Simple Present Tense | Use, Examples, Rules, Exercises.

IELTS

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Priya
Priya Garg
Study Abroad Expert
Updated on Apr 16, 2024 08:18 IST

Simple Present Tense Examples: Ever wondered why the sentence "The Earth revolves around the sun" uses the present tense even though it describes an event that has been happening for millions of years? The answer lies in the concept of the present simple tense, a fundamental building block in English grammar

Simple Present Tense Examples

Simple Present Tense is the basic form of the present tense and helps to express habits, daily routine or a universally established fact. In this article, we will discuss the simple present tense definition, simple present tense examples, simple present tense rules, common mistakes, and simple present tense exercises; but first, we will learn simple present tense definition (Present Indefinite Tense definition).  

Learn about the tenses in English grammar with examples here.

Table of Contents:

What is Simple Present Tense?

Simple Present tense (also known as the Present Indefinite Tense), the base form of the verb, is used to express general truths/facts (such as - “the sun rises in the east.”), habits (I wake up in the morning) and planned events in the near future (Ram’s birthday comes next week). 

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Where is Simple Present Tense Used? | Examples 

The Present Indefinite Tense is used in various cases. The various instances, where the Simple Present tense is used to construct the sentence structure, are given below. 

  • To Express Habits/Daily Routine: the things you usually do, routined habits/activities. For example:
    • I wake up at 6 am. 
    • I go to school. 
  • General Truths: (also the permanent truths) are the universal truths and facts that can be described using the Present Indefinite tense. Simple present tense examples of this kind are given below.
    • The sun rises in the east.
    • Delhi stands on the bank of the river Yamuna. 
  • Near Future Events: the actions that are going to be performed in the near future are also expressed using the Simple Present tense. For example:
    • They leave at 9 am tomorrow. 
    • My birthday comes off next week. 
  • Present Time: the activity that is ongoing in the present time. For example:
    • Rohit lives in Chandigarh.
    • I study in class 5. 
  • Exclamatory Sentences that start with “see”, “here” and “there”: these are some powerful expressions that indicate an action in the present moment. Simple present tense examples of this kind are given below.
    • See, how it rains.
    • Here comes the principal.
  • To Repeat a Quotation: the quotations from famous personalities can be repeated as such by making use of the Present Simple Tenses. For example:
    • Keats says, “A thing of beauty is a joy forever.”
    • Browning says, “Who knows the world may end tonight.”
  • To Express a Past Event in a Narrative: past events in a narrative can be expressed by making use of the simple present tenses, for example:
    • Sher Singh takes his sister and leaves for Holland.
    • Laxmi Bai now rides her horse and leads her army.
  • Imperative Sentences: used to start “imperative sentences” as given below.
    • Obey your elders.
    • Do not speak a lie. 

Simple Present Tense Rules

Below we have covered the simple present tense formula (rules) that may come in handy to you while describing your daily activities in an affirmative, negative and interrogative manner. Check out the rules for making simple present tense sentences below.

Simple Present Tense Rules

Types of Sentences

Singular Noun (Subject)

Plural Noun (Subject)

Affirmative 

Subject + V1 + s/es + Object 

Subject + V1 + Object 

Negative 

Subject + does not + V1 + Object 

Subject + do not + V1 + Object 

Interrogative 

Does + Subject + V1 + object?

Do + Subject + V1 + object?

Where: V1 denotes the first form of Verb. 

Note: In all Simple present tense examples, the singular subject rules apply to “he, she and it” and for the rest (I, we, you, they), plural subject rules will apply. 

You can create simple present-tense sentences by using the above rules. For example:

Types of Sentences

Simple Present Tense Examples

Affirmative

Ram plays football.

Students go to school.

Negative

Ram does not play football. 

Students do not go to school.

Interrogative

Does Ram play football?

Do students go to school?

Rules for Adding -s/es and -ies to Verbs in Simple Present Tenses 

There are two rules that will help you understand where and when to add “s”, “es” and “ies” as suffixes to the first form of the verbs in sentences while using the simple present tense (or Present Indefinite Tense). The correct use of s/es and ies are given below. 

  • When the first form of the verb ends in -o, -ss, -sh, -ch, and -x.

