Updated on Nov 7, 2022 11:52 IST
Sreetama Datta Roy

Sreetama Datta RoyManager Content

Materials Science (also referred to as materials science and engineering) is an inter-disciplinary subject that involves the study of all materials starting from a glass or a piece of sports equipment to those used in medicine and aerospace. The subject explores the structure and design of any material and how it can be used in the most optimum way.

Apart from this, the field of materials science also focuses on the creation of new materials on the basis of different engineering requirements. The materials created through this field of science are used for a variety of purposes and range from nanotechnology to advanced polymers.  

Through their understanding of how materials work, materials scientists or engineers create new materials for new applications and develop existing materials to improve performance. Materials science is a broad field of study and contains plenty of opportunities for students who wish to build their careers in it and its related technologies.

What is Materials Science

Materials Science is an interdisciplinary subject that involves Physics and Chemistry of Matter, Engineering applications and industrial manufacturing processes. The subject deals with the interconnection between the structure and properties of a material and its manufacturing process.

The duration of the undergraduate Materials Science course is four years and that of the postgraduate course is two years. The curriculum includes Engineering and Science subjects such as Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and its sub-topics such as metals, materials, alloys, ceramics, biomaterials, magnetic and optical materials, to name a few.

Materials Science Eligibility Criteria

Materials science can be pursued by candidates at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctorate levels. Given below are the eligibility criteria for all levels of materials science courses:

UG Level: Candidates should clear Class 12 in the Science stream with at least 50 per cent to 60 per cent aggregate.  

PG Level: Candidates should clear graduation preferably in materials science with at least 50 per cent to 60 per cent aggregate.  

PhD Level: Candidates should clear post-graduation in materials science or a related discipline with at least 60 per cent to 75 per cent marks. Candidates clearing GATE (with minimum 90 to 95 percentile) or CSIR UGC NET and had Mathematics as a mandatory subject in graduation are also eligible to apply.  

Note: Materials science eligibility criteria mentioned above might vary depending on the policy of the university in which a candidate is applying for admission.

Materials Science Admission Process

The admission process for Materials Science courses is entrance-based, i.e. candidates are given admission on the basis of their performance in entrance exams which are conducted for admission to Materials Sciences courses. Some of the top entrance exams for Materials Science courses are as follows:

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Top Colleges and Courses Offering Materials

Some of the top colleges and courses offered by those are as follows:

Colleges

Courses

Duration

IIT Madras

BTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

4 years

MTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

2 years

BTech + MTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

5 years

IIT Delhi

BTech in Materials Engineering

4 years

MTech in Materials Engineering

2 years

MTech in Solid State Materials

2 years

IIT Bombay

BTech in Metallurgical and Materials Science

4 years

MTech in Materials Science

2 years

IIT Kanpur

BTech in Materials Science and Engineering

4 years

MTech in Materials Science and Engineering

2 years

PhD in Materials Science and Engineering

3 years

Jadavpur University, Kolkata

MTech in Material Engineering

2 years

Delhi Technological University

MTech in Material Science and Technology

2 years

Materials Science Course Curriculum

There are different science and engineering courses offered in materials science. However, the two popular materials science courses include BTech Materials Science & Engineering and MTech Materials Science & Engineering. Given below is an overview of the subjects taught in both courses:

BTech Materials Science & Engineering

Nature and Properties of Materials

Thermodynamics and Phase Equilibria

Rate Processes

Structure and Characterization of Materials

Introduction of Biomaterials

Phase Transformation

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Electronic and Magnetic Properties of Materials

