four years. On the other hand, the postgraduate Materials Science course duration is two years.

Q: What are some of the top colleges offering Materials Science courses?

A: Some of the top colleges offering Materials Science courses include IITs, NITs, Jadavpur University, UPES Dehradun, Anna University, IIEST Shibpur, DTU, SASTRA University, MNNIT University, to name a few.

Q: What is the average fee for Materials Science course?

A: The average fee for Materials Science course ranges from INR 5 lakh to INR 25 lakh.

Q: What are the entrance exams students need to take for admission to the Materials Science course?

A: Some of the top entrance exams for Materials Science admission are JEE Main, JEE Advanced, UPSEAT, UGC NET, GATE, among others.

Q: Is Materials Science a good career option?

A: Yes, Materials Science has a good scope. Being an interdisciplinary course, it opens career opportunities in various industries such as Automobile, Manufacturing, Transport, to name a few.

Q: Which industry sectors provide good career options for Materials Science graduates?

A: Some of the industry sectors that provide good career options for Materials Science graduates are automotive, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, ceramic/ glass companies, nuclear, defence, oil & gas, etc.

Q: What is the average salary offered to Materials Science graduates?

A: The average salary of Materials Science graduates range from INR 11 lakh to INR 20 lakh per annum. The salary figure depends on the institute, recruiting companies, job role, experience among other factors.

Q: What are some of the specialisations for Materials Science courses?

A: Some of the specialisations of Materials Science are Metallurgy, Chemical Science, Structural Materials, Nanoscale Engineering among others.

Q: Apart from IITs, which are some of the top colleges offering Materials Science courses?

A: Apart from IITs, other top colleges offering Materials Science courses are NITs, Jadavpur University, Institute of Chemical Technology Mumbai, VNIT Nagpur, etc.

 

Popular Materials Science Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Materials Science Colleges in India. Learn more about these Materials Science colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
3 Courses
30.95 K - 8.19 L
12 - 16 LPA

#3 The Week

4 Courses
2.29 L - 8.47 L
11 - 15.5 LPA

#1 India Today

6 Courses
1.21 L - 10.39 L
12 - 13 LPA

#2 India Today

3 Courses
44.15 K - 8.38 L
15 - 17 LPA

#3 India Today

5 Courses
51.85 K - 9.15 L
12 - 16 LPA

#4 India Today

3 Courses
51 K - 10.71 L
10.06 - 19.57 LPA

#5 India Today

Popular Private Materials Science Colleges in India

2.73 L - 5.25 L
3.2 L - 3.21 L
1 Course
15.92 L
4.5 LPA
10.58 L
4 LPA
1 Course
2.21 L
3.25 LPA
5.94 L

Popular Materials Science UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Materials Science UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Materials Science PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Materials Science PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Comments

Which policy. Colleges registration start fir b tech compute Science?

Reply to Taher Kapadia

P

Pankaj

Contributor-Level 9

an hour ago

Dear student it is my pleasure to give your question's answer and help you
dear student admission for B.Tech is ongoing you can fill your online form for admission.

How is the placement for M.Sc in Environmental Science in IGNOU?

Reply to Rama Rao

s

sharath

Beginner-Level 1

3 days ago

IGNOU has its own placement cell called CPC. The cell conducts on-campus and off-campus placement and employability enhancement activities at the head office and its regional centres. It can be observed that the number has grown tremendously over the years. Compared to 2018, 2019 witnessed a 2.9%...IGNOU has its own placement cell called CPC. The cell conducts on-campus and off-campus placement and employability enhancement activities at the head office and its regional centres. It can be observed that the number has grown tremendously over the years. Compared to 2018, 2019 witnessed a 2.9% increase in the number of students who participated in the placements. It can be observed that the number has grown tremendously over the years. IGNOU now Offering Master of Science Programme in Environmental Science (MSCENV) Indira Gandhi National Open University offers admission to Master in Environmental Science for the January 2022 and July sessions.
Career Scope of M.Sc. Environmental Science
Environmental Consultant. Environmental Scientist. Environmental Science Manager. Wildlife Filmmaker. Environmental Journalists. Director of Waste Management. Environmental Photographer. Lecturer and many more. IGNOU Distance M.Sc. is beneficial for students in many ways. First of all, the degree offered by the university is valuable and recognised by UGC-DEB. The degrees offered by IGNOU is valid not only in India but also abroad. In this sector, you can be employed by various organizations are such as Pollution Control Board, Water Authority and Urban Planning. Many private organizations like Food processing industries, Refineries, Distilleries and Fertilizer plants are also offering various job opportunities for the graduates in this field. Employment of environmental scientists and specialists is projected to grow 8 percent from 2020 to 2030, about as fast as the average for all occupations. About 9,400 openings for environmental scientists and specialists are projected each year, on average, over the decade.

P

Pranav Kaushal

Contributor-Level 10

3 days ago

I want to know about the latest cutoff information for M.Tech. in Materials Science and Engineering at IIT Kharagpur.

Reply to Mahizabin Mahizabin

B

Biswajit Dey

Beginner-Level 2

a month ago

Basically it fluctuates year to year. As per the latest information, The cut off needed for M. Tech in Material science and engineering is 509 in GATE exam.

R

Rishabh Dan

Beginner-Level 1

a month ago

For general its around 500 , obe- 400, EWS-450 AND SC,SC- 500 to 600

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