Canada vs Germany: Which is Better for Indian Students?

Canada vs Germany: Which is Better for Indian Students?

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Anumika
Anumika Bahukhandi
Study Abroad Expert
Updated on Aug 24, 2023 14:35 IST

Germany vs Canada: Canada and Germany are popular destinations for international students who are looking to study abroad. A lot of times, candidates are unable to decide between two destinations universities or courses because they appear similar to one another. Through this article, we have tried to address this very confusion. In this article, we have provided a very unbiased outlook of Germany and Canada to help candidates make the right choice. We have taken into account popular parameters such as popular courses, job availability, cost of studies, visa process and the post-study visa among other factors as the deciding factors. The article will help you in answering the question, "Germany or Canada which is better for study?" and also help you make an informed decision about Canada vs Germany for masters and bachelors.

Country Comparison: Canada vs. Germany

Latest Happenings

  • The Indo-Pacific region announced by Canada will attract a higher number of immigrants from India and other nations. Sean Fraser, Canadian Immigration Minister, stated that the country will be investing $74.6 million over five years with the objective of pacing up the visa application processing capacity in Chandigarh, Delhi, and other regions.
  • As per the last announcement by Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada, overseas students will now be permitted to work for over 20 hours every week till December 2023. This decision has been taken as a one-time measure to overcome the scarcity of labourers in the country, especially for jobs that involve students.
  • In order to attract more Indian students, universities in Germany have decided to offer more degrees in English. Also, the second largest group of overseas students in the country are from India.

Germany vs Canada Highlights 2023

Factors Canada Germany
Total International Students 3,88,782 416,437
Total Indian Students 1,80,275 33,753

Teaching Language

English and French

English and German

Top Courses MBA, Hospitality Management, Computer Programming, Business & Finance, Engineering, Media & Journalism, Health & Management Law, Engineering, Dentistry, Architecture, Economics, Business Studies, Philosophy, Earth Science, Historical and Cultural Sciences, Natural Sciences, Engineering, Mathematical and Computer Science
Top Universities McGill University, the University of Toronto, the University of British Columbia, the University of Alberta, the University of Montreal, McMaster University, the University of Waterloo Technical University of Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen, Heidelberg University, Free University of Berlin, Humboldt University of Berlin, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, RWTH Aachen University
Cheap Universities Brandon University, University of Guelph, Simon Fraser University, University of Regina, Athabasca University

Technical University of Berlin, Heidelberg University, University of Cologne, Technical University of Munich, Humboldt University of Berlin, University of Stuttgart, Ludwig Maximilians University

Admission Intakes

  • Winter: September/October
  • Summer: April
  • Fall: September
  • Winter: January
  • Summer: May

Average Cost of Studying

UG: $10,000 - $30,000 per year

PG: $15,000 - $35,000 per year

UG: €150 (public uni) - €20,000 (private uni) per year

PG: €2,000 (public uni)  - €30,000 (private uni) per year

Average Cost of Living C$20,000 to C$30,000 867 Euros monthly

Admission Requirements

SAT/ACT | GMAT/GRE | IELTS/TOEFL/PTE/DTE

GMAT/GRE | TestDaF | IELTS/TOEFL/PTE

Best Student Cities

Toronto, Vancouver, Montreal, Calgary, Ottawa, Saskatoon, Winnipeg, etc.

Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Stuttgart, Leipzig, Münster, etc.

Germany vs Canada Education System

Canada

The education system in Canada consists of the following elements:

  • Pre-primary / Kindergarten
  • Primary/Elementary Education: From 1st to 6th year.
  • Intermediate / Junior High/Secondary / Middle School: From the 7th to the 10th year.
  • Senior Secondary / Senior Years / Graduation Programme: From 11th to 12th years.
  • In Quebec, students must complete a Pre-University or Technical level that lasts for two to three years. The next step for students from other provinces is the high school diploma.
  • High School Graduation Diploma / Diploma of College Studies Quebec
  • Higher Education Institutions / Colleges / Institutes of Technology: They offer certificates, associate degrees, diplomas, and bachelor’s degrees.
  • Higher Education Institutions: They offer Graduate Diplomas.
  • Universities: They offer Master’s degrees and Doctoral degrees.

