MD (Doctor of Medicine): Course, Admission 2024, Fees, Syllabus, Exams, Top Colleges, Career Scope

Updated on Jan 17, 2024 10:16 IST
Parul Thapa

Parul ThapaSenior Executive Content

The MD medicine full form is Doctor of Medicine which is a 2-year postgraduate specialised course and can be pursued after completing MBBS. The MD medicine is a professional degree for physicians, and it is typically awarded upon the successful completion of medical school. MD medicine is one of the primary degrees for practising medicine and is recognized as the qualification for licensure as a medical doctor.
To get admission to the MD Medicine, candidates must have passed their MBBS at an institution that has been approved by the ICMR to study Medicine. Candidates should also have finished a one-year required internship. Doctor of Medicine admissions are made based on the results of the entrance tests. Candidates who wish to enrol in an MD course must pass any of the entrance exams, such as NEET PG and INICET. Pediatrics, Obstetrics, Dentistry, Gynecology, and Ophthalmology are some of the specialisations of MD medicine.

Once graduated with MD Medicine, candidates can opt for job profiles such as Medical Practitioner, Consultant in Hospitals, Orthopaedist, Paediatrician, etc. The average salary that an MD medicine graduate earns ranges between INR 3 LPA and INR 30 LPA. 

MD Medicine Latest Updates:

AIAPGET 2024 registrations are open for admission. The last date to apply is May 15, 2024 (up to 11:50 PM). Further, the AIAPGET 2024 exam will be scheduled on Jul 6, 2024.

NEET PG 2024 registrations are open now for admission to the MD courses. The last date to apply is May 6, 2024, till 11:55 PM. 

NEET PG 2024 exam date has been rescheduled to 23rd June’24.

INI CET 2024 (Jul session) registrations are open and the last date to apply is Apr 12, 2024. Further, the INI CET 2024 exam for the Jul session will be held on May 19, 2024.

Table of Contents
  1. MD Medicine: Highlights
  2. All About MD Medicine
    • 2.1 Why Study MD Medicine?
  3. MD Medicine Entrance Exams 2024
    • 3.1 NEET PG Cutoff for MD Medicine
  4. MD Course Eligibility Criteria
  5. MD Course Syllabus
    • 5.1 MD Medicine: Specialisations
  6. Top Colleges for MD Medicine  
    • 6.1 Top Government Colleges for MD Medicine 
    • 6.2 Top Private Colleges for MD Medicine   
  7. MD Cutoff 2024
  8. MD Medicine Career Scope: Job Profiles, Salary & Top Recruiters
    • 8.1 MD Medicine Top Recruiters
    • 8.2 MD Medicine Salary in India
  9. MD FAQs

MD Medicine: Highlights

A 2-year speciality medical curriculum called an MD, or Doctor of Medicine, deals with applying and using Medicine and providing medical care for those in need. After finishing their postgraduate programme, candidates can enrol in the MD medicine, which offers extensive training in theoretical, practical, and clinical abilities. MD Medicine graduates can pursue careers as immunologists, cardiologists, general practitioners, and neurologists, to mention a few, after earning a degree in MD medicine.

To know more about the key points of the MD Medicine, candidates can check the table below:

Particulars Details
Course Level Postgraduate
Course Duration 2 years
Course Fee INR 1,000 - INR 1 Crore
Entrance Exams NEET PG, INI CET
Top Colleges AIIMS Delhi, AIIMS Jodhpur, Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, JIPMER Puducherry
Job Profiles Dermatologist, Nutritionist, Pediatrician, Pathologist, etc.
Average Annual Salary INR 3 LPA - INR 30 LPA
Top Recruiters

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Medanta- The Medicity, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Apollo Hospitals, etc.

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All About MD Medicine

The MD medicine full form is Doctor of Medicine. In India, the MD course lasts roughly two years and includes a variety of specialisations. The Doctor of Medicine subject is varied and adaptable to provide students with a suitable education.

The spread of the pandemic and the expansion of the healthcare infrastructure have increased the demand for MD medicine experts. The healthcare sector will expand to become a big employer in the next years. Good work options, including those as clinical practitioners and teachers, are provided by the medical job scope in India.

