What is Interview and 10 Types of Interviews

What is Interview and 10 Types of Interviews

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Jaya
Jaya Sharma
Assistant Manager - Content
Updated on Jan 23, 2024 19:09 IST

Interview is the main deciding factor in whether you will get the job or not. If you are well prepared, you can leave a great impression on the interviewer.

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In this article, we will learn what are the various types of interview in detail that are conducted at individual and group level.

3. Structured Interview

4. Unstructured Interview

5. Stress Interview

6. Case Interview

7. Off-site Interview

8. Informational Interview

9. Working Interview

10. Exit Interview

11.Testing Interview or Task Oriented Interview

What is interview and its types?

An interview is a question-and-answer type of round where a person asks questions and the other person answers those questions. It can be a one-on-one two-way conversation or it can be multiple interviewers and multiple participants.

Importance of Interviews

Interviews make all of us nervous since these are the deciding factor in whether you will get the job or not. We will be discussing the details of an interview in this article. Interviews make an important part of the recruitment process. They are meant to assess the candidate on different parameters including the following:

  1. Is the candidate the right fit for the organization’s work culture?

This is an important point of judgment since the candidate must be a fit in the organization’s work culture. This ensures that there are no fundamental conflicts between the company and employees. It also helps the candidate to easily adapt to the company policies and guidelines. This ensures a healthy work environment.

  1. Does the candidate have the required skillset?

Through different interview rounds, you will be able to assess if the candidate has the required skill set for the job profile. This is the most important part of the assessment. It ensures that the company is hiring the most capable employee for that job role.

  1. Is the resume in alignment with the candidate’s profile?

Through various stages of the interview process, the recruitment team can tell if the candidate’s skillsets and experience justify the resume. The team will be able to pinpoint the areas of conflict while assessing the candidate through different interview rounds. 

Explore interview preparation courses

Types of Interview Methods

There are two types of interview methods: individual and group interviews. 

  • Individual interviews: These interviews are one-on-one interviews that are conducted between the interviewer and the candidate. Such interviews help in a detailed assessment of the candidate. This helps in a more accurate judgement of the candidate. 
  • Group interviews: Such types of interviews are conducted when there are multiple candidates for a job opening. This helps in expediting the screening and recruitment process. The candidates are screened and filtered out which ultimately leads to an individual interview with the prospective employee. 
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Stages of an Interview

To screen a candidate, there are multiple types of interview rounds that are conducted for a job profile. 

  1. Shortlisted candidates are contacted: After the candidates are shortlisted, they are contacted. At this stage, a basic go of the candidate’s resume is done. This may be a phone interview. Once, the recruitment team gets the required details. They shortlist the candidate for further interview rounds. 
  2. Candidate is technically assessed: At this stage, a technical assessment of the candidate’s skill takes place. Interviewers ask skill-based questions. This can be a face-to-face interview round or a video interview. There can be different rounds for technically assessing the candidate. 
  3. Negotiation with the selected candidate: Once the candidate clears interview rounds, they are contacted by the HR team. This stage includes a discussion on salary and employment terms and conditions.

What are the different modes of Interview?

We have discussed the methods and stages of interviews. Let us now discuss the different types of interview. 

1. Telephonic Interview

This usually takes place with either the HR or recruitment to assess the candidate in general. This may include asking interview questions based on the resume, roles and responsibilities of the job profile. In most cases, telephonic interviews are the first and last stage of the interview.

2. Face-to-Face Interview

Once the candidate’s basic profile is screened and shortlisted, it is processed further. The candidate and interviewer meet in person to discuss your profile. This may include the employer, someone from Human Resources, or a recruitment consultant. Based on the interview round, you will either be assessed in general or on technical grounds. 

3. Video Interview

These can be considered the substitute for the face-to-face interview since it has a similar purpose. Video interviews happen in case of remote positions or in situations when meeting the candidate is not possible. Video interviewers were the most feasible type of interviews during the peak of COVID-19.

 
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Types of Interview

Let us take a look at the different types of interview conducted.

1. Personal Interview

Also known as an individual interview, this face-to-face meeting occurs between the recruiter and the candidate. The aim of such an interview type is to carefully scrutinize the aspirant to ensure that he/she is suitable for the job profile as well as the company culture. Questions like ‘Tell me about yourself” or “what are your professional achievements” are often asked in personal interviews.

2. Panel Interview

In this type of interview, there are multiple interviewers who assess the candidate. All types of questions from expertise to future aspirations may be covered in these interviews. These may include different professionals from the team who assess the candidate on different grounds. The decision in such interviews is collective. In such interviews, the candidate is keenly observed based on their skill set and body language.

