JEE Mains 2024 Syllabus PDF (New): Download JEE Syllabus for Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics

Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) Main 2024 ( JEE Main )

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Exam On: 4 Apr '24 - 15 Apr '24

This exam is conducted for courses given below:
Updated on Mar 4, 2024 12:20 IST

JEE Main Syllabus 2024 PDF: The NTA has released the new JEE Mains 2024 syllabus PDF at jeemain.nta.ac.in. In the new JEE Mains syllabus 2024 PDF download, several topics have been removed. The deleted syllabus of JEE Mains 2024 are

  • Mathematics: Mathematical Induction and Mathematical Reasoning units have been removed. 
  • Physics: In Physics, the Communication Device unit has been removed from the syllabus. 
  • Chemistry: Surface Chemistry, States of Matter, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals, s-block elements, Hydrogen, Environmental Chemistry, Alcohol Phenol and Ether, and Polymers chapters have been removed.

Download JEE Main 2024 new Maths Syllabus PDF

Download JEE Main 2024 new Physics Syllabus PDF

Download JEE Main 2024 new Chemistry Syllabus PDF

Candidates need not study any topic from the reduced syllabus of JEE Mains 2024 syllabus. Candidates can download the JEE Main reduced syllabus 2024 NTA from the below table or jeemain.nta.ac.in 2024. The JEE Mains reduced syllabus 2024 NTA is similar to the NCERT/CBSE Class 11 and 12 syllabus. Questions in the exam will be asked strictly according to the JEE Mains 2024 syllabus PDF prescribed by the NTA.

JEE Main 2024 exam will be conducted for three courses, Paper 1 for BE/BTech, Paper 2A for BArch, and Paper 2B for BPlan. Candidates can check here the subject-wise JEE Mains 2024 Syllabus with Weightage PDF for Paper 1(BE/BTech) and Paper 2 (BArch & BPlan). JEE Main application form 2024 has been released.

As per the JEE Syllabus 2024 official website, paper 1 consists of Class 11th and 12th Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. JEE Mains 2024 syllabus of Paper 2A for Architecture (BArch) includes topics of Mathematics, General Aptitude, and Drawing, while Paper 2B (BPlan) syllabus includes Mathematics, General Aptitude, and Planning topics. Check the detailed jeemain.nta.nic.in 2024 syllabus and more information below on this page.

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Q:   Is the syllabus of JEE Mains reduced?

A:
Yes, the JEE Main 2024 syllabus has been reduced. The syllabus has been revised to focus on core concepts. Some changes include: 
 
  • Mathematics: Mathematical Induction and Mathematical Reasoning units have been removed from the syllabus of Mathematics. 
  • Physics: In Physics, Communication Device units has been removed from the syllabus
  • Chemistry: Surface Chemistry, States of Matter, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals, Hydrogen, Environmental Chemistry, Alcohol Phenol and Ether, Polymers chapters have been removed.
The JEE Main 2024 syllabus is available on the National Testing Agency (NTA) website. The syllabus contains 64 chapters, with 16 in math, 20 in physics, and 28 in chemistry.
 

Q:   What are the main subjects of JEE Main?

A:

JEE Main exam has three subjects- Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. Question paper of JEE Main is prepared with questions from all the three subjects with equal weightage of 33%. A total of 90 questions are asked in the exam, 30 each from Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. The syllabus of JEE Mains for all three subjects is as per the CBSE/NCERT textbook of class 11 and 12. Candidates can check the syllabus from the official website of JEE Main or from the Shiksha page.

Q:   Is JEE Main syllabus tough?

A:
JEE Main syllabus can be categorized as medium in difficulty level. The topics covered in JEE Mains syllabus is similar to CBSE class 11 and 12 syllabus. Students can prepare for JEE Mains exam using their NCERT textbooks and score a decent score. Candidates are however advised to refer some additional books in order to score good marks in JEE Mains.

Q:   Is JEE Main syllabus similar to the syllabus of and CBSE/other state boards of class 11 and 12?