Why Study MD Medicine?

  • Passion for Medicine: Many individuals are drawn to medicine because of a genuine interest in helping others and a passion for the field. The desire to make a positive impact on people's lives and contribute to healthcare motivates them to pursue a career in medicine.
  • Intellectual Challenge: Medicine is a highly challenging and intellectually stimulating field. The MD medicine involves rigorous academic coursework, practical clinical training, and the need for continuous learning to stay abreast of medical advancements. For those who enjoy intellectual challenges, MD medicine provides a dynamic and evolving environment.
  • Diverse Career Opportunities: A Doctor of Medicine degree opens up a wide range of career opportunities. Graduates can choose to work in various medical specialities such as internal medicine, surgery, paediatrics, psychiatry, and more. Additionally, they can explore careers in research, academia, administration, and public health.
  • Job Stability and Demand: Healthcare is an essential industry, and there is a consistent demand for qualified medical professionals. Job stability and the potential for a secure career are factors that attract individuals to pursue MD degrees.
  • Financial Rewards: While the journey to becoming a physician requires significant time and effort, the financial rewards can be substantial. Physicians often earn competitive salaries, which can be a motivating factor for those considering a career in medicine.

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MD Medicine Entrance Exams 2024

The main MD Medicine entrance tests used to determine eligibility for admission through various medical colleges are listed below. It should be noted that each of these entrance exams has a unique admissions process for MD Medicine.

Some of the popular entrance exams for MD Medicine are given below in the table:

Entrance Exams Exam Dates Schedule
NEET PG 23 June '24  NEET PG Schedule
INI CET 19 May '24  INI CET Schedule

NEET PG Cutoff for MD Medicine

Similar to the undergraduate NEET exam, the NEET PG cutoff for MD courses in India can vary from year to year. NEET PG is the entrance examination for admission to postgraduate medical courses such as MD and MS in India.

Candidates can check the table below to see the NEET PG Cutoff for MD Medicine.


NEET PG 2023 cutoff qualifying percentile

NEET PG Cutoff 2023

Unreserved (UR)

50th percentile



40th percentile



45th percentile


MD Course Eligibility Criteria

Aspirants for admission to the Doctor of Medicine must make sure they are familiar with the MD eligibility requirements. The pupils must also have a score on any relevant entrance exams that serve as the foundation for admission. Some organisations could ask the applicant to come in for a personal interview. There is no upper age limit for enrollment in the programme.

The following are the general requirements for admission to the Doctor of Medicine.

  • Candidates must have earned their MBBS from an accredited institution.
  • He or she ought to have received at least 50% on the MBBS.
  • Candidates must have finished a one-year required internship.

Note: In the absence of an official update, merit-based eligibility has been mentioned for all the courses and may vary.

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MD Course Syllabus

The duration of the MD course duration is 3 years and is structured into six semesters, with two semesters every year. The emphasis throughout the MD medicine is on lectures, practical work, seminars, research and thesis work, oral examination, group discussions, and so forth. Aspiring doctors gain an in-depth understanding of the subject as well as hands-on experience in hospitals.

Here is a glimpse of the semester-wise subjects in MD medicine:

Semester 1
Applied basic science knowledge Diseases concerning General Medicine
Semester 2
Biostatistics and Clinical Epidemiology Diagnostic investigation and procedures
Semester 3
Monitoring seriously ill patients Counselling patients and relatives
Semester 4
Ability to carry out research Ward patient management 
Semester 5
Long and short topic presentations Ward rounds, case presentations and discussions
Semester 6
Journal conferences PG case presentation skills

Click here to learn more about the detailed MD syllabus.