Physical Metallurgy Laboratory

Mechanical Behaviour Laboratory

Principles of Metal Extraction & Refining

Materials Processing

Functional Materials Laboratory

Process Engineering Laboratory

Manufacturing Processes Laboratory

Science and Technology of Thin Films and Device Fabrication

Energy Materials and Technologies

Electronic Devices and Characterization

Electro-Ceramic Materials and Applications

Materials Science Technologies for Application in Life Sciences

Iron and Steel Making

Selection and Design of Engineering Materials

Powder Metallurgy

Solidification Processing

Heat-Treatment and Surface Hardening

Symmetry and Properties of Crystals

Interfaces and Material Properties

Microscopy and Microanalysis of Materials

Dislocations and Plasticity

Material Failure- Analysis and Prevention

Nanostructures and Nano-Materials-Characterization and Properties

-

MTech Materials Science & Engineering

Engineering Mathematics

Physical Metallurgy

Materials Characterization

Thermodynamics and Kinetics

Materials Testing & characterization

Ceramic Science and Technology

Composites and Polymers

Nanomaterials and Technology

Mechanical Behavior of Materials

Selection of Materials

Computational Techniques

Non Destructive Testing

Manufacturing Processes

Corrosion Engineering

Metallurgical Failure Analysis

Surface Engineering

Biomaterials

High-Temperature Materials

Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing

Thin Film Technology and Application

Electrical, Magnetic and Optoelectronic Materials

Process Modeling

Particulate Technology

Statistical Quality Control and Management

Polymer Processing

Nuclear Materials

Severe Plastic Deformations

Finite Element Methods

Theory of Plasticity

-

Required Skillset for Materials Science

All candidates looking to build their career in the field of materials science should possess the below-mentioned skillset and traits:

  • Mathematical skills
  • Scientific knowledge
  • Technical skills
  • Planning skills
  • Analytical bent of mind
  • Problem-solving skills
  • Decision-making skills
  • Inquisitiveness
  • Detail orientation
  • Innovation and creativity

Materials Science: Job Profiles & Top Recruiters

Candidates with a bachelor’s or master’s degree in materials science can find employment opportunities in a variety of industries such as automotive, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, ceramic/ glass companies, nuclear, defence, oil & gas, etc.

Some of the popular job profiles related to materials science are:

  • Material Engineer: A material engineer specialises in metals, ceramics or plastics. S/he develops composite materials and studies the atomic structure of materials in order to discover new applications for their mechanical or chemical properties.
  • Material Analyst: A material analyst, using different software systems designs material and supply movement plans for companies. Job responsibilities of a material analyst also include tracking customer product demand, managing transportation of exports and imports, and developing productivity improvement proposals.
  • Materials Scientist: A materials scientist researches as well as studies the structures and chemical properties of different man-made and natural materials such as glass, metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, etc.
  • Materials Technician: Job responsibilities of a materials technician include testing a material's strength and flexibility along with its characteristics such as chemical composition, cost assessment, safety and environmental impact, etc.  
  • Manufacturing Engineer: The job role of a manufacturing engineer includes developing manufacturing processes by studying the requirements of the product and researching, designing, modifying as well as testing manufacturing methods and equipment.
  • Product Tester: A product tester is a professional who tests, evaluates and provides feedback of products that are being launched by a company.
  • Metallurgist: A metallurgist develops metal products and structures that range from small precision-made components to huge engineering parts. A metallurgist usually specialises in one area such as structural metallurgy, process or chemical.

Top Recruiters for Materials Science

Some of the top recruiters for materials science candidates are:

  • Ultratech Cement
  • ACC Limited
  • JMC Projects
  • Hindustan Constructions Company
  • Gammon
  • Shapoorji Pallonji Group
  • Simplex Infrastructure
  • Jindal Steel & Power Limited
  • Reliance Industries Ltd.
  • Tata Steel

FAQs Regarding Materials Science

Q: What is Materials Science course?

A: Materials Science is an interdisciplinary course that studies the properties of solid materials and how those determine a solid material’s composition and structure. The Materials Science curriculum includes subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Metallurgy.

Q: Is Materials Science an Engineering discipline?

A: Yes, Materials Science is an Engineering discipline. But it can be studied as a Science subject (BSc/MSc) as well.

Q: What is the duration of the Materials Science course?

A: The duration of the undergraduate Materials Science course is four years. On the other hand, the postgraduate Materials Science course duration is two years.

Q: What are some of the top colleges offering Materials Science courses?

A: Some of the top colleges offering Materials Science courses include IITs, NITs, Jadavpur University, UPES Dehradun, Anna University, IIEST Shibpur, DTU, SASTRA University, MNNIT University, to name a few.

Q: What is the average fee for Materials Science course?

A: The average fee for Materials Science course ranges from INR 5 lakh to INR 25 lakh.

