Top Research Institute in India: NIRF Ranking & Admission Process

Top Research Institute in India: NIRF Ranking & Admission Process

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Manisha Kumari
Associate Senior Executive
Updated on Dec 20, 2023 15:19 IST

Are you planning to do a PhD or want to work as a research associate at the top research institutes across the nation? Candidates intrigued by the research field in various domains of science stream can read out this Shiksha article to get updated on the nirf ranking of top research institutes and the various courses offered by them.

Top Research Institute in India

Research institutes play a pivotal role in India's economic (resources increase India’s GDP), scientific, and technological development. They are responsible for conducting cutting-edge research in various fields, right from agriculture (ICAR, IARI), healthcare (AIMS, ICMR, Tata Memorial Hospital), Defence Forces (DRDO) to space (ISRO, IIRS). Their contributions have led to numerous breakthroughs and innovations that have improved the lives of millions of people.

For a candidate who wants to pursue for higher degree like PhD, some ameliorating qualities like advancing knowledge, innovating skills, nurturing scientific talent must be profound. These many skills will only be enhanced by them by opting the right research institutes that are available in the country. 

Research institutes require a strong pool of talented scientists, researchers, and engineers to conduct their work effectively. Locating institutes within the country provides access to this local talent and expertise, reducing the need for international recruitment and enhancing the institute's ability to attract and retain top talent.

Here is the list of top most research institutes in the country in which a candidate can pursue their PhD degree.

Top Research Institute in India: Based on NIRF 2023 Ranking

Here is the list of the top research institutes in India based on NIRF 2023 Ranking: 

Institute Name NIRF Ranking 2023 Admission Process
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 1 GATE, JEST
Indian Institute of Technology Madras 2 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi 3 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC/NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay 4 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC/NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur 5 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC/NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur 6 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC/NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee 7 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC/NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi 8 AIIMS PhD
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati 9 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC/NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research 10 TIFR-GS, JEST
Vellore Institute of Technology 11 UGC NET, CSIR NET or VITREE
Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research 12 AcSIR Exam, CSIR NET
Anna University 13 UGC NET/ CSIR NET/ JRF/ Written Test + PI
Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad 14 Qualified GATE/ CSIR/ UGC/NET/ICAR/ICMR/ DST-INSPIRE Fellowship
Homi Bhabha National Institute 15 JEST, HBNI Entrance Exam
Banaras Hindu University 16 BHU Reserach Entrance Test, CSIR NET
University of Delhi 17 DUET Exam for PhD
Jawaharlal Nehru University 18 JNU CBT Exam
Jadavpur University 19 WRET (PhD Entrance Test)
Jamia Millia Islamia,New Delhi 20 UGC NET/ CSIR NET/ SLET/GATE

Domain-Wise Top Research Institutes in India

India is famously known as home to a wide range of world-class research institutes, spanning a diverse array of scientific and technological domains. These institutes play a pivotal role in advancing India's scientific prowess and contributing to global knowledge. Here's a compilation of the top research institutes in India:

Natural Sciences

Natural science is one of the domains of science that is concerned with the understanding, prediction, and description of natural phenomena. This is based on empirical evidence from observation and then experimentation. Natural science can be divided into two main branches: life science and physical science. Life science is alternatively known as biology, and physical science is subdivided into branches. Here is a list of some popular research institutes in India for natural science courses:

IISc Bangalore, Karnataka

IISc Bangalore is a public university that offers UG, PG, and doctoral-level programmes in the fields of engineering, sciences, management, and design. The university is located in Bangalore and was established in 1909. Jamsetji Tata was one of the founding fathers of IISc Bangalore and hence it is also known as “Tata Institute”. IISc Banglore campus is spread over 400 acres. The second campus of IISc is located in Challakere, Karnataka which is 203 km away from Bangalore and is spread over 1500 acres of land. IISc Bangalore research programmes are among the most opted programmes. The university course admission is entirely entrance exam-based. For admission to the courses offered at IISc Bangalore, candidates are required to appear

for the entrance exams specified by the institute. IISc Bangalore has been ranked 2nd (in the overall category) and 225th by the NIRF and QS World rankings, respectively. Moreover, the university is an affiliate of All Indian Universities (AIU) and the Association of Commonwealth Universities (ACU). It has also been accredited NAAC ‘A’ grade by UGC.

