Engineers work as part of a very organized and efficient team who maintain aircraft and ensure a high level of technical precision. For maintenance during turnarounds, they often work at great speed and under immense pressure. Work is normally carried out under supervision of senior engineers. The main thrust of the engineering profession lies in design, development, maintenance and teaching of aeronautics. Engineers are also involved in other non-conventional fields such as air turbine production plants or design development programmes for the aviation industry.
An aeronautical engineer applies scientific and technological principles to research, design, maintain, test and develop the performance of civil and military aircraft, missiles, weapons systems, satellites and space vehicles. The role is focused on enhancing high-quality flight safety and standards, as well as reducing system costs and, increasingly, the environmental impact of air travel. Aeronautical engineering offers a wide range of roles. Most engineers specialize in a particular area, such as research, design, testing, manufacture or maintenance.
Employment is available with Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Sahara, Deccan Air, Helicopter Corporation of India and flying clubs, private airlines and government owned air service. Besides airlines, aeronautical engineers get employment in organizations such as Hindustan Aeronautical Ltd, Defense Research and Development Laboratories, National Aeronautical Lab, Aeronautical Development Establishment and Civil Aviation Department, to name a few. With the rise in the number of private air taxis and liberalization of air space, avenues for aeronautical engineers have seen an upward swing.
Engineers in government organizations, such as HAL, NAL are paid official scales while those in the private sector are paid according to the scales decided by the management of the company. Airline professionals get fringe benefits of free travel for self and family also, apart from numerous other perks
Aircraft engineers in civil aviation normally specialize in aeronautical mechanical or electronic engineering.
- Mechanical engineers service and overhaul engines and airframes.
- Aeronautical electronic engineers specialize in the maintenance of instruments, electrical and electronic equipment, navigation, radar and radio communication.
- Flight engineers make preflight inspections and are responsible for the efficient performance of the aircraft during flight. They diagnose and deal with any systems failures, manage repairs, report any defects to maintenance and later check that they have been dealt with. They may also be responsible for refueling.
- Engineers carry out routine maintenance on the ground during aircraft overhauling at airports.
- They respond to reports from air-crew of any difficulties experienced during flights, repairing and making corrections.
- They also maintain and overhaul aircraft in hangers and workshops when an aircraft is due for its regular inspection and checks.
- They complete worksheets for checks made and these are certified themselves if they are licensed to do so, or by a qualified supervisor.
- Strong sense of responsibility
- Manual, technical and mechanical aptitude
- Ability to work as members of a team
- Normal color vision
- Physically fit.
Salaries in government organizations are 10-12, 000 per month. Whereas private companies pay much more, about 2.5 lacs per annum.
- Class XII with Physics, Chemistry and Maths – PCM is necessary.
- After Class XII Aeronautical Engineering can be pursued with mechanical and electronics branches as specialised areas of study. Further specialisation can be pursued at the post-graduate level.
- After Class XII one can also opt for a diploma in Aircraft Maintenance engineering. Diploma holders can acquire degrees on clearing the exams of the Aeronautical Society of India.
Admission Procedure and Application Deadlines
The candidates are selected through a Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) conducted in January and May every year. Some colleges conduct their own entrance tests and have minimum requirements for sitting in the entrance exam.
Places to Study
Best Places for under graduate courses Include -
- Indian Institute of Technology in Chennai, Mumbai, Kanpur and Kharagpur
- Punjab Engineering College, Chandigarh.
Best Places for Post Graduate courses include -
- The Madras Institute of Technology offers a three year Graduate Programme in Aeronautical Engineering for B Sc students, subject to their having passed Maths and Physics at the graduation stage.
- The Indian Institute of Science (IIS), Bangalore has M Tech and Ph D programmes in aeronautics.
- Associate Membership of the Aeronautical Society of India
Established in 1948, this is a professional body with a large number of corporate members, including all major organisations and industries in the aeronautics field in the country and also some of the world's leading aeronautical industries. The Society conducts associate membership examination. Sections A and B of this examination has been recognised by the Ministry of Education, at par with a bachelor's degree in aeronautical engineering from an Indian university.
Students passing A&B of the Society's examination are eligible to appear in the GATE or post graduate studies at IITs. Candidates who have passed Associate Membership Examination of the Society are eligible for relaxation of 12 months experience requirements for the Aircraft Maintenance Engineers license conducted by the Director General of Civil Aviation. The Engineering Council of London grants direct entry in part two of their examination for those who have passed sections A & B.
Aeronautical engineering can be studied with this society through correspondence. The examination consists of three parts: Studentship, Section A and Section B.
Educational qualification for membership examination -
The minimum educational qualification for appearing in this exam is a pass in Class X. Students who have passed the studentship or who have cleared the 10+2 stage with Physics and Maths are eligible for part A. Candidates who have passed a Diploma in Engineering are also eligible for the test. Airmen of the Indian Air-force and Air technical personnel can appear in the Section A of the exam directly.
Section B examination can be taken by the candidates who have completed Section A of the Society or hold a degree in engineering.
Contact address - Aeronautical Society of India, 13-B Indraprastha Estate, New Delhi.
Training Institutes -
Students who have passed Class XII with Physics and Maths may enroll for a 3 year course, equivalent to an Aeronautical Engineering course with the AMAESI (Associate Membership of Aeronautical Society of India) Institutes, who conduct the course and also make arrangements for practical training. Some institutes are:-
- School of Aeronautics, WZ-173, Palam, New Delhi - 110 0s45
- Institute of Aviation Technology, 1265, Sector 6, Bahadurgarh - 124507, Haryana.
- Delhi Institute of Aeronautical Studies, 551-A, 3rd Floor, Chirag Delhi, New Delhi - 110 017
- Indian Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, 215/1 Kalidas Road, Dehradun - 248 001.
- Embry Riddle Aeronautical University
- University of Michigan
- University of California
- University of Minnesota
- Colorado Technical University
- Loughborough University
- University of Salford
- University of Glasgow
- City University London
- Cranfield University
- University of Southampton
- Queens University of Belfast
- University of Bristol
- University of Sydney
- University of New South Wales
- University of Newcastle
New Zealand, Singapore, Hong Kong/ Ireland
- University of Auckland
- University College Dublin- Ireland
- Nanyang Technological University
- Singapore Polytechnic
- University of Singapore
- City University of Hong Kong
Source: Compass One
Date: 20th Nov., 2009
For further details about related courses and colleges please click below:
Download this article as PDF to read offlineDownload PDF