Germany

The German education system consists of the following elements:

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  • Elementary Sector: It consists of Kindergarten.
  • Primary Sector: It consists of Primary Schools from 1st to 4th grade.
  • Secondary Level: It consists of secondary general schools and secondary schools that lead to vocational schools and technical colleges. In addition, it consists of comprehensive schools and academic secondary schools that lead to universities.
  • Vocational Schools and Technical Colleges: These lead to the University of Applied Sciences.
  • Universities.

Germany vs Canada Top Universities

The table given below provides the top 5 universities in Canada and Germany:

Top Universities in Canada

Top Universities in Germany

The University of Toronto

(QS 2024: 21)

(Shiksha Grade: A++)

Technical University of München

(QS 2024: 37)

(Shiksha Grade: A++)

McGill University

(QS 2024: 30)

(Shiksha Grade: A+)

University of München

(QS 2024: 54)

(Shiksha Grade: A++)

The University of British Columbia

(QS 2024: 34)

(Shiksha Grade: A++)

University of Heidelberg

(QS 2024: 87)

(Shiksha Grade: A++)

The University of Alberta

(QS 2024: 111)

(Shiksha Grade: A)

Free University of Berlin

(QS 2024: 98)

(Shiksha Grade: A)

University of Waterloo

(QS 2024: 112)

(Shiksha Grade: A)

RWTH Aachen University

(QS 2024: 106)

(Shiksha Grade: A+)

Germany vs Canada Popular Courses

Canada

Popular courses offered at Canadian Universities include:

  • MBA
  • Computer Science
  • Hospitality Management
  • Computer Programming
  • Finance and Accounts
  • Engineering
  • Media & Journalism
  • Health & Management
  • Data Science
  • Medical

Germany

Popular courses offered at German Universities include:

  • Law
  • Engineering
  • Dentistry
  • Architecture
  • Economics,
  • Business Studies
  • Philosophy
  • Natural Sciences
  • Mathematical and Computer Science

Germany vs Canada Eligibility Requirements

Canada

For undergraduate (UG) courses, you need to have completed 12 years of schooling. To get admission, you need to appear for the SAT exam. The duration for degree courses is four years, and that of a diploma is two to three years.

In postgraduate (PG) courses, getting admission to vocational courses is easier as the admission criteria are a lot more relaxed. To get admission for management degrees you will have to appear for GMAT, and for engineering degrees, you need to take the GRE exam.

The concept of cutoffs doesn’t apply to Canadian colleges. Colleges provide average scores accepted to different courses on their websites. That will give some idea about what’s considered a good score. You will also need to appear for language exams like TOEFL or IELTS, irrespective of the degree. There are some colleges that may not require language tests for Indian students, but it is advisable you still take either TOEFL or IELTS as they are important for the purpose of getting a visa. If the visa interviewer is not sure of your spoken skills, they may not grant you the visa.

Germany

Universities in Germany are often funded by the state but not necessarily regulated by it. So every university decides its own eligibility criteria and cut-off. Hence, it is advisable to check the university website for the specific program’s eligibility criteria.

To pursue undergraduate courses in Germany you should have completed your 12th class and either one of the below -

  • Cleared JEE Advanced
  • Completed one year of bachelor's degree education from a recognized university in India
  • Cleared the Feststellungsprüfung – the entrance exam for different universities you would take to signify effective completion of Studienkolleg.

A high level of competition at the application stage results in universities asking for as high as 90% in your secondary school examinations. However, in case you have cleared your JEE Advanced, the cut-off is 50%.

For a postgraduate program in Germany, you would need a German equivalent of a bachelor’s degree in the relevant subjects. Apart from this basic requirement, the universities might also require you to have scored well on your GMAT or GRE tests. For international students, IELTS or TOEFL, along with working knowledge of the German language are required. For German-taught programs, a high level of proficiency in the language is required and you will be required to take either TestDAF or DSH.

The overall cost of studying and living in Canada and Germany is dependent on many factors like university, course, and location.

