All the Steps in a Project Cost Management Plan

All the Steps in a Project Cost Management Plan

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Syed Aquib Ur
Syed Aquib Ur Rahman
Senior Executive Content
Updated on Oct 22, 2021 21:40 IST

Cost-cutting is a fundamental business strategy. It is an indispensable factor in project management. Determining budget and forecasting are a few objectives of a project cost management plan. It is applied in the project life cycle to achieve deliverables successfully. Read on to find how it works. 


Project Cost Management | Meaning 

Controlling expenses in the entire project lifecycle within a predefined budget and time, and meeting the quality expectations of the client is project cost management. 

Project Cost Management | Processes

Creating a project cost management plan starts from the beginning of a project until the end. Here is how project managers do it. 

Resource Planning

Project managers plan the resources first. Typically they create a work breakdown structure highlighting the deliverables before allocating any activity. It is a hierarchical structure with the main goal showing on the top going down through the subcategories. See below. 

Project Cost Management Resource Planning


This structure helps identify how resources should be used and how much a resource will need spending. 

Cost Estimation

Estimating the costs of an entire project requires information on the price of individual resources, duration of deliverables, and potential risks. It is done with various methods. They are as follows. 

  • Analogous estimating or top-down estimating is one technique where project managers draw conclusions for the new project from historical data of earlier projects. 
  • Parametric estimating not only uses historical data but also statistical modelling to calculate the costs or time required for a project. 
  • Three-point estimating is another cost determination method where a project manager looks at three different scenarios. They are usually termed as ‘optimistic’, ‘pessimistic’ and ‘most likely. Optimistic is when deliverables are cost-efficiently done, pessimistic is the opposite and most likely bit comes between the two. 

Using one or more of the above cost estimating techniques in project management are necessary as the scope of work tends to change during a project lifecycle. 


This third step includes allocating expenses for individual tasks and comparing them to the total calculated estimated costs. 

Controlling Costs

Project managers also have to chart out the potential financial risks during the project. They do it by evaluating the cost baseline or the total estimated costs of all tasks. They check the performance against the total costs and time taken for project delivery. It should not cross the control threshold, which is the amount of variation a project approves. 

Create Your Project Cost Management Plan Efficiently

There you go. You are all set with a complete project cost management plan. While you create it, do give project quality management a look to get the most out of a project life cycle. 

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About the Author
Syed Aquib Ur Rahman
Senior Executive Content

Aquib is a seasoned wordsmith, having penned countless blogs for Indian and international brands. These days, he's all about digital marketing and core management subjects - not to mention his unwavering commitment ... Read Full Bio


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