Updated on Nov 11, 2022 01:48 IST
Jasmine Dang Arora

Jasmine Dang AroraDeputy Manager-Content

Genetic Engineering is a technology that alters the genetic structure of an organism either by removing or adding DNA. Genetic Engineering, also called genetic modification or genetic manipulation controls the living being's genes using biotechnology. It is an arrangement of innovations used to change the hereditary forms of cells, including the exchange of qualities inside and across species limits to create enhanced or novel living beings. Genetic engineering could potentially fix severe genetic disorders in humans by replacing the defective gene with a functioning one.

Genetic Engineering has been connected in various fields of research, medicine, industrial biotechnology, and agriculture. In research, GMOs are utilized to contemplate quality capacity and articulation through loss of function, gain of function, tracking and expression experiments. By thumping out genes responsible for specific conditions it is possible to create animal model organisms of human diseases. And in addition to producing hormones, immunizations and different drugs genetic engineering can fix hereditary diseases through quality treatment. Similar strategies that are utilized to create medications can likewise have mechanical applications, for example, producing enzymes for detergents, cheeses, and different products.

Genetic Engineering Courses

Genetic engineering as a course is studied at the graduate, postgraduate and doctoral levels. Genetic Engineering is rather a new field of science but with the recent advancement in Biotechnology and the interest of scientists in this particular field, the course in Genetic Engineering is present in almost every major science university. The B.Sc in Genetics or B.Tech in Genetic Engineering course deals with multiple types of problems related to the medical field like the human genome and agriculture. Several institutes also offer Genetic Engineering as an elective course of study in B.Tech Biotechnology programs.

Top Colleges for Genetic Engineering Course

B.Sc Genetics B.Tech Genetical Engineering
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
  • University of Delhi
  • University of Kolkata
  • SRM University
  • Punjab Agricultural University
  • Delhi Technological University, Delhi

  • Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Patna

  • SRM University, Chennai

  • Bharat University, Chennai

  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

  • Sharda University, Greater Noida

Top Institutes for Research in Genetic Engineering

India has some of the very prestigious institutes engaged in research in the field of Genetics. Candidates can pursue research in these institutes in Genetic Engineering and its various sub-fields. 

  • International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), New Delhi,
  • The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore,
  • National Institute of Immunology (NII), Delhi,
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB), Thiruvananthapuram.
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore,
  • IIT Biotechnology departments.
  • Bcs-Insilico Biology, Lucknow
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Required Skillset for Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is the study of genes and the science of heredity. Genetic engineers or geneticists study living organisms ranging from human beings to crops and even bacteria. These professionals also conduct researches which is a major part of their work profile. The experiments are conducted to determine the origin and governing laws of a particular inherited trait. These traits include medical conditions, diseases, etc. The study is further used to seek our determinants responsible for the inherited trait.

Genetic engineers or Geneticists keep on finding ways to enhance their work profile depending on the place and organization they are working with. In manufacturing, these professionals will develop new pharmaceutical or agricultural products while in a medical setting, they advise patients on the diagnosed medical conditions that are inherited and also treat patients on the same.

Skill sets for Genetic engineers or Geneticists

Strong understanding of scientific methods and rules

complex problem solving and critical thinking

ability to use computer-aided design (CAD)

graphics or photo imaging

PERL, Python

word processing software programs

excellent mathematical, deductive and inductive reasoning, reading, writing, and oral comprehension skills

ability to use lasers spectrometers, light scattering equipment, binocular light compound microscopes, benchtop centrifuges, or similar laboratory equipment

Typical responsibilities of a Genetic Engineering or Geneticist includes:

  • conducting lab research and trials
  • extracting DNA or performing analytic tests
  • interpreting, checking on, or favoring hereditary lab results
  • documenting their procedures and results
  • analyzing hereditary information to make determinations and distribute look into
  • communicating aftereffects of discoveries, for example at meetings or in logical diaries
  • supervising or coordinating crafted by different geneticists, scientists, specialists or biometricians chipping away at hereditary qualities explore ventures
  • initiating new research at a senior level

When a genetic engineer gains a year of experience, one of the regions they can indulge in is hereditary advising, which includes offering data, support, and counsel on hereditary conditions to your patients.

