What is Resource Management? Definition, Importance, Types, and Techniques

What is Resource Management? Definition, Importance, Types, and Techniques

11 mins read11.6K Views Comment
Updated on Mar 3, 2023 17:39 IST

Resource management is a fundamental aspect of any organization’s performance. In simple terms, resource management refers to the efficient use and control of all resources available to an organization in order to achieve its goals. You can gain some insights on how to manage resources effectively at your organization in this blog.


Resource management is the process of planning, organizing, and controlling resources to achieve specific goals within a given time-frame. It involves the allocation of scarce resources to competing demands in order to achieve maximum efficiency with minimum waste. 

Table of Content

  1. What is resource management?
  2. Types of resource management
  3. Importance of resource management
  4. Challenges in resource management
  5. Stages of resource management 
  6. Resource management techniques
  7. Resource management best practices

What is Resource Management? 

Resource management is the management of the resources in an organization. It is the process of identifying, collecting and tracking all the resources to achieve a goal. You can also refer to it as resource planning or simply planning.

Resource management is one of the most important skills to have in any job. It’s also one of the most difficult skills to master. It is a process that helps you ensure that your project has everything it needs to succeed.

Types of Resource Management

The following are common types of resource management:

HR Management

Employees are the heart of an organization. Human resource management includes all the activities that an organization undertakes to find, attract and retain qualified employees. It also includes training and development of employees so that they can perform their duties efficiently.

Explore HR management courses

Project Resources Management

Project resources management is an important aspect of project management. It includes the planning and allocation of resources required for a project, monitoring their progress and performance during execution, and evaluating how well they have met expectations at the end of the project.

Explore project management courses

Infrastructure Management

Infrastructure management is an important aspect of project management. It includes the planning, designing, and implementation of the required infrastructure for a project. Infrastructure can be anything that supports the business’s operations; it may include facilities, machinery, or software systems.

Know All 10 Project Management Knowledge Areas of PMBOK Guide 6th Edition
Gear Up For 2024 With The 10 Best Resources To Learn Project Management
Gear Up For 2024 With The 10 Best Resources To Learn Project Management
Project managers need to change with the time. Specifically, with digital transformation and AI that are disrupting every industry. The best way is to stay ahead in the domain and...read more

Natural Resources Management

Natural resources management is the process of planning, implementing, and monitoring actions to ensure that natural resources are used in a way that sustainably meets human needs. This can include renewable and non-renewable resources, such as water, soil, air, plants, and animals.

Importance of Resource Management 

Resource management is a crucial part of project management. It helps to minimize organizational cost, maximize project results and ensure the delivery of value to stakeholders. It also improves project control, because you can use it to forecast resource requirements more accurately before starting a project.

There are several benefits of effective resource management.

Reduces turnaround time: It will help you avoid bottlenecks in your projects and get work done faster. It will ensure that you are able to deliver the right results on time and without wasting any money or effort.

Maximizes resource efficiency: You will be able to ensure that your team has everything it needs to succeed (including the right number of resources). It will lead to better management of project budgets and making sure they’re being used effectively.

Managing the work you have on your plate and prioritizing tasks will become easier. You will be able to make better use of your team’s skills, which will help you finish projects faster. You will have more time to focus on other important aspects of managing projects like communication. It will help avoid project bottlenecks and prevent delays. 

Difference Between Group and Team – Top 5 Ways to Compare
Difference Between Group and Team – Top 5 Ways to Compare
Groups and teams are different in a variety of ways. Find the difference between groups and teams today through goals, types, characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
Top 16 Team Leader Interview Questions with Simple Answers
Top 16 Team Leader Interview Questions with Simple Answers
Team leader interview questions mostly revolve around gauging your situational and behavioural responses - how you approach management, coordinate, create a conducive atmosphere for your team. Brush up on the...read more

Prevents miscommunication mishaps: You’ll be able to better manage stakeholders and ensure that they are kept informed about what’s going on with your project. With effective resource management, you can avoid scope creep by managing expectations up front. Additionally, you will be more accountable for your projects and have a better understanding of how they are progressing. 