Q: What are the entrance exams students need to take for admission to the Materials Science course?

A: Some of the top entrance exams for Materials Science admission are JEE Main, JEE Advanced, UPSEAT, UGC NET, GATE, among others.

Q: Is Materials Science a good career option?

A: Yes, Materials Science has a good scope. Being an interdisciplinary course, it opens career opportunities in various industries such as Automobile, Manufacturing, Transport, to name a few.

Q: Which industry sectors provide good career options for Materials Science graduates?

A: Some of the industry sectors that provide good career options for Materials Science graduates are automotive, manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, telecommunications, ceramic/ glass companies, nuclear, defence, oil & gas, etc.

Q: What is the average salary offered to Materials Science graduates?

A: The average salary of Materials Science graduates range from INR 11 lakh to INR 20 lakh per annum. The salary figure depends on the institute, recruiting companies, job role, experience among other factors.

Q: What are some of the specialisations for Materials Science courses?

A: Some of the specialisations of Materials Science are Metallurgy, Chemical Science, Structural Materials, Nanoscale Engineering among others.

Q: Apart from IITs, which are some of the top colleges offering Materials Science courses?

A: Apart from IITs, other top colleges offering Materials Science courses are NITs, Jadavpur University, Institute of Chemical Technology Mumbai, VNIT Nagpur, etc.

 

Popular Materials Science Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Materials Science Colleges in India. Learn more about these Materials Science colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
6 Courses
1.2 L - 10 L
12.97 - 15 LPA

#2 India Today

4 Courses
4 L - 8 L
11 - 17.6 LPA

#1 India Today

3 Courses
20 K - 10 L
13 - 16 LPA

#3 The Week

3 Courses
45 K - 5 L
7 - 10.8 LPA

#7 The Week

5 Courses
20 K - 10 L
11.35 - 15 LPA

#4 India Today

3 Courses
20 K - 10.71 L
7.1 - 20.55 LPA

#5 India Today

Popular Private Materials Science Colleges in India

1 Course
1.8 L
5.75 LPA

Top 10 in Coimbatore

1 Course
10 L
4.5 LPA

Top 25 in Maharasthra

Materials Science Applications open till Apr 15, 2023. Apply Now

9.14 L
4.5 LPA
1 Course
1.05 L
5 LPA

Top 25 in Tamil Nadu

6 Courses
1.2 L - 10 L
12.97 - 15 LPA

#2 India Today

4 Courses
4 L - 8 L
11 - 17.6 LPA

#1 India Today

Popular Materials Science UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Materials Science UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Materials Science PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Materials Science PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Comments

d

What is the Materials Science & Engineering?

R

Raj Baisoya

Beginner-Level 5

Yesterday

Materials Science and engineering study the properties and structures of metals, cremics, plastics, composites, nanomaterial and other substance in order to create a new materials that meet certain mechanical, electrical and chemical requirements.

A

Arijit Roy

Contributor-Level 7

Yesterday

Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) is an interdisciplinary field that involves the study of the properties, behavior, and structure of materials, and the use of this knowledge to develop new or improved materials with specific properties and functions. The field encompasses a wide range of m...Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) is an interdisciplinary field that involves the study of the properties, behavior, and structure of materials, and the use of this knowledge to develop new or improved materials with specific properties and functions. The field encompasses a wide range of materials, including metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites, as well as emerging materials such as nanomaterials and biomaterials. MSE involves the use of various tools and techniques to study the properties of materials, such as microscopy, spectroscopy, and mechanical testing. Researchers in the field use this knowledge to design, synthesize, and develop new materials for a wide range of applications, such as aerospace, biomedical, electronics, energy, and transportation. Some of the specific areas of study within MSE include:
Materials characterization, which involves the study of the physical and chemical properties of materials synthesis, which involves the development of new materials through various methods such as chemical and physical methods
Materials processing, which involves the manipulation of materials to improve their properties and make them suitable for different applications
Materials selection, which involves the identification of the best material for a given application based on its properties, cost, and availability
Overall Materials Science and Engineering is a field that plays a critical role in the development of new materials, products and technologies. It's a field with a lot of diversity, research opportunities and career prospects.

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