Genetic Engineering Eligibility Criteria

An individual aspiring to pursue a professional degree in Genetic Engineering can begin the B.Sc in Genetics or B.Tech course after his/her 10+2 Science with Physics, Chemistry, Maths, and Biology.

Admission to BTech in Genetic Engineering is made through entrance tests conducted by various universities or through the scores of national engineering entrance examinations like JEE for IITs/NITs & CFTIs across the country. 

Genetic Engineering professionals require a bachelor’s or master’s degree in Genetic Engineering or Genetic Sciences for entry-level careers. In any case, a doctoral qualification is required for those looking for free research professions. Important fields of study in Genetic Engineering incorporate natural chemistry, biophysics, or related fields.

Genetic Engineers require a solid comprehension of logical techniques and guidelines, and in addition complex critical thinking and basic reasoning aptitudes. Phenomenal scientific, deductive, and inductive thinking aptitudes, and in addition perusing, composing, and oral cognizance abilities are additionally expected to work in this field.

Course curriculum for Genetic Engineering

A semester-wise breakup of the B.Tech Genetic Engineering course is tabulated below –



Mathematics 1

Mathematics 2


Material Science


Principles of Environmental Science



Basic Engineering 1

Basic Engineering 2


Cell Biology


Value Education



Enzyme Technology

Basic Molecular Techniques

Genetics & Cytogenetics

Molecular Biology


Stoichiometry and Engineering Thermodynamics


Bio-press Principles

Mechanical Operations & heat Transfer


German Language Phase 1/French Language Phase 1/Japanese Language Phase 1

German Language Phase 2/Japanese Language Phase 2/French Language Phase 2

Computer Skills




Advanced Molecular Techniques

Recombinant DNA Technology

Functional Genomics and Microarray Technology


Momentum Transfer

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering

Gene Therapy


Biosensors and Biochips

Plant Tissue Culture and Transgenic Technology


Personality Development




Bio-separation Technology

Project Work

Animal Cell Culture and Transgenic Technology

Bio-Safety, Bio-ethics, IPR & Patients

Nano-biotechnology in Healthcare


Stem Cell Biology


Job Profile

Aspirants who wish to join the engineering industry as genetic engineers can apply for the following jobs profiles available:



Genetic Engineer

They apply their knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and health care and management.


They teach at the undergraduate and graduate levels in areas allocated and reviewed from time to time by the Head of Department. 

Research Scientist

They are responsible for designing, undertaking, and analyzing information from controlled laboratory-based investigations, experiments and trials.

Scientific/Medical Writer

The research, prepare and coordinate scientific publications. The medical writer is responsible for researching, writing, and editing clinical/statistical reports and study protocols, and summarizing data from clinical studies.

Popular Exams for Genetic Engineering

Most of the engineering educational institutes shortlist candidates for admission into the BTech in Genetic Engineering course based on engineering entrance exams. These entrance exams are either conducted at the national level like JEE or held in-house by various engineering institutes in the country. Some of the popular engineering entrance examinations aspirants should consider appearing for admissions to UG and PG level Automobile engineering courses are:

JEE Main

JEE Advanced



Banasthali University Aptitude Test



Amity JEE





Genetic Engineering Career Prospect

Genetic Engineering is particularly the newly evolving field of science with enormous job opportunities. India has become a global hub of research in genetic engineering owing to its vast prospect of treating diseases of genetic disorders. Genetic engineering professionals can work in the filed of medicine, research, industry, and agriculture. Fresh graduates working as research associates can earn anything between INR 3-5 lakh per annum while the salary of scientists generally lies in the range of 9-15 lakh per annum.  

Top Companies for Genetic Engineering Graduates

India is home to some of the best companies working in the field of Genetic Engineering. Below is provided a list of some of the companies with which candidates can work in the field of research.  