A:
The syllabus of JEE Main is similar to class 11 and 12. However, some topics may be extra in JEE Main. Syllabus which are not covered in class 11 or 12. Students preparing for the JEE Main exam need to study as per the official syllabus which is released by the NTA. Also, students can follow NCERT textbooks as the base for studying the syllabus of JEE Main.

Q:   Where can I get JEE Main 2024 syllabus PDF?

A:

National Testing Agency NTA has released the syllabus of JEE Main 2024 on the official website. NTA has revised the syllabus of JEE Main and few chapters have been removed that are not included in class 11 and 12 topics of Physics Chemistry and Mathematics. Students can download the current JEE Main syllabus PDF from Shiksha page or from the JEE Main official page to start their preparation. It is advised that students prepare for the exam strictly as per the syllabus and do not leave any topic to prepare for the exam.

JEE Mains 2024 Syllabus PDF Download

Candidates can download the JEE Mains 2024 syllabus PDF from the table below for Paper 1 (BE/BTech), Paper 2A (BArch) and Paper 2B (BPlan). The syllabus provided here is the official JEE Main 2024 syllabus released by the NTA.

Download JEE Main 2024 Syllabus PDF

Also Check:

JEE Main Paper

Syllabus PDF Download

Paper 1 (BE/BTech)

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Paper 2A (BArch)

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Paper 2B (BPlan)

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Q:   What is Chapterwise weightage of class 11 and 12 topics in JEE Main?

A:
The high weightage topics from class 11 and 12 Physics as per previous year paper analysis are Current Electricity Waves AC, Magnetism, Laws of Motion Work, Power and Energy. In Chemistry the high weightage topics are s and p block elements, Coordination compounds, Thermodynamics Gaseous state, Chemical bonding, Atomic structure, Polymers, Environmental Chemistry Organic Chemistry. In Mathematics, the high weightage topics are Sequence and Series Vectors and 3D, Integral and Differential Calculus, Definite and Indefinite Integral.

Q:   Are NCERT books enough to prepare for JEE?

A:
The NCERT books alone are not enough to crack JEE because they will give knowledge only in concepts and make you understand that But only if you solve some JEE level problems you may get the real feel of JEE exams. The previous year papers help you with this. Also, do the mock tests if you are going to choose computer based test. There is myth that pen and paper is easy that computer based. Actually it is true but the real fact is pen and paper is not lengthy as the candidates need to deal with OMR whereas in CBT the papers will be little lengthy as you need to just make a click. So focus on whatever you read and solve many problems. If you can then join better join a good IIT coaching center.

Q:   In how much time can I complete the entire JEE Main syllabus?

A:
The time required to cover JEE Main syllabus would vary for every student however, to complete the entire JEE Main syllabus, students would require around 1 year. The ideal time to start preparing for JEE Main is class 12 as the syllabus for JEE and class 12 is similar. Students who are studying in class 12 can point out the topics that are common in both and pay special emphasis to that.

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JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2024

The syllabus of JEE Mains 2024 for Physics has been changed. The  revised syllabus can be downloaded from the below table. JEE Main Physics syllabus is divided into two sections, Section A, constitutes the theory part and has a weightage of 80% in the exam, and Section B contains practical components or experimental skills having a 20% weightage in the exam. The topics of JEE Main syllabus 2024 for Physics are from class 11 and 12 syllabus.

JEE Syllabus 2024 Physics

Units

Topics

Physics and Measurement

Physics, technology, and society, S I Units, fundamental and derived units, least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Dimensions of Physics quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications.

Kinematics

The frame of reference, motion in a straight line, Position- time graph, speed and velocity; Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, position-time graph, relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Scalars and Vectors, Vector. Addition and subtraction, zero vector, scalar and vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector. Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion.

Laws of Motion

Force and inertia, Newton’s First law of motion; Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion, Impulses; Newton’s Third Law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: centripetal force and its applications.

Work, Energy and Power

Work done by a content force and a variable force; kinetic and potential energies, work-energy theorem, power.