Germany vs Canada Cost of Studying

Costs for undergraduate courses

Particulars

Undergraduate course in Canada

Undergraduate course in Germany

Tuition

$10,000 - $30,000 per year

€150 (public uni) - €20,000 (private uni) per year

Room and Living expenses

$10,000–$12,000 per year

€8,640 per year

Duration of course

4 years

3-4 years

Total

$20,000-$42,000 per year

€8,790 - €28,640 per year

Costs for postgraduate courses

Particulars

Postgraduate course in Canada

Postgraduate course in Germany

Tuition

$15,000 - $35,000 per year

€2,000 (public uni)  - €30,000 (private uni) per year

Room and Living expenses

$10,000–$12,000 per year

 €8,640 per year

Duration of course

1-2 years

1-2 years

Total

$25,000-$47,000 per year

€10,640 - €38,640 per year

Also Read:

Germany vs Canada Visa Process

Canada

The Canadian student visa has the following regulations -

  • You will have to apply for a post-graduation work permit within 90 days of finishing your studies.
  • The visa application process to Canada requires a compulsory medical test for Indian applicants.
  • Spouses can also work full-time if their stay is for a year or more.
  • It costs $150 to apply for this visa.
  • You cannot work more than 20 hours per week. During holidays, breaks and summer sessions, the student may work up to 40 hours per week.

Germany

For a German student Visa, these rules apply -

  • To stay in Germany for more than 90 days as a student, you are required to get a residence permit.
  • You are required to show funds worth €8,640 per year as proof of funds required for the cost of living.
  • A residence permit issued to students is valid for a maximum of two years. It needs to be renewed if the duration of the course is longer than the stated two years.
  • Students can work 180 days halftime or 90 days full time in an academic year. Presently, Germany is the only country where a student can pursue a part-time technical job in a related industry. Some universities also offer part-time jobs on campus called Hi/wi.

Germany vs Canada Post Study Work Permit

Canada

The Canadian Post Graduation Work Visa allows students graduating from any post-secondary institute to work post-studying for an uptime period depending on the duration of their course to a maximum of three years. Under this work permit, the student can work in any field or industry.

Also Read: All about Post Study Work Permit in Canada

Germany

International students are required to apply for a Residence Permit after completion of their education at a German University. The Immigration Laws permit the students who have completed their degree to apply for a Residence Permit of 18 months duration to look for a job related to their qualifications. This permit is not combined with the Student Visa for Germany and you need to apply for it separately at the foreign nationals’ registration office.

In case you have a job offer that is relevant to your stream of education even before you complete your education, you can directly apply for a Residence Permit or an EU Blue Card.

Also Read: Post Study Work Permits in Germany for Indian Students

Germany vs Canada Employment Opportunities

Canada

Jobs like nurse practitioner, program analyst, teacher, pharmacist, financial manager, construction manager etc. are some of the most sought-after positions in Canada.

Germany

Jobs in fields like the health sector, mechanical & automotive, electrical and electronics industry, building & construction, information technology & telecommunications etc. are some of the top jobs in Germany.

Germany vs Canada PR Options

Canada

During this period of Post-Graduation Work permit, you can apply for Permanent Residency under the Canadian Experience Class. Since the country is sparsely populated, there is a shortage of highly skilled employees. Compared to most other countries, getting PR in Canada is very easy.

Germany

If you have been living in Germany for five years on a German residence permit, you can apply for a German permanent visa. There are exemptions for shorter stay time requirements. After eight years of living there, you become eligible to apply for German citizenship. In case you marry a German citizen, you can apply for German citizenship immediately.

Germany vs Canada Scholarships

Germany

One of the primary names for funding your study in Germany is the German Academic Exchange Service or DAAD. The organization helps you not merely shortlist a suitable college but also helps you with a variety of scholarship options depending on your chosen discipline or field of research. Apart from DAAD, many independent research institutes also offer scholarships to students or research scholars. For a list of scholarships, visit: Scholarships to Study in Germany

Canada

Candidates have over the years become one of the most sought-after destinations for study abroad among Indian students. The country offers a quality system of healthcare, easier permanent residency applications and a great public health system among many other benefits. Candidates planning to study in Canada can check out the various scholarships available on every 'scholarship & funding' page of Canadian universities and also visit our website to know more about scholarships to study in Canada.

Germany vs Canada Climate

Canada

Weather in Canada varies widely depending on where you are. Canada stretches from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean, covering five time zones. In Toronto, winter is milder than in most Canadian cities, yet still cold and snowy. Montreal Weather in winter is cold and snowy. Usually, the country experiences pleasantly cool summers.

Germany

German summers are hot and the winters are cold and snowy, but rains are unpredictable and common during all seasons. The average winter temperature is 3°C and in summer it is 22°C. Maximum temperatures commonly reach -10°C in winter and 35°C in the summer months. The country is divided into 16 states and has an exceedingly varied landscape, so it is difficult to generalise the weather for the whole country.

