What is the Difference Between Internet and Intranet?

What is the Difference Between Internet and Intranet?

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Jaya
Jaya Sharma
Senior Executive Content
Updated on Oct 11, 2023 18:43 IST

Internet and intranet are the two popular terms in the field of computers. But many people get confused about whether these words are related in some way or not. Here, we will explore the similarities and differences between the two.

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As more and more companies have initiated the shift away from traditional office work, making the internet and company intranet the most important tools for any organization. While both these terms deal with establishing connections between computers, they have different meanings and applications. In this blog, we will discuss what is Internet and what is Intranet. We will also dive into the similarities and the difference between the internet and the intranet.

Table of Contents

What is Internet?

The internet is a wide computer network and other electronic devices. It enables users around the world to access information, communicate with anyone in the world, and do a lot more.

The internet consists of computers, network devices, cables, routers, data centers, satellites, Wi-Fi towers, etc. that allow digital information to travel across the globe. It uses Internet Protocol (IP) address to differentiate between two computers.

Using the internet, we can browse social media apps, send and receive emails, watch our favorite movies, etc. We can do all of this and much more by connecting our computers to the Internet, which is also called going online.

Features of Internet

Let us take a look at some of the features of the internet:

  • The Internet is a global service that is available to everyone.
  • Internet service interacts heavily with other forms of media.
  • The Internet facilitates communication via text, voice, and video.
  • Internet service development and maintenance costs are relatively low.
  • The Internet is simple to learn and use as the web browser designed to use the Internet is simple.

The internet is open to all. Thus, there was a need for a network that would work for a specific range, such as within an organization or private community, school, college, etc. To cater to this need, the term intranet was coined.

Benefits of Internet

  1. Through the internet, you have a continuous supply of information about anything and everything.
  2. Stay connected with everyone in the world regardless of distance.
  3. Learn different skills through online certifications and courses.
  4. Purchase and sell products and services through the internet.

What is Intranet?

An intranet is a private computer network that is only accessible to a specific group of people, such as an organization and its employees. It is a dedicated hub that enables employees to communicate and securely share data. It uses a LAN (local area network) that interconnects the computers of the different members of the intranet.

Benefits of Intranet

Intranet helps organizations to:

  • Centralized hub linking all employees, fostering unity and integration.
  • Facilitates teamwork with tools like forums and real-time chats.
  • Central platform for disseminating key company news and announcements.
  • Unified storage for documents, ensuring easy access and version control.
  • Streamlines processes, enhancing efficiency and focus.
  • Centralization cuts redundant systems, saving operational expenses.
  • Secure platform for internal communications, safeguarding sensitive data.

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Difference Between Internet and Intranet

Let us explore the difference between the internet vs intranet:

Internet Intranet
Internet is a huge network that connects computer networks across the world. It uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). An intranet is a network connection similar to the internet but it is limited by the users within an organization. It can include several LANs or leased lines in the wide-area network.
The internet enables the exchange of a huge amount of (unlimited) information between the connected users. It enables the exchange of limited information between limited and authorized people of a particular firm.
It provides access to all types of information. The intranet has all the information, resources, programs, events, and more related to a company.
It is a public network. It is a private network.
The internet has multiple users. Anyone can access it. Intranet has are limited users. Only certain people with login credentials are authorized to use Intranet.
The Internet consists of several intranets. It is like a part of the Internet.
It is a wide and insecure network. Internet is a global network with low privacy. There is the possibility of leaks of data and information Intranet is a limited and secure network. It has a pre-installed firewall that protects the privacy of the firm against unauthorized access or hackers.

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Conclusion

In this blog, we learned that both the internet and intranet serve the same purpose. They work on a similar concept. However, the implementation and use of these two are different. They both have some similarities and dissimilarities. The Internet is an open, global, and public space whereas an intranet is a private space. An intranet may be accessible from the Internet. However, it is protected by a password and accessible only to trusted or authorized users.

Also Read: What is the Difference Between Hardware and Software?

FAQs

What is an extranet?

An extranet is a controlled private network or a web portal that is accessible by an organization and its external vendors, partners, customers, or any other users to gain access to restricted information. The host organization manages the site administration. It shares controlled access with internal and external members through user IDs, passwords, and other authentication mechanisms on a login page. Examples of extranet include a vendor portal or a franchise portal.

What are the benefits of extranet?

Some of the advantages of extranet include Smooth information sharing, improved safety of documents, sharing of large volumes of electronic data, and joint company collaboration and training.

Explain the difference between intranet and extranet?

The main difference between intranet and extranet depends on the users who can access them. The intranet can be accessible only to a specific group in an organization. On the other hand, an extranet is accessible to a group of people in an organization as well as external members of an organization such as stakeholders and clients.

Are intranet connections faster than internet connections?

Generally, intranet connections are much faster than internet connections because the electronic signals travel a shorter physical distance. Also, the network hardware on an intranet is controlled entirely by the organization using it, so there is less competition for network resources.

About the Author
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Jaya Sharma
Senior Executive Content

Jaya is a writer with an experience of over 5 years in content creation and marketing. Her writing style is versatile since she likes to write as per the requirement of the domain. She has worked on Technology, Fina... Read Full Bio