The potential energy of spring conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and neoconservative forces; Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

Rotational Motion

Centre of the mass of a two-particle system, Centre of the mass of a rigid body; Basic concepts of rotational motion; a moment of a force; torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications; the moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, and their applications. Rigid body rotation equations of rotational motion.

Gravitation

The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. Kepler’s law of planetary motion. Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, Orbital velocity of a satellite. Geo stationary satellites.

Properties of Solids and Liquids

Elastic behaviour, Stress-strain relationship, Hooke's Law. Young's modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity. Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal's law and its applications. Viscosity. Stokes' law. terminal velocity, streamline, and turbulent flow. Reynolds number. Bernoulli's principle and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension - drops, bubbles, and capillary rise. Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; specific heat capacity, calorimetry; change of state, latent heat. Heat transfer-conduction, convection, and radiation. Newton's law of cooling.

Thermodynamics

Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, the concept of temperature. Heat, work, and internal energy. The first law of thermodynamics. The second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. Carnot engine and its efficiency.

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas, Kinetic theory of gases - assumptions, the concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature: RMS speed of gas molecules: Degrees of freedom. Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases; Mean free path. Avogadro's number.

Oscillation and Waves

Periodic motion - period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation; phase: oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant: energy in S.H.M. - Kinetic and potential energies; Simple pendulum - derivation of expression for its time period: Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance. Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, a reflection of waves. Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler Effect in sound

Electrostatics

Electric charges: Conservation of charge. Coulomb's law forces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges: superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines. Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole. Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.

Electric flux: Gauss's law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet, and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators: Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, the combination of capacitors in series and parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates. Energy stored in a capacitor.

Current Electricity

Electric current. Drift velocity. Ohm's law. Electrical resistance. Resistances of different materials. V-l characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors. Electrical energy and power. Electrical resistivity. Colour code for resistors; Series and parallel combinations of resistors; Temperature dependence of resistance. Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, a combination of cells in series and parallel. Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications. Wheatstone bridge. Metre Bridge. Potentiometer - principle and its applications.

Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism

Biot - Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere's law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron.

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. The force between two parallel currents carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field: Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity, and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth's magnetic field and magnetic elements. Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances. Magnetic susceptibility and permeability. Hysteresis. Electromagnets and permanent magnets.

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Induced emf and current: Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage: reactance and impedance: LCR series circuit, resonance: Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator and transformer.

Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics, Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves, Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet. X-rays. Gamma rays), Applications of e.m. waves.

Optics

Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula. Total internal reflection and its applications. Deviation and Dispersion of light by a; prism; Lens Formula. Magnification. Power of a Lens. Combination of thin lenses in contact. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

Wave optics

wavefront and Huygens' principle. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle. Interference, Young's double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources, and sustained interference of light. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarization, plane-polarized light: Brewster's law, uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroid.

Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation

Dual nature of radiation. Photoelectric effect. Hertz and Lenard's observations; Einstein's photoelectric equation: particle nature of light. Matter waves-wave nature of particle, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment.

Atoms and Nuclei

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford's model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars: isotones. Radioactivity- alpha. beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties; radioactive decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission, and fusion.

Electronic Devices

Semiconductors; semiconductor diode: 1-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias; diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED. the photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor: transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR. AND. NOT. NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch.

Most Important Chapters in Physics for JEE Main

Candidates can check the most important Physics chapters for JEE Main 2024 exam.

  • Mechanics
  • Electricity and Magnetism
  • Fluid Mechanics and Thermal
  • Oscillation and Waves
  • Optics
  • Modern Physics

The chapter-wise weightage of questions from important chapters in the previous year is 

Topics Marks Weightage No. of Questions
Mechanics 40 10
Thermodynamics 8 2
Optics 8 2
Modern Physics 24 6
Electrodynamics 36 9
SHM & Waves 4 1
Total 120 30

JEE Mains Chemistry Syllabus 2024

The syllabus of JEE Mains 2024 for Chemistry is divided into three sections, Section A – Physical Chemistry, Section B- Inorganic Chemistry and Section C- Organic Chemistry. The topics are from the class 11 and 12 syllabus.