When the verb in simple tense ends in -o, -ss, -sh, -ch, and -x, the suffix “es” is added. In the rest of the cases, add “s” to the verb. For example, “go” becomes “goes”, “search” becomes “searches” and “run” becomes “runs”.

  • When the first form of the verb ends in a consonant followed by -y. 

When the verb in a simple present tense sentence ends in a -y and there is a consonant before -y, “ies” is added as a suffix to the verb. For example, “carry” becomes “carries” and “copy” becomes “copies”.

5 Common Mistakes While Learning Simple Present Tense

Below are the common mistakes to avoid when learning the Present Indefinite tense. These mistakes have been explained by giving incorrect simple present tense examples, the explanation of the mistake and the correct sentence of each example. 

  • Adding "-s" to the verb base for all subjects: s/es is added only to the singular third person (he, she, it). For example:
    • Mistake: They works every day.  
    • Explanation: The "-s" ending is only added to the base verb form for singular third-person subjects (he, she, it)
    • Correction: They work every day. (Base verb form "work" is used with the plural subject "they")
  • Confusing simple present with present continuous: Simple Present Tense describes habits, facts, and general truths, while present continuous describes actions happening right now or around the moment of speaking. So, the simple present tense rules are used only when we talk about a daily habit, a general fact, a near-future event or a current moment. For example:
    • Mistake: I am eating breakfast right now, but I eats breakfast at 8 am every day. (Mixing present continuous tense for a current action with the simple present tense for a habit)  
    • Explanation: The simple present tense describes habits, facts, and general truths that happen regularly. The present continuous tense describes actions happening right now or around the moment of speaking.
    • Correction: I am eating breakfast right now, but I eat breakfast at 8 am every day. (Use "eat" - the base verb form - to indicate a regular habit)
  • Forgetting the auxiliary verb "do/does" in negative sentences: In the negative sentences of the simple present tenses, you need the auxiliary verb "do/does" before "not" + verb base.
    • Mistake: She not like coffee.
    • Explanation: In negative sentences of the simple present tense, you need to add the auxiliary verb "do/does" before "not" + verb base. This rule applies to all subjects, i.e. I, you, he, she, it, we, you plural, and they.
    • Correction: She does not like coffee.
  • Using the simple present for future events: Simple present tense is not typically used for specific future events. Use present continuous for planned future events or add "will" for future predictions.
    • Mistake: My train leaves tomorrow at 7 pm. (Simple present for a specific future event)
    • Explanation: The simple present tense is not typically used for specific future events with a clear timeframe. For future predictions, the addition of “will” in the future simple tense is recommended. 
    • Correction: My train will leave tomorrow at 7 pm. 
  • Using the simple present for single, completed actions in the past: The simple present tense is not typically used for single events that happened and are finished in the past. Use the simple past tense for completed actions in the past.
    • Mistake: He visits his grandparents every summer. (Simple present tense for a past action)
    • Explanation: The simple present tense is not used for events that happened and are finished in the past. For actions completed in the past, simple past tense is used instead.
    • Correction: He visited his grandparents every summer. (Use "visited" - the simple past tense - to indicate a completed action)

Simple Present Tense Examples

Below are some more simple present tense examples for every case/situation where this tense is used. 

Different Cases of Using Simple Present Tense 

Example 1

Example 2

Habits

She exercises at the gym three times a week.

We study English for two hours in the evening.

General Facts

Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

Near Future

My exams end next week. 

The movie starts at 7 pm tonight. 

Present Time/Moment

I live in Delhi.

Rohan studies in class ninth. 

Exclamatory Sentences starting with "here" and "there"

Here comes my brother.

There goes the principal.

To Repeat a Quotation

Shakespeare says, "All the world's a stage."

As the proverb goes, "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise." 

To Express a Past Event in a Narrative (Story-telling)

The king rides out of the castle with his knights.

She opens the mysterious box and finds a treasure map inside.

Imperative Sentences

Brush your teeth every morning.

Be careful when crossing the street. 

Simple Present Tense Exercises

Let us see some present indefinite tense exercises below. You can use these practice questions as simple present tense examples worksheets to practice later.  

Simple Present Tense Exercise - Beginner Level

Fill in the blank spaces in the following sentences with the correct form of suggested helping verbs. 

