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Career as Teacher

The profession of teaching is one of the most dignified and reputed professions.The job of an educator is compelling as the knowledge given by them persists through ages and generations to come. The profession of teaching has plenty of scopes in India. From a play school teacher to a University lecturer, the profession of teaching is vast and employs a large number of people around the globe. From home tuitions to coaching classes, every field of imparting education is involved under the heading of teaching. Now, teacher have started choosing different teaching profiles like Education Consultant, Curriculum Developer, Career Counselor and Virtual Instructor leaving those classroom environment behind.

Job Profile

Career as Teacher

By now it must be clear that teaching career is extremely versatile and you may opt for several types of jobs. From the traditional school teachers or college lecturers to recent employment prospects like Virtual Instructor or Charter Schools Innovator, several employment opportunities are available to you in the line of imparting education. 

Let’s have an insight into the traditional teaching career:  

  • Work Routine- Your day-to-day work would include teaching your subject-related topics to the students and making the lesson planning for the next day. It may or may not include coordinating various co-curricular activities at your institute.  
  • If you aren’t a sports teacher, most of your daily work will be indoors, i.e. in classrooms and laboratories. 
  • Work Pressure- generally work pressure of teachers are lesser than that of other professionals. Classroom teaching is one of the most peaceful jobs. 
  • Generally, a teacher’s work is team-oriented and interactive, i.e. a teacher always works with the students. 
  • Work hours- depending on the institute you’re teaching in. 

Pros and Cons of a Teacher

Pros: 

  • One of the most respected profession 
  • High salary for teachers of higher educational level
  • Career is peaceful and not hectic 

Cons:  

  • After a long time, the daily routine might become monotonous
  • Low salary for lower educational level 

Employment Opportunities


Name of Job 

Average Salary (Per Annum)

Recruitment Areas 

Assistant Teacher (school)

Rs 2.1 Lakh

Public and Private Schools

Assistant Professor 

Rs 6 Lakh

Government and Private Colleges and Universities

Education Consultant

Rs 2.4 Lakh

Government and Private Associations

Curriculum Developer

Rs 6.25 Lakh

Government and Private Associations

How do I get there?

Teaching career at different level requires different qualifications. However, you can opt for the teaching career irrespective of your stream of study in 10+2 or graduation level. 

The minimum qualifications required as per different levels of the school are:  

  • Nursery or Kindergarten level- You should have passed 10+2 level in any stream and have an NTT course done. 
  • Primary level- You should be a graduate from any stream along with an NTT or B.Ed degree. 
  • High School level- You should be a graduate with a B.Ed degree, and you must have cleared CTET or STET. 
  • Secondary level- You must have a postgraduate degree in the subject you wish to teach at this level along with a B.Ed degree. 

The minimum qualifications required to be able to teach at College or University level are:  

  • Assistant professor- You need to have a Masters degree in the subject concerned with minimum 55% marks. You must also clear the National Eligibility Test (NET) conducted by the UGC twice a year to be appointed as a professor in maximum National and State Colleges and Universities. 
  • Professor- After about 7 to 12 years of experience (depending on the concerned University authorities) you will be promoted to the post of a Professor from an Assistant Professor. 

How much does it cost?

The cost of becoming a teacher varies according to the level of education that you will be teaching. 

1. Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) - This is a requirement for school level teaching. The course fees for pursuing B.Ed ranges from 6000 INR to about 1 lakh INR per annum depending on the college you opt for the study. You can also pursue B.Ed courses from Open Universities with minimal course fees. 

2. Nursery Teacher Training (NTT)- Required for only pre-primary and primary level of education, you can pursue NTT from many state governments, private and open universities with extremely affordable fees ranging from Rs 5000 to 25,000 per year. 

3. Masters Degree- Required for secondary to the university level of education, you can obtain a masters degree in your desired field of study at several central and state government institutes, open universities and private institutes. The course fees depend on your area of specialisation and vary immensely; from a few thousands to a few lakhs per year. 

 

Other than the course fees to become an educator, a teacher is sometimes required to contribute towards different social and developmental activities carried out by the institute. Thus teaching career is dedicated to serving the society at large.  

Top Colleges and Universities

As we’ve already seen, different courses are required to be undertaken for teaching at different levels of education. 

Best colleges in India for pursuing B.Ed are:

Rank

College/University name and location

Course Fees (in Rs)

4 (amidst colleges)

Lady Shri Ram College for Women

Location- New Delhi, Delhi NCR

Rs 19,030 (First Year) 

66 (amidst universities)

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University 

Location- New Delhi, Delhi NCR

Rs 65,000 (First Year) 

12 (amidst Universities)

Jamia Millia Islamia University

Location- New Delhi, Delhi NCR 

Rs 6,900 (First Year)

64 (amidst Universities)

Calicut University 

Location- Calicut, Kerala

Rs 3,480 (First Year) 

58 (amidst Universities)

Amity University 

Location- Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 

Rs 1.02 Lakh (First Year)

 

Some of the Best Universities in India for masters would include:  
 

Rank (NIRF)

University and location

Courses Fees (in Rs)

2

Jawaharlal Nehru University 

Location- New Delhi, Delhi NCR

Around Rs 800 per annum 

3

Banaras Hindu University 

Location- Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 

Around Rs 1000 per annum

5

Calcutta University 

Location- Kolkata, West Bengal

Around Rs 2500 per annum

6

Jadavpur University 

Location- Kolkata, West Bengal

Around Rs 3000 per annum

 

Some of the best colleges for diploma in Nursery Teacher Training are:

College/University name and location

Course Fees (in Rs)

Duration

OPJS University Location- Churu, Rajasthan

Rs 36,000 per annum

2 Years full-time

Presidency College of Education and Technology 

Location- Meerut, Uttar Pradesh

 

1 Year full-time 

Guru Nanak National College

Location- Doraha, Punjab

Rs 2,160 INR (total fees)

1 Year full-time

Janaki Devi Vocational Course

Location- New Delhi, Delhi NCR

Rs 40,000 INR (total fees)

1 Year full-time 

Books and other Study Material

If you wish to be a public school teacher in India, the best reference books would be the NCERT books of that subject. 

What if this career does not work out for me?

If you fail to qualify the selection exams for being a teacher, you can always use your knowledge to provide home tuitions. Also, several online learning platforms recruit teachers where you might be hired. Scopes in the field of education are endless and open to any student from any stream. 

 

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Content on this page is by Career Expert
Mrs. Kum Kum Tandon
MA (Psychology), M.Ed, Diploma in Educational Psychology, Vocational Guidance & Counseling (NCERT, Delhi) | View Complete Profile
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