What is Operating System - Eligibility, Courses, Fees, Syllabus, Job Profile

Updated on Mar 1, 2024 05:45 IST
Esha Gupta

Esha GuptaAssociate Senior Executive

An operating system (OS) is the most important software that runs on a computer. It is system software that manages computer hardware and other software and acts as a bridge between hardware, software and the user. Several computer programs run simultaneously most of the time, and they all need to access your computer's central processing unit (CPU), memory, and storage. The operating system coordinates all of this to ensure each program runs properly. It also allows users to communicate with the computer and its peripheral devices. Without an operating system, a computer is useless.

With the increasing reliance on technology across all sectors, the demand for advanced and specialised operating systems is expected to rise, highlighting the critical role these systems play in the digital age.

Table of Contents
  1. Operating System Course Highlights
  2. Current Trends in the Operating System Industry
  3. Why Learn Operating Systems in 2024?
    • 3.1 Relevance of Learning Operating Systems in 2024
    • 3.2 How to Learn and Excel in Operating Systems Strategically?
  4. Fundamental Concepts of Operating Systems
  5. Top Online Operating System Courses
    • 5.1 Minimum Eligibility for Enrolling in Online Operating System Courses
    • 5.2 Who Should Go For Online Operating System Courses?
  6. Syllabus for Online Operating System Courses
  7. Tools To Look Out in an Operating System Course
  8. Top Operating System Colleges in India
  9. Which is More Suitable For You - Online Operating System Courses vs Offline Operating System Courses?
  10. Careers in Operating Systems in India
    • 10.1 Future Growth Prospects in Operating Systems
    • 10.2 Top Job Titles in Operating Systems
  11. Top Recruiters for Operating System Specialist
  12. FAQs Regarding Career in Operating System

Operating System Course Highlights

Particulars

Details

Course Level

Certificate, UG Diploma and PG Diploma

Duration

Certificate: 1month-12months

UG Diploma: 6-8 months

PG Diploma: 2 years

Admission Process

Direct enrollment

Course Fee

Certificate: Up to INR 20,000

UG Diploma: INR 15,000-50,000

PG Diploma: INR 30,000-70,000

Average Salary

Certificate: INR 2-3 Lakh

UG Diploma: INR 3-8 lakh

PG Diploma: INR 5- 9 lakh

Top Career Prospects

Software Developer, Data Analyst, Cyber Security expert

Top Recruiters

Microsoft, Google, Apple, IBM, Red Hat, Cisco

Current Trends in the Operating System Industry

Current trends in the operating system industry are significantly influenced by technological advancements, changes in user behaviour, and the evolving needs of both consumer and enterprise markets. Key trends such as the integration of artificial intelligence (AI), the adoption of cloud computing, the rise of edge computing, and the increasing focus on security and privacy are shaping the future of operating systems. 

  • As of January 2024, Android's operating system market has a 41.61% share, followed by Windows at 29.02%, and iOS trailing closely. 
  • Future operating systems are expected to offer enhanced support for AR and VR technologies. By providing optimised environments for these applications, operating systems will enable immersive experiences across various sectors, including gaming, education, and healthcare.
  • The Linux ecosystem is witnessing significant developments, focusing on Linux-based hardware innovation, such as the increasing popularity of Chromebooks and Raspberry Pi devices.

Why Learn Operating Systems in 2024?

Learning operating systems in 2024 is crucial for several reasons, reflecting the evolving landscape of technology and its increasing impact on both the professional and personal spheres. 

  • Operating systems are the foundation of computer science and essential for branching into software development, network security, and architecture.
  • Fusing AI, ML, IoT, and cloud computing with operating systems demands skilled professionals to drive efficiency, security, and innovation.
  • Mastery of operating systems is crucial for cybersecurity experts to defend against complex threats and secure digital assets.
  • The expansion of IoT and edge computing elevates the importance of operating systems capable of real-time data processing on resource-constrained devices.
  •  Operating systems are pivotal in our technology-driven world, empowering individuals to contribute to and thrive in the global tech economy.