Read More: Need-Based vs Merit-Based Scholarships: Popularity, Eligibility and Criteria

Now that students have sufficient idea about various aspects of Germany vs Canada, they may make an informed decision regarding the question, “Germany or Canada which is better for study?” For help with university applications, students seeking to study abroad can contact our Shiksha Study Abroad Counsellors. The comments section below allows candidates to contact us as well.

Canada vs Germany FAQs

Q. Which are the top universities in Canada and Germany?

A. Top colleges and universities in Canada and Germany are highly ranked internationally. University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, McGill University, University of Alberta, and University of Montreal are a few of Canada's best institutions. In Germany, some of the top universities include Technical University of Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitt Mnchen, Heidelberg University, University of Tbingen, and Free University of Berlin. Furthermore, both nations are home to multiple highly renowned universities and colleges in specific academic fields.

Q. Which one, between Canada and Germany, is more affordable for an undergraduate degree?

A. When we talk about the cost of studying in Canada, in terms of tuition fees, students can expect to pay between CAD 10,000 and CAD 30,000 per year for an undergraduate degree. In the case of Germany, students can expect to pay between €150 and €20,000 per year for an undergraduate degree. In terms of Indian Rupee, Canada will cost somewhere between INR 6 lakhs and INR 19 lakhs per year. In the case of Germany, the annual tuition fee will be between INR 13,234 per year and 18 lakhs per year. Students should try for public universities in Germany if they are aiming for an affordable education abroad.

Q. Which one, between Canada and Germany, is more affordable for a postgraduate degree?

A. In the case of Canada, the annual tuition fee for a postgraduate degree will be somewhere between CAD 15,000 and CAD 35,000. In Indian Rupee, this falls somewhere between INR 9 lakhs and INR 21 lakhs. In the case of Germany, the annual tuition fee for a postgraduate degree will be somewhere between €2,000 and €30,000. In Indian Rupee, this falls somewhere between INR 2 lakhs and INR 27 lakhs. The cost of studying depends a lot on the University and the course. Certain courses, such as an MBA, are going to cost more than others.

Q. What is the scenario of MBA in Canada and Germany?

A. With an MBA from Canada or Germany, you will have access to a top-notch education and fantastic employment options. German living expenses are often lower than those in Canada are, despite the former having generally lower education prices. It is important to take into account both the course types you are interested in and the employment opportunities in each nation. Whereas courses in Canada are more aimed towards acquiring business skills, those in Germany tend to focus more on technical subjects.

Q. What is the comparative cost of living in Canada and Germany?

A. If we compare the cost of living in Canada and the cost of living in Germany, we find that both countries are more or less similar. In the case of Canada, room and living expenses cost somewhere between CAD 10,000 and CAD 12,000 per year (this translated to INR 6 lakhs and INR 7.4 lakhs per year). In the case of Germany, room and living expenses cost somewhere around €8,640 per year, which translates to INR 7.6 lakhs. The cost of living, irrespective of the country, has a lot to do with a student’s lifestyle. In order to reduce the cost of living, students may choose to apply for a scholarship or work part-time.

Q. What is the cost of a student visa for Canada and Germany?

A. Canada student visa fee (including extensions) is CAD 150 per person. This translated to INR 9,142. Germany student visa fee is around €75. This translates to INR 6,613. Canada student visa processing time is 9 weeks if you are applying from outside Canada and 4 weeks if you are applying from inside Canada. On the other hand, Germany student visa processing time is around 25 days if all your documents are correct and in order. Students must note that in the case of Germany, the residence permit is valid for two years; and once it expires, students need to get it renewed.

Q. What is the part-time work scenario in Canada and Germany?

A. Both Canada and Germany let international students to work part-time while enrolled in classes. During the academic year, international students in Canada are permitted to work up to 20 hours a week, and during the summer, they can work full-time or even more. In Germany, students are permitted to take part-time jobs (180 days halftime or 90 days full time in an academic year) with pay starting at roughly €10 per hour so long as they have a current student visa. International students can work in restaurants, retail stores, offices, and a range of other part-time occupations in both nations. International students can also apply for full-time jobs and internships in industries including marketing, finance, and software engineering.

