Updated on Mar 10, 2022 03:45 IST
Ritika Srivastava

Ritika SrivastavaAssociate Senior Executive, Editorial

The study of the Earth and its lands and features, inhabitants and phenomena, is known as the study of Geography. Students are taught Geography in school and are one of the most fascinating subjects are we get to learn about the earth that we live, breathe and walk-in. From the climates to the physical features to the vegetation to the population, there are different aspects of Earth that we study in the field of Geography. Geography comes under Science and adds as a major contributor to other science subjects we study and know.

The study of geography is divided into two main branches:

Physical Geography: The study of the environment we live in, the climates, the life and soil, water, landforms.

Human Geography: The study of how man has created and managed developments such as buildings, roads, monuments, etc.

Specialised Fields in Geography

Here are some of the specialized fields which we study in the field of Geography.

Behavioural Geography

Demography Geography

Development Geography

Cultural Geography

Economic Geography

Historical Geography

Health Geography

Regional Geography

Biogeography

Urban Geography

Coastal Geography

Climatology

Geodesy

Environmental Geography

Geomorphology

Glaciology

Landscape Ecology

Hydrology

Limnology

Quaternary Science

Oceanography

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Eligibility Criteria for Geography 

Students are required to meet the eligibility criteria which is set by universities. The eligibility criteria may differ from university to university, however, here is the common eligibility criteria set for a course in Archelogy.

BA in Geography: The candidate needs to have done their class 12 from a recognised board and should have secured a minimum of 55%. The candidate can be from any stream.

BSc in Geography: The candidate needs to have done their class 12 in Science stream and should have secured a minimum of 55% to be eligible.

MA in Geography: The candidate needs to have done their graduation from a recognised university and should have secured a minimum of 45%. The candidate should also have done their BA or BSc in Geography or any similar field to be eligible.

MSc Geography: The candidate should have done their BSc in Geography from a recognised university and should have secured a minimum of 55%.

Entrance Exams for Geography

The admission process for admission in Geography consist of various stages, which are mentioned below:

Chose University/College: The first step is to search for colleges or universities which are offering courses in Geography. Check the fees, the seats offered, eligibility criteria which is set for the course.

Apply for Course: Proceed to apply for admission after getting to know the university offering the programme. Fill up the details as required and pay the application fee. The application forms are available for a limited period of time so the candidate is advised to know the details way in advance.

Mode of Admission: Universities and Colleges will either conduct entrance exams for admission or offer admission through merit. For postgraduate courses, the candidate will have to appear for an entrance exam.

Results: Selected and qualified candidates make the merit list. The student has to get the desired rank and percentage, to be eligible for admission.

Counselling: The candidate will have to appear for the counselling session conducted at the university to book their seat, submit their documents and pay the fees to seal admission.

Tabulated below are the top entrance examinations through which one can take admissions to the History programmes:

JMI Entrance Exam

DUET

BHU UET

BHU PET

PUBDET

PUMDET

JNUEE

LPU NEST

CUET

AUCET

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Geography Courses Offered

Various universities and colleges offer Geography in undergraduate, postgraduate, research and doctoral programmes. The courses are as follows:

Course

Duration

BA Geography

3-Years

BA (Hons) Geography

3-Years

BSc in Geography

3-Years

MA in Disaster Management

2-Years

MA in Geography

2-Years

MA in Geo-Informatics

2-Years

MA in Geology

2-Years

MSc in Geography

2-Years

MPhil in Geography

2-Years

MPhil in Political Geography

2-Years

PhD in Geography

2-Years

PhD in Political Geography

2-Years

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Download All India Humanities Education Report 2021

BA Geography Syllabus

Here is the common syllabus for BA (Hons) in Geography.

