What is CGPA? - CGPA Full Form, Meaning & Conversion Formulas

What is CGPA? - CGPA Full Form, Meaning & Conversion Formulas

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Priya Garg
Study Abroad Expert
Updated on Jul 1, 2024 18:10 IST

What is CGPA?: Whether you are a high school student navigating the world of grades for the first time, a college freshman facing your first semester report card, or simply curious about educational lingo, the term "CGPA" has likely crossed your path. But what does CGPA mean? And why does it seem to hold much weight in the academic realm? CGPA is an educational grading system & is calculated by averaging the grade points obtained across all courses in a semester.

What is CGPA?

Willing to study abroad but don't know what your grades mean and/or your CGPA  mean to the top universities abroad? Learn everything about CGPA in detail in this article. A CGPA is often a grading scale to assess the student's academic performance through various exams across a degree program. The CGPA can be expressed either as the “letter grades” or the “grade points”. Each CGPA has its own relevance with the percentage of marks that the students have obtained in their semester exams. In this article, we will dive deep into the CGPA meaning, its full form, its calculation (Percentage to CGPA conversion and vice-versa), and its importance. 

What is CGPA full form?

The full form of CGPA is Cumulative Grade Point Average. In layman's terms, it's a single number (or letter) that summarises your overall academic performance across all your subjects, semesters, or years throughout your entire academic journey of completing the degree. 

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Related Blog: Calculate CGPA into Marks

What is the Importance of CGPA?

CGPA meaning: The CGPA scores serve as a crucial indicator of one’s academic success, impacting various aspects of their educational journey. Some of the key points on the importance of CGPA are given below. 

  • Academic Standing: Your CGPA determines your academic standing (good, probation, etc.) and is a key eligibility criterion for certain academic programs or scholarships abroad.
  • Higher Education & Placement: Universities and employers often consider a high CGPA as a key factor in admissions and recruitment decisions.
  • Internal Motivation: A good CGPA can be a source of pride and motivation, which may help one focus to achieve more success in their academic journey.
  • CGPA required for scholarship: The requirements of scholarships abroad vary, but a good CGPA often increases your chances of landing that coveted financial aid. Research your preferred scholarship's eligibility criteria to know the required CGPA range.
  • CGPA to percentage conversion: Some institutions use percentage grading systems, while others rely on GPA or CGPA grading systems. Hence, several CGPA to percentage conversion tables or formulas exist to bridge this gap, although an understanding of both the percentage and the CGPA grading systems is always beneficial.


While the CGPA full form and the GPA full form are closely the same, there is a significant difference between the meanings and criteria of the two. The CGPA full form is Cumulative Grade Point Average and that of GPA is Grade Point Average. Note that in India, the commonly used grading system is the “percentage”, universities and colleges abroad follow either a CGPA grading system or a GPA grading system. 

The key points on the difference between GPA and CGPA are given below.



The CGPA full form is the "Cumulative Grade Point Average". 

GPA full form is "Grade Point Average".

CGPA is calculated for all semesters at the end of a degree.

GPA is calculated for a specific year/semester.

CGPA records a student’s overall performance throughout the degree. 

GPA is the record of the yearly performance of the student. 

Colleges and universities in European countries and other parts of the world usually follow the 10-point CGPA grading system. 

Colleges and universities in the USA follow the 4-point GPA grading system. 

CGPA can be calculated by dividing the overall percentage by 9.5.

GPA can be calculated by dividing the overall percentage by 100 and multiplying the result by 4. 

Want to read the above topic in detail? Check our article - "Difference between GPA and CGPA". 

How is CGPA Calculated?

The calculation of CGPA may vary from institutions depending on the type of grading system accepted. However, the general principle of calculating the CGPA remains the same. 

Percentage to CGPA Conversion 

Your CGPA can be calculated from the overall percentage you received after the completion of your degree by the following formula. The percentage to CGPA formula is:

CGPA = Percentage ÷ 9.5

You can also check our blog on “How is CGPA calculated from Percentage” for more information.

How to Find CGPA from GPA?

Your GPAs across all the semesters can be converted to CGPA by dividing the sum of the numerical values of all the GPAs across all semesters by the total number of credit hours. The formula for the calculation of CGPA from GPA is given below

CGPA = Sum of all GPAs' numerical values across all semesters ÷ Total number of credits/credit hours across all semesters

Check out your institution's specific grading system and CGPA calculation methodology for a more detailed understanding. You can also utilise the percentage to CGPA calculator online to track your progress throughout the semester.

Also Read:

CGPA to Percentage Conversion

CGPA to percentage conversion can be done by using a simple formula. Students often require CGPA to percentage conversion to reflect on their academic journeys better as to how much of the total score out of 100 have they scored. Students also need the CGPA to percentage conversion when applying for admission to a higher course in an Indian university or for applying to a job within India, as percentage is the commonly accepted grading system in India. The CGPA to percentage formula is given below.

Percentage = CGPA × 9.5

CGPA to Percentage Conversion Table 

The CGPA to Percentage Conversion Table is given below. This chart provides an estimated range for the percentage equivalent of CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) above 6.0 on a 10-point scale. Note that these conversions are drawn according to the above-given CGPA to Percentage formula (and vice-versa). These approximations may change based on different universities and colleges abroad.

