Supply Chain: Branches, Courses, Trends, Career Scope & Top Recruiters

Updated on Jul 17, 2023 12:59 IST
Parul Thapa

Parul ThapaSenior Executive Content

Supply Chain refers to the network of activities and processes involved in the production, distribution, and delivery of goods and services from the point of origin to the point of consumption. It encompasses the entire journey of a product, from the procurement of raw materials to the delivery of the finished product to the end customer.

The primary goal of a supply chain is to ensure a smooth flow of goods or services, from the point of origin to the point of consumption, while minimizing costs and maximizing customer satisfaction. It involves various interconnected entities, including suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, retailers, and customers. Each entity plays a crucial role in the overall functioning of the supply chain.

Supply Chain and Supply Chain Management are two distinct yet interconnected concepts within the field of business operations. While the Supply Chain encompasses the entire network of organizations and processes involved in the flow of goods and services, Supply Chain Management focuses on the strategic planning, coordination, and control of these activities. Understanding the differences between these two terms is essential for organizations seeking to optimize their supply chain operations and achieve competitive advantages in the market.

Key Highlights of Supply Chain Management

The following are the highlights of the Supply Chain:

Particulars Details
Course Level UG, PG, PhD, Diploma and Certificate
Duration 1 month - 5 years
Eligibility Candidates should have passed Class 12 from any stream with an aggregate score of 50% from a recognized board. 
Fees INR 3,000 to INR 5,00,000
Top Colleges IIM Bangalore, IIM Calcutta, IIM Kozhikode, XLRI Xavier School of Management, IIM Lucknow, IIM Indore, etc.
Average Salary INR 1 LPA - INR 20 LPA
Top Recruiters

Accenture, Pepsico, Delhivery, Schneider Electric, IBM, Larsen & Toubro, Genpact,

Caterpillar Inc., etc.

Job Profiles

Manager - Warehouse and Logistics, Supply Chain Manager, Dispatch Executive, Quality Manager, Operation Program Manager

What is Supply Chain Management?

Supply Chain Management (SCM) refers to the coordination and integration of all activities involved in the production and distribution of goods and services. It encompasses the entire process, from sourcing raw materials to delivering the final product to the end consumer, and involves various entities such as manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, retailers, and customers.

The primary goal of Supply Chain Management is to ensure that products are efficiently produced, transported, and delivered to meet customer demand while minimizing costs and maximizing profitability. It involves managing the flow of materials, information, and finances across the entire supply chain network.

What is Supply Chain?

The Supply Chain refers to the interrelated path that raw materials, components, and items traverse before being assembled and sold to customers. For example, a fast-food restaurant's supply chain might include the suppliers of its ingredients, the factory that processes the ingredients, the delivery service that ships them to the restaurant, and the restaurant's own internal processes for preparing and serving the meal.

The Supply Chain begins with the procurement of raw materials or components from suppliers. These suppliers may be local or global, depending on the nature of the product and the company's sourcing strategy. Once the raw materials are obtained, they are usually transformed into intermediate or finished goods through various manufacturing or production processes.

After the goods are produced, they need to be stored in warehouses or distribution centres before they can be shipped to the next stage of the Supply Chain. This stage is often referred to as logistics or transportation, as it involves the movement of goods from one location to another. This can be done through various modes of transportation such as trucks, trains, ships, or airplanes.

Once the goods reach their destination, they are typically stored in warehouses or distribution centres again, awaiting further distribution or consumption. From there, the goods are distributed to retailers or directly to customers, depending on the distribution strategy of the company.

Supply Chain involves the coordination and management of all these activities to ensure the smooth flow of goods from the beginning to the end of the process. Efficient Supply Chain is crucial for companies to reduce costs, improve customer satisfaction, and gain a competitive advantage in the market. 

Areas of Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain can be further categorised into the following branches:

  • Procurement Management: Procurement management is the branch of Supply Chain that deals with sourcing and purchasing goods and services. It involves activities such as identifying suppliers, negotiating contracts, managing relationships with suppliers, and ensuring the timely delivery of goods and services. 
  • Inventory Management: This branch ensures that organizations have the right amount of inventory at the right time to meet customer demand while minimizing carrying costs and stockouts.
  • Logistics and Transportation Management: Logistics and transportation management is responsible for the movement and storage of goods throughout the Supply Chain. This branch ensures that products are transported from suppliers to customers efficiently and cost-effectively. 
  • Supplier Relationship Management: Supplier relationship management focuses on building and maintaining strong relationships with suppliers. 
  • Demand Planning and Forecasting: Demand planning and forecasting is responsible for predicting customer demand for products and services. This branch uses historical data, market trends, and other factors to estimate future demand accurately.
  • Risk Management: Risk management in Supply Chain involves identifying, assessing, and mitigating risks that could impact the Supply Chain.