Semester – I

Geomorphology

Climatology

Cartographic Techniques

Geography of Population

Concurrent-Qualifying Language

Semester-II

Oceanography

Thematic Cartography

Geography of Settlements

Concurrent-Credit Language

Analytical Physical Geography

 

Semester-III

Economic Geography

Environmental Geography

Remote Sensing

Urban Geography

Concurrent- Interdisciplinary

Semester-IV

Geography of Natural Resource

Spatial Dimensions of Development

Statistical Methods in Geography

Geography of India

Concurrent – Discipline Centered I

Semester –V

Evolution of Geographical Thought

Social Geography

Field Techniques

Agricultural Geography

Biogeography

Political Geography

Semester-VI

Disaster Management

Regional Planning

Geographical Information System

Geography of Tourism

Contemporary Environmental Issues

Rural Development

Concurrent-Discipline Centered II

Geography Job Profiles

There are several geography career options in numerous specialisations which are as follows:

Cartography

Survey

Urban and Regional Planning

Town Planning

Remote Sensing

Climate Change Analysis

Geospatial Analyst

Teacher

Travel and Tourism

Environment Consultant

Landscape Architect

Political Risk Analyst

Disaster Management

Market Researcher

Logistics and Distribution Manager

Tourism Officer

Transport Planner

FAQs on Geography

Q. What are the popular specialisations in Geography?

A. Some of the popular specialisations are Behavioural Geography, Health Geography, Glaciology, Environmental Geography etc.

Q. Can I get a job after BA in Geography?

A. The job opportunities after graduation are very few. Candidates are advised to pursue higher studies if they want to make a career related to this field.

Q. What is the requirements for admission in MA Geography?

A. Candidates willing to pursue master in Geography must have graduation degree in Geography with minimum 45 per cent marks.

Q. What is the admission process for studying Geography in a college or university?

A.  Universities and Colleges either conduct entrance exams for admission or offer admission through merit. For postgraduate courses, the candidate will have to appear for an entrance exam.

Which are the popular entrance exams in India?

A. Some of the entrance exams conducted by colleges offering UG and PG courses in Geography are:
  • JMI Entrance Exam
  • BHU UET
  • PUBDET
  • DUET
  • BHU PET

Q. What is the duration of UG courses in Geography?

A. The UG courses are three-years in duration.

Q. Can I pursue PhD in Geography?

A. Yes, candidates having their master degree in Geography can enroll themselves for PhD in Geography.

Q. What is the admission procedure for PhD?

A. Candidate should hold a master’s degree with at least 55 percent marks from a recognized university and should clear UGC-NET.

Q. What are the job profiles in Geography?

A. There are several geography career options in numerous specialisations which are as follows:
  • Teacher  
  • Environment Consultant  
  • Landscape Architect  
  • Political Risk Analyst  
  • Disaster Management

Q. What is the difference between Physical and Human Geography?

A. Physical Geography is study of the environment like climate, soil, water etc. Whereas Human Geography is study of developments created by man.

Q. Q I am a PCM student, can I study Geography?

A. Yes, you can pursue BSc in Geography. For admission to this course, candidate must have passed class 12 in Science stream and should have secured a minimum of 55%.

Popular Geography Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Geography Colleges in India. Learn more about these Geography colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
2 Courses
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4.8 LPA

#21 The Week

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3 LPA
61.33 K - 1.92 L
1.22 - 3.85 LPA
1 Course
25.2 K
4.5 LPA

#32 The Week

7.29 K - 8.29 K
2.4 LPA

Popular Private Geography Colleges in India

3 Courses
2.21 L - 5.04 L
2.51 - 3.25 LPA
6 Courses
1.2 L - 3.6 L
3 - 4.66 LPA
80 K - 2.4 L
1.8 - 3.55 LPA
2.64 L
2.64 LPA

#71 India Today

5 Courses
1.46 L - 3.6 L
3.15 L

Popular Geography UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Geography UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Geography PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Geography PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Popular Geography Specializations in India

Following are the most popular Geography Specializations . You can explore the top Colleges offering these Specializations by clicking the links below.

Popular Specializations

    Comments

    How do I apply for post graduate in Geography at Andhra University?

    Reply to Sarkodie Kofi

    42098971
    Piyush Tripathi

    Guide-Level 12

    3 weeks ago

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for B.A. (Hons.) in Geography at Vidyasagar University.

    Reply to Taniya Islam

    h

    heena agrawal

    Scholar-Level 16

    2 weeks ago

    What is the fees for economics or geography honors course at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham?

    Reply to satya prakash

    42517155
    Vivek Kr.

    Contributor-Level 9

    a week ago

    Details about the college and the course is given in the link below:-
    https://www.shiksha.com/university/amrita-vishwa-vidyapeetham-Coimbatore-52263.

    Please tell me the Associate Professor in Geography subject that I have filled the form I have got 370 API Score.

    Reply to Assistant professor in BIhar Government

    P

    Pankaj

    Contributor-Level 9

    a week ago

    You should fill Geography as a subject in your form.