Better forecasting: It will help in a clearer understanding of how long each phase of your project will take (and when milestones need to happen). You will be able to better manage risk by identifying potential issues early on and planning for them. 

Challenges in Resource Management 

Challenges in resource management are many, but they can be overcome with the right tools. The purpose of this guide is to provide you with the tools, advice and actionable steps you need to manage your resources more effectively. In order to manage your resources more effectively, you must first understand the challenges that are faced by businesses today. These include: 

Resource capacity planning is poor

Project managers struggle to get accurate estimates for the amount of resources needed to complete a project. As a result, projects are often understaffed and over budget. Project managers have difficulty predicting how many resources will be available for each project and when they will become available.

Lack of data

A lack of data on the value contributed by each resource to the business. There could be inability to manage resources effectively due to a lack of automation. 

Resource risks are not assessed

Project managers do not include resource risks in their project risk assessments, which can lead to projects being delayed or failing. For example, if a key resource is unavailable during the course of a project due to illness or vacation, it could delay completion of deliverables or cause costs to rise. Project managers may also fail to account for skills gaps that may prevent certain tasks from being completed on time.

Resources use is not optimized

Project managers may not be aware of the best ways to use resources, which can lead to inefficient use and higher costs. For example, project managers may assign tasks that are too complex for specific resources or assign tasks that do not align with the skillsets of available resources. This can cause delays in completing deliverables and increase costs due to additional time needed for training new workers.

Lack of resource management software and tools

There could be a lack of a comprehensive platform that helps manage the entire life cycle of resources.

This could lead to an inability to measure the performance of resources in relation to their goals. There is a need for a decentralized system to manage and track the value of all resources, including time spent on projects. 

Difficulty in scouting talent

Difficulty in finding new sources for specific skill-sets, and when they are found, a lack of trust between employers and freelancers. This can lead to a number of issues, including the quality of work delivered that is not always up to standard. Freelancers may take on too much work, causing them to neglect other projects.

There is also a need to track performance in terms of quality and cost. 

Stages of Resource Management 

First Stage

The initial stage of resource management is to know what resources are required to deliver the project to the client or customers. This involves knowing what resources are required to deliver the project and which people or companies can provide those resources. 

Second Stage

The second stage is to organize the resources into a workflow, from start to finish. This includes assigning tasks and responsibilities for each resource needed for the project, such as designers or developers. 

Third Stage

The third stage is managing any unexpected changes in the scope on a project by updating timelines and budgets accordingly. 

Value of Implementing Project Quality Management
Value of Implementing Project Quality Management
Every project has its own set of demands and limitations. In the traditional Triple Constraint model, project managers measure the success of a project with three elements – scope, time...read more
Introduction to Project Management Life Cycle and Certifications
Introduction to Project Management Life Cycle and Certifications
This article is intended to provide an overview of what is Project Management, its importance, how it is embedded in organizations along with a focus on Core themes/topics in Project...read more

Fourth Stage

The fourth stage is to monitor and report the progress of each project. This includes reporting on progress and any issues that may arise during the process, and making sure that everyone involved in delivering the project is up-to-date with what’s happening, so they can make adjustments as needed. 

Fifth Stage

The fifth stage is to review and close out the project once it’s been completed. This includes conducting a post-mortem of your work to make sure that you didn’t miss anything in the process and that there are no outstanding issues or problems with current projects.

Resource Management Techniques

Techniques in resource management are ways for businesses to manage their resources effectively, so that they can ensure the success of their projects.

Resource Allocation

Allocating resources is a way to ensure that the right amount of each resource is available at the right time. This can be done by creating a detailed schedule, assigning specific tasks to specific people, and then ensuring that those people have everything they need to complete their tasks on time.