Basic Concepts of Supply Management

Here are some of the critical Supply Chain concepts:

  • Facilities: It include locations where inventory is stored, assembled, or manufactured. It also comprises manufacturing and storage facilities.
  • Inventory: It covers raw materials, work-in-progress, finished goods, and inventory policies within a Supply Chain.
  • Transportation: It is concerned with the movement of merchandise from one place to another in a Supply Chain and may include a variety of transportation modes and routes.
  • Information: It comprises data and analysis about inventory, transportation, and facilities throughout the Supply Chain and is thought to be the most important driver of Supply Chain performance.
  • Sourcing: It outlines the functions that a company does as well as the functions that are outsourced.
  • Pricing: It comprises the cost of goods and services delivered by a company to the Supply Chain.

How Has The Supply Chain Evolved Over Time?

The history of Supply Chain can be traced back to the early days of human civilization. As societies began to establish trade and commerce, the need for effective management of resources became apparent. However, it was not until the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century that Supply Chain started to evolve into a formal discipline. 

  • Prior to the first industrial revolution, Supply Chains were mainly regional and local. The distance that commodities could be distributed expanded as the use of railroads increased.
  • Global supply chains began to take shape between the 1900s and the 1950s, with firms such as UPS opening their doors. 
  • DHL joined the rising number of logistics companies in the 1960s, followed by FedEx in the 1970s. 
  • The National Council of Physical Distribution Management was established in 1963. In the meantime, IBM created the first computerised inventory management and forecasting system.
  • With the advent of personal computers, supply chains gained greater access to planning tools such as spreadsheets and map-based interfaces.
  • During the 1900s and 2000s, the supply chain sector expanded further, thanks to solutions such as enterprise resource planning and advanced planning and scheduling, as well as a surge in global imports and exports. 
  • While AI, data, and the Internet of Things IoT were all around before 2010, their usage has skyrocketed in the last decade, and supply chains are no exception.
  • In response to interruptions such as the COVID-19 pandemic, businesses created flexible and robust supply networks in 2020.
  • In 2023, as technology advances, supply chain management is likely to become even more efficient, transparent, and sustainable.

How is Supply Chain Management Being Used in Different Industries?

The Supply Chain is being used in the following industries:

Industry

Application

Logistics

Logistics companies use supply chains to plan and execute commodity shipments. This includes selecting the best mode of transportation, negotiating costs, and tracking shipments. Effective supply chain management can help logistics companies increase efficiency and reduce expenses.

For eg: Coca-Cola makes and distributes about 2 billion unit-cases of product each year across its global regions. As a result, the supply chain is critical to our business and is in charge of procurement, planning, production, engineering, and sustainability.

Technology

Technology companies utilise supply chains to control the transportation of components and materials from suppliers to manufacturing sites. This is crucial for meeting client demand for new items and delivering products on time.

For eg: In a nutshell, Apple acquires components and supplies from numerous sources and has them transported to the Chinese assembly plant. Products are then distributed straight to customers who purchased through Apple's Online Store (via UPS/FedEx). Therefore, Supply Chain has a big role in the process.

Healthcare

Healthcare organisations employ a supply chain to ensure that they have the essential medical supplies and equipment on hand. This is crucial for providing high-quality patient care and ensuring patients get the care they need.

For eg: Monitoring and supporting the flow of medications, medical supplies and equipment, and medical services from producer to patient are the primary activities involved in healthcare supply chain management.

Food and beverage

Food and beverage companies employ a supply chain to ensure that they have the proper ingredients and packaging materials in the right place at the right time. This is crucial for meeting the demand for food and beverages while also ensuring that products are delivered safely and on time to clients.

For eg: McDonald's Supply Chain is managed with the fewest personnel on the company's payroll. With an ever-increasing fast food business, McDonald's has efficiently put down its systems while rapidly expanding. 

Energy

Energy companies employ a supply chain to govern the flow of oil, gas, and other energy resources from suppliers to consumers. This is crucial for fulfilling energy demand and providing dependable and efficient electricity to consumers.

For eg: Shell has two distinct supply chains. The transportation of hydrocarbons such as crude oil, gas, and LNG is handled through the principal supply chains. The secondary supply networks, often known as 'non-hydrocarbon supply chains,' connect to their assets.

