TOEFL Exam Format 2024: Check Section-wise Test Pattern, Total Marks, Duration


Rahul Singha

Rahul SinghaStudy Abroad Expert

Updated on Jan 12, 2024 23:58 IST

TOEFL Exam Pattern: Conducted by ETS, the full form of TOEFL is the Test of English as a Foreign Language and the TOEFL exam is one of the most widely used English proficiency exams for candidates wanting to study abroad. The TOEFL exam pattern 2024 comprises four sections, Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing - along with the total score. The TOEFL exam has been designed to assess the test takers' reading, listening, writing and speaking abilities in a university setting. The TOEFL exam is an important component of a university application for students who are looking os study abroad in an English-speaking country. In this article, we are going to be talking about the TOEFL exam pattern for candidates looking to appear for the TOEFL exam.

TOEFL Exam Pattern

TOEFL Exam Pattern 2024

TOEFL Pattern: The TOEFL exam pattern 2024 comprises four sections, Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing - along with the total score. It is always advised that candidates should practise more and more, as the more they practise TOEFL Sample Papers, the better their scores will be. The TOEFL exam pattern is decided by the ETS, the conducting body that governs the TOEFL exam. All the preparation material is prepared while focusing on the TOEFL test pattern.

TOEFL scores will be declared online six days after the commencement of the test. The total score can be found with the sum of the scores of all four skill areas. Apart from this, at the time of the TOEFL registration, candidates get the option of selecting up to four institutions where they can send the score report. So, once the TOEFL results are declared, ETS sends the official score reports directly to the institutions the student has selected. Candidates can check out the updated TOEFL Exam Pattern below.

TOEFL Exam Pattern 2024

Section TOEFL Exam Pattern Description
TOEFL Reading Section

Duration: 35 minutes

Questions 20

Read passages and respond to questions.
TOEFL Listening Section

Duration: 36 minutes

Questions 28

Answer questions about brief lectures or classroom discussions.
TOEFL Speaking Section

Duration: 16 minutes

Questions: 4 tasks

Talk about a familiar topic and discuss material you read and heard.
TOEFL Writing Section

Duration: 29 minutes

Questions: 2 tasks

Read a passage, listen to a recording, and type your response.

State and support an opinion in an online classroom discussion.

  Total Duration: 116 minutes  

Because of the pandemic, ETS the conducting body of the TOEFL exam has launched the TOEFL at Home for candidates looking to take the TOEFL test during the pandemic from the safety of their homes. ETS has also resumed the TOEFL Test on Paper in India to help provide larger access to candidates looking to appear for the TOEFL exam. Candidates planning to take the TOEFL test would be required to pay ₹16,900 INR for all three formats of the test, TOEFL iBT, TOEFL at Home and the TOEFL paper-delivered test.

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TOEFL Exam Syllabus 2024

TOEFL Syllabus The TOEFL iBT syllabus for students includes reading, writing, listening, and speaking skills. Here is the TOEFL exam format covering the TOEFL writing syllabus, TOEFL reading syllabus, TOEFL listening syllabus, and TOEFL speaking syllabus:

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Reading 

Description: The TOEFL Reading Section includes two reading passages, each approximately 700 words long, with 10 questions per passage. It should take about 35 minutes to complete the Reading section. The section is scored based on the number of correct reading comprehension responses.
Question type:

2 passages, 10 questions each
Total no. of questions: 20
Total time: 35 minutes

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Listening

Description: The TOEFL Listening Section includes 3 lectures, some with classroom discussion, each 3–5 minutes; 6 questions per lecture and 2 conversations, each 3 minutes; 5 questions per conversation. You can take notes on any audio item throughout the test to help you answer questions. It should take about 36 minutes to complete the Listening section.