Relevance of Learning Operating Systems in 2024

In 2024, learning operating systems is more relevant than ever due to the evolving technological landscape and its deep integration into every aspect of digital life. As the backbone of all computing devices, operating systems enable the functionality of software and hardware and play a critical role in areas such as cybersecurity, cloud computing, and the development of emerging technologies like AI and IoT. Understanding operating systems is fundamental for professionals aiming to excel in various tech-related fields, offering a gateway to innovation.

How to Learn and Excel in Operating Systems Strategically?

Here are a few steps to consider when you want to learn and excel in operating systems.

Fundamental Concepts of Operating Systems

Concept

Description

Process Management

Involves creating, scheduling, and terminating processes. It ensures efficient process execution, including process synchronisation and communication.

Memory Management

Manages the allocation and deallocation of memory space. Includes techniques for memory allocation, paging, segmentation, and handling of physical and virtual memory.

File System Management

Handles the creation, deletion, reading, and writing of files. It also manages directories and keeps track of information like file location and permissions.

I/O System Management

Oversees input/output operations and related devices. It includes drivers and buffers to manage data transfer between hardware and applications.

Security and Protection

Ensure system integrity by managing access control, implementing authentication measures, and protecting against unauthorised access and vulnerabilities.

Networking

(In networked operating systems) Manages networking functions such as communication protocols, data transmission, and network device control.

User Interface

Provides interfaces for user interaction with the computer, which can be graphical (GUI) or command-line-based (CLI).

Multitasking and Concurrency

Enables the execution of multiple processes simultaneously and manages allocating resources to these processes to ensure efficient operation.

Top Online Operating System Courses

Course Name

Provider

Duration (Approx)

Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) & Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA)

Red Hat Flexible

Linux System Administration with IBM Power Systems

Coursera

14 Hours

Intro to Operating Systems 4: Persistence Coursera

10 Hours

Securing Linux Systems

Coursera

13 Hours

Minimum Eligibility for Enrolling in Online Operating System Courses

The basic eligibility requirements to pursue Operating System courses are:

  • Certificate: Students must have passed class 10 or above. Candidates must have basic knowledge of computers.
  • UG Diploma: Students must have passed class 12 or above. Candidates must have basic knowledge of computers.
  • PG Diploma: Students must have passed a bachelor’s degree with computers as a subject

Who Should Go For Online Operating System Courses?

Individuals who may benefit from online operating system courses include

  • Computer Science Students
  • Software Developers
  • IT Professionals
  • System Administrators
  • Network Engineers
  • Cybersecurity Specialists,
  • Data Scientists (who require knowledge of OS for computational resources),
  • Embedded Systems Engineers,
  • Tech Enthusiasts seeking to understand the backbone of computing devices
  • Career Changers aiming to enter the tech field.

Syllabus for Online Operating System Courses

Module Description
Introduction to OS Basics of operating systems, history, and evolution
Processes and Threads Process management, scheduling, synchronisation, inter-process communication
Memory Management Virtual memory, paging, segmentation, memory allocation
File Systems File system interface and implementation, directory structure, storage management
I/O Systems I/O hardware, device management, drivers
Security and Protection Security principles, authentication, encryption, access control
Advanced Topics Distributed systems, virtualisation, cloud OS, real-time OS
Practical Assignments Hands-on exercises using popular operating systems like Linux, Windows

Tools To Look Out in an Operating System Course

Getting hands-on experience with tools and environments that facilitate learning and applying concepts is crucial in an operating system course. Key tools to look out for include

  • Virtualisation software (e.g., VMware, VirtualBox) for practising with different operating systems.
  • Development environments (e.g., Visual Studio Code, Eclipse) for coding and script writing.
  • Command line interfaces (CLI) like Bash for Linux/Unix and PowerShell for Windows.
  • Networking tools for understanding OS networking capabilities.
  • Security tools for learning about OS security features.
  • Performance monitoring tools to learn about resource management and optimisation.