MD Medicine: Specialisations

The area of MD specializations is as follows:

Specialisations Details
MD in Cardiology A medical speciality called cardiology deals with cardiac conditions.
MD in Clinical Haematology A clinical haematologist is a doctor who focuses on identifying, treating, and managing conditions affecting the blood and organs that produce blood.
MD in Clinical Pharmacology Clinical pharmacologists are medical professionals who specialise in the research, development, and comprehension of novel medication therapies. 
MD in Endocrinology A field of biology and medicine known as endocrinology studies the endocrine system's illnesses and its distinct hormone releases.
MD in Gastroenterology The area of medicine deals with the identification and management of the gastrointestinal tract and associated organ problems.
MD in Medical Gastroenterology The area of medicine known as gastroenterology focuses on the digestive system and related problems.
MD in Medical Oncology In the field of medicine known as oncology, tumours are studied, treated, diagnosed, and prevented.
MD in Neonatology Paediatricians who specialise in neonatology provide medical attention for newborn children, especially those who are sick or born prematurely. 
MD in Neurology The area of medicine focuses on identifying and treating nervous system diseases.
MD in Neuro-Radiology A branch of radiology known as neuroradiology uses neuroimaging methods to identify and classify abnormalities of the spine, head and neck, and central and peripheral nervous systems.
MD in Pulmonary Medicine The area of medicine deals with the aetiology, diagnosis, treatment, and care of lung illnesses.
MD in Rheumatology The area of medicine that deals with diseases that are painful frequently inflamed, or affect the joints and other musculoskeletal system elements.

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Top Colleges for MD Medicine  

After completing an MD Medicine, many graduates choose a profession in Medicine. The excellent wage package makes it one of the most popular courses chosen by medical graduates. Internal Medicine Doctor, Internal Medicine Physician, General Physician, etc. are just a few of the Doctor of Medicine positions available in India. The MD Medicine syllabus is created to help students develop excellent career skills as medical professionals, which aids in their ability to locate suitable employment prospects.

Some of the popular colleges offering MD Medicine are as follows. Also, the colleges mentioned in the table are listed alphabetically and not in any order of ranking hierarchy.

Top Government Colleges for MD Medicine 

AIIMS Delhi, AIIMS Jodhpur, Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, JIPMER Puducherry, and King George's Medical University are some of the popular government colleges in India that offer MD Medicine.

Candidates can check some of the other popular government colleges that offer MD Medicine course in India in the table below:

College Name Total Fees (in INR)
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi 2,000
AIIMS Jodhpur 2,000
Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research 1 Lakh
JIPMER Puducherry 47,000
KGMU - King George's Medical University 2 Lakh
Madras Medical College, Chennai 1 Lakh
National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences 2 Lakh
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences 1 Lakh
Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology 2 Lakh
Vardhman Mahavir Medical College 30,000

Top Private Colleges for MD Medicine   

Christian Medical College, Kasturba Medical College, and Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences are some of the popular private colleges in India that offer the Doctor of Medicine.

Candidates can check some of the other popular private colleges that offer MD Medicine in India in the table below:

College Name Total Fees (in INR)
Christian Medical College, Vellore 1,000
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education 11 Lakh - 63 Lakh
Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education 15 Lakh - 1 Crore
KIMS - Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences 8 Lakh - 21 Lakh
Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana 10 Lakh - 1 Crore
Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research  20 Lakh
Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Poonamallee 1 Lakh - 1 Crore
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research 14 Lakh - 81 Lakh
St. John’s National Academy of Health Sciences 6 Lakh - 37 Lakh

Note: The above fee is collated from multiple sources and is likely to vary. For more details related to the fee, please visit the official website of affiliated colleges.

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MD Cutoff 2024

The MD cutoff for admission is usually determined by entrance exam scores. Typically, the cutoff scores are announced by the respective medical colleges or counselling authorities during the admission process.

Candidates, who clear the minimum INI CET cut off, can proceed to participate in the INI CET counselling process. The cut off rank provides candidates with insights into their potential admission prospects in specific categories and courses.

Candidates can check the table below for INICET cutoff lists for several popular MD colleges in India:

INI CET Cut off for Popular MD Colleges in India
AIIMS Delhi Cut Off JIPMER Puducherry Cut Off
NIMHANS Bangalore Cut Off PGIMER Chandigarh Cut Off
AIIMS Bhopal Cut Off AIIMS Bhubaneshwar Cut Off
AIIMS Jodhpur Cut Off AIIMS Nagpur Cut Off
AIIMS Patna Cut Off AIIMS Raipur Cut Off
AIIMS Rishikesh Cut Off AIIMS Bathinda Cut Off
AIIMS Hyderabad Cut Off SCTIMST, Trivandrum Cut Off

Note: This information is sourced from the official website/counselling body and may vary.