Question type:
a) 3 Lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words), 6 questions each, Total 18
b) 2 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges), 5 questions each, Total 10

Total no. of questions: 28
Total time: 36 minutes

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Speaking

Description: For you to earn the highest scores in the Speaking Section, your responses must fulfil the demands of the task given with only minor mistakes or lapses. The test graders are looking for a highly intelligible and sustained conversation. Three main factors comprise scoring for the section, viz, delivery, language use, and topic development.
Question type:
a) 1 independent task (prep time: 15 - 30 sec; response time: 45 or 60 sec)
b) 3 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (prep time: 15 - 30 sec; response time: 45 or 60 sec)
Total no. of questions: 4
Total time: 16 minutes

TOEFL Exam Syllabus: Writing

Description: The two essays should effectively address a topic each. The response should be well-organized and well-developed using relevant explanations and detailed support. Furthermore, it should also display unity, progression, and coherence. If you want to achieve a high writing score, make sure that you demonstrate syntactic variety and appropriate word choice with minor grammatical errors.
Question type:
a) 1 Integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; Listening time: 2 min; writing: 15 min)
b) 1 Writing for an Academic Discussion task (10 minutes)
Total no. of questions: 2
Total time: 30 minutes

TOEFL Exam Fee 2024

TOEFL Fees in India 2024: The registration fee for the TOEFL exam varies from location to location. The TOEFL exam fee in India is ₹16,900 INR. Apart from this, candidates also need to pay extra for other services like late registration, rescheduling the exam, or score review. 

TOEFL Preparation Tips

How to prepare for TOEFL: There are two ways all exam-takers prepare for TOEFL i.e. self-study and attending coaching classes. Both these methods of studying have unique benefits and no one way is better than the other. If money is the prime consideration, then self-studies through TOEFL books and resources may be the better option. Similarly, if you need professional guidance to ensure you have an advantage in TOEFL exam preparation, then enrolling in a TOEFL coaching centre is the better option.

TOEFL Test monitors the candidates’ ability to understand the English language at the university level. The four sections on which the candidate’s ability is judged are reading, writing, listening, and speaking. While preparing for the test, first of all, candidates should understand the format of the test, result, and scores system of the test. ETS, the conducting body of the TOEFL exam also provides free and paid study material, which is easily available.

Colleges accoetng TOEFL Scores

How many universities and colleges accept TOEFL Scores: Worldwide more than 130 countries and 11,000 universities, colleges, and educational institutes accept the TOEFL scores. Educational institutions in major international education destinations like the USCanadaAustralia, and the UK accept the TOEFL score. Candidates can easily register for the TOEFL exam 2021 and book the TOEFL Test Centers at their convenience.

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TOEFL Test Scores

For understanding the TOEFL exam score, candidates need to understand how each section is scored. After six days of giving the exam, candidates receive an email from ETS when their scores are available. One can check the TOEFL scores online. The printed score reports of candidates are sent through email after 11 days of the TOEFL test date.

The four-section scores of the TOEFL exam are divided as follows:


Score Range

Mean Scores*













Total Score



TOEFL Exam Pattern 2024 FAQs

How to send TOEFL scores to universities abroad?

When you pay your TOEFL test fee, it includes four free TOEFL score reports which ETS - the conducting body of the TOEFL exam would send to your pre-selected universities. Candidates wanting to send scorecards to additional universities can do so with an additional fee. 

What is the passing score for the TOEFL test?

There is no such thing as a passing TOEFL score. Every university would have its TOEFL Score cut-off and students are required to achieve scores equal or higher than the set grade. Candidates should note that higher TOEFL scores would automatically increase their chances of securing a seat in the university and also make them a front runner for any scholarships being offered by the university.

How to choose between TOEFL and IELTS exams?

Candidates should note that both the tests share a common objective, to test the candidate on their understanding of the English language. Hence, the core of both exams is identical. They are different when it comes to the exam pattern and syllabus. Hence, when we talk about the tougher of the two exams, both are at par with each other. Meaning, anyone finding difficulty with TOEFL would face similar problems while appearing for the IELTS exam and vice versa. Candidates can also read:  Choosing between TOEFL and IELTS: A Comparison

How should I prepare myself for the TOEFL exam day?

Candidates can check out our Exam Day Tips to understand the dos and don'ts of the exam day.  

Which English test is the easiest?

Whether a test is hard or easy is very subjective. However, rest assured, the TOEFL test has been created to test your understanding of the English language and not to make you miserable. The tests, TOEFL, IELTS, and  PTE Academic have been created keeping in mind the student and a good preparation plan would yield positive results. 

What is the most difficult English exam?