JEE Syllabus 2024 Chemistry

Units

Topics

Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry

Matter and its nature, Dalton's atomic theory: Concept of atom, molecule, element, and compound: Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision, and accuracy, significant figures. S.I.Units, dimensional analysis: Laws of chemical combination; Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae: Chemical equations and stoichiometry.

Atomic Structure

Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations; Nature of electromagnetic radiation, photoelectric effect; Spectrum of the hydrogen atom. Bohr model of a hydrogen atom - its postulates, derivation of the relations for the energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits, limitations of Bohr's model; Dual nature of matter, de Broglie's relationship. Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics, quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical model of the atom, its important features. Concept of atomic orbitals as one-electron wave functions: Variation of Y and Y2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals; various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum, and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance; shapes of s, p, and d - orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number: Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle. Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule, electronic configuration of elements, extra stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Kossel - Lewis approach to chemical bond formation, the concept of ionic and covalent bonds.

Ionic Bonding: Formation of ionic bonds, factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds; calculation of lattice enthalpy. Covalent Bonding: Concept of electronegativity. Fajan’s rule, dipole moment: Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR ) theory and shapes of simple molecules. Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding: Valence bond theory - its important features, the concept of hybridization involving s, p, and d orbitals; Resonance. Molecular Orbital Theory - Its important features. LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding), sigma and pi-bonds, molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules, the concept of bond order, bond length, and bond energy. Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.

Chemical Thermodynamics

Fundamentals of thermodynamics: System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes. The first law of thermodynamics - Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization, and solution. The second law of thermodynamics - Spontaneity of processes; DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity. DG° (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant.

Solutions

Different methods for expressing the concentration of solution - molality, molarity, mole fraction, percentage (by volume and mass both), the vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult's Law - Ideal and non-ideal solutions, vapour pressure - composition, plots for ideal and nonideal solutions; Colligative properties of dilute solutions - a relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression of freezing point, the elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure; Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties; Abnormal value of molar mass, van’t Hoff factor and its significance.

Equilibrium

Meaning of equilibrium, the concept of dynamic equilibrium. Equilibria involving physical processes: Solid-liquid, liquid - gas and solid-gas equilibria, Henry's law. General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes. Equilibrium involving chemical processes: Law of chemical equilibrium, equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance, the significance of DG and DG° in chemical equilibrium, factors affecting equilibrium concentration, pressure, temperature, the effect of catalyst; Le Chatelier’s principle. Ionic equilibrium: Weak and strong electrolytes, ionization of electrolytes, various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius. Bronsted - Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization, acid-base equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants, ionization of water. pH scale, common ion effect, hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions, the solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products, buffer solutions.

Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry

Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, rules for assigning oxidation number, balancing of redox reactions. Electrolytic and metallic conduction, conductance in electrolytic solutions, molar conductivities and their variation with concentration: Kohlrausch’s law and its applications. Electrochemical cells - Electrolytic and Galvanic cells, different types of electrodes, electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half - cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement: Nernst equation and its applications; Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs' energy change: Dry cell and lead accumulator; Fuel cells.

Chemical Kinetics

Rate of a chemical reaction, factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure, and catalyst; elementary and complex reactions, order and molecularity of reactions, rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first-order reactions, their characteristics and half-lives, the effect of temperature on the rate of reactions, Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation, collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation).

Inorganic Chemistry

Units

Topics

Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p. d and f block elements, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic and ionic radii, ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, valence, oxidation states, and chemical reactivity.

p-block elements

Group -13 to Group 18 Elements

General Introduction: Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements across the periods and down the groups; unique behaviour of the first element in each group. Groupwise study of the p - block elements

Group -13

Preparation, properties, and uses of boron and aluminum; Structure, properties, and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminum chloride, and alums.

Group -14

The tendency for catenation; Structure, properties, and uses of Allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites, and silicones.