MD Medicine Career Scope: Job Profiles, Salary & Top Recruiters

There are ample job opportunities for MD doctors. Such doctors possess clinical expertise and they are always in demand. After the completion of the MD Medicine, they may begin working in different Government hospitals as well as private hospitals and nursing homes. They may also get into work in Bio-medical companies. Those who take an interest in teaching can join medical colleges as lecturers and thesis guides. They may also get involved in research work and publications and author chapters for medical textbooks.

For those who have earned an MD Medicine degree, there are many other job opportunities accessible. Graduates of the Doctor of Medicine have the opportunity to learn in-depth and in detail about the medical industry. Due to the education's high level of relevance and informational content, students can successfully develop their career paths.

MD Medicine Top Recruiters

MD Medicine doctors have a wide range of employment options available to them abroad in addition to in India. The organisation that certifies and recognises various Institutes to offer MD Medicine is the Medical Council of India. Students might establish careers overseas thanks to the education they receive.

Top Recruiters
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital Medanta- The Medicity
Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital Apollo Hospitals

MD Medicine Core Industries 

Here is a list of areas where Doctor of Medicine graduates can work:

Core Industries
Government hospitals Private Super Speciality Hospitals
Nursing Homes Health Centres
Medical Colleges Bio-medical Companies
Laboratories Research Institutes
Medical Foundation and trust Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology companies
Poly Clinics Non-profit Organizations etc.

MD Medicine Salary in India

After years of hard toil, relentless efforts and a rigorous schedule, MD Medicine doctors start reaping benefits when they begin to practice. No doubt, the earning depends upon his/her experience, dedication and devotion to the job, but the pay package is always lucrative. In government hospitals, the pay scale of an MD Medicine is decided by the health department. In private hospitals, the respective governing body determines the salary of the doctor.

In determining the pay package, they consider his qualifications, experience, skills and service record. Following are the top-paying job profiles MD Medicine graduates can opt for:

Job Profiles Description Average Annual Salary (in INR LPA)

A pathologist is a medical professional who analyses bodies and body tissues.

12.2 LPA
Orthopaedist An orthopaedic surgeon treats diseases and ailments affecting the muscles, joints, bones, ligaments, tendons, and nerves. 12.1 LPA
Paediatrician Paediatricians are medical experts who diagnose, treat, and care for infants, children, and teenagers. 14.4 LPA

Dermatologists are specialists who specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of skin, hair, nail, and mucus membrane disorders.

18.2 LPA
Nutritionist Dietitians and nutritionists advise clients on nutrition and healthy eating practices. 3.4 LPA

Note: The average salary has been taken from

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Q. What is an MD course?

A. The goal of the three-year postgraduate MD Medicine programme is to thoroughly study advanced Medicine in order to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases. After completing the MBBS programme, students would be able to pursue an MD degree.

An MD is a doctorate degree programme in Medicine. It is sometimes referred to as an MD in General Medicine. This course looks at disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. Students who take this course gain in-depth understanding of the topic of Medical Science.

They train to become experts in the study and classification of numerous drugs, as well as the conduct of various tests and observations in the laboratory. This training combines theoretical understanding with hands-on experience. The baseline need for this programme is an MBBS from a recognised university. Students who complete this course can go on to become doctors, anesthesiologists, bacteriologists, broad spectrum specialists, and others.

Q. Can I study MD without NEET?

A. The results of medical entrance exams, such as NEET, are used to determine admission to all medical programmes in India. Candidates must have a NEET-PG score or rank in order to be considered for admission to one of the MD specialisations in India because MD is a postgraduate degree.

The National Eligibility Cumulative Entrance Test (NEET) is India's sole entrance exam for admission to MBBS and BDS programmes. The exam is given once a year in offline format and lasts three hours and twenty minutes. The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers the MBBS, BDS, BSc Nursing, BAMS, Veterinary, and other medical/paramedical entrance exams in India. The exam is given in 13 different languages.

