Updated on Nov 14, 2022 05:51 IST
Ritika Srivastava

Ritika SrivastavaAssociate Senior Executive, Editorial

Photography is an art of capturing or creating real images by recording light, colour and scenes. A photograph is recreated with the help of ‘image sensor’ or photographic film in a camera. Starting since its inception, the concept of the camera had undergone a sea of changes which have ultimately led to the discovery of modern ‘digital camera’. The camera contains a lens which is focused upon the light emitting from the object and the real image of the object is captured on the light-sensitive surface inside the camera within a fixed time. Nowadays, cameras are fitted with an electronic image sensor which produces an ‘electric charge at certain pixel’ and processes the image electronically. 

Everyone loves to take photographs but to excel in the field of photography; one must learn the various modes, settings and the working of a camera. There are courses specially designed for Photography. Be it a diploma course in Photography, or pursuing a course in BJMC, BMM.

Eligibility Criteria to be a Photographer

Photography is a vocational course which lays emphasis on theory, with plenty of hands-on training. To excel in the field of Photography, aspirants will have to devote hours in practical work. A candidate who has passed 10+2 Board examination is eligible for a diploma course, which is usually a one-year course, in which candidates receive theoretical knowledge of the basics of Photography along with practical training to hone their skills as photographers.

Required Skills to be a Professional Photographer

To be a successful photographer, one must thoroughly grasp the technique and nuances of Photography. Besides, the person must possess a creative frame of mind and an eye for perfection. He should have immense patience and interpersonal skill. Shiksha lists the skills required to be a professional photographer:

Knowledge of Photography

Must know the technique and nuances of Photography


Should have a creative mind, who can draw the best from the viewed object

An eye for details and perfection

Must possess a keen eye to observe things and capture them in the lenses

Patience and Concentration

Must possess immense patience to watch and observe things with rapt attention

Interpersonal skill

Should have a strong power of communication

Team Working skill

Must have the quality to work in a team

Admission Procedure and Fee

In India, there are several renowned institutes which conduct diploma course in Photography. Admission to these institutes is done either on the basis of the result in the 10+2 Board examination or through merit in the entrance examination, conducted by the institutes. Some entrances tests are as follows: 

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Photography Course Structure

A pursuant has to study theory as well as devote time in the field to achieve expertise in the subject. They have to acquire knowledge of the activity, strategy, process, and art of creating and inventing still photographs and video photographs. The topics included in the curriculum are listed below: 

  • History of Photography

  • Introduction to Image-Making

  • Basics of Digital Photography

  • Basics of Photoshop

  • Basics of Printing

  • Street Photography and 

  • Photojournalism

Students are taught about the basics of documentary photography, studio lighting for portraiture, studio lighting for still life, typography etc. They are also given exposure to the industry through internship programmes.

Photography Course Curriculum

The entire course of one-year duration has been divided into three modules. The syllabus has been framed to make the aspirants acquire sufficient knowledge and skills of photography. In the table below, we have endeavoured to provide a glimpse of the photography curriculum:

Part I

Part II

Part III


Digital Imaging

Depth of Field Exercises (Practical)

History of Photography: early experiments and later developments


Photographing a subject with different lenses

Films cameras & Processing

Lightroom, Photoshop

Preparing full and ¼ portraits under different lighting conditions

Photographic optics: a) Light? character,

Photo Tools

Photograph, use of bounce and reflected lights

Cameras? old and new: a) Different parts of a camera

Photo Corrections

Group photos and arrangements

Types of Lenses? wide, zoom, tele, macro, fisheye

Portrait Photography? basic lighting systems

Use of Colour Filters-Lighting and Effects

Aperture: Functions

Studio lighting? 1/2/3 lights? soft-boxes, snoot, barn doors

Selection of Shots

Shutters: Functions

Photographing headshots, ¼, ½, ¾

 Colour Filters –Different Kinds

Focusing: Spot, Matrix

Wildlife, fashion, and photojournalism

 Photographic light sources? natural and artificial.

International Standard Organization (ISO)

Photographing in available light

 Composition? rules of composition

Exposures? exposure meter? functions.

Close up: Accessories and techniques


Job and Career Opportunities of a Photographer

In an age of ‘media explosion’, the need for photographers are on high demand. After completing the course of photography, students may receive plenty of opportunities to work on. They may work as photojournalists in the print media, digital media, fashion photographer for magazines, video photographer for digital media, wildlife photographer etc. They may also work as freelance photographers. Initially, a photographer may earn INR 3 lakh per annum but as he/she gains experience the remuneration rises. 

Here, we have prepared a table to provide some idea about the average annual salary of different types of photographers:

Job Profile

Average Annual Salary

Fashion Photographer

INR 3-5 lakhs


INR 5-6 lakhs

Still Photographer

INR 3-5 lakhs

Photo Editor

INR 3-4 lakhs

Important FAQs on Photography

Q. Do I need any prior experience for pursuing a Photography course?

A. No prior knowledge or experience is necessary for a basic photography course. However, if you are willing to go through an advanced course, you need to have a sound knowledge of cameras, lighting and frames.