Resource Scheduling

Resource scheduling is the process of creating a schedule that covers all the tasks that need to be done and allocating specific resources to each task. This is an important part of resource allocation, because it allows you to see how long each task will take and what resources are important.

Resource Smoothing and Leveling

Resource smoothing is the process of spreading out a task’s resource requirements over time so that they occur at regular intervals. This reduces variability and makes it easier for you to plan your schedule. Levelling of resources is similar, but it involves allocating resources in such a way that each task receives an equal amount of resources over time.

Resource Forecasting

Resource forecasting estimates how much time and money your organization will need for future projects. You can use resource forecasting to help you plan for future tasks and resources, which can be especially useful if you have a large project coming up that needs additional resources.

Resource Management Best Practices 

Successful resource management includes the use of a number of techniques. Some of these include: 

Use of agreements

The use of contracts to ensure that both parties understand what is required from them and the consequences should a breach occur. 

Performance reviews

The use of performance reviews to measure the quality and efficiency of work being done. Performance reviews help the business understand what changes need to be made in order to ensure that all resources are being used effectively. – The use of incentives such as pay bonuses and promotions is another way to encourage workers to do their best work. This can help reduce attrition rates and increase morale within the company.

Frequent meetings

Regular meetings between managers and employees to discuss issues, review progress and evaluate performance.

Project plan

Creating a clear vision of requirements for the project. Understanding the current state of your resources and how you can utilize them. Knowing who in your organization has what skills and competencies. Creating a timeline of when certain tasks need to be completed and by whom. 

Communication plan

Having an effective communication plan to share information about the status of projects and their importance. The most common ones include establishing a set of clear goals and objectives. 

Regular follow-ups

Regularly checking in with employees, contractors or freelancers on progress towards those goals. Regular meetings with staff to ensure that everyone is on the same page and working in a coordinated fashion. The establishment of clear goals for review and update is crucial.

Budget planning

Another strategy is the creation of a budget. This allows the company to see how much money it has available for various expenses and how these will affect its ability to grow. Consider a budget as a tool for controlling costs, which helps to maximize profits. 

Project management tools

The use of project management software to manage resources and workflow is another effective tool. A central database that can be accessed by all parties involved in a project, including clients and freelancers. A system should be in place for tracking time spent on each task or project.


Understanding the process of resource management is useful. It allows you to make more efficient use of your resources and helps you to avoid wasting time and money by focusing on the right things. For a small business, this can be especially important because the difference between success and failure is often just a few well-thought-out decisions.


What are the different types of resources?

There are many different types of resources, but the most common ones for a small business include people, materials and finances.

What does resource management mean for a company?

Resource management is an important part of any business because it helps you to make sure that your available assets are being used effectively. If you donu2019t manage your resources well, then this can lead to wasted money and lost opportunities.

What is the difference between resource management and strategic planning?

Resource management is a part of strategic planning. It helps you to make sure that your available assets are being used effectively by focusing on how they can contribute to your business goals and objectives.

What are the benefits of good resource management?

Good resource management can help you to make sure that your available assets are being used effectively. This can lead to savings in both time and money, as well as more efficient decision-making throughout your business.

How can you find the right resources for your business?

You should start by making a list of all the resources that you currently have available. This will help you to identify any gaps in your inventory, so that you can then find ways to fill these gaps. For example, if you find that there are not enough people on your team who have a certain skill set, then this is an area where you need to improve.

How to manage team's time effectively?

A good way to manage your team's time is by setting realistic deadlines for each task. For example, if you have a project that needs to be finished in three months, then make sure that your team understands this deadline and agrees with it. You can also set up regular meetings so that everyone knows what they need to do and when they should be doing it by. This will help ensure that all of your employees are working toward the same goal at all times.

About the Author

This is a collection of insightful articles from domain experts in the fields of Cloud Computing, DevOps, AWS, Data Science, Machine Learning, AI, and Natural Language Processing. The range of topics caters to upski... Read Full Bio