Bharat Biotech Wockhardt
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Boston Biological
Intas Biopharmaceuticals Invitrogen
Datar Cancer Genetics Limited LG Life Sciences
Panacea Biotech Emcure Pharmaceuticals

FAQs related to Genetic Engineering

Q. Which college is best for genetic engineering?

A. SRM University Chennai Tamil Nadu, Bharath University Chennai Tamil Nadu, Aryabhatta Knowledge University Patna Bihar, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research Bangalore are some of the institutes offering genetic engineering

Q. Is Jee required for genetic engineering?

A. NITs and IITs across India do not offer genetic engineering. But there are 2–3 collages that take admission based on JEE main

Q. What is the qualification for genetic engineering?

A. For admission to the BTech Genetic Engineering course, the candidate is needed to have passed the Higher Secondary School Certificate (10+2) examination from a recognized Board of education with Biology, Physics, and Chemistry as main subjects with a minimum aggregate score of 60%.

Q. Does IIT offer genetic engineering?

A. No, IIT directly does not offer genetic engineering. Candidates have to take Life Sciences in graduation or  Biotechnology from any engineering college in India.

Q. Is genetic engineering a good career?

A. Yes, a genetic engineer is a good career option nowadays. A genetic engineer can work in both the private and public sectors. Genetic engineering graduates are required in government as well as private organizations. With the increasing number of biotech firms in India, the future scope of genetic engineering is good.

Q. What is the salary of a genetic engineer?

A. For research associates, it ranges from 3.5 lakh to 5 lakh per year. Junior scientists vary from 6-9 lakh per annum. Whereas for a senior scientist, it varies between 15-16 lakh per annum in private companies

Q. How many years does it take to be a genetic engineer?

A. The genetic engineering field is a specialization in biomedical engineering that can take four to eight years to master.

Q. Is biotechnology available in IIT?

A. Yes, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Bombay have dual degree courses to study Biotechnology.  

Q. Is genetic engineering and biotechnology the same?

A. Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification, is the direct manipulation of an organism's genome using biotechnology.

Q. Which country is best for genetic engineering?

A. Switzerland, the USA, England, and Scotland are the few countries best for genetic engineering.

Popular Genetic Engineering Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Genetic Engineering Colleges in India. Learn more about these Genetic Engineering colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
3.2 L - 5 L
4 - 4.2 LPA

Top 25 in Tamil Nadu

7.2 L
5.25 L
2.05 L - 7.06 L
3.35 - 3.84 LPA
1 Course
60 K
3.2 LPA
14 L

Popular Private Genetic Engineering Colleges in India

7.2 L
7.2 L
2.05 L - 7.06 L
3.35 - 3.84 LPA
81.7 K
3.2 L - 5 L
4 - 4.2 LPA

Top 25 in Tamil Nadu

5.25 L

Most Popular Courses

Following are the most popular Genetic Engineering courses, based on alumni reviews. Explore these reviews to choose the best course in Genetic Engineering.

Popular Genetic Engineering UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Genetic Engineering UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Genetic Engineering PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Genetic Engineering PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses



Is there any college of graduation in genetic engineering in India and for that which entrance exam I have to prepare?


deepika maurya

Contributor-Level 10

2 weeks ago

A list of colleges for Genetic Engineering courses. 1- SRM Institute of Science and Technology (Exam-SRMJEEE/JEE). 2- Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore (Exam- IIT-JEE). 3- National Institute of Immunology, Delhi (Exam- IIT-JEE). 4- Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotech...A list of colleges for Genetic Engineering courses.
1- SRM Institute of Science and Technology (Exam-SRMJEEE/JEE).
2- Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore (Exam- IIT-JEE).
3- National Institute of Immunology, Delhi (Exam- IIT-JEE).
4- Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB), Thiruvananthapuram (Exam- CSIR UGC-NET).
5- Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar (Exam- JEE/LPUNEST). I hope this will help you.

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