Departments at IISc Bangalore

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai

The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) is a research institute located in Mumbai, India. It is a deemed university, which means that it is not under the control of the University Grants Commission of India. Instead, it is directly overseen by the Department of Atomic Energy of the Government of India. TIFR has over 1,000 faculty members and students, and it is located on a sprawling campus in the Colaba district of Mumbai. The institute has a state-of-the-art research infrastructure, including telescopes, particle accelerators, and laboratories.

Departments/ Research Labs at IISc Bangalore

  • School of Mathematics
  • School of Natural Sciences
  • School of Technology and Computer Sciences
  • Department of Biological Sciences

Affiliated Institutes 

TIFR also includes institutes outside its main campus in Colaba and Mumbai:

  • Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education at Deonar, Mumbai
  • International Centre for Theoretical Sciences at Bangalore
  • National Centre for Biological Sciences at Bangalore
  • National Centre for Radio Astrophysics at Pune
  • National Balloon Facility at Hyderabad
  • TIFR Centre for Applicable Mathematics, Bangalore for Mathematics
  • TIFR Hyderabad

National Institute of Science Education and Research Bhubaneswar (NISER)

 National Institute of Science Education and Research is a premier Institute . It is located in Orissa. A leading institute in the city offers a UG Degree course in Science. The course is available in Full Time mode. NISER - National Institute of Science Education and Research is a well-known institution for B.Sc. course. These programs are delivered by highly experienced faculty. Institute has good facilities all around the campus like Auditorium, Hospital / Medical Facilities, Labs, Library, Shuttle Service. The principal goal of NISER is to provide excellent environment for the students to foster creativity, imagination and innovation, paving way for a career in scientific research in academic institutes, national & international research & development labs, industries etc.

Departments/ Research Labs at IISc NISER

NISER encourages both theoretical and experimental research in frontier areas in all branches of science. NISER currently has seven separate schools specializing in different areas of science. They are as follows:
(i) School of Biological Sciences
(ii) School of Chemical Sciences
(iii) School of Computer Sciences
(iv) School of Earth and Planetary Sciences
(v) School of Humanities and Social Sciences
(vi) School of Mathematical Sciences
(vii) School of Physical Sciences.

In addition there is also a Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences.

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR), known for its cutting edge R&D knowledge base in diverse S&T areas, is a contemporary R&D organization. CSIR has a dynamic network of 37 national laboratories, 39 outreach centres, 1 Innovation Complexes, and three units with a pan-India presence. Different CSIR Labs are established in the country with the vision of

“Enhance quality of life of the citizens of India through innovative Science and Technology, globally competitive R&D, by developing sustainable solutions and capacity building to fulfil dream of Atmanirbhar Bharat”. This vision of CSIR is aligned to the Government of India’s vision for the next 25 years ‘Amrit Kal’ when independent India becomes 100 years old.

List of Laboratories and Institutes at CSIR 
Name Of Laboratories/Institutes Location
CSIR-Advance Material and Process Research Institute [CSIR-AMPRI] Hoshangabad Road, Near Habibganj Naka, Sanket Nagar, Habib Ganj Naka,Bhopal -462026 [Madhya Pradesh]
CSIR-Central Building Research Institute[CSIR-CBRI] CBRI Colony,Roorkee -247667 [Uttarakhand]
CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology[CSIR-CCMB Habsiguda, Uppal Road,Hyderabad -500007 [Telangana]
CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute[CSIR-CDRI] Sector 10, Jankipuram Extension, Sitapur Road,Lucknow -226031 [Uttar Pradesh]
CSIR-Central Electro Chemical Research Institute[CSIR-CECRI]

Karaikudi -630003 [Tamil Nadu] 


CSIR-Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute[CSIR-CEERI]

Pilani -333031 [Rajasthan]


CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute[CSIR-CFTRI] Cheluvamba Mansion, Opp. Railway Museum,Mysuru -570020 [Karnataka] 
CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute[CSIR-CGCRI] 196, Raja S.C. Mullick Road,,Kolkata -700032 [West Bengal] website:
CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants[CSIR-CIMAP]