Construction

Construction companies utilise supply chains to control the transportation of goods and equipment from suppliers to construction sites. This is essential for meeting deadlines and finishing projects on time and within budget. 

For eg: The Jaypee Group 

Key Terminologies and Jargon in Supply Chain

Some important Supply Chain terminologies include the following:

  • Supplier: A supplier is an individual or organization that provides goods or services to another organization. 
  • Procurement: Procurement refers to the process of acquiring goods and services from external suppliers.
  • Request for Proposal (RFP): An RFP is a document that organizations use to solicit bids from potential suppliers.
  • Purchase Order (PO): A purchase order is a legal document issued by a buyer to a supplier, indicating the type, quantity, and agreed-upon price of goods or services.
  • Lead Time: Lead time refers to the time it takes for a supplier to deliver goods or services after receiving an order. 
  • Just-in-Time (JIT): Just-in-time is a Supply Chain Management approach that aims to minimize inventory levels by receiving goods and materials just before they are needed in the production process. 
  • Total Cost of Ownership (TCO): TCO is a comprehensive cost analysis that takes into account not only the purchase price of a product but also the costs associated with its use and maintenance throughout its lifecycle.
  • Key Performance Indicators (KPIs): KPIs are measurable metrics used to evaluate the performance of Supply Chain processes and activities.
  • Bill of Lading: A shipment document that specifies the type of products, the amount of each, and the destination address.
  • Cross-docking: A method for a business owner to ship items acquired from vendors to clients with little to no storage time.
  • EDI: Electronic data interface (EDI) is a means of transmitting transactions from one computer system to another by transforming the data into a standard that other systems can easily read. 

Career in Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain is a critical function within an organization that focuses on the efficient and effective management of the Supply Chain. Professionals in this field play a vital role in ensuring that goods and services are procured, produced, and delivered in a timely and cost-effective manner.

Is Supply Chain Management The Right Domain For You?

With its broad scope, promising job prospects, and requirement for a diverse skill set, Supply Chain presents a compelling career domain for individuals seeking a dynamic and challenging profession. By leveraging their expertise in procurement, negotiation, and relationship management, professionals in this field can contribute to the success and sustainability of organizations across industries. A career in Supply Chain offers the opportunity to make a significant impact and thrive in the ever-evolving global business landscape.

Why Choose Supply Chain Management for Career?

  • The average annual salary of a Supply Chain manager in India is INR 13 LPA in India.
  • Whether one is interested in strategic planning, operations management, or data analytics, there is a role for them in Supply Chain Management.
  • According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the demand for logisticians, a key role in Supply Chain Management, is projected to grow by 4% from 2019 to 2029, which is as fast as the average for all occupations.
  • With the increasing globalization of businesses, professionals in Supply Chain Management have the chance to collaborate with colleagues and partners from different countries and cultures, gaining valuable cross-cultural experience.
  • Supply Chain Management is a field that is constantly evolving. New technologies, such as artificial intelligence, blockchain, and the Internet of Things, are revolutionizing supply chain operations, creating new opportunities for professionals to learn and apply innovative solutions.

Required Skills Supply Chain Management Jobs

Supply Chain Management is a critical function within organizations, responsible for ensuring the smooth and efficient flow of goods and services from the point of origin to the point of consumption. To excel in this field, professionals need to possess a specific set of skills and competencies. In the following pointers, we will outline the key skills required for Supply Chain Management jobs.

  • Analytical Skills: Supply chain managers must have strong analytical skills to analyze data, identify trends, and make informed decisions. They should be able to interpret complex information and develop strategies to optimize supply chain operations.
  • Problem-Solving Skills: Supply chain management involves dealing with various challenges and obstacles. Professionals in this field must possess excellent problem-solving skills to identify issues, develop solutions, and mitigate risks effectively.
  • Communication Skills: Effective communication is crucial in supply chain management jobs. Professionals need to interact with various stakeholders, such as suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and customers. Strong communication skills help in negotiating contracts, resolving conflicts, and building relationships.
  • Technical Skills: Supply chain managers must be proficient in using various software and technology tools to manage inventory, track shipments, and analyze data. Proficiency in enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems, data analytics software, and supply chain management software is essential.
  • Supply Chain Knowledge: A deep understanding of supply chain principles and concepts is vital for success in supply chain management jobs. Professionals should be familiar with procurement, logistics, inventory management, demand forecasting, and supply chain optimization techniques.
  • Leadership Skills: Supply chain managers often lead cross-functional teams and collaborate with different departments. Strong leadership skills, including the ability to inspire and motivate others, are essential to drive performance and achieve organizational objectives.
  • Adaptability and Flexibility: The supply chain landscape is dynamic and subject to constant change. Professionals in this field must be adaptable and flexible to respond to evolving market conditions, unforeseen disruptions, and changing customer demands.
  • Project Management Skills: Supply chain management involves overseeing complex projects, such as implementing new systems, improving processes, or managing supplier relationships. Strong project management skills, including planning, organizing, and executing projects, are necessary for successful outcomes.
  • Negotiation Skills: Supply chain managers often negotiate with suppliers, vendors, and other business partners to obtain favourable terms, pricing, and service agreements. Effective negotiation skills are crucial for achieving cost savings, securing reliable suppliers, and managing contracts.
  • Attention to Detail: In supply chain management, even a small error or oversight can have significant consequences. Professionals need to have a sharp eye for detail to ensure accuracy in inventory management, order processing, and documentation.