CGPA* Equivalent Percentage Range (%)
10.0 95 - 100
9.9 94.05 - 95
9.8 93.1 - 94.05
9.7 92.15 - 93.1
9.6 91.2 - 92.15
9.5 90.25 - 91.2
9.4 89.3 - 90.25
9.3 88.35 - 89.3
9.2 87.4 - 88.35
9.1 86.45 - 87.4
9.0 85.5 - 86.45
8.9 84.55 - 85.5
8.8 83.6 - 84.55
8.7 82.65 - 83.6
8.6 81.7 - 82.65
8.5 80.75 - 81.7
8.4 79.8 - 80.75
8.3 78.85 - 79.8 
8.2 77.9 - 78.85
8.1 76.95 - 77.9
8.0 76.0 - 76.95
7.9 75.05 - 76.0
7.8 74.1 - 75.05
7.7 73.15 - 74.1
7.6 72.2 - 73.15
7.5 71.25 - 72.2
7.4 70.3 - 71.25
7.3 69.35 - 70.3
7.2 68.4 - 69.35
7.1 67.45 - 68.4
7.0 66.5 - 67.45
6.9 65.55 - 66.5
6.8 64.6 - 65.55
6.7 63.65 - 64.6
6.6 62.7 - 63.65
6.5 61.75 - 62.7
6.4 60.8 - 61.75
6.3 59.85 - 60.8
6.2 58.9 - 59.85
6.1 57.95 - 58.9
6.0 57.0 - 57.95

Note: To be admitted to good universities abroad, students must score a minimum CGPA of 6.0.

This was all about "What is CGPA', CGPA meaning, the full form of CGPA, how is CGPA calculated and CGPA Vs GPA. We hope this comprehensive guide has demystified the concept of CGPA for you. Remember, knowledge is power, and understanding these academic metrics can empower you to navigate your educational path with confidence and clarity.

What is CGPA FAQs

Q. How to improve your CGPA?

A. You can improve your CGPA by first learning what is the importance of CGPA. Once you are clear with the importance of CGPA, you will work more dedicatedly to improve your CGPA. 

However, to improve your CGPA, you must keep your performance good throughout all the semesters’ exams. 

  1. Focus more on subjects that have high weightage in comparison to the ones that have lesser weightage. 
  2. Maintain a good record of attendance as the attendance also contributes 5% to the overall GPA calculation (check if this applies to your grades within your university or college) and hence contribute some parts to the calculation of CGPA too. 
  3. Manage your time effectively while memorising important concepts for your exams.
  4. Discuss with your professors and ask for their help in understanding the harder topics and you can also strategise the topics to target first with the help of your supervisors.

Q. What CGPA is required for scholarships?

A. Different scholarships have different eligibility criteria for the selection of grant winners. The scholarship committees/authorising bodies judge applicants’ profiles based on various parameters, some consider CGPA as a dominating factor while some consider the overall performance and growth of the applicant. However, applicants must aim to score of minimum 8 CGPA to apply for a scholarship abroad.

Q. What is the difference between SGPA and CGPA?

A. SGPA stands for the Semester Grade Point Average and CGPA stands for the Cumulative Grade Point Average. An SGPA represents the student’s academic performance throughout one semester. However, a CGPA represents the student’s performance across all semesters in a degree course.

Q. What is a 75% CGPA?

A. To convert the percentage to CGPA, we need to use the “Percentage to CGPA Conversion Formula”. The conversion of 75% to CGPA is given below.

CGPA = Percentage ÷ 9.5 

∴ CGPA = 75 ÷ 9.5 = 7.89 

Hence, 75% of marks are equivalent to a 7.89 CGPA.

Q. What is meant by CGPA?

A. The full form of CGPA is “Cumulative Grade Point Average”. It is a commonly accepted grading system in most European and other countries (except the USA, where the commonly accepted grading system is the GPA) and represents the student’s performance throughout his degree.

Q. Is CGPA important for jobs?

A. While not the sole factor, a good CGPA can significantly increase your chances of landing your dream job, especially in competitive fields. So, yes, obtaining a good CGPA is important for getting selected for an interview for good jobs.

Q. What is a good CGPA?

A. The definition of a "good" CGPA varies depending on the institution and field of study. Generally, a CGPA above 5.0 is considered respectable, while an 8.5 and above CGPA signifies exceptional academic performance.

Q. How to find CGPA from SGPA?

A. CGPA from SGPA can be calculated based on the following formula. 

CGPA = Sum of all SGPAs obtained in different Semesters ÷ Total number of semesters

Q. What is 8 CGPA in percentage?

A. Based on the CGPA conversion chart, on a scale of 10-point CGPA, an 8 CGPA translates to a percentage range between 76.0% and 76.95%.

Q. What is a 10 CGPA in percentage?

A. A 10 CGPA in percentage depends on the grading system used by the university. There isn't a universally accepted conversion rate, but here are two common possibilities:

  • If your university uses a 10-point grading scale where 10 is the highest achievable grade:

In this case, a 10 CGPA would be equivalent to 100%.

  • If your university uses a 10-point grading scale with a letter grade system (e.g., A+ = 10, A = 9, etc.):

You would need to find the specific conversion table used by your university to translate the CGPA into a percentage. For example, some universities might use a conversion where a 10 CGPA translates to 95% or 90%.

To find the exact conversion, check your university's official website or student handbook to check their criteria for converting CGPA into percentage. Some universities may suggest multiplying "10" with your CGPA to get your final percentage while others may suggest multiplying "9.5" with your CGPA to get the final percentage. Check the same with your faculty/university counsellors. 

About the Author
Written by
Priya Garg
Study Abroad Expert

Priya Garg is a seasoned content writer and editor. With her rich experience in content writing, teaching and research & analysis, Priya believes in providing only the correct information which is also up-to-date. H... Read Full Bio

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