CGPA Full Form and Formula

# CGPA Full Form and Formula

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Chanchal Aggarwal
Senior Executive Content
Updated on Oct 3, 2023 11:35 IST

CGPA measures student’s overall academic performance calculated by assigning grade points to individual subject grades and taking the weighted average. CGPA provides a comprehensive assessment of a student’s academic progress beyond individual subject grades.

CGPA is a metric used to assess a student’s overall academic performance over a given period, typically in educational institutions. CGPA is calculated by assigning grade points to the grades obtained in each subject/course and then calculating the weighted average. It provides a standardized way of evaluating a student’s academic progress and is often used to determine academic achievements, scholarship eligibility, and other educational opportunities. CGPA allows a comprehensive assessment of a student’s performance beyond individual subject grades.

## What is CGPA Full Form?

CGPA full form is Cumulative Grade Point Average, is a grading system used in educational institutions to measure a student’s overall academic performance. It is a numerical representation of a student’s average grades across multiple subjects or courses over a specific period.

In the CGPA system, each course or subject is assigned a certain number of credits or weightage, depending on its importance and the number of dedicated hours or weeks. Students receive grades for each course based on their performance, typically represented by letters such as A, B, C, D, or F, corresponding to specific grade points. The grade points are often standardized across institutions, with a common scale ranging from 4.0 to 10.0.

## How to Calculate CGPA?

Identify the grading scale: Determine the grading scale used by your educational institution. It typically consists of a range of letter grades or grade points assigned to each grade. For example, a common scale is 10.0, where A = 10.0, B = 9.0, C = 8.0, and so on. Make sure to understand the specific grade point assigned to each grade.

Gather the necessary information: Collect the grades or points earned in each course or subject for the desired period. The grades can be represented as letters (A, B, C, etc.) or grade points (10.0, 9.0, 8.0, etc.) based on the grading scale.

Determine the credit hours: Determine the credit hours or credits assigned to each course. Credit hours represent the weightage or importance of a course. It is typically mentioned in your institution’s course outline or curriculum.

Calculate grade points earned: Multiply the grade points assigned to each course by the credit hours for that course. This will give you the grade points earned for each course.

Sum the grade points: Add all the points earned for each course.

Determine the total credit hours: Calculate the total credit hours attempted for the given period. This can be done by adding the credit hours of all the courses.

Calculate CGPA: Divide the sum of grade points earned by the total credit hours attempted.

CGPA = Sum of Grade Points Earned / Total Credit Hours Attempted

For example, if you earned grade points of 36 and attempted a total of 12 credit hours, your CGPA would be 36/12 = 3.0.

It’s important to note that the specific calculation method and grading scale may vary between educational institutions or countries. Therefore, it is recommended to refer to the specific guidelines and instructions provided by your institution to calculate CGPA accurately.

## How to Calculate CGPA to Percentage?

To convert CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) to a percentage, follow the steps below:

Obtain the CGPA: CGPA is a weighted average of the grade points earned in each subject/course. Each subject/course is assigned a grade point based on the corresponding grade obtained. The CGPA is calculated by summing up the grade points earned in all subjects/courses and dividing it by the total number of subjects/courses.

Determine the maximum CGPA: The maximum CGPA is usually 10, but it may vary depending on the grading system used by your institution. Note down the maximum CGPA value.

Convert CGPA to percentage: To convert CGPA to percentage, you must multiply the CGPA by a conversion factor. The conversion factor is typically 9.5, but it may vary depending on your institution’s grading system. Multiply the CGPA by the conversion factor to get the percentage equivalent.

Formula: Percentage = CGPA x Conversion Factor

Example: Suppose you have a CGPA of 8.5, and the conversion factor is 9.5.

Percentage = 8.5 x 9.5 = 80.75%

Therefore, your CGPA of 8.5 is equivalent to 80.75% in percentage.

Remember that the conversion factor and grading system may differ between institutions, so it’s always a good idea to check with your institution for their specific conversion guidelines.

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## FAQs

What does CGPA stand for?

CGPA stands for Cumulative Grade Point Average, which is a measure of a student's overall academic performance.

How is CGPA calculated?

CGPA is calculated by assigning grade points to the grades obtained in each subject/course and then calculating the weighted average.

How is CGPA different from GPA?

CGPA is a cumulative average of grade points earned over a period, while GPA (Grade Point Average) typically refers to the average of grade points in a single semester or year. CGPA considers the entire academic performance, while GPA focuses on a specific timeframe.

How can I convert CGPA to a percentage?

To convert CGPA to a percentage, multiply the CGPA by a conversion factor (typically 9.5) to obtain the equivalent percentage. However, the conversion factor may vary depending on the grading system used by your institution.