Group -15

Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure, and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine, and phosphorus halides, (PCl3. PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus.

Group -16

Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of ozone: Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures, and uses of sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur.

Group-17

Preparation, properties, and uses of hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens. Group-18

d- and f-block elements

Transition Elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first-row transition elements - physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties, and uses of K2Cr2O7, and KMnO4.

Inner Transition Elements

Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, and lanthanoid contraction.

Actinoids - Electronic configuration and oxidation states.

Coordination Compounds

Introduction to coordination compounds. Werner's theory; ligands, coordination number, denticity. chelation; IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear co-ordination compounds, isomerism; Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties; Importance of co-ordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems).

Organic Chemistry

Units

Topics

Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds

Purification - Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction, and chromatography - principles and their applications.

Qualitative analysis - Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, and halogens.

Quantitative analysis (basic principles only) - Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus. Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae: Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis,

Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon: Shapes of simple molecules - hybridization (s and p): Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulphur; Homologous series: Isomerism - structural and stereoisomerism.

 

Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

Covalent bond fission - Homolytic and heterolytic: free radicals, carbocations, and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles, and nucleophiles.

 

Electronic displacement in a covalent bond - Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance, and hyperconjugation.

Common types of organic reactions- Substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Hydrocarbons

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties, and reactions.

Alkanes - Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane): Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.
Alkenes - Geometrical isomerism: Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoffs and peroxide effect): Ozonolysis and polymerization.
Alkynes - Acidic character: Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, and hydrogen halides: Polymerization.

Aromatic hydrocarbons - Nomenclature, benzene - structure and aromaticity: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration.

Friedel - Craft's alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene.

Organic Compounds containing Halogen

General methods of preparation, properties, and reactions; Nature of C-X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.

Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform freons, and DDT.

Organic Compounds containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions, and uses.

ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS, AND ETHERS

Alcohols: Identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols: mechanism of dehydration. Phenols: Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nitration and sulphonation. Reimer - Tiemann reaction.

Ethers: Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones: Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as - Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN. NH3, and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation: reduction (Wolf Kishner and Clemmensen); the acidity of a-hydrogen. aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction. Haloform reaction, Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones.

Carboxylic Acids Acidic strength and factors affecting it

Organic Compounds containing Nitrogen

General methods of preparation. Properties, reactions, and uses.

Amines: Nomenclature, classification structure, basic character, and identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and their basic character.

Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Biomolecules

General introduction and importance of biomolecules. CARBOHYDRATES - Classification; aldoses and ketoses: monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, and maltose).PROTEINS - Elementary Idea of a-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides. Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes. VITAMINS – Classification and functions. NUCLEIC ACIDS – Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids

Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

Detection of extra elements (Nitrogen, Sulphur, halogens) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups; hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketones) carboxyl, and amino groups in organic compounds.

· The chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:

Inorganic compounds; Mohr’s salt, potash alum.

Organic compounds: Acetanilide, p-nitro acetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.

· The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises – Acids, bases and the use of indicators, oxalic-acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4

· Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis

Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:

1. Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
2. Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
3. Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
4. Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ions with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

Important Chapters in Chemistry for JEE Mains 2024

The most important chapters in JEE Mains from Chemistry are

  • Atomic Structure
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
  • Equilibrium
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Transition Elements (d and f Block)
  • Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure
  • Some Basic Principles Of Organic Chemistry
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Chemical Thermodynamics

JEE Main Mathematics Syllabus 2024

The Mathematics JEE Main syllabus 2024 has a total of 16 units comprising of topics from the standard syllabus of class 11 and 12.

JEE Main 2024 Math Syllabus

Units

Topics

Sets, Relations and Functions

Sets and their representation: Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties; Power set; Relation, Type of relations, equivalence relations, functions; one-one, into and onto functions, the composition of functions

Complex Numbers and Quadratic Equations

Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals, Representation of complex numbers in the form a + ib and their representation in a plane, Argand diagram, algebra of complex number, modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality, Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions Relations between roots and co-efficient, nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots.