P.O. CIMAP, Near Kukrail Picnic Spot Road,Lucknow -226015 [Uttar Pradesh]

Email: website:

CSIR-Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research[CSIR-CIMFR]

Barwa Road,Dhanbad -826015 [Jharkhand]


CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute[CSIR-CLRI]



CSIR- Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute[CSIR-CMERI]

Mahatma Gandhi Avenue, ,Durgapur 


CSIR-Central Road Research Institute[CSIR-CRRI]

Delhi - Mathura Road, PO CRRI


CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation[CSIR-CSIO]

Sector 30-C,Chandigarh -160030 [Chandigarh]


CSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute [CSIR-CSMCRI] Gijubhai Badheka Road, Vidhyanagar,Bhavnagar -364002 [Gujarat] website:
CSIR-CSIR Madras Complex [CSIR-CMC]

Taramani P.O,Chennai 


CSIR-Fourth Paradigm Institute [CSIR-4PI]

NAL Belur campus, Wind Tunnel Road, Bangalore 


CSIR-Extramural Research Division[CSIR-EMR]

HRDG, CSIR Complex, Library Avenue, Pusa,New Delhi


CSIR-Institute of Genomics & Integrative Biology[CSIR-IGIB]

Near Jubilee Hall, Mall Road,Delhi -110007 [Delhi]


CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology[CSIR-IHBT]

Post Box No. 6,Palampur -176061 [Himachal Pradesh] 


CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology[CSIR-IICB]

4, Raja S.C. Mullick Road,Kolkata -700032 [West Bengal] 


CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology[CSIR-IICT]

Uppal Road, Tarnaka,Hyderabad -500007 [Telangana] 


CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine[CSIR-IIIM]

Post Bag No. 3, Canal Road,UT of J&K 


CSIR-Indian Institute of Pertroleum[CSIR-IIP]

P. O. IIP, Mohkampur, Haridwar Road,Dehradun


CSIR- Indian Institute of Toxicology Research[CSIR-IITR]

Vishvigyan Bhavan, 31, Mahatma Gandhi Marg,Lucknow 


CSIR-Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology[CSIR-IMMT]

NA,Bhubaneswar -751013 [Odisha]


CSIR-Institute of Microbial Technology[CSIR-IMTECH]

Sector 39-A,,Chandigarh -160036 [Chandigarh] 


CSIR-National Aerospace Laboratories[CSIR-NAL]

PB 1779,Bangalore -560017 [Karnataka]


CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute[CSIR-NBRI]

436, Rana Pratap Marg,Lucknow -226001 [Uttar Pradesh] 


CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory[CSIR-NCL] Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan,Pune -411008 [Maharashtra]  website:
CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute [CSIR-NEERI]

Nehru Marg,Nagpur -440020 [Maharashtra]


CSIR-North East Institute of Science and Technology[CSIR-NEIST] NH 37, Pulibor,Jorhat -785006 [Assam] website:
CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute[CSIR-NGRI]

Uppal Road,Hyderabad -500007 [Telangana] 


CSIR-National Institute of Science Communication and Policy Research [CSIR-NIScPR], New Delhi    [Merger of CSIR-NISCAIR & CSIR-NISTADS]

Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, South Patel Nagar, Pusa,New Delhi -110012[ Delhi]


CSIR-National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology[CSIR-NIIST]

Industrial Estate Po,Thiruvananthapuram -695019 [ Kerala]


CSIR-National Institute Of Oceanography[CSIR-NIO]

Dona Paula,Goa -403004 [Goa]


CSIR-National Metallurgical Laboratory[CSIR-NML]

Jamshedpur -831007 [Jharkhand]


CSIR-National Physical Laboratory[CSIR-NPL]

Dr. K.S. Krishnan Marg, South Patel Nagar, Pusa,New Delhi -110012 [Delhi] 


CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre[CSIR-SERC]

CSIR Campus, CSIR Road, Taramani, Chennai -600113


CSIR-Unit for Research and Development of Information Products[CSIR-URDIP]

"Tapovan" S.No. 113 & 114, NCL Estate, Pashan Road, Pune-411008 [Maharashtra]


Agricultural Sciences

Agricultural sciences research institutions play a crucial role in ensuring food security, promoting sustainable agriculture, and enhancing the livelihoods of agricultural communities worldwide. These institutions conduct cutting-edge research, develop innovative technologies, and provide training and education to address the challenges and opportunities facing the agricultural sector.