Q. Can a basic course in Photography help me to start a career in this field?

A. If you are looking to make a career as a professional photographer, a basic course in photography can help you to an extent. After this you have to hone your skills through advanced courses, workshops, trainings etc.

Q. Do I need any computer skills?

A. If you have basic knowledge of computer, then using digital camera will be easy for you. Apart from this, you will also be able to do photo editing.

Q. What things should I keep in mind while choosing a Photography course?

A. You should ensure that the course structure is up to date and that the latest cameras are being used in the training sessions. Also note that the teachers6u5 themselves have done a lot of work in this area.

Q. Is there any age limit for registering in a Photography course?

A. No, there is no age limit for a Photography course.

Q. What is the eligibility criteria for Photography course?

A. For graduation course, the candidate must have passed class 12 from any stream.

Q. What is the scope of Photography?

A. There is a great demand for good professionals in the field of Photography. You can choose any specific area according to your talent or interest and master it.

Q. Are there any special courses for digital Photography?

A. There are some courses which are completely focused on digital photography such as Certificate in Digital Photography, Diploma in Digital Photography etc. However, to become a good photographer, it is also important to know the basics of the camera.

Q. Is Photography a good career option?

A. If you have good creative ability, composition and technical expertise, you like to take on challenges and want to see the world through camera, then Photography is a good career option for you.

Q. Which specialisations of Photography has the most scope?

A. Although there is a good scope of career in all the specialisations of Photography, but some are very popular such as- Commercial Photography, Fashion Photography, Wedding Photography, Photojournalism etc.

Q. How much do photographers earn?

A. An average photographer can earn from INR 80,000 to 1 Lakh per month.

Popular Photography Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Photography Colleges in India. Learn more about these Photography colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
2 Courses
1.25 L - 8.25 L

Photography Applications open. Apply Now

15 K
11.62 L
4.5 - 4.8 LPA
1 Course
3 L
2 Courses
81.2 K - 3 L

Photography Applications open. Apply Now

4.12 K

Popular Private Photography Colleges in India

2.19 L
1 Course
4 L

Photography Applications open. Apply Now

11.62 L
4.5 - 4.8 LPA

Popular Photography UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Photography UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Photography PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Photography PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Popular Photography Specializations in India

Following are the most popular Photography Specializations . You can explore the top Colleges offering these Specializations by clicking the links below.

Popular Specializations



I want to know about the fee structure at ZICA Institute, Indore for Program in Photography.


Satyam Jha

Beginner-Level 5

6 days ago

Fees for ZICA Institute Indore, for photography is 60000/- rs.
However, for latest update go on ZICA Website and place admission query. You will get all your doubt covered.


Sai kumar Karri

Beginner-Level 5

6 days ago

ZICA institute provides various programs in animation, design, photography etc. For program in Photography, its duration is 3 months and the fee structure ranges from 55000/- and up to 1,00,000/-


I want to know about the latest cutoff information for Basic Photography Course at Master's Digital Photography School ?


Sujal Sharma

Contributor-Level 6

a month ago

The Basic Photography Course at Masters Digital Photography School Mumbai is a one-month course. There is no cutoff system for admission. The fees for whole course is Rs. 10000. You just have to register yourself.


I want to know about the fee structure (IIPK) for Advance Diploma in Commercial Photography.


Nilesh Nahar

Contributor-Level 7

2 months ago

These are some course details of advance diploma in commercial Photography at international institute of photography, Kolkata.~ Course duration- one year.~ course fees -210000.~ overview of course. Principles of photography. History of photography. basic manual operation of camera. practical impl...These are some course details of advance diploma in commercial Photography at international institute of photography, Kolkata.
~ Course duration- one year.
~ course fees -210000.
~ overview of course
. Principles of photography
. History of photography
. basic manual operation of camera
. practical implementation of various modes
. light system
. secrets of colour photography
. introduction to outdoor photography (nature)
. introduction to studio flash lighting
. photojournalism
. Ecommerce photography
. fashion and advertising photography
. editorial photography
. Natural photography
. Landscape photography
. Still life photography (basic)
. Still life (advance)- advertising & lifestyle
. Live fashion shoot
These are some details of above mentioned discipline.


Which are the colleges for photography course in Secunderabad?


Anukriti srivastava

Contributor-Level 7

2 months ago

Following are the best colleges at secunderabad for photography P. RIFTI - Rotomaker International Film & Television Institute. Rajans School Of Photography. Hamstech Institute Of Fashion and Interior Design. Film And Television Institute Of Hyderabad. Lakhotia Institute Of Hospitality &a...Following are the best colleges at secunderabad for photography
P. RIFTI - Rotomaker International Film & Television Institute. Rajans School Of Photography. Hamstech Institute Of Fashion and Interior Design. Film And Television Institute Of Hyderabad. Lakhotia Institute Of Hospitality & Management. Do select the colleges as per your gender
Their would be also a option to be a photojournalist for you if you can go with journalistics.

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