Eligibility Criteria for Supply Chain Management

To be eligible for a career in Supply Chain Management, candidates are required to meet certain criteria. These Supply Chain Management eligibility criteria are designed to ensure that candidates possess the necessary skills, knowledge, and experience to effectively manage the complex and dynamic nature of supply chain operations. The eligibility criteria for Supply Chain Management are as follows:

Course Level Eligibility Criteria
Certificate 
  • Class 12 in any stream (Arts, Science or Commerce), or
  • Bachelor's degree holder in a relevant discipline from a recognized board/university
Diploma 
  • Class 12 from any stream from a recognized board with at least 45% to 50% marks
Undergraduate 
  • Class 12 from any stream with an aggregate score of 50% from a recognized board
Postgraduate 
  • Bachelor's degree in a relevant discipline with at least 45% to 50% marks
PhD
  • Master's degree in Supply Chain Management or in another relevant discipline with at least 55% marks

Top Online Supply Chain Management Courses

India offers various certifications in Supply Chain for individuals seeking to enhance their skills and knowledge in this field. These certifications are designed to provide professionals with the necessary tools and expertise to excel in Supply Chain management roles. Here are some of the notable certifications available:

Online Courses Details

Executive Development Program in Digital Supply Chain & Logistics Management (IIM Visakhapatnam)

  • For Professionals who are looking to upgrade their career in Supply Chain
  • Education: Graduates or Diploma Holders (only 10+2+3) from a recognized university
  • Time for Completion: 6 months

Professional Certificate Program in Supply Chain Strategy and Management (IIM Kozhikode)

  • For young executives who are aspiring to enter and grow their careers in the Supply Chain domain.
  • Eligibility: Graduates/Diploma Holder in any discipline with minimum 60% marks, 2 years of work experience
  • Time for Completion: 12 months

Post Graduate Certificate Programme in Supply Chain Management (IIM Tiruchirapalli)

  • For Early career professionals seeking opportunities in supply chain management
  • Education: Graduate
  • Time for Completion: 12 months

Executive Development Programme in Advanced Supply Chain Management & Analytics (IIM Kashipur)

  • For Young executives
  • Education: Diploma (10+2+3)/Bachelor’s Degree or equivalent (10+2+3 or 10+2+4)/2 Years Masters Degree or Equivalent/from a recognized university in any discipline
  • Time for Completion: 6 months

Executive Development Program in Digital Supply Chain and Logistics Management (IIM Visakhapatnam)

  • For Professionals who are looking to upgrade their career in Supply Chain
  • Education: Graduates or Diploma Holders (only 10+2+3) from a recognized university (UGC/AICTE/DEC/AIU/State Government) in any discipline
  • Time for Completion: 6 months

Supply Chain Management Syllabus

Supply Chain Management is a comprehensive course that focuses on the effective management and coordination of all activities involved in the flow of goods and services from the point of origin to the point of consumption. The Supply Chain Management course covers various aspects of supply chain management, including procurement, inventory management, transportation, warehousing, and customer service. Students will gain a thorough understanding of how to optimize supply chain operations to enhance organizational performance and achieve competitive advantage. Candidates can check the table below to know the detailed syllabus of Supply Chain Management.