Matrices and Determinants

Matrices, algebra of matrices, type of matrices, determinants, and matrices of order two and three, properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants, Adjoint, and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Permutation and Combination

The fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as section, Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications

Binomial Theorem and its Simple Applications

Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients, and simple applications

Sequence and Series

Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers, Relation between A.M and G.M sum up to n terms of special series; Sn, Sn2, Sn3. Arithmetico-Geometric progression

Limit, Continuity and Differentiability

Real–valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic, and exponential functions, inverse function. Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity, and differentiability. Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions. Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two, Rolle’s and Lagrange's Mean value Theorems, Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normal.

Integral Calculus

Integral as an anti-derivative, Fundamental Integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential, and logarithms functions. Integrations by substitution, by parts, and by partial functions. Integration using trigonometric identities. Integral as limit of a sum. The fundamental theorem of calculus, properties of definite integrals. Evaluation of definite integrals, determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form.

Differential Equations

Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree, the formation of differential equations, solution of differential equation by the method of separation of variables, solution of a homogeneous and linear differential equation

Co-ordinate Geometry

Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, sections formula, locus, and its equation, translation of axes, the slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the co-ordinate axis.

Straight line

Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, the distance of a point form a line, equations of internal and external by sectors of angles between two lines co-ordinate of the centroid, orthocentre, and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

Circle, conic sections

A standard form of equations of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and central, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent, sections of conics, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for Y = mx +c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency

Three Dimensional Geometry

Coordinates of a point in space, the distance between two points, section formula, directions ratios, and direction cosines, the angle between two intersecting lines. Skew lines, the shortest distance between them, and its equation. Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, the intersection of a line and a plane, and coplanar lines.

Vector Algebra

Vectors and scalars, the addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and three-dimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.

Statistics and Probability

Measures of discretion; calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data. Probability: Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye's theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials, and binomial distribution.

Trigonometry

Trigonometrical identities and equations, trigonometrical functions, inverse trigonometrical functions, and their properties, heights, and distance

Important Maths chapters for JEE Mains 2024

Some of the important chapters in JEE Main Maths are

  • Trigonometry
  • Permutations And Combinations
  • Sequence And Series
  • Complex Numbers And Quadratic Equations
  • Circle, Conic Sections
  • Integral Calculus
  • Three Dimensional Geometry
  • Vector Algebra
  • Probability

   

JEE Main 2024 Syllabus FAQs

Check below for the JEE Main 2024 Syllabus in the form of FAQs.

Q:   What is the weightage of class 11 and 12 chapters in JEE Main syllabus?

A:
As per the official syllabus of JEE Main released by NTA no weightage is set for class 11 and 12 chapters. Candidates must note that all the topics of CBSE class 11 and 12 Physics Chemistry and Mathematics is included in the JEE Main syllabus. There is no official number on JEE Main weightage but candidates need to study the whole syllabus released by the NTA in order to score good marks in the exam. However, as per the previous years paper analysis, some chapters have high weightage in exam.

Q:   Is JEE Main syllabus same for B.Tech, B.Arch and Plan?

A:
The syllabus for JEE Main Paper 1 (BE/B.Tech), Paper 2A B.Arch and Paper 2B B. Plan is different. JEE Main paper 1 exam is conducted for admission to BE/B.Tech, Paper 2A for B.Arch and Paper 2B is conducted for B. Plan courses. JEE Main paper 1 syllabus consists of Physics Chemistry and Mathematics. Paper 2A syllabus has Mathematics, General Aptitude and Drawing while Paper 2B syllabus has Mathematics, General Aptitude and Planning. Candidates must note that Mathematics syllabus is common/same in all three papers.
 

Q:   Is JEE Main syllabus same as syllabus of JEE Advanced?

