What is the Difference Between GPA and CGPA?
clickHere

What is the Difference Between GPA and CGPA?

4 mins read2.6K Views Comment
clickHere
Aishwarya
Aishwarya Bhatnagar
Study Abroad Expert
Updated on Jun 28, 2024 14:35 IST

There is a huge difference between CGPA and GPA, but they are both used for a common assessment of a student’s academic performance. While CGPA is more widely used in Indian institutions, GPA on the other hand is widely used for admission to universities abroad and assesses international students.

What is the Difference Between GPA and CGPA?

CGPA is calculated on a 10-point scale but GPA is calculated on a 4.0-point scale. The first is more important in terms of placements, while the latter holds value for abroad admissions among a competitive pool of applicants. This article includes all important information about the difference between CGPA and GPA, check it out.

What is CGPA?

 CGPA also known as Cumulative Grade Point Average is a a way of assessing academic achievements at the school or college level of a set of students.There may be various reasons why institutions choose to assess students based on a cumulative grade point average and they include:

  • Core placements based on CGPA 
  • Understanding the CGPA of the applicant in a competitive environment
  • Most Indian institutions assess students based on CGPA.
  • Based on CGPA applicants can understand their overall performance in the year or semester.

In order to apply for education abroad, a CGPA will not be acceptable, hence, universities abroad will require a GPA score from the applicant for admission. 

What is GPA?

Grade Point Average or GPA is just a number which is used to assess students based on their performance in each of the proposed credits. The reasons why a GPA is integral for applicants abroad is because:

Score Predictor

Predict your IELTS, TOEFL, and PTE in just 4 steps!

Share 12th Board, Percentage, english score
Get estimated scores or IELTS, TOEFL & PTE


  • It is important to apply for a scholarship to fund education abroad
  • Before joining an extracurricular club or organisation an applicant’s GPA will hold importance.
  • Also when applying for admissions abroad GPAs play a major role. 
  • GPA can fluctuate with the scores of credit points in a certain semester or over a span of time. Cumulative GPA is for a short term while the overall GPA gives a clearer picture. 

A GPA is the most essential component of the admission process for international students applying abroad. Thus, applicants must ensure that they score high academically so that their GPA scores are at par. 

What is the Difference Between GPA and CGPA?

There is a stark difference between GPA and CGPA, even though both are assessed for an applicant’s academic performance. Check out what is difference between GPA and CGPA:

CGPA

GPA

Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is used for calculating the overall performance of the applicant.

Grade Point Average (GPA) is basically to calculate the grades for a semester. 

Varies between ‘outstanding and fail’ based on either the numerical or grade-based assessment.

Of different types - numbers, scales or grades.

CGPA Calculation:

CGPA = Weight Average GPA / Total Credit Hours

Or

CGPA into %: CGPA x 8.5 = %

GPA Calculation: 

GPA = Weighted Grade Points / Total Credit Hours 

Or,

% / 100 then multiplied by 4

Not widely accepted for study abroad admissions, acceptable within India only.

Widely accepted for study abroad admissions.

The higher the CGPA, the higher is the chance for a placement.

Having a high GPA can help applicants get admission to top universities abroad. 

Anywhere above 8 grade points is a good CGPA score.

However, a GPA score of 3.4 or above is considered a good GPA score. 

Thus, the difference between CGPA and GPA is just based on the way of assessment. They both differ in computation and each of them has a different way of calculation. While CGPA may be widely used for Indian institutions, GPA on the other hand has a wider approach abroad. GPA to CGPA is rarely required for Indian students, but CGPA to GPA is required for admissions abroad. The applicants who are looking for more details can check out How to Convert Percentage to GPA?

CGPA to GPA Conversion 

Since both GPA and CGPA are different in nature, their acceptance is also in limited areas of use. CGPA is scored on a 10-point scale, whereas GPA is scored on a 4.0-point scale in the majority of the cases. The following is a comparison of the two grade average points and an equivalent score point for international students’ reference:

CGPA (10 Point)

GPA (4.0 Point)

Grade on a 4.0 Point Scale

>8.5

>3.7

A

8.0 – 8.4

3.7

A

7.5 – 7.9

3.3

B+

7.0 – 7.4

3

B

6.5 – 6.9

2.7

C+

6.0 – 6.4

2.3

C

5.5 – 5.9

2

D+

5.0 – 5.4

1.7

D

<5.0

0 – 1.3

F

This is the ideal conversion from CGPA to GPA and vice versa. Thus, the applicants who are applying abroad can have a fair idea of their academic standing. Students often wish to know the conversion of 8.5 CGPA to GPA because on average, 8.5 CGPA is what the brightest of the brightest students get. But the CGPA is always marked on a 10,0-point scale, thus, students who get 8.5 can check out the 8.5 CGPA to GPA conversion from the table above. 

Get more details here about: How to Convert CGPA into GPA? 

Is Conversion from CGPA to GPA Always Authentic?

Usually, abroad universities suggest credential evaluations for an authentic assessment and conversion of grade point average based on university admission requirements. Thus, universities may suggest WES credentials or ECE based on their partnerships. Check out more about Credential Evaluations

In these cases, applicants must absolutely avoid converting their CGPA scores on their own into GPA for submitting admission applications, as the information may become invalid for use. 

Conversion from CGPA to GPA is thus, authentic only if they have been converted by designated agencies who are experts in this field.

About the Author
author-image
Written by
Aishwarya Bhatnagar
Study Abroad Expert

Aishwarya is a professional Writer currently working as a Study Abroad Expert in the Editorial Team at Shiksha. She has over 5 years of experience and is skilled at creating Online Content with leveraged knowledge i... Read Full Bio

Browse universities abroad