Q. Who is better MD or MBBS?

A. A Medical student will graduate with an MBBS. Earning an MBBS is a requirement for becoming a doctor. Participants can learn how to detect and treat certain problems by reading descriptions of various medical specialities and human anatomy in the course content. The MBBS programme is 5.5 years long.
A doctor of medicine, or MD, is a postgraduate degree that involves extensive medical education. Graduates of the two-year degree are trained to conduct research, prevent, diagnose, and treat adult diseases.
Jobs in both private and public hospitals are available in the dynamic field of Medicine. Medical school graduates can apply for positions at several private hospitals as well as government facilities. Candidates who have earned their MBBS degree want to work for reputable companies both domestically and abroad. Both the public and private sectors offer many career opportunities for eligible candidates. Aspirants can also practise their specialisations after receiving a medical council of India licence and registration. Candidates have the option to continue their education by enrolling in MD programmes after earning their MBBS degree.

Q. Can I do MD without MBBS?

A. No, candidates cannot do MD medicine without MBBS. An MBBS degree from any college recognised by the MCI is required for both the MS and MD programmes in India. For candidates to pursue a specialisation in MD or MS, they must also have a NEET score or clearance from any other exam.

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery is the full form of MBBS. MBBS is an undergraduate programme for people who desire to pursue their ambition of becoming doctors. It is a medical science professional degree. The MBBS programme consists of five years of study in 19 medical courses, followed by six months of internship. The NEET is used to assess MBBS admission eligibility. Students must be over the age of 17 and have finished Class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as compulsory subjects to be eligible for the NEET. Students will be qualified as medical practitioners or doctors after completing the MBBS and receiving the degree.

Q. Can I pursue MD after my MBBS?

A. Yes, candidates who have completed the MBBS are eligible for an MD, which is a post-graduate degree. It is comparable to a doctorate in India and the UK. Similarly, MS is a post-graduate degree available to individuals in the medical industry. Candidates must pass the NEET-PG entrance exam if they want to pursue an MS, MD, or medical diploma.

Further, the eligibility criteria required to pursue MD is given below:

  • Candidates must have earned their MBBS from an accredited institution.
  • He or she ought to have received at least a 50% on the MBBS.
  • Candidates must have finished a one-year required internship.

Q. Is a career in Medicine a worthwhile one?

A. Due to the financial opportunities it offers, the MD in General Medicine has historically been one of the most sought-after programmes in the Medical field. The spectrum of its professional ramifications includes anything from working in the public or commercial sector to pursuing advanced research initiatives in academia.

Successful MD General Medicine postgraduates may pursue an MPhil or PhD to advance their academic careers and enter the teaching profession. They are well-paid employees in the public and commercial sectors in organisations like railroads, State PSCs, State medical colleges, research and educational institutions, military services, biomedical enterprises, pharmaceutical manufacturers, etc. after choosing this career. 

Q. What preparation advice is there for MD?

A. Candidates will spend the majority of their MBBS studies preparing for the course. They can anticipate success in MD general medicine thanks to the medical knowledge and soft skills you acquired during MBBS. The key preparatory advice is provided below:

  • When looking for the best course and university to meet your interests, thorough research is a requirement. 
  • Candidates must study for both the university-required English Proficiency Tests and subject-related exams.
  • Work on soft skills and maintain theoretical knowledge while applicants are still in the application process.

Q. Why should I choose MD?

A. While there is a slight bias in favour of specialisations among MDs, General Medicine nevertheless holds its own. Its popularity has increased for a number of valid reasons. Here is a list of arguments that can persuade you to choose General Medicine if you are still debating it.

  • General Medicine has numerous applications in the field of Medicine, in contrast to specialists who concentrate on just one particular patient demography.
  • It can act as a gateway to many other medical specialities thanks to its wide scope of interest.
  • According to numerous reports, there is a growing need for general practitioners.

Q. Can I take MD after Class 12?

A. No, candidates cannot choose MD right after Class 12.

Medical field is one of the most sought-after professions in the world. It is a profession that requires a lot of dedication and hard work. Many students aspire to become doctors and pursue a career in Medicine. If you are one of those students and wondering whether you can pursue MD (Doctor of Medicine) after Class 12, then the answer is yes.