    Can I apply for the CPET exam in Odisha for M.A. in Geography after B.Com?

    Reply to Shree Laukhande

    A

    Amrutha

    Beginner-Level 1

    a week ago

    Hi, ya you can definitely do M.A. After B.Com.

    Can I apply for MA geography after having a gap of 5 years?

    Reply to Baba Singh

    p

    pratham gupta

    Beginner-Level 1

    a week ago

    Yes you can apply.

    I would like to know about the form I have to fill up as Associate Professor in Geography subject.

    Reply to Assistant professor in BIhar Government

    32131159
    Aakanksha Jaiman

    Contributor-Level 9

    a week ago

    You can click the below link to get all the required information~
    https://www.shiksha.com/humanities-social-sciences/geography-chp.

    Can I do B.A. Hons. in geography at Vidyasagar College, Kolkata?

    Reply to Taniya Islam

    42431307
    Vinay kr Pandey

    Guide-Level 14

    2 weeks ago

    Yes you can do B.A. HONS. In geography at Vidyasagar College Kolkata.Eligibility criteria :Mandatory Subjects are English and GeographyCandidates should have passed 10+2/equivalent exam in Academic or Vocational stream No candidate shall be allowed for admission after a lapse of more than 5 years...Yes you can do B.A. HONS. In geography at Vidyasagar College Kolkata.
    Eligibility criteria :
    Mandatory Subjects are English and Geography
    Candidates should have passed 10+2/equivalent exam in Academic or Vocational stream No candidate shall be allowed for admission after a lapse of more than 5 years from the year of passing the previous qualifying examination.

    What combination subjects are there in B.Sc. Geography?

    Reply to Rupkatha Roy

    42347583
    Himanshu Meena

    Contributor-Level 7

    2 weeks ago

    These are the subject combination :
    Physical Geography IIHuman Geography II
    Representation of Climate Data (Practical)Maps projections (Practical)
    ClimatologyEnvironmental Geography
    Statistical Methods in Geography (Practical)Economic Geography.

    What is the combination (subjects) in B.Sc. (geography)?

    Reply to TAPAS GHOSH

    42055473
    Vinay kr Pandey

    Guide-Level 14

    2 weeks ago

    Some common subjects in the combination (subjects) in B.Sc. (geography) are given below-Geography of IndiaPhysical geographyHuman geographyMaps projectionMaps and scalesEconomic geographyRepresentation of physical featuresRepresentation of climate dataDistribution maps and diagramsIntroduction to...Some common subjects in the combination (subjects) in B.Sc. (geography) are given below-
    Geography of India
    Physical geography
    Human geography
    Maps projection
    Maps and scales
    Economic geography
    Representation of physical features
    Representation of climate data
    Distribution maps and diagrams
    Introduction to remote sensing, hour GIS and quantitative methods
    Prologue to remote sensing and field survey report etc.

    B

    Bhavya Bakhshi

    Beginner-Level 5

    2 weeks ago

    Hi Tapas, The list of subjects which will be taught in B.Sc. Geography is as follows:Geography of IndiaPhysical geographyHuman geographyMaps projectionMaps and scalesEconomic geographyRepresentation of physical featuresRepresentation of climate dataDistribution maps and diagramsIntroduction to re...Hi Tapas, The list of subjects which will be taught in B.Sc. Geography is as follows:
    Geography of India
    Physical geography
    Human geography
    Maps projection
    Maps and scales
    Economic geography
    Representation of physical features
    Representation of climate data
    Distribution maps and diagrams
    Introduction to remote sensing, hour GIS, and quantitative methods
    Prologue to remote sensing and field survey report and so on. These are some common subjects that are given more importance, however, you will also have a few more subjects related to these.

    Where can I get direct admission for MA in geography?

    Reply to Ishika Jaiswal

    h

    heena agrawal

    Scholar-Level 16

    2 weeks ago

    Hi, you can look for the following colleges-
    Banasthali Vidyapeeth
    Viva Bharti university
    Mumbai university
    Utkal university.

    I want M.A. Course in geography, in Haridwar.