Top Operating System Colleges in India

Institution Location(s)
Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur, Madras, Kharagpur, Roorkee, Guwahati, Hyderabad, etc.
National Institutes of Technology (NITs) Trichy, Warangal, Surathkal, etc.
Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani, Goa, Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs) Hyderabad, Allahabad, Bangalore, Jabalpur, etc.
Delhi Technological University (DTU) Delhi
Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi
Anna University Chennai
Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) Vellore, Chennai
Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT) Manipal

Which is More Suitable For You - Online Operating System Courses vs Offline Operating System Courses?

Choosing between online and offline operating system courses depends on your learning style, schedule flexibility, resource access, and personal or professional commitments. Here's a comparison to help determine which might be more suitable for you.

Aspect Online Courses Offline Courses
Flexibility High flexibility with self-paced learning. Fixed schedules and locations.
Accessibility Accessible from anywhere with an internet connection. Requires physical presence at the course location.
Interaction Limited direct interaction with instructors and peers. Direct, immediate interaction with instructors and peers.
Networking Opportunities Less frequent but possible through forums and virtual meetups. Easier to build relationships through direct contact and group activities.
Cost Often more affordable, with many free options available. Generally more expensive due to the costs of facilities, materials, and staff.
Structure Requires self-discipline and motivation to keep up. A structured environment with a routine can enhance focus and commitment.
Technical Requirements Need a reliable internet connection and specific software/hardware in some cases. Access to lab facilities and equipment for hands-on learning.
Learning Environment Virtual, requiring self-motivation and discipline. Physical, offering a routine and potentially more engaging learning experience.
Course Variety Wide range of courses available from global institutions. Limited by geographical location and institution offerings.
Practical Experience It may include simulations but lacks hands-on experience with physical equipment. Direct access to physical lab facilities and equipment for practical experience.

Careers in Operating Systems in India

Careers in operating systems in India span various industries, including technology, finance, telecommunications, and government sectors. Professionals with expertise in operating systems are vital for developing, managing, and securing the IT infrastructure of organisations.

Future Growth Prospects in Operating Systems

  • Future operating systems will seamlessly integrate with cloud services, enhancing storage, computing, and application accessibility.
  • Operating systems will become more lightweight and efficient, designed for IoT devices and edge computing to process data closer to its source.
  • Enhanced encryption, secure booting, and authentication methods will be central to OS development to combat sophisticated cyber threats.
  • OS will offer optimised AI and ML workload support, including better algorithms and data processing resource management.
  • The trend towards universal apps and operating systems that run seamlessly across various devices and platforms will continue to grow.
  • Operating systems will focus on intuitive interfaces and improved accessibility features for a wider range of users.
  • Features that reduce energy consumption and promote sustainable computing practices will be increasingly incorporated into OS designs.
  • Operating systems will be developed as quantum computing evolves to manage quantum processors and facilitate quantum-classical integration.
  • Enhanced management of virtual machines and containers will allow for scalable, flexible, and isolated application execution.

Top Job Titles in Operating Systems

Job Profile

Job Description

Annual Salary in INR

Software Developer

Responsible for software program design, development, and update.

5 lakh

Data Analyst

Analyses data to inform business decisions, identify trends, and improve outcomes.

4 to 5 lakh

Cyber Security Specialist

Identifies potential security threats to systems/software and develops solutions to mitigate these risks.

6 to 9 lakh

System Administrator

Manages and maintains an organisation's computer systems and networks, ensuring efficient and reliable operation.

3 to 7 lakh

Network Engineer

Design, implement and manage the networking infrastructure of an organisation to ensure secure and efficient connectivity.