Semesters Syllabus
Semester 1
  • Accounting for Business Decisions
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Business Research Methods
  • Managerial Functions
  • Financial Accounting and Budgeting
  • Legal Aspects of Business
  • Management Information System
  • Organisational Behaviour

Semester 2

  • Export-Import Procedure & Documentation
  • Costing and Financial Management
  • Financial Management
  • Global Economics & Management Decision
  • Operations and Supply Chain Management
  • Multi-Modal Transport
  • Logistics Management
  • Human Resource Management
Semester `3
  • Strategic Management
  • Supply Chain Risk Management
  • Enterprise Performance Management 
  • Sales and Distribution Management 
  • Essentials of Supply Chain Management 
  • Marketing Strategy and Control Management 
  • Logistics Management
  • Product Management
Semester 4
  • Managing for Sustainability
  • Entrepreneurship Development
  • Event Management
  • Strategic Supply Chain Management
  • Retail Marketing Management
  • Strategic Brand Management
  • On-site Project Training / On-Job Training 4 to 5 Months
  • Summer Internship Placement 6 to 8 Weeks

Tools that Supply Chain Management Students Learn

Supply chain management plays a vital role in ensuring the smooth flow of goods and services from the point of origin to the point of consumption. As the field continues to evolve, it becomes increasingly important for aspiring supply chain management professionals to acquire a diverse skill set and familiarize themselves with the various tools and technologies used in the industry. Following are the tools that supply chain management students learn to effectively navigate the complex world of supply chain operations:

  • Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Systems: These software applications provide an integrated approach to managing various business processes, including procurement, production, inventory management, and customer relationship management. 
  • Warehouse Management Systems (WMS): Warehouse management systems are crucial tools in supply chain management. Students learn how to effectively utilize WMS to track inventory levels, manage warehouse operations, and optimize space utilization. 
  • Transportation Management Systems (TMS): By gaining proficiency in TMS, students learn to effectively manage freight rates, carrier selection, route optimization, and tracking shipments in real-time, ensuring timely delivery and cost optimization.
  • Demand Planning and Forecasting Tools: Supply Chain Management students are also trained in demand planning and forecasting tools. These tools enable students to analyze historical data, market trends, and customer behaviour to make accurate demand forecasts. 
  • Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) Tools: Supply chain management students learn to use SRM tools to evaluate supplier performance, negotiate contracts, monitor supplier compliance, and establish collaborative partnerships.

Potential Career Paths in Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management is concerned with the management of a product or service from its conception to its delivery to the client. The Supply Chain management industry has a relatively low unemployment rate, which suggests that nearly all that pursue it are successful. Supply Chain Management can be used in a wide range of sectors. It is significant in a variety of Supply Chain industries because it may assist businesses in improving efficiency, lowering costs, and increasing responsiveness to customer demand. Here is a list of key industries where a Supply Chain aspirant can find work:

Tech and Electronics

Pharmaceutical

E-Commerce

Retail

Food and Beverages

Fashion

Automotive

Industrial Manufacturing

Consumer Goods

Energy

Telecommunications

Logistics and Transportation

Jobs in Supply Chain Management

In this section, we will examine job prospects for Supply Chain professionals once they have settled on a career path. 

Jobs Opportunities Related To Supply Chain

Candidates can look at the table below listing well-paying job profiles one can opt for in the Supply Chain industry:

Job Profiles

Job Description

Qualification

Junior Technical Officer

A Technical Officer is in charge of a company's finances, human resources, and sales

Any Postgraduate

Senior Manager - Scheduling & Procurement

This position will be in charge of creating and developing logistics solutions for the flow of materials from suppliers to the in-house manufacturing line

Any Postgraduate

Procurement Professional

A procurement professional's principal responsibility is to purchase goods and services for their company in a way that maximises value while minimising risk

Any Postgraduate

Material Planning - General Manager

To guarantee that strategic material planning mechanisms are in place in order to assure operational and production continuity

MBA/PGDM

Dispatch Executive

A dispatcher is a specialist who ensures that everything works properly by interacting with customers, providing detailed logistics for drivers to follow on their routes, and organising delivery schedules

M.Com

Operation Program Manager

They oversee the budget, allocate work, develop a timeline, manage schedules, and assess team members' contributions

M Tech

Manager - Warehouse & Logistics

A Warehouse Manager is in charge of ensuring that the storage procedure runs smoothly, from the sophisticated storage logistics to keeping an eye on the warehouse workers - organising shifts and ensuring staff are sufficiently trained

PG Diploma

Associate Director - Supply Chain Finance

They develop, source, and implement cost-cutting solutions in the Supply Chain in order to decrease inefficiencies and waste throughout the value chain

CA

Office Assistant

An Office Assistant's tasks include accepting client calls and delivering messages, as well as utilising basic office equipment such as fax machines or scanners

MA

Market Trends in Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management is a critical aspect of modern business operations, as it involves the coordination and management of various activities to ensure the smooth flow of goods and services from production to consumption. In recent years, the Supply Chain Management landscape has witnessed several key market trends that have shaped the industry and impacted how businesses operate. The following pointers aim to provide an overview of some of the most significant market trends in Supply Chain Management.

