Difference Between Tariff And Non Tariff Barriers

Difference Between Tariff And Non Tariff Barriers

4 mins read42.6K Views Comment
Anshuman
Anshuman Singh
Senior Executive - Content
Updated on Feb 9, 2024 14:33 IST

Tariff and non tariff barriers are two commonly used methods terms in trade. However, many people are perplexed whether these words are related in any way. In this article, we will look at the difference between tariff and non tariff barriers.

2022_09_Difference-Between-Tariff-And-Non-Tariff-Barriers-1.jpg

Before understanding the difference between tariff and non-tariff barriers, we first must understand what a trade barrier is. So what exactly is a trade barrier? So, a trade barrier is a governmental restriction on the movement of international products or services.

Trade is critical to eradicating global poverty. Nations open to foreign commerce tend to grow quicker, innovate, enhance productivity, and give their citizens higher incomes and more possibilities. Tariffs and non-tariff barriers are the two types of trade barriers.

Must read: What is the Difference Between Trade and Commerce?

Now, we know that there are two types of trade barriers, let’s quickly go through the differences between them after going through the topics listed in the table of contents we will cover in this article.

Table of contents (TOC)

Also read: What is the Difference between Exports and Imports

Difference Between Tariff And Non-Tariff Barriers 

To understand the difference between these two barriers in a better way, let’s go through the differences in a tabular format:

Parameter Tariff Barrier Non Tariff Barrier
Meaning The government imposes tariff barriers in the form of taxes or duties on its imports. Non-tariff barriers cover all the restrictions other than taxes imposed by the government on its imports,
Reason for imposing To protect its domestic companies and increase government revenue. To protect domestic companies and discriminate against new entrants.
Nature Explicit Implicit
Barrier are imposed in the form of Taxes and duties Regulations, requirements, conditions, etc.
Government receives the revenue Yes No
Affects the quantity of the imported goods No Yes
Price is charged by Government Monopolistic organization
Profits generated by importers can be handled Yes No
Chance of making huge profits Less High
Time taken to implement changes made to the trade barrier Less More in comparison to a tariff barrier
Example Import quotas, compound duties, etc. Licensing, anti-dumping duties, etc.
Difference Between Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment
Difference Between Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment
The key difference between foreign trade and foreign investment is that foreign trade is between two or more countries, while foreign investment is made by a particular organization or individual...read more
Difference Between Balance of Trade and Balance of Payment
Difference Between Balance of Trade and Balance of Payment
The main difference between balance of trade and balance of payment is that a balance of trade statement is a type of statement that records a nation’s exports and imports...read more
Difference Between Trade Discount and Cash Discount
Difference Between Trade Discount and Cash Discount
The main difference between trade discount and cash discount is that trade discount is a reduction from the list price offered to buyers in bulk or of certain types, while...read more

What is a Tariff Barrier

Tariff barrier definition: A tariff barrier is a type of barrier a country uses to protect its domestic consumers and producers from foreign competition.

To put it in simpler terms, a tariff is a tax imposed on all commodities imported from other countries. You may also think of it as a ‘border tax.’

When two countries trade in commodities, the country where the goods are entered charges a tax to generate money for the government while also raising the price of foreign goods so that domestic firms can compete with foreign things. The tariff barriers frequently aid in lowering reliance on imported goods and increasing self-sufficiency.

The major reasons for implementing a tariff barrier are:

  • Defending domestic producers
  • Increasing prices to limit imports of products and services
  • In retribution for partner countries’ unjust trade practices.

Get into government job-oriented courses after 10th to start your career sooner. Or, upgrade in the middle of your career with the best government certifications online without compromising your work. 

Advantages of Tariff Barriers

There are various tariff barriers advantages, and some of those advantages are listed below:

  • The tariff barrier acts as a source of government revenue.
  • They encourage domestic production growth.
  • Tariff barriers are a way to prevent unfair competition in international trade.
  • Tariff barriers may also be a starting point for international negotiations and agreements.
 

What is a Non-Tariff Barrier?

Non tariff barrier definition: A non-tariff barrier restricts the import or export of products by means other than tariffs.

In simpler terms,they are any measures that limit imports or exports into a country that are not customs tariffs. Some of the most common and popular non tariff barriers are licenses, quotas, import deposits, embargoes, foreign exchange restrictions, etc.

These barriers could include:

  • Regulations: Any rules governing how a product is created, handled, or advertised.
  • Rules of origin: Rules requiring verification of where things were manufactured.
  • Quotas: Regulations that limit the quantity of a certain product that can be sold in a market.

Advantages of Non-Tariff Barrier

There are various non tariff barriers advantages, and some of those advantages are listed below:

  • They protect new or strategic industrial developments.
  • Non-tariff policies are more effective in limiting import volumes.
  • Due to non tariff barriers, there is a decline in the import of goods. The decline in imports diverts demand for domestic products and thus creates jobs.

Conclusion

Tariff and non-tariff barriers are two types of restrictions or difficulties in international trade. In this article, we examined the significant differences that are worth comprehending.

Now that you understand the distinction between tariff and non-tariff barriers, you can grasp the types of restrictions imposed.

Recommended Reads

FAQs

What is the distinction between tariff and non tariff barriers?

Non-tariff trade restrictions are imposed on imported things indirectly, whereas tariffs are imposed directly on imported commodities.

What is the significance of non-tariff barriers?

Non-tariff barriers are commonly used to infer the impact of institutions such as customs unions, linguistic identity, international borders, etc., on trade flow.

What is the main advantage of a tariff barrier?

The principal advantage is that tariffs generate revenue on products and services imported into the country.

What is tariff barriers?

Tariff barriers are a type of barrier that a country uses to protect its domestic consumers and producers from foreign competition.

About the Author
author-image
Anshuman Singh
Senior Executive - Content

Anshuman Singh is an accomplished content writer with over three years of experience specializing in cybersecurity, cloud computing, networking, and software testing. Known for his clear, concise, and informative wr... Read Full Bio