To pursue MD after Class 12, candidates need to complete their Class 12 standard with Science stream. After that, they need to appear for the Medical entrance exam such as NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) or AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) to secure admission in a Medical college. Once you secure admission in a medical college, you need to complete your MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree which is a 5.5-year course. After completing your MBBS degree, you can opt for an MD course which is a 3-year course.

MD is a postgraduate degree in Medicine which allows you to specialize in a particular field of Medicine such as Cardiology, Neurology, Gastroenterology, Dermatology, etc. MD is a highly specialized course that requires a lot of dedication and hard work. The course provides in-depth knowledge of the subject and prepares you for a successful career in the medical field.

In conclusion, if candidates have completed their Class 12 with Science stream and cleared the medical entrance exam, they can pursue MD after Class 12. It is a highly specialized course that requires a lot of dedication and hard work, but it is also a very rewarding profession that allows you to make a positive impact on people's lives.

Q. Is MD exam tough?

A. The MD exam is widely considered to be a tough examination that requires a great deal of preparation and study in order to pass. The exam is designed to test the knowledge and skills of medical professionals who are seeking to become licensed physicians.

The MD exam covers a wide range of topics, including Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, Pathology, and Medical ethics. It is a comprehensive test that requires candidates to demonstrate a deep understanding of medical concepts and procedures.

Many candidates find the MD exam to be challenging due to the sheer volume of material that must be covered, as well as the level of detail required. In order to pass the exam, candidates must be able to recall and apply a vast amount of information, often under stressful conditions.

Despite its difficulty, however, the MD exam is an important milestone for medical professionals. It is a critical step in the process of becoming a licensed physician and is essential for those who wish to practice medicine in the United States.

Overall, while the MD exam is certainly challenging, with the proper preparation and dedication, it is possible to pass and become a licensed physician.

Q. Do MD doctors do surgery?

A. MD doctors, also known as medical doctors, have the authority to perform surgeries. These professionals have completed Medical school and have earned a degree in Medicine. They have undergone rigorous training to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary to perform various medical procedures, including surgical operations.

MD doctors who specialize in surgery are referred to as surgeons. They have received additional education and training to become experts in surgical procedures. Surgeons are qualified to perform a wide range of surgeries, including but not limited to, open-heart surgery, brain surgery, joint replacement surgery, and cancer surgery.

However, not all MD doctors are trained to perform surgeries. Doctors who specialize in fields such as internal Medicine, Pediatrics, Psychiatry, and Family Medicine do not typically perform surgical procedures. They may refer their patients to surgeons if surgery is deemed necessary.

In summary, MD doctors have the authority to perform surgeries, but not all MD doctors are trained to do so. Surgeons, in particular, are experts in surgical procedures and have received specialized education and training to perform various types of surgeries.

Q. Which is better MD or MS?

A. When it comes to choosing between MD and MS, there are a few factors to consider. MD stands for Doctor of Medicine, while MS stands for Master of Surgery.

MD is a more general degree that focuses on overall medical knowledge and patient care. It covers a wide range of topics, including Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, and Ethics. MDs can work in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinics, and private practices. They can also specialize in a particular area of medicine, such as pediatrics or cardiology.

On the other hand, MS is a more specialized degree that focuses specifically on surgical procedures. It covers topics such as surgical techniques, anesthesia, and post-operative care. MSs can work in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, surgical centers, and private practices. They can also specialize in a particular type of surgery, such as Neurosurgery or Orthopedic Sugery.

In terms of job prospects and earning potential, both MDs and MSs are in high demand and can earn a good salary. However, MSs may have a slight advantage when it comes to earning potential, as surgical procedures are often more complex and require more specialized knowledge and skill.

Ultimately, the decision between MD and MS depends on candidates' interests and career goals. If you are interested in a more general Medical career, MD may be the better choice. If candidates have a passion for surgery and want to specialize in this area, MS may be the better option.

Q. Who earns more MD or MS?

A. The average salary of an MD medicine graduate is 12 LPA while that of an MS graduate is 17.7 LPA. 

Further, the earning potential of individuals with a Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree versus those with a Master of Surgery (MS) degree in India can vary based on several factors, including the specific medical speciality, years of experience, geographic location, and the type of healthcare institution. Both MD and MS degrees represent postgraduate medical qualifications, but they typically lead to different career paths.