  • Digitalization and Automation: With the advancements in technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, and the Internet of Things (IoT), businesses are now able to streamline their supply chain operations, improve efficiency, and reduce costs. 
  • E-commerce and Omni-channel Retailing: The rise of e-commerce has revolutionized the retail industry and had a significant impact on Supply Chain Management. With the increasing popularity of online shopping, businesses are now faced with the challenge of efficiently managing and fulfilling customer orders from various channels.
  • Sustainability and Green Supply Chain: Sustainability has become a key consideration for businesses across various industries, and Supply Chain Management is no exception. There is a growing emphasis on adopting environmentally friendly practices and reducing the carbon footprint throughout the supply chain which includes using eco-friendly packaging materials, optimizing transportation routes to minimize fuel consumption, and adopting renewable energy sources. 
  • Supply Chain Visibility and Collaboration: In today's interconnected world, Supply Chain visibility and collaboration have become essential for effective Supply Chain Management. Businesses are increasingly investing in technologies that provide real-time visibility into their supply chain processes, allowing them to track inventory, monitor shipments, and identify potential bottlenecks. 
  • Resilience and Risk Management: The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of resilience and risk management in Supply Chain operations. Businesses are now focusing on building a more resilient Supply Chain that can withstand disruptions and minimize the impact of unforeseen events. 

Salaries of Supply Chain Professional

The table given below lists the salaries of different Supply Chain professionals:

Job Profiles

Salary Range (in iNR)

Manager - Warehouse and Logistics 

3 - 20 lakh

Supply chain manager

3 lakh - 28 lakh

Dispatch Executive

1 lakh - 4.3 lakh

Quality manager

3 lakh - 20 lakh

Operation Program Manager

5.6 lakh - 35 lakh

Note: The salary has been derived from AmbitionBox.

Best Companies to Work for in Supply Chain Industry

The following are the top recruiters that employ aspirants in the Supply Chain industry:

Accenture

Pepsico

Delhivery

Schneider Electric

IBM

Larsen & Toubro

Genpact

Caterpillar Inc

Alembic Pharmaceuticals

Godrej & Boyce

What Will You Learn in Supply Chain Management?

In Supply Chain, you will learn the Supply Chain topics:

  • Strategic Sourcing: This topic focuses on developing strategies for sourcing goods and services from suppliers. It involves evaluating supplier capabilities, negotiating contracts, and managing supplier relationships.
  • Supplier Relationship Management: Supplier relationship management involves building and maintaining strong relationships with suppliers to ensure a reliable supply of goods and services. It includes activities such as supplier performance monitoring, supplier development, and collaboration.
  • Supply Chain: This topic covers the management of inventory levels to ensure optimal stock levels while minimizing costs. It includes techniques such as demand forecasting, safety stock management, and inventory control methods.
  • Logistics and Transportation: Logistics and transportation play a critical role in Supply Chain. This topic covers areas such as transportation modes and selection, warehouse management, distribution network design, and transportation optimization.
  • Demand Planning and Forecasting: Demand planning and forecasting involve estimating future demand for products or services. This topic covers techniques for analyzing historical data, market trends, and customer insights to develop accurate demand forecasts.
  • Risk Management: Risk management in Supply Chain involves identifying, assessing, and mitigating risks that can impact the supply chain. It includes topics such as supply chain disruptions, risk assessment techniques, and contingency planning.

Important Supply Chain Management Frameworks 

The following are important Supply Chain frameworks that one must be aware of:

  • SCOR (Supply Chain Operations Reference) Model: The SCOR (Supply Chain Operations Reference) Model is a widely recognized and widely used framework for analyzing, designing, and managing Supply Chain operations. It provides a comprehensive and standardized approach to understanding the various processes, metrics, and practices involved in Supply Chain management.
  • Newsvendor Model: The Newsvendor Model is a mathematical model used in inventory management to optimize decision-making regarding the quantity of a product to order. It is particularly useful when demand for a product is uncertain, and there is a cost associated with ordering too much or too little inventory.
  • VRIN Model: VRIN Model is a strategic analysis framework that is used to assess the competitive advantage of a business or organization. The model was developed by Jay Barney in 1991 and is widely used in the field of strategic management.
  • XYZ Inventory Management: XYZ Inventory Management is a comprehensive system that enables businesses to effectively track and manage their inventory. It provides a streamlined approach to inventory control, ensuring that companies have the right amount of stock on hand at all times. 
  • Lean Supply Chain Management: Lean Supply Chain Management is an approach that focuses on maximizing efficiency and minimizing waste in the Supply Chain. It is a systematic method that aims to streamline processes, reduce costs, and improve overall customer satisfaction.