4 to 8 lakh

DevOps Engineer

work to improve collaboration between development and operations teams by automating infrastructure workflows and monitoring application performance.

6 to 12 lakh

Database Administrator (DBA)

Oversees databases' performance, integrity, and security, configuring the operating system for optimal operation.

5 to 10 lakh

Embedded Systems Engineer

Develops software for embedded devices and systems, often requiring deep integration with the operating system to control hardware components.

4 to 10 lakh

Cloud Engineer

Manages and operates cloud computing environments, including deploying and maintaining cloud services and infrastructure.

5 to 12 lakh

IT Support Specialist

Provides technical support and troubleshooting services to users experiencing operating systems and related software issues.

3 to 6 lakh

Source: Ambition Box

Top Recruiters for Operating System Specialist

  • Microsoft
  • Google
  • Apple
  • Amazon
  • IBM
  • Oracle
  • Red Hat
  • VMware
  • Cisco Systems
  • Intel
  • Dell Technologies
  • HP Inc.
  • Samsung Electronics
  • Canonical
  • NVIDIA

Check out Online Courses and Certifications on Operating System Here!

In 2024, operating systems will continue to be foundational to computing, driving innovation and efficiency in both personal and enterprise technology landscapes. Their evolution enables more secure, user-friendly, and interconnected devices, offering developers and users expansive possibilities. The choice of an operating system can significantly impact software development, system administration, and everyday usage, ensuring a dynamic and adaptive tech environment. Mastery of operating systems remains crucial, promising a rewarding career path in IT and software development.

FAQs Regarding Career in Operating System

What skills are essential for a career in operating systems?

Skills such as proficiency in programming languages (e.g., C, C++, Python), understanding of computer architecture, knowledge of operating system principles and concepts, problem-solving abilities, and familiarity with networking and security concepts are crucial for a career in operating systems.

What job roles are available in the field of operating systems?

Job roles in operating systems include system administrator, software developer/engineer, network engineer, cybersecurity specialist, cloud engineer, data analyst, embedded systems engineer, and more.

What certifications can enhance my career in operating systems?

Certifications such as CompTIA Linux+, Microsoft Certified: Azure Administrator Associate, Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), and Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) can enhance your credibility and job prospects in operating systems-related roles.

What are the current trends and challenges in the operating systems industry?

Current trends include the integration of operating systems with cloud computing and IoT, advancements in security features, and the rise of edge computing. Challenges include cybersecurity threats, ensuring compatibility and interoperability, and managing the complexity of modern operating systems.

How can I prepare for a career in operating systems?

To prepare for a career in operating systems, consider pursuing relevant academic degrees (e.g., computer science, information technology), gaining practical experience through internships or personal projects, staying updated on industry trends and technologies, and obtaining relevant certifications to showcase your expertise.

Popular Operating Systems Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Operating Systems Colleges in India. Learn more about these Operating Systems colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
2.74 L - 5.36 L
1.94 - 3.67 LPA
2 Courses
4.08 L - 6.6 L
3 LPA
1 Course
7.8 L
8 LPA
2 Courses
1.5 L - 4.8 L

Popular Private Operating Systems Colleges in India

2 Courses
1.5 L - 4.8 L
2.74 L - 5.36 L
1.94 - 3.67 LPA
4.97 L
2 Courses
4.08 L - 6.6 L
3 LPA
1 Course
7.8 L
8 LPA

Most Popular Courses

Following are the most popular Operating Systems courses, based on alumni reviews. Explore these reviews to choose the best course in Operating Systems.

Popular Operating Systems UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Operating Systems UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Operating Systems PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Operating Systems PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Popular Operating Systems Specializations in India

Following are the most popular Operating Systems Specializations . You can explore the top Colleges offering these Specializations by clicking the links below.

Popular Specializations

Popular Exams

Following are the top exams for Operating Systems. Students interested in pursuing a career on Operating Systems, generally take these important exams.You can also download the exam guide to get more insights.

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