Q. What is the duration of post graduate work permit in Canada and Germany?

A. The duration of a post graduate work permit in Canada (PGWP Canada) depends on the duration of your course. In order to be eligible for a PGWP Canada, your course must be of at least 8 months in duration. For courses between 8 months and 2 years, PGWP will be equal to the duration of the course. In case of courses that are 2 years (or more) in duration, PGWP may be of 3 years. In the case of Germany, students can apply for a job-seeking visa that is valid for 18 months.

Q. What job opportunities are available in Canada and Germany?

A. Excellent employment possibilities are available in both Germany and Canada for people seeking to launch or enhance their careers. The job market is robust in Canada, and there are many openings in a variety of areas. In order to assist talented people who want to immigrate to Canada, the Canadian government also provides a number of immigration programmes. The employment market in Germany is extremely competitive, and many foreign businesses are looking for suitable candidates. Germany also provides a wide choice of training and educational possibilities for people wishing to advance their careers. Both nations provide promising work opportunities, so it is critical to weigh the distinctive benefits of each to choose which is best for your career.

Q. Which sectors of economy offer good job opportunities in Canada and Germany?

A. The major industries in Canada are manufacturing, mining, forestry, and oil and gas. In addition to its industrial, chemical, and pharmaceutical sectors, Germany is well-known for its automobile industry. Both nations also have thriving and expanding IT industries. In addition, Germany is a pioneer in renewable energy technologies and green energy programmes, whereas Canada is well renowned for its natural riches. Placement of an international student depends, to a great extent, on his/her university, location, networking skills, majors, etc.
About the Author
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Written by
Anumika Bahukhandi
Study Abroad Expert

Holding an overall experience of 5 years, Anumika Bahukhandi has worked in the field of Journalism as a reporter/journalist, feature writer, and senior sub-editor with renowned media houses. She has been associated ... Read Full Bio

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Reviewed by
Prayas
UG & PG expert

Armed with a decade of professional experience, Prayas is a connoisseur of the overseas education industry. He holds a post-graduate diploma in marketing and has the knack for finding ideal study options for student... Read Full Bio

Comments

(88)

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Harnoor

3 months ago

ramanielts.in

Reply to Harnoor

S

Shaikh

a year ago

I wanna pursue my studied in psychology and then specialize in clinical psychology, so which among the 3 are the best; UK vs Canada vs Germany?.

Reply to Shaikh

A

Aprant Agarwal

a year ago

Hello. All the three countries are good for pursuing psychology courses. We suggest that you visit this link for more details about the course: https://studyabroad.shiksha.com/degree-in-psychology-from-abroad-structure-eligibility-and-top-universities-abroad-articlepage-576

H

HaRiT TrIvEdI

2 years ago

Hii Rahul I am right now in 12th Is German Language compulsory to study undergraduate Course BBA in Free University of Berlin? Does 12th Marks matter in admission And What are the Requirements for Indian Students after 12th to study in Germany

Reply to HaRiT TrIvEdI

R

Rahul Singha

2 years ago

Yes, your Class 12 mark sheet would be an integral part of your UG admission process. You can also check out: https://studyabroad.shiksha.com/studying-in-germany-all-you-need-to-know-articlepage-184

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Rahul Singha

2 years ago

Hello Harit. Well for admission to Public Universities in Germany, you would need a basic understanding of the German Language. You can check out more about the Free University of Berlin, here: https://studyabroad.shiksha.com/germany/universities/free-university-of-berlin. The link will direct you

...more

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rahul gupta

2 years ago

Hi , I have done electronics eng. and PG diploma in human rights .i am 50 year old . What course i can persue further and work in Canada or germany

Reply to rahul gupta

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Rahul Singha

2 years ago

Hello Rahul. You can check out popular universities in Germany here: https://studyabroad.shiksha.com/germany and popular universities in Canada here: https://studyabroad.shiksha.com/canada You can also get in touch with our Counsellors here: https://studyabroad.shiksha.com/apply

A

Abhishek Kumar

2 years ago

Hii Rahul I want to do engineering from abroad in computer science but confused where should i go canada or germany , which is good in terms of availability of jobs

Reply to Abhishek Kumar

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Rahul Singha

2 years ago

Hello Abhishek. You can get in touch with our counsellors to understand the job prospects for both countries, here: https://studyabroad.shiksha.com/apply The article provides an unbiased comparison of the two.