Indian Agricultural Research Institute - IARI

Indian Agricultural Research Institute - IARI, is a premier Institute, established in 1905. It is located in Delhi. The span of programs offered 24 courses include Degree in Full Time mode. Indian Agricultural Research Institute - IARI offers a range of 0 UG courses. These courses are aimed to provide students with the necessary skills and knowledge in their field of interest.  Students who join Indian Agricultural Research Institute - IARI stand to gain professional level of expertize and proficiency through its highly trained & experienced faculty in the studies of Agriculture & Farm Engineering, Environmental Sciences, Agriculture, Biochemistry, Horticulture, Biology, Microbiology. 

Schools of IARI:

  • Crop Improvement
  • Plant Rotation
  • Basic Sciences
  • Natural Resource Management
  • Social Science
  • Horticulture Science

Agriculture Education in IARI

Agriculture education in IARI started in 1923 with two-year Post-Graduate Course leading to Diploma of Associateship of IARI (Associate IARI) in the disciplines of Agricultural Bacteriology, Agricultural Botany, Agricultural Chemistry, Agronomy, Entomology, Horticulture, Mycology and Sugarcane Breeding

  • Diploma course was recognized as equivalent to the M.SC. degree of Indian Universities by the Ministry of education in 1949
  • Institute was granted the status of a Deemed to be University in 1958 (Under UGC Act 1956) and diploma was replaced with M.Sc. and Ph.D.
  • Central College of Agriculture was merged with IARI in 1951
  • IARI was under the direct administrative control of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture till 1951 and worked in close cooperation with ICAR
  • IARI was perhaps the first institution in the country to adopt the course credit system of instruction modeled after the Land Grant College of USA
  • As of now, IARI is offering M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in 26 disciplines at the main campus and M.Sc. in selected disciplines at IARI, Assam and Jharkhand campuses. Institute is also offering Ph.D. in selected disciplines at CIAE, Bhopal and IIHR, Bengaluru
  • M.Sc. in selected disciplines at NIASM Baramati, NIBSM, Raipur and IIAB Ranchi from the academic year 2020-21.

ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)

As one of the premier dairy research institutes, National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) offers high quality education in the field of dairy technology and offers UG, PG, PhD, and diploma courses to students. The university’s campus sprawls over 560 hectares (about 1,383 acres) and houses various labs, hostels, complexes, etc. All labs of the university are equipped with state-of-the-art analytical instruments to conduct high quality research.

Courses offered at NDRI are mentioned below:

Diploma in Dairy Technology

Diploma in Animal Husbandry & Dairying

BTech (Dairy Technology)

Master’s Programme 

Doctoral Programme

Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana

Situated on the Ludhiana-Ferozepur Road, Punjab Agricultural University (PAU) is spread over an area of about 1,510 acres on its main campus and 4,615 acres at the regional research stations. The University has four constituent colleges, which are:

The university currently offers four UG courses, 43 PG courses, and 29 PhD courses to students. The university performs integrated functions of teaching, research, and extension in the fields of:


Agricultural Engineering

Home Science


ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute

Establishment Year: 1889
Location: Izatnagar, Bareilly

Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) is a research institute that is dedicated to livestock research and development. With a faculty strength of over 275, the institute awards degrees for PG and PhD courses offered in over 20 disciplines of:

  • Basic Sciences
  • Veterinary and Animal Science
  • Livestock Products Technology

Apart from this, IVRI also offers diploma courses in the fields of:

Animal Husbandry

Animal Reproduction

Veterinary Biological Products

Poultry Husbandry

Medicine and Surgery

Meat Products Technology

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About the Author
Manisha Kumari
Associate Senior Executive

Being a post-graduate and BEd degree holder, I'm an innovative, task-driven and immensely motivated science enthusiast, making me a passionate content writer. I love providing meaningful and constructive articles in... Read Full Bio

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