Challenges and Opportunities in Supply Chain

The Supply Chain industry plays a crucial role in the overall functioning of businesses and the economy. It involves the management of the flow of goods and services, from sourcing to delivery, in order to meet customer demands and maximize profitability. Like any other industry, Supply Chain has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. 

Challenges in the Supply Chain Industry

Here are some of the cons in the Supply Chain industry:

  • Complexity: Supply Chain can be complex, especially when dealing with global supply chains and multiple suppliers. Managing different processes, coordinating various stakeholders, and complying with regulations can be challenging and time-consuming.
  • Supply Chain Disruptions: Despite risk mitigation efforts, supply chain disruptions can still occur. Natural disasters, political instability, or unforeseen events can disrupt the flow of goods and services, leading to delays, increased costs, and customer dissatisfaction.
  • Costly Technology Investments: To keep up with the rapidly changing business landscape, Supply Chain often requires significant investments in technology. Implementing advanced supply chain management systems, data analytics tools, and automation solutions can be expensive and require ongoing maintenance and upgrades.
  • Supplier Dependency: Businesses heavily rely on their suppliers to provide products and services. If a key supplier experiences financial difficulties, quality issues, or production delays, it can have a significant impact on the entire supply chain, leading to disruptions and potential loss of business.

Growth Opportunities in Supply Chain Industry

  • Cost Reduction: Effective Supply Chain can lead to significant cost savings for businesses. By streamlining processes, optimizing inventory levels, and negotiating favourable contracts with suppliers, companies can reduce their procurement and operational costs.
  • Improved Efficiency: Supply Chain focuses on improving the efficiency of the supply chain, ensuring that products are delivered to customers in a timely manner. This can lead to enhanced customer satisfaction, increased sales, and improved overall business performance.
  • Risk Mitigation: Supply Chain involves identifying and managing potential risks that could disrupt the supply chain. By implementing risk mitigation strategies, such as diversifying suppliers, creating backup plans, and monitoring market trends, businesses can minimize the impact of unforeseen events and ensure continuity of operations.
  • Enhanced Collaboration: Supply Chain often requires collaboration with various stakeholders, including suppliers, distributors, and logistics providers. This can foster strong relationships and partnerships, leading to better communication, improved problem-solving, and increased innovation.

Supply Chain FAQs

Q. How does Supply Chain work?

A. Understanding the demands of the customer and adapting plans based on that information is how supply chain management works. Supply Chain connects the manufacture, shipment, and distribution of a product from its inception as a raw material through its final delivery to the consumer. Supply chain management manages both internal and vendor stocks to ensure that they are in sync with past and future sales and that supply requirements are met.

Q. Will Supply Chain be automated?

A. Yes, Supply Chain will be automated in future. Automation in Supply Chain offers several advantages that can streamline processes, improve efficiency, and reduce costs. the automation of the Supply Chain holds tremendous potential for organizations. It offers numerous benefits, including enhanced accuracy, improved inventory management, streamlined procurement, and efficient demand forecasting. By carefully navigating the challenges, organizations can harness the power of automation to optimize their Supply Chain processes and drive sustainable growth in the future.

Q. Is Supply Chain a good career?

A. Supply Chain, also known as procurement or purchasing management, plays a crucial role in ensuring the smooth flow of goods and services within an organization. With the global marketplace becoming increasingly complex and dynamic, the demand for skilled Supply Chain professionals is on the rise.

Considering the increasing demand, competitive salaries, strategic impact, continuous learning opportunities, and global prospects, Supply Chain emerges as a promising career choice. As organizations increasingly recognize the value of efficient procurement and supply chain management, Supply Chain professionals are well-positioned to thrive in their careers and contribute to organizational success.

Q. Why is Supply Chain important?

A. Supply Chain is a critical aspect of any organization's operations. It encompasses the activities involved in sourcing, procuring, and managing the flow of goods and services within a company. Effective Supply Chain plays a crucial role in ensuring the smooth functioning of the entire supply chain and can have a significant impact on a company's overall performance and competitiveness.