    Reply to Manisha

    41994427
    Piyush Tripathi

    Guide-Level 12

    3 weeks ago

    Here are some college that offer M.A. In geography in Haridwar:
    Sri Dev Suman Uttarakhand University
    Harsh Vidya Mandir PG College

    41994427
    Vinay kr Pandey

    Guide-Level 14

    4 weeks ago

    Hello Manisha,
    I am pleased to have connected with you. Here is some college that offers M.A. In geography in Haridwar
    Sri Dev Suman Uttarakhand University
    Harsh Vidya Mandir PG College
    If I can help you a little, please upvote my answer. Thank you.

    Which career requires Economic, Mathematical literacy, Geography, Hospitality?

    Reply to Sphesihle Ndlovu

    R

    Rupjyoti saikia

    Contributor-Level 10

    4 weeks ago

    You can become teacher, Tourist operator, assistant scientist etc.

    Searching for college in Haridwar so that I can do M.A. Course with geography subject.

    Reply to Manisha

    41994427
    Vinay kr Pandey

    Guide-Level 14

    4 weeks ago

    Hello,
    I am pleased to have connected with you. Pt. LMS Government Post Graduate College
    Sri Dev Suman Uttarakhand University
    Harsh Vidya Mandir PG College
    offers M.A. In geography.

    I want to know about the fee structure at R.D. and D.J. College for B.A. (Hons.) in Geography.

    Reply to Sonu

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for B.A. (Hons.) in Geography at R.D. and D.J. College.

    Reply to Sonu

    It is my last year of graduation in geography honours. What are the job prospects for me?

    Reply to Anjali Yadav

    R

    Rupjyoti saikia

    Contributor-Level 10

    4 weeks ago

    You can become Geographer, Cartographers, Tourism Officer, Tour Guide, HR Manager etc.

    I want to know about the fee structure at St. Bede's College for M.Sc. in Geography.

    Reply to Siya Thakur

    35131075
    rekha

    Contributor-Level 10

    a month ago

    Find Fee Structure, Course Duration, Reviews, Cutoff, Eligibility & Exams of this college by referring to the link below-
    https://www.shiksha.com/college/st-bede-s-college-shimla-56059/courses/msc-bc

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for M.A. in Geography and Applied Geography at North Bengal University .

    Reply to paulinrai

    41384099
    Mallika Ahuja

    Contributor-Level 10

    a month ago

    I want to know about the fee structure at North Bengal University for M.A. in Geography and Applied Geography.

    Reply to paulinrai

    41384099
    Mallika Ahuja

    Contributor-Level 10

    a month ago

    You can check the fees structure on the following -
    https://www.shiksha.com/university/north-bengal-university-siliguri-25033

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for B.A. (Hons.) in Geography at DU.

    Reply to Ronen Keithellakpam

    40886887
    Divya vani

    Contributor-Level 10

    a month ago

    Hi Ronen
    Check details about B.A. (Hons.) in Geography at Delhi University (DU) such as cutoff, placements, fees, admission, ranking & eligibility.
    Please visit link: https://www.shiksha.com/university/delhi-university-du-24642/course-b-a-hons-in-geography-120816
    Thank you

    40886887
    Vasu Gupta

    Contributor-Level 7

    a month ago

    BA (Hons) Geography
    1st DU Cut-off 2021 (In %) 98.75
    1st DU Cut-off 2020 (In %) 98.5

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for B.A. (History, Economics, Pol. Sc., Geography) at JNU Delhi.

    Reply to Sejal patel

    R

    Ravikant Ranjan

    Beginner-Level 2

    2 months ago

    JNU doesn't offer the courses ( history, economic political science geography) in graduation. There are only foreign language and BSc Ayurveda courses for graduation students at JNU.

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for B.A. (History, Economics, Pol. Sc., Geography) at NDA Pune.

    Reply to Saima khatun

    Can I do an MBA after B.A. in English and Geography?

    Reply to Devanshu Nath

    p

    preeti gogna

    Guide-Level 15

    2 months ago

    Yes you can do MBA. The eligibility for MBA is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and InterviewMittal School of Business is a favorite among MBA aspirants from across the country an...Yes you can do MBA. The eligibility for MBA is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview
    Mittal School of Business is a favorite among MBA aspirants from across the country and the globe for its industry-oriented curriculum, interactive hands-on pedagogy, and intense industry interface. A multidisciplinary campus and multicultural environment suffused with student activity ensure the all-around development of its graduates, grooming them for successful entrepreneurship and global careers. LPU is a brand and Mittal School of Business has been ranked 37 in the country. At LPU they say, if not the real world, the classes of MBA are simulated as a real-world, making the learning close to reality. A wide range of emerging specialisation areas are on offer:
    MBA (Tourism and Hospitality) MBA (Financial Markets) MBA (Corporate Audit and Tax Management) MBA (International Business) MBA (Supply Chain and Logistics) MBA (Cost Management and Financial Analysis) MBA (Hospital and Health care Management)MBA (Business Analytics)MBA (Corporate Affairs and Governance) and MBA (Hons) The university has tie-up with the companies like NSE, Safeducate, ICICI Direct, IDFC, etc. This course allows students to pursue live projects and/or professional certifications like NCCMP, NCFM, etc. The curriculum is equipped with 21st-century digital technologies required for managing their specialised area. The entrepreneurship projects are an integral part of the curriculum. The university has added to the core curricula, modules like communication, analytical and soft skills to enhance personality and employability. The Industry desired workshops on Digital Marketing, Business Analytics, Stock Market Operations, Life Skills, Creativity and Innovation, and Leadership are held on the campus to make students industry-ready. The students get an opportunity to work on business projects to enhance managerial skills. Last but not least the course incorporates real-life case studies to provide interactive teaching and learning methodology.
    21 LPA was the highest salary package offered, 5.5 is the average salary package. The university has a tie-up with over 700 companies that come for campus placements. Students are placed in the best brands like Amazon, Federal bank, Delivery, Asian Paints, Berger Paint, Bajaj Electrical, Colgate Palmolive, HUL, ITC, Loreal, Marico,. .

    33446717
    Puneet Singh

    Scholar-Level 17

    2 months ago

    Dear Aspirant, Of course, you can do an MBA after a B.A. In English and Geography. I would recommend you an MBA in Human Resource or Sales and Marketing. I have many friends who have completed an MBA after B.A. From LPU. To get admission at LPU, you should have passed with a minimum of 55% marks...Dear Aspirant, Of course, you can do an MBA after a B.A. In English and Geography. I would recommend you an MBA in Human Resource or Sales and Marketing. I have many friends who have completed an MBA after B.A. From LPU. To get admission at LPU, you should have passed with a minimum of 55% marks in the Bachelor's degree in any discipline or equivalent. Moreover, you have to qualify for the either LPU NEST exam or should have a minimum of 80 percentile in the CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT+Interview
    or
    Completed Company Secretary CS from Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI)+Interview
    or
    Completed Chartered Accountancy CA from Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI)+Interview
    or
    Completed Cost & Management Accountancy (CMA) from Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI)+Interview. The Mittal School of Business at LPU is accredited by Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs, USA ensuring quality education and industry-experienced faculty members, studying in LPU will get a degree accredited from a body of USA. Placement: Companies like Colgate Palmolive, Hindustan Unilever, Godrej Consumer, Asian Paints, Bajaj Allianz, CEAT, Rallis India, etc. Visit LPU for recruitment purposes. The main thing for placement that I liked there is that LPU provides placement classes to the students from the first year, which helps students prepare for placement until their final year of the programme. The highest package offered for the management programme is Rs. 21 LPA. Scholarships: LPU provides very good scholarships on the basis of Percentage in Qualifying Exam/ Qualification previous to Eligibility Qualification, LPU NEST CAT/ MAT/ XAT/ CMAT or NMAT Financial Aid, Need-Based, Financial Aid for Serving/ Retired Defence/ CAPF/ Para- Military Personnel and their dependents, Financial Aid to Persons with Certain Disabilities. MBA specialisation: Agribusiness Management, Human Resource, Marketing, International Business, Financial Markets, Digital Market, Hospital and Healthcare, Business Analytics, Banking and Financial Services, Operations, Artificial Intelligence, etc. For more details, you may refer to the LPU website. I hope this helps.

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for M.A. in Geography at Allahabad University.

    Reply to Kajal Pandey

    P

    Pankaj

    Contributor-Level 9

    2 months ago

    Go through college website for cutoff information

    I want to know about the latest cutoff information for M.Sc. in Geography at Calcutta University.

    Reply to mou sengupta

    40449675
    Dr Uma Sinha

    Scholar-Level 17

    2 months ago

    Hi. You can see this link for cutoff information
    https://www.shiksha.com/university/calcutta-university-kolkata-24674/cutoff
    Thanks.

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