Q. Is USA MD equal to MBBS?

A. While both the MD degree in the United States and the MBBS degree in India represent qualifications for medical practitioners, they are earned through different educational systems and processes. Therefore, they are not directly equivalent, and there are important distinctions between the two.

It's essential to understand that the comparison between the two qualifications involves multiple factors, including the structure of medical education, postgraduate training, and the regulatory frameworks in each country. While both the MD and MBBS degrees signify that an individual has completed the required medical education, they are part of distinct systems with their own set of requirements and standards.

Q. How do doctors end up choosing a super speciality after doing MD medicine?

A. Choosing a super-speciality after completing an MD in Medicine is a crucial decision that depends on various factors, including personal interests, aptitudes, career goals, and the opportunities available.

Here is a general overview of the process doctors often follow to select a super-specialty:

  • Self-Assessment and Interests: Doctors often begin by reflecting on their interests, strengths, and passions within the field of medicine. 
  • Clinical Exposure: During the MD in Medicine program, doctors gain exposure to various medical specialities through clinical rotations. 
  • Mentorship and Guidance: Seeking guidance from mentors, senior physicians, or faculty members can be valuable. 
  • Research and Continuing Education: Engaging in research projects or continuing education programs related to specific medical disciplines can deepen knowledge and help in making informed decisions about a super-speciality. 
  • Job Opportunities and Demand: Assessing the job market and demand for different specialities in your preferred location or region is important. 

Popular MD (Doctor of Medicine) Colleges in India

Following are the most popular MD (Doctor of Medicine) Colleges in India. Learn more about these MD (Doctor of Medicine) colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
24 Courses
2.11 K - 2.49 K
20 LPA

Top 25 in India

21 Courses
1.2 K
10.51 LPA

Top 25 in India

16 Courses
19.5 L
17 LPA
20 Courses
46.58 K
24 LPA

Top 25 in India

20 Courses
1.64 L
13 LPA

Top 25 in India

3 Courses
1.5 L

Top 25 in Karnataka

Popular Private MD (Doctor of Medicine) Colleges in India

23 Courses
10.5 L - 90 L
10.2 LPA
10 Courses
36 L - 1.16 Cr

MD Applications open. Apply Now

16 Courses
18 L - 1.95 Cr

MD Applications open. Apply Now

11 Courses
6.3 L - 12.84 L
3.9 LPA

Top 25 in India

3 Courses
6 L

Top 10 in Ahmedabad

2 Courses
6.3 L
3.9 LPA

Most Popular Courses

Following are the most popular MD (Doctor of Medicine) courses, based on alumni reviews. Explore these reviews to choose the best course in MD (Doctor of Medicine).

Popular MD (Doctor of Medicine) Specializations in India

Following are the most popular MD (Doctor of Medicine) Specializations . You can explore the top Colleges offering these Specializations by clicking the links below.

Popular Specializations


    Student Forum

    chatAnything you would want to ask experts?
    Write here...

    Answered 14 hours ago

    M.D at JSS Medical College is a 3 year Post graduate course. The total tuition fee for MD programme is INR 18.16 Lakhs. 


    Sarah Izhar

    Contributor-Level 7

    Answered 2 days ago

    The MD program, or Doctorate of Medicine, at JSS Medical College is a 3-year program. The college provides MD degrees in various fields, such as MD in Pharmacology and MD in Medical Administration. Consequently, the total fee for MD in Pharmacology is INR 18.16 Lakhs, while for MD in Medical Adminis



    Sarah Izhar

    Contributor-Level 7

    Answered 2 weeks ago

    The overall cost of MD at Mumbai's Grant Medical College is around  INR 3.4 Lacs in tuition. The tuition fee is calculated on the basis of 1st year. The actual amount may vary. For components of fees other than Tuition fees kindly refer to the fee pdf. The prerequisite for this programme BSc in rela



