Difference Between Data Science And Data Analytics

Difference Between Data Science And Data Analytics

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Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content
Updated on Oct 30, 2023 16:59 IST

Get the simple facts on Data Science vs. Data Analytics. Our easy guide explains their differences, skills needed, and what each field really does. Great for anyone curious about these tech careers!


Data Science and Data Analytics are interrelated domains that hold the potential to transform the data into meaningful insights, shaping the landscape of business strategies, tech innovations, and policy decisions. But there is a significant difference in their objectives, methodologies, and applications. 

This article will briefly discuss data science and data analysis and their differences. It will also cover the importance, essential skills, and popular data science and analysis courses.

Must Check: Free Online Data Science Courses and Certifications

Must Check: Free Online Data Analysis Courses and Certifications

So, let’s start with the tabular difference between Data Science and Data Analytics.

Table of Content

Difference Between Data Science and Data Analytics: Data Science vs Data Analytics

Data Science Data Analytics
Definition A multidisciplinary field that uses scientific methods, algorithms, and systems to extract knowledge and insights from structured and unstructured data. Data Analytics is collecting, cleaning, transforming, and analyzing data to extract meaningful insight and support decision-making.
Purpose To generate actionable insights and strategies for businesses based on complex data sets. It is also used to create data-driven products that use data as input to predict or determine an output. To take data-driven insights and present them visually and in an easily digestible way. They are primarily used to help businesses make informed decisions.
Qualification Typically, a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Statistics, Mathematics, or a related field. Many roles prefer or require a Master’s or Ph.D. in Data Science, Statistics, or a related field. A Bachelor’s degree in Data Analytics, Computer Science, Statistics, or a related field is often sufficient. Some roles might require or prefer a Master’s degree.
Skills Requires statistics, machine learning, and algorithm development. Involves data integration, analysis, and presentation.
Tools Python, R, SQL, Tableau, Excel, Jupyter Notebook, Hadoop Excel, SQL, Python, Tableau, PowerBI
Job Role Data Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, Data Architect, Data Engineer Data Analyst, Business Intelligence Analyst, Quantitative Analyst, Risk Analyst, Operation Research Analyst
Career Perspective Aimed at broader insights and solving complex problems. Geared towards specific questions and actionable insights.

What is Data Science?

The term data science refers to the set of scientific methods, mathematics, statistics, and other tools that are used in data sets to extract knowledge and ideas. Specifically, Data Science allows us to extract useful information from Big Data. Data Scientists are the experts who are responsible for extracting this information.

Think of data science as detective work, where data scientists collect data, analyze it, and use it to find answers to important questions. This could be anything from figuring out what products people buy to finding medical data patterns that could help prevent diseases.

Data science aims to extract insights from data for making predictions based on predictions. It is rapidly growing and plays a crucial role in many industries.

Must Read: What is Data Science?

Must Check: Top Data Science Online Courses and Certificates 

Importance of Data Science

  • Extracting insights and knowledge from data that can inform decision-making and optimize business processes
  • Making predictions about future trends and patterns in data
  • Identifying new opportunities and areas for growth
  • Improving efficiency and automating repetitive tasks
  • Enhancing personalization and customer experience
  • Assessing and mitigating risks
  • Identifying and solving complex problems
  • Improving the accuracy of predictions and forecasting
  • Enhancing the performance and optimization of existing systems.

What are the Essential Skills Needed to be Data Scientists?

  • Technical Skills: Knowledge of programming languages (like Python, R, or Java), database management (SQL), machine learning algorithm, and data visualization tools (Tableau, Power BI).
  • Mathematics and Statistics: Solid foundation in Calculus, Linear Algebra, Statistics, and Probability to understand the algorithms and make data-driven decisions.
  • Data Cleaning: Identifying and correcting errors and inconsistencies in data, such as missing or duplicate values, and formatting the data in a consistent and usable format.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: It’s an essential skill to have in any data scientist to think creatively and propose innovative solutions.
  • Communication Skills: A Data Scientist must be a good storyteller; that is, he/she must have the skill to communicate their findings.

What are the Different Roles and Responsibilities of Data Scientists?