The exams have been introduced keeping the student in mind and hence, they all follow a similar pattern. No one exam is tougher than the other. With the right amount of preparation, the English proficiency exams should look easy to score. Then it is upon the university and the student to choose the exam that is apt in the given situation. Read:  Which exam to give for which course to study abroad

Is TOEFL iBT available at home?

In response to the current pandemic COVID-19, ETS the conducting body of the TOEFL test has decided to launch the TOEFL iBT® Special Home Edition test for locations where TOEFL iBT is available for the convenience of students wanting to study abroad. 

Which English test should I take?

Candidates are often confused about the English test they are required to appear for. The priority should be to appear for the exam that is accepted by the university. If the university accepts multiple English proficiency scores, then it is on the test taker to decide on the test he/she is willing to appear for.  Read:  IELTS vs TOEFL vs PTE Academic: Which test you should take

Which English test is required for the USA?

TOEFL scores are widely accepted across universities in the USA. Candidates can know more about Studying in the USA, here.  

Which is cheaper IELTS or TOEFL?

Candidates should note that both the exams are very competitively priced looking at the demographics of the country. Both the tests are priced at par keeping student affordability in mind. 

What is the TOEFL exam pattern?

The TOEFL exam pattern comprises four sections, Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing - along with the total score. Candidates can check the article above to understand the latest TOEFL exam pattern.
Section Questions Duration Tasks
Reading Questions: 30–40 questions Duration: 54–72 minutes Reading 3 or 4 passages from the academic texts and answering questions based on them.
Listening Questions: 28-38 Duration: 41-57 minutes Listening to lectures, conversations, classroom discussions, and, then answering questions based on them.
Break: 10 minutes
Speaking Questions: 4 tasks Duration: 17 minutes Candidates need to express their opinion on a topic familiar to them and speak based on reading and listening tasks.
Writing Questions: 2 tasks Duration: 50 minutes Candidates need to write essay responses base
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6 months ago

Hello I have given TOEFL home edition and my scores is 104 (reading 30, listening 29, speaking 19, writing 26). Will the Ireland universities accepts this score and home edition?

Reply to Shalini


Rahul SinghaStudy Abroad Expert

5 months ago

Hello Shalini. You can take a look at popular universities in Ireland, here: You can also get in touch with our Shiksha Study Abroad Counsellors for assistance with Ireland University Admissions 2023 here:



9 months ago

Hello I have given my TOEFL exam today and I have completed reading and listening successfully mean while in speaking I have read the question first 3 words loudly in preparation time does that effect my scorecard.please reply me please



Rahul SinghaStudy Abroad Expert

8 months ago

Hello Nikhil. Hope you are doing well. I seem to have overlooked your comment and my apologies for the same. I am guessing you have got your results by now. Reading the question out loud should not ideally affect your TOEFL test scores.

Do 93 overall TOEFL scores (R27, L27, W25, S14) leads rejection during Germany embassy interview, besides I have got unconditional offer from university? For Master Degree.

Reply to safiullah Ahmadzai


Rahul SinghaStudy Abroad Expert

a year ago

Hello Safiullah. The English language requirement is mostly university specific. Hence, if your university is convinced of your English-speaking skills then you would not have an issue with your student visa. However, you would be asked a couple of questions at the student visa interview and it is i


hello my exam got under reviewed (i am not getting my score ) for a month and i don't know when i will get my results, but i need to get that score for my college applications. so in mean while, will i able to take another exam and can i get score with in a week ? while my exam is in under reviewed


Reply to nitin mandalapu


Rahul SinghaStudy Abroad Expert

a year ago

Hello Nitin. the waiting period between two TOEFL exams has been reduced to 3 days. So you can appear for a second TOEFL exam after 3 days of appearing for your first TOEFL exam. I hope I have been able to answer your query. I would also advise you to write to TOEFL enquiring about the delay in repo



gopi krishna

a year ago

Hello in my tofel score is total 81 , but speaking score is 12 UD universities eligible or not

Reply to gopi krishna


Rahul SinghaStudy Abroad Expert

a year ago

Hello Gopi. You are required to elaborate on your query for me to help you better. If you are looking for assistance with university admissions, get in touch with our Shiksha Study Abroad Counsellors here: