Updated on Aug 24, 2023 02:30 IST
Radhika Sharma

Radhika SharmaAssociate Senior Executive

Every company prefers a well-tested and actuated software before submissions. Thus, it becomes the prime responsibility of all the developers to remove all the errors, bugs and minimise the chances of cyberattacks from the particular programme/software before submitting it finally. The below write-up describes the Quality Assurance Testing and its scope in detail.

Quality Assurance (QA) can be defined as an activity performed by an organisation to ensure that its product or service is of the best possible quality. QA focuses on improving the processes to deliver Quality Products to the customer. An organization has to ensure, that processes are efficient and effective as per the quality standards defined for software products. Quality Assurance is popularly known as QA Testing

In line with the rapidly evolving software industry quality assurance is a necessary activity that covers the entire software development process to ensure that it is being improved continuously to produce the end products that meet customer requirements or specifications.

Software is at great risk if its quality is not assured after thorough testing. Considering this, the software industry is now giving more importance to Quality Assurance Testing or QA testing than earlier. Quality assurance testers and developers are an integral part of the Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC). In the rapidly changing field of software development, as more enterprises adopt agile development methodologies and DevOps approaches, QA professionals are now required at almost every stage of SDLC. Most software development companies do not consider Quality Assurance as the last thing before the launch of software like before. In the current scenario, QA testing has been weaved through the entire life cycle of software. Moreover, business goals are also attached to it.

Quality Assurance Testing: Certifications

QA testing is a part of the curriculum of Undergraduate engineering courses (BE/BTech) in Computer Science or Information Technology. But, engineering and other graduates can opt for different certifications to get professional knowledge of software testing. Certifications help the testers to be more efficient and effective in their respective works. One can progress in their career by taking the next levels of software testing and gradually become an expert in this area. Following is the list of such certifications:

  • ISTQB (International Software Testing Qualifications Board)
  • CAST (Certified Associate in Software Testing)
  • CMC
  • CSTE (Certified Software Testing Engineer)
  • Seed Infotech
  • QA Campus
  • Qspiders Software Testing
  • STC
  • V Skills

After completing their graduation in the streams related to computers and Information Technology, candidates can pursue any of the above certifications. The duration and fee vary from course to course.

Quality Assurance Testers: Skills Required

Following technical and non-technical skills are essential to become a good QA tester. Compare your skillset against the following checklist:

Non-Technical Skills

Technical Skills

Analytical skills

Basic knowledge of Database/ SQL

Communication skill

Basic knowledge of Linux commands

Time Management

Knowledge and hands-on experience of a Test Management Tool

Positive attitude

Knowledge and hands-on experience of any Defect Tracking tool


Knowledge and hands-on experience of Automation tool

Quality Assurance Testing: Course Curriculum

Candidates willing to pursue the course on Quality Assurance Testing must have an idea about what they will study once they get enrolled in the course. Following is detailed information on the course curriculum of Project Management:



A brief introduction to software systems and SDLC

Quality Assurance versus Quality Control

The Cost of Quality

Software Quality Factors

How Quality is Defined

Why Do We Test Software?

What is a Defect?

The Multiple Roles of the Software Tester(People Relationships)

Scope of Testing

When Should Testing Occur?

Testing Constraints

Life Cycle Testing

Independent Testing

What is the QA Process?

Levels of Testing

Testing Techniques

Structural versus Functional Technique Categories

Verification versus Validation

Static versus Dynamic Testing

Examples of Specific Testing Techniques

Test Administration

Test Planning

Customization of the Test Process



Create the Test Plan

Prerequisites to test planning

Understand the Characteristics of the Software Being Developed

Build the Test Plan

Write the Test Plan

Test reporting

Guidelines for writing test reports

Managing Change

Software Configuration Management

Change Management

Automation Testing Basics

Basics of automation testing – why, when and how to perform automation testing

Factors for choosing a particular tool

An overview of the major functional testing tools

Overview of Test management and bug tracking tools

Quality Assurance Testing: Job Profiles and Top Companies

QA testing job usually takes place in an office setting during regular business hours. QA testers generally work full time but sometimes they will be required to overtime to meet the deadlines and the needs of the business. These positions typically exist in companies that produce software. Some of the responsibilities of QA Tester are:

  • Evaluate software applications for errors and stability
  • Debug scripts and identify system flaws
  • Perform both manual and automated testing strategies
  • Develop testing strategies and analysis for software programs

Explore: Software Testings Interview Questions

Job Profiles

Annual Salary Range (In Rupees)

Test/Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer (Computer Software)

2 lakh – 8 lakh

Software Tester

2 lakh – 8 lakh

Senior Test Engineer

4 lakh – 10 lakh

Software Test Lead

6 lakh – 20 lakh

Test Engineer

2 lakh – 7 lakh

Senior Test/Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer, (Computer Software)

4 lakh – 10 lakh

Test Analyst

3 lakh – 9 lakh

Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer

2 lakh – 8 lakh

Test/Quality Assurance (QA) Analyst, (Computer Software)

2 lakh – 10 lakh

Senior Quality Assurance (QA) Analyst (Computer Software)

4 lakh – 10 lakh

Top Companies

  • ScienceSoft
  • QASource
  • Itransition
  • Oxagile
  • Infosys
  • TCS
  • Hexaware


Check out test lead interview questions to ace the interview round


Popular Quality Assurance & Testing Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Quality Assurance & Testing Colleges in India. Learn more about these Quality Assurance & Testing colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
1 Course
5.5 LPA
15 K
1 Course
1 Course
6 K
1 Course
1 K

Popular Private Quality Assurance & Testing Colleges in India

1 Course
5.5 LPA
15 K
1 Course
1 Course
6 K
1 Course
1 K

Popular Quality Assurance & Testing UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Quality Assurance & Testing UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Quality Assurance & Testing PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Quality Assurance & Testing PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Popular Quality Assurance & Testing Specializations in India

Following are the most popular Quality Assurance & Testing Specializations . You can explore the top Colleges offering these Specializations by clicking the links below.

Popular Specializations


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