Supply Chain is of paramount importance to organizations across industries. It enables efficient cost control, ensures the availability of resources, mitigates risks, and improves the quality of products and services. By implementing effective Supply Chain practices, companies can enhance their competitiveness, drive growth, and achieve long-term success in the marketplace.

Q. What is the example of a Supply Chain?

A. A farmer, for example, grows food and turns it into a specific ingredient. The ingredients are then processed and packaged by a manufacturer before being distributed to distributors. The food is then sold by distributors to consumers and restaurants, who eat and consume it at the end of the chain.

Q. What is the difference between Supply Chain and Logistics?

A. Supply Chain, also known as supply chain management, encompasses the entire process of managing the flow of goods and services from the initial production stage to the final delivery to the end customer.

On the other hand, logistics refers to the specific activities involved in the movement and storage of goods within the supply chain. It focuses on the physical flow of products, including transportation, warehousing, packaging, and order fulfillment. 

Q. What are the 5 key elements of Supply Chain management?

A. Planning, acquiring raw materials, production, delivery, and returns are the five main components of supply chain management. The planning phase relates to defining an overall supply chain strategy, whilst the other four sections specialise in the critical requirements for carrying out that plan. To maintain an efficient supply chain and prevent costly bottlenecks, businesses must have expertise in all five areas.

Q. What skills are important in Supply Chain?

A. Skills play a crucial role in the field of Supply Chain. Professionals in this domain need to possess a diverse set of skills to effectively oversee and optimize the supply chain process. Some key skills that are important in Supply Chain are Analytical skills, communication skills, negotiation skills, problem-solving skills, strategic thinking, relationship building, and technical competence.

Popular Supply Chain Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Supply Chain Colleges in India. Learn more about these Supply Chain colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
3.51 L
2 Courses
30 L
30 LPA

Supply Chain Applications open. Apply Now

4.51 L
3.5 L
2.02 L
1 Course
6.6 L
20.8 LPA

Popular Private Supply Chain Colleges in India

5.8 L
2.7 - 7.63 LPA

Supply Chain Applications open. Apply Now

2 Courses
8.61 L - 17.22 L
12.5 L
7 LPA
5 L - 6.5 L
13.5 L
8 LPA

Supply Chain Applications open. Apply Now

4.05 L - 4.45 L

Supply Chain Applications open. Apply Now

Popular Supply Chain UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Supply Chain UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Supply Chain PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Supply Chain PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

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Answered a week ago

{Source: MBA students & alumni}

Based on the reviews provided, the following companies visit ISBM Pune for placements:

* Trident Group
* BNY Mellon
* Deloitte
* PWC
* ITC
* Honeywell
* Tresvista
* HCL
* Wipro
* HFCL
* Amazon
* HDFC
* Dun & Bradstreet
* Philips
* Morgan Stanley
* Aditya Birla
* Conagra foods
* Microso

...more

S

Shiksha AI Counsellor

Beginner-Level 1

Answered a week ago

{Source: MBA students & alumni}

Based on the five reviews provided, here are some of the companies that have visited Galgotias University for placements in the MBA in Logistics and Supply Chain Management program:

1. Amazon
2. Courier companies (not specified)
3. Aditya Birla
4. Peacock Solar
5. Investo

...more

S

Shiksha AI Counsellor

Beginner-Level 1

Answered 2 weeks ago

Skills play a crucial role in the field of Supply Chain. Professionals in this domain need to possess a diverse set of skills to effectively oversee and optimize the supply chain process. Some key skills that are important in Supply Chain are Analytical skills, communication skills, negotiation skil

...more

T

Tasbiya Khan

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 2 weeks ago

The eligibility criteria and admission process for MBA in Supply Chain Management in India are the same as MBA General, which are:

  • minimum of 50% aggregate or equivalent CGPA in a bachelor's degree from a recognised university.
  • For Reserved category students, the minimum aggregate required is 45%.
  • Mo

...more

T

Tasbiya Khan

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 3 weeks ago

It is not possible to provide particular information on Manipal University's postgraduate supply chain management program. It is advised to directly visit the official website of Manipal Academy of Higher Education (previously known as Manipal University) or get in touch with the admission office of

...more

P

Priya

Contributor-Level 10

Answered a month ago

{Source: MBA students & alumni}

Sure, I can assist with that! Based on the provided reviews, here are some key points about the placements at UPES School of Business for an MBA in Logistics and Supply Chain Management (Business Process in Supply Chain):

* Placements are generally good, with a high pe

...more

M

Mehvesh Ibrahim

Beginner-Level 2