    Ranjeeta Rai

    Contributor-Level 10

    Answered 3 weeks ago

    The overall fees for MD at GMC Nagpur is around INR 60,000This information is sourced from the official website/ sanctioning body and is subject to change. The MBBS fees might include components other than tuition fees. The above fee structure may not include fees charged during mandatory internsh



    Ranjeeta Rai

    Contributor-Level 10

    Answered 3 weeks ago

    Here are some of Nair Hospital Dental College placement recruiters:

    • IKS Health.
    • Nair Hospital Dental.
    • Inventurus Knowledge Solutions.
    • Dr. Chen's Clinic.
    • Aastha Academy.
    • Sampat Classes.
    • Santosh Academy.
    • Impact Tutorials.

    After Completing MDS in Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, one can work as a dentist



    Bhumi Singh

    Contributor-Level 9

    Answered 4 weeks ago

    The MD course at AIIMS Bhopal is 3 years. AIIMS Bhopal charges a one-time entrance fee of INR 125 in addition to a total tuition fee of INR 2,106 for the MD in General Medicine program. AIIMS Bhopal charges INR 2,027 for the MD program's first year. Besides, hostel and mees fees are also there.



    Contributor-Level 7

    Answered a month ago

    The MD programme at MAMC is renowned for its comprehensive curriculum, expert faculty, and state-of-the-art facilities. However, before delving into the academic rigors and opportunities for research. The annual tuition fee for the MD programme at MAMC is INR 4.50 lakhs. This figure reflects the cos



    Contributor-Level 8

    Answered a month ago

    The fee for the MD  programme at Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences (RGUHS) Bangalore varies slightly across different sources. The total tuition fee for the MD  programme at RGC - Rajiv Gandhi Group of Institutions is around 3-5 LPA.  These figures reflect the approximate cost of pursuing t



    Kartikey Mishra

    Contributor-Level 7

    Answered a month ago

    Yes, there are courses related to MD or Master in Clinical Nutrition available. Some examples include:

    1. Doctor of Medicine (MD) in Nutrition and Dietetics: This is a full-time three-year course offered by Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore
    2. Master of Science in Clinical Nutrition (MS)



    Saraswat Meher

    Contributor-Level 7

    Answered a month ago

    Here is the fee structure for the courses offered at Vardhman Mahavir Medical College:

    - M.Ch (Post Graduation): Total Fees - INR 93,000
    - M.D (Graduation): Total Fees - INR 30,000
    - MS (Graduation): Total Fees - INR 30,000
    - B.Sc {Hons.} (for candidates who have completed 10+2): Total Fees - INR 37,625


    Nandini Trivedi

    Contributor-Level 7

    Answered a month ago

    The overall cutoff for INI-CET is 177 rank.


    Score/Rank in INI CET

    ELIGIBILITY CRITERIACandidate should have passed MBBS from a University recognised by the Medical Council of India/Dental Council of India and must have completed the required period of 12 months compulsory rotating In



    heena agrawal

    Scholar-Level 17

    Answered a month ago

    MD or doctorate of medicine in dermatology is a three year postgraduate course that deals with the branch of medicine related to skin and hair. You can apply for MD in dermatology after completing MBBS with atleast 50% in aggregate.

    PG Diploma in dermatology it is a two year postgraduate Diploma cour



    Alwin Sabu

    Beginner-Level 1

    Answered a month ago

    The MD Medicine programme offered by Kasturba Medical College has received good reviews from the students and alumni. According to the verified Shiksha reviews, the institute has received positive reviews in the terms of placements, infrastructure and faculty. According to the NIRF report for the ye



    Yash Mittal

    Contributor-Level 10

    Answered a month ago

    AIIMS Nagpur does offer MD (Doctorate of Medicine) courses. Here are the details:

    MD in General Medicine: This programme focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of various medical conditions. It covers areas such as internal medicine, cardiology, endocrinology, and more.

    For specific infor



    Vartika Pundir

    Contributor-Level 10

    Answered a month ago

    {Source: MD students & alumni}

    Based on the eight reviews provided, here is the answer to your question in a list:

    1. The top recruiting companies for the MD in Bio-Chemistry course at Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal are:
            * Apollo
            * Mahindra
            * Tata
    2. These companies offer a r



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