  • Data collection and identifying data sources.
  • Analyzing the data (both structured and unstructured)
  • Creating strategies and solutions to the problem.
  • Identify trends and patterns in the data using various algorithms.
  • Present the data using various data visualization techniques and tools.
  • Building machine learning models.
  • Optimizing the machine learning models by investigating additional technologies and tools for developing data strategies.
  • Interpreting the results obtained from the model.
  • Deploy the machine learning model.

Top Data Science Course

What is Data Analytics?

Data Analytics is a process that involves data collection, data cleaning, transformation and data modelling to extract insights from the data and make conclusions from that. It helps to understand the patterns, trends, and relationships within data, providing a strong foundation for sound and informed decisions in various fields ranging from business and healthcare to social sciences and beyond.

Importance of Data Analytics

Data analysis has a tremendous impact on the successful functioning of any organization in this Digital Age. It offers numerous benefits across various industries:

  • It enables organizations to uncover essential information necessary for achieving their business objectives.
  • Data analysis helps organizations identify potential customers and understand their purchasing behaviours.
  • By employing data analysis, organizations better understand their market position relative to their competitors.
  • The insights derived from data analysis can be applied to diverse industries, regardless of the type of data involved.

What are the Essential Skills Needed to be Data Analyst?

  • Strong statistical knowledge for critical analysis and interpreting data.
  • Knowledge of programming skills like Python, R, and SQL for data cleaning, analysis, and visualization.
  • The ability to present data visually using tools like Tableau, PowerBI, etc.
  • Data analysts must understand the problem, analyze relevant data, and provide suitable solutions.

What are the Different Roles and Responsibilities of a Data Analyst?

  • Data Collection through surveys, tracking visitors on a website, or purchasing datasets from a specialist in the domain.
  • Data cleaning to maintain data quality using programming languages so that data interpretation won’t be wrong or skewed.
  • Establish the relationship between the data variables with each other using correlation and other methods.
  • Interpret the data to find the patterns or trends in the data.
  • Present all the findings in graphs, charts, and writing reports.

Top Data Analytics Courses


In this article, we have briefly discussed what data science is, what data analytics is, and the difference between them. The article also covers the importance, essential skills, popular courses, and roles and responsibilities.

Hope you will like the article.

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What is Data Science?

Data Science is an interdisciplinary field focusing on extracting knowledge and insights from data sets, which are typically large and complex. It combines facets from statistics, machine learning, and big data analysis to predict future trends from insights.

What is Data Analytics?

Data Analytics refers to the process of examining data sets to conclude the information they contain. Data analytics techniques enable you to take raw data and uncover patterns to extract valuable insights from it.

How do Data Science and Data Analytics differ?

Data Science is a broader field that encompasses the creation of algorithms, data analysis, and predictive modeling to make actionable decisions. Data Analytics is more focused on processing and performing statistical analysis on existing datasets.

What skills are needed for a career in Data Science?

Essential skills include knowledge of programming (Python, R), understanding of machine learning algorithms, proficiency in statistical analysis, and experience with data wrangling and visualization tools.

What skills are important for Data Analytics?

Key skills include proficiency in using tools like SQL, R, or Python for data analysis, a strong understanding of statistical methods, and the ability to use data visualization tools like Tableau or Power BI.

What are the typical roles in Data Science?

Typical roles include Data Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, Data Engineer, and Research Scientist, where each role focuses on different aspects of analyzing and interpreting complex digital data.

What job roles are available in Data Analytics?

Common roles include Data Analyst, Business Analyst, Marketing Analyst, and Financial Analyst, focusing on interpreting data to help guide business decisions.

What qualifications are needed for Data Science?

A bacheloru2019s degree in a related field like Computer Science, Statistics, or Mathematics is often required, with many positions preferring a master's or Ph.D. Advanced knowledge in machine learning, programming, and statistical analysis is also crucial.

What educational background is required for Data Analytics?

Typically, a bacheloru2019s degree in data Analytics, Business Analytics, or a related field is sufficient. Some roles might require a master's degree, especially for more advanced analytical positions.

How is machine learning related to Data Science?

Machine learning is a subset of Data Science that focuses on developing algorithms and statistical models that enable computers to perform tasks without explicit instructions, relying on patterns and inference instead.

About the Author
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content

Vikram has a Postgraduate degree in Applied Mathematics, with a keen interest in Data Science and Machine Learning. He has experience of 2+ years in content creation in Mathematics, Statistics, Data Science, and Mac... Read Full Bio



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