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3. Structured Interview

In such interviews, interviewers ask the same set of questions from all candidates. These can be open-ended or close-ended questions. If it is an open-ended question, then there can be multiple answers for a single question. If it is a close-ended question, there will only be a single answer. In this type of interview, the interviewer compares candidates based on their responses to these questions. 

4. Unstructured Interview

Here, interviewers change questions based on the candidate’s response to the previous questions. There is no set format and there can be all types of interview questions that you may not predict. The interviewer may already have questions or they might base them on the interview progress.

5. Stress Interview

These are challenging in nature since the interview assesses your response to stressful situations. Interviewers want to ensure that your response will be constructive for the company. Such types of interview are common for high-stress job profiles.  

Learn how to deal with work-related stress

6. Case Interview

Here, the interviewer gives you a situation and the associated problem. This may be an imaginary or a real-life problem. They then ask for a solution to the problem. The aim is to assess how good you are at problem-solving.

7. Off-site Interview

These are informal interviews where the candidate and interviewer meet at a place other than the office. The interviewer may invite the candidate over lunch. The aim of such interviews is to assess your personality outside the workplace.

Learn more about the interview preparation process

8. Informational Interview

These interviews are meant for learning the real-life experience of an expert working in a field of the interviewer’s interest. In this type of interview, it is expected to seek advice and learn about a sector, job or employer. Here, experts from different fields are interviewed so that the interviewer gains more knowledge.

9. Working Interview

Unlike a traditional interview, the job seeker is assigned a task. Based on the performance of this task, the employer assesses the aspirant. Through a working interview, the job seeker can showcase the actual skillset rather than the theoretical expertise. This type of interview is also beneficial for the employee as they get the chance to practically experience the roles and responsibilities of the job profile.

10. Exit Interview

Unlike other types of interviews, exit interview allows companies to gain a perspective on why employees leave their job. Employers interview employees to share their feedback on their work experience at the company. Based on the feedback, the company can make improvements within the workflow.

11.Testing Interview or Task Oriented Interview

This type of interview is structured in a manner to demonstrate your creative and analytical abilities of problem solving via several tasks and exercises. This may include a short test for evaluating your technical skills and knowledge. Interviewer may assess how you perform under pressure through varied set of tasks.

Things to Avoid at an Interview

When you sit in an interview, do remember to avoid doing the following:

  1. Avoid blaming your previous managers, colleagues and companies. This will leave a bad impression on the interviewer and will show you as a person who lacks accountability.
  2. Do not go unprepared about the company’s background for which you are giving the interview. If you do not know anything, interviewers will feel that you do not have any interest in knowing about the company.
  3. Do not fidget with things, as this indicates a lack of self-confidence and concentration.
  4. Stop checking time since it shows that you have somewhere more important to go, and you do not give the interview much importance.

Questions to Ask At an Interview

You may also get a chance to ask some questions after wrapping up the interview. You must leverage this opportunity so that you can learn valuable things from the interviewer. Based on these insights, you can further decide if the company and the job profile are the right fit for you. You may either ask company-specific or job role-related questions to the interviewer. Below are some of the common yet important questions to ask in an interview:

Q1. What are your expectations from the team members in this role?

Q2. What does the day of an employee in this role look like?

Q3. What qualities are required to succeed in this role?

Q4. How is success defined for this role?

Q5. How does this job profile contribute to the overall company goals?

Q6. What are the core values of your company?

Q7. Which departments will I be closely working with while being in this profile?

Conclusion

Try to be as authentic as possible. Do not give out false information just to impress job interviewers. Before sitting in an interview round, you can lookup what are the types of interview and how many types of interview are there. If you present incorrect information, it might go against you when the interviewer will ask questions based on that information.

If you do not know the answer to a question, be honest. In interviews, all kinds of questions are asked which means you may not know the answer to some questions. Rather than giving a wrong answer, you can admit that you lack knowledge related to that question.

Hope this article has helped you in understanding what is interview and its types in detail.

FAQs

Which are the three rounds of an interview?

There are three main rounds in an interview including the HR round, technical round and final discussion round.

What is discussed in the final interview round?

In the final round, salary package, benefits and joining formalities are discussed.

How do you introduce yourself in an interview?

You should talk about your educational background, employment history and work experience in the introduction.

How should you end an interview?

Ask any job-role-related queries to show your interest in the position. In the end, politely thank the interviewer for their time.

Which is the most popular type of interview?

One of the most popular types of interviews includes structure interviews.

Which of the following are considered as different types of interview questions - self introduction or informational interview?

Self introduction is a part of any interview process. Informational interview, on the other hand, is a type of interview.

About the Author
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Jaya Sharma
Assistant Manager - Content

Jaya is a writer with an experience of over 5 years in content creation and marketing. Her writing style is versatile since she likes to write as per the requirement of the domain. She has worked on Technology, Fina... Read Full Bio

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