  1. The mother …….. (cook) the food.
  2. Rita …….. (call) me every morning. 
  3. She …….. (read) in tenth class.
  4. The cat …… (kill) rats. 
  5. The sun …… (rise) in the east. 

Answers:

  1. cooks
  2. calls
  3. reads
  4. Kills
  5. rises

Simple Present Tense Exercise - Intermediate Level

Fill in the blank spaces in the following sentences with the correct form of suggested helping verbs.

  1. The train …….. (depart) at 7 am tomorrow.
  2. Sarah …….. (go) to yoga classes every day. 
  3. The gardener ……. (take care) of the plants
  4. Here …….. (come) the train. 
  5. I go to …….. (play) every evening.  

Answers:

  1. Departs
  2. Goes
  3. takes care
  4. Comes
  5. play

Present Indefinite Tense Exercise - Advanced Level

Fill in the blank spaces in the following sentences with the correct form of suggested helping verbs.

  1. …… (do/does) he ……… (play) tennis?
  2. When …….. (do/does) the bus ……. (leave)?
  3. We …….. (achieve) great things when we work together. 
  4. Most people ………. (believe) in the importance of education. 
  5. The children …….. (play) in the garden every afternoon after school.

Answers:

  1. Does, play
  2. Does, leave
  3. achieve
  4. believe
  5. play

Importance of Simple Present Tense in English Language Exams 

The present indefinite tense is crucial for success in English language proficiency exams like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE, and Duolingo for several reasons, as given below. 

  1. Foundational for other tenses: Mastering the simple present tense lays the groundwork for understanding and using other tenses like present continuous, future simple, and past simple. These English language exams (IELTS, TOEFL, PTE and Duolingo) often test your ability to move between tenses within a passage or conversation.
  2. Having an Edge Over the Simple Present Tense Demonstrates Accuracy: Correct usage of the present indefinite tense shows a strong understanding of the subject-verb agreement, verb conjugation, and sentence structure. These are all the fundamental aspects of the grammar portion tested in these exams.
  3. Expresses Daily Routines and Habits: You will likely encounter prompts or questions about your daily routines, study habits, or background in any of these exams (such as in IELTS Speaking). By using the simple present tense accurately, you will be able to communicate this information clearly and effectively.
  4. Describe general Truths and Facts: Reading passages and listening tasks often contain factual statements or general truths. Understanding the simple present tense allows you to comprehend this information and answer related questions.
  5. Indirectly Tested in Other Sections: Even if a specific question does not directly ask about the simple present tense, understanding it can help you eliminate answer choices that contain grammatically incorrect verb usage in this tense.

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This was all about the simple present tense examples. We studied the basic verb form of the English grammar tenses, i.e. the simple present tense (also known as the Present Indefinite tense), simple present tense definitions, simple present tense sentences, do/does use, simple present tense examples and simple present tense exercise. You can download the simple present tense examples PDF by clicking on the “Download Guide” button. 

Related Reads:

  1. Present Continuous Tense
  2. Present Perfect Tense
  3. Present Perfect Continuous Tense
  4. Future Plans

Simple Present Tense Examples FAQs

Q. What is simple present tense with 10 examples?

A. The simple present tense (also known as the Present Indefinite Tense) is used to talk about habits, facts, and general truths that are happening now or that happen regularly. Below are the top 10 examples of the simple present tense in English grammar:

  • She drinks coffee every morning. (Habit)
  • The Earth revolves around the sun. (Fact)
  • We go to the beach on weekends. (Habit)
  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. (Fact)
  • I work as a teacher. (Present state)
  • The train leaves at 7 pm. (Schedule)
  • They play tennis in the park every afternoon. (Habit)
  • The sun rises in the east. (General truth)
  • She speaks French fluently. (Present ability)
  • He writes a blog post every week. (Habit)

Q. What are some simple present tense examples in Hindi?

A. Some of the simple present tense examples Hindi to English are given below. 

Simple Present Tense Examples 

Hindi

English

राम स्कूल जाता है। 

Ram goes to school.

वे कहाँ रहते हैं। 

Where do they live?

शिखा सच बोलती है।  

Shikha speaks the truth.

रोहन पत्र नहीं लिखता है।  

Rohan does not write a letter. 

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