IELTS Exam Academic Writing Task 1: Process Diagram

IELTS

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Rahul
Rahul Singha
Study Abroad Expert
Updated on Feb 26, 2024 07:36 IST

This article specifically focuses on IELTS Academic Writing Task 1, where we have narrowed it down to the description of a process diagram. You can click on IELTS Writing Task 2 (Essay) to read about it in detail. The IELTS Academic Writing section consists of two tasks.

IELTS Task 1 Writing

IELTS Task 1 Writing: The Writing Section is one of the components of the IELTS test and has two tasks. IELTS Writing Task 1 is different for Academic and General Training tests, while IELTS Writing Task 2 (Essay) is the same for both. This article specifically focuses on IELTS Academic Writing Task 1, where we have narrowed it down to the description of a process diagram. You can click on IELTS Writing Task 2 (Essay) to read about it in detail.

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IELTS Task 1 Academic Writing

IELTS Academic Writing section consists of two tasks. Let us look at some of the details of Writing Task 1:

  • The total time for the entire writing section is 60 minutes.
  • Writing Task 1 is 1/3 of your total score on the writing section. This means that for Task 1 you will have approximately 20 minutes.
  • In Academic Writing Task 1, you are supposed to write a summary on a given graph (bar graph/line graph/pie chart), table, or process. You are supposed to find the most important and relevant information given in the visual information and provide a coherent and organized summary/overview of the same
  • You have to write a minimum of 150 words. Anything less than that will attract a penalty.
  • The answer should be provided in full, and notes or bullet points will not be accepted.

Let us understand what all are the performance descriptors for Academic Writing Task 1:

  1. Task Achievement: This means how accurately and appropriately you have answered the question. The information that you put in your summary should be factually correct and should be based on the visual information. Any outside information that is not relevant, must not be provided.
  2. Coherence and Cohesion: Ask yourself these questions:
    • Does my summary make sense?
    • Does my summary follow the process?
    • Does it have clarity and fluency?
    • How well have I linked the information and idea?
    • Is there a flow in my language?
    • Have I used proper cohesive devices such as connectors, conjunctions, etc.?
  3. Lexical resource: This refers to the range, accuracy, and appropriateness of vocabulary used.
  4. Grammatical range and accuracy: This deals with the range and accuracy of grammar on a ‘sentence level’.

IELTS Exam Pattern 2024

IELTS Task 1 Process Diagram

Before we take up an Academic Writing Task 1 Sample, let us go through some of the key points that you should follow:

  • Even though you will not be penalized for writing more than 150 words, make sure that you do not write a very long summary. Else, you will fall short of time for Task 2.
  • You must write in an academic or neutral style.
  • Make sure that you include all the important information and key features of the process diagram.
  • Your response should be relevant and should address the topic. Do not include any irrelevant and off-topic details.
  • Make sure to use the sequencers. They will help the examiner understand the flow of the process. Some of the sequencers are mentioned below:
  • First of all / The first step is / The first stage is
  • Next / In the next step
  • Then
  • After that
  • Finally / In the final step / In the final stage
  • Once we are done with this / After we are finished with this

Now that you have all the information about the Process Diagrams asked on Academic Writing Task 1, let us look at the steps of answering the question:

Step 1: Analyse the diagram and understand the key information

  • Where is the start? Where is the end?
  • How many stages are there?
  • Is it a cyclic process or a linear process?
  • What is the result?
  • Can I break the process into two parts? If yes, what steps come in part 1 and what steps come in part 2?

Step 2: Write an essay using the recommended essay structure

  • Introduction: You must paraphrase the question and state the main key details or a summary of the main stages. We have provided an example of how paraphrasing is done.
ieltswritingtask1
  • Body Paragraph 1 = Describe the first half of the process or the processes that occur together
  • Body Paragraph 2 = Describe the second half of the process or the processes that occur together

Check: How to Send IELTS Scores to Universities 2023

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample: Process Diagram

Sample Question: The diagram below shows the steps in the process of manufacturing yoghurt. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.
ieltswritingtask1

Sample Answer:

The flow chart illustrates the procedure for making yoghurt. Overall, the procedure has eight steps that can be grouped into four stages: preparing the milk, preparing a milk-yoghurt mix, mixing all the ingredients, and setting the yoghurt.

First, the milk is heated to 90 degrees Celsius. The hot milk is then allowed to cool to a moderately warm temperature. In the second stage, a milk-yoghurt mix is prepared by mixing some cold milk and old yoghurt. This mixture is whisked until it becomes smooth and does not have lumps. Subsequently, in the third stage, the whisked mixture is poured into the warm milk that was obtained in the first stage.

The final stage involves setting the yoghurt. The mixture is wrapped in a cloth to maintain a slightly warm temperature and is allowed to be set for nearly five hours. Finally, the yoghurt is cooled and stored at a cold temperature.

Check: IELTS Indicator: All you need to know

IELTS Writing Task 1 Sample: Pie Chart

Given below is IELTS Writing Task 1 Pie Chart sample.

Sample Question: The pie charts below show the comparison of different kinds of sources of energy consumed in India in two years. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
IELTS Writing Task 1

Sample Answer:

The two pie charts illustrate the proportion of six sources of energy in the overall Indian energy basket.

In both years, more than 80% of India’s energy needs have been met by three sources that include coal, oil, and biomass. Irrespective of a 10% decline, coal has remained the largest single fuel in the energy mix. The contribution of oil, to overall energy consumption, has remained constant at 25%. However, the contribution of biomass in the overall energy basket has halved from 26% in 2000 to 13% in 2020.

The contribution of natural gas, to overall energy consumption, has increased marginally from 5% in 2000 to 6% in 2022. In addition, consumption of modern renewables has also seen a marginal rise from 1% in 2000 to 3% in 2022.

With regard to Other sources of energy, there has been no change in their overall contribution to the entire energy basket. Overall speaking, the percentage contribution of various sources of energy in the Indian energy basket has been more or less similar with the exceptions of coal and biomass.

Read More: IELTS Test Dates 2024

IELTS Task 1 Writing FAQs

Q. What is the difference between IELTS Writing Task 1 and IELTS Writing Task 2?

A. IELTS Writing Task 1 consists of a written work of at least 150 words. IELTS Writing Task 2 consists of an essay of at least 250 words.

Q. What is the difference between IELTS Writing Task 1 academic and IELTS Writing Task 1 general training?

A. IELTS Writing Task 1 involves a written work of at least 150 words. In the academic module, a summary of a graph/table/process is written, while in the general training module a letter is written.

Q. What if I write less than 150 words on IELTS Task 1 writing?

A. You will attract a penalty on your score if you write less than 150 words on the IELTS Task 1 writing section.

Q. What if I write more than 150 words on IELTS Task 1 writing?

A. Writing more than the minimum limit will not attract any penalty. However, you must balance your answer, as you will have to attempt IELTS Writing Task 2 also.

Q. What are the scoring criteria for IELTS Task 1 writing?

A. Task achievement, Coherence and cohesion, Lexical resource, and Grammatical range and accuracy are the performance descriptors for IELTS Task 1 writing.
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Rahul Singha
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Rahul Singha is a seasoned editor with Shiksha Study Abroad, specializing in overseas education. With over 8 years of domain experience, he has made a significant impact in contributing to the study abroad industry ... Read Full Bio

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