A:
The syllabus of JEE Mains is not same as JEE Advanced. Candidates must note that JEE Mains and Advanced are two different exam meant for different purposes. JEE Main is conducted for admission to NITs, IIITs and other CFTIs while JEE Advanced is conducted for admission to IITs. In terms of syllabus, although both JEE Mains and Advanced have class 11 and 12 topics of Physics Chemistry and Mathematics, there are some topics which are a part of Mains syllabus but not in Advanced. Also, the difficulty level of JEE Advanced is way ahead of JEE Mains. Students preparing for the JEE Advanced exam can download the syllabus from the Shiksha page.
 

Q:   Which chapters are important in Physics Chemistry and Mathematics for JEE Main exam?

A:
Candidates can check here the important chapters for JEE Main Physics Chemistry and Mathematics Physics Mechanics and Electricity and Magnetism (Equal importance) Modern Physics Optics Heat and Thermodynamics and Waves Sound Measurement and errors Chemistry Gaseous State Chemical Kinetics Organic Chemistry Reactions of Benzene Ores and Metallurgy Thermodynamics Polymers Environmental Chemistry Mathematics Algebra Trigonometry Analytical Geometry Differential Calculus Integral Calculus Vectors.
 

Q:   Can I complete JEE Main syllabus in 6 months?

A:
JEE Mains syllabus can be completed in 6 months considering the topics had already been studied in class 11 and 12. As the topics in JEE Main syllabus and class 11/12 topics are similar, students can easily complete the revision in 6 months. However, completing the syllabus does not mean the completing the preparation. Students need to solve previous year questions and mock tests as well as study other reference /NCERT books for clearing the concepts.
 

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JEE Main Exam

Student Forum

chatAnything you would want to ask experts?
Write here...

Answered Yesterday

an 88 percentile in JEE Main might make it difficult to get into NITs, IIITs, and GFTIs. However,  many B.Tech colleges accept admission if you score above the 80 percentile in JEE Main, except for IITs, NITs, or IIITs
 
To get admission to Garden City University's B.Tech courses, you must qualify f

...more

A

Ajeet Kumar

Beginner-Level 3

Answered Yesterday

Typically, universities use a combination of factors for B.Tech admissions, which may include:

  1. Entrance Exam Scores: Some universities consider scores from national-level entrance exams such as JEE Main, while others may have their own entrance exams.

  2. Academic Performance: High school or equivalent ex

...more

A

Ajeet Kumar

Beginner-Level 3

Answered Yesterday

you can get admission to Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology (PSIT) with a 70% score in Class 12th

S

Soham Sen

Beginner-Level 4

Answered Yesterday

Yes, you can get in Jawarlal Nehru Technological University Anantpur with 70 percentile in JEE Mains. At 88 percentile you have very good chances to get CSE or your dream branch in college. Although there is a separate exam conducted for JNTUA which is Andhra Pradesh EAMCET.

 

JNTUA College of Enginee

...more

U

Udit Dixit

Beginner-Level 4

Answered Yesterday

Yes, you can get into Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology (PSIT) with 88% in JEE Main. The minimum eligibility criteria for B.Tech at PSIT is 60% and above marks in 10th and 12th, with a minimum of 60% in PCM

. However, meeting the minimum eligibility criteria does not guarantee admission, as the

...more

T

Tamim Islam

Beginner-Level 4

Answered Yesterday

To get into Pranveer Singh Institute of Technology (PSIT) with 70% in Class 12th, you would need to meet the minimum eligibility criteria for the B.Tech program. The minimum eligibility criteria for B.Tech at PSIT is 60% and above marks in 10th and 12th, with a minimum of 60% in PCM

. However, meetin

...more

T

Tamim Islam

Beginner-Level 4

Answered Yesterday

Yes, you can get in Jawarlal Nehru Technological University Anantpur with 70 percentile in JEE Mains. Although there is a separate exam conducted for JNTUA which is Andhra Pradesh EAMCET.

JNTUA College of Engineering, Ananthapuramu accepts Andhra Pradesh EAPCET scores for admission to the BTech cours

...more

R

Rishet Mehra

Beginner-Level 4

Answered 2 days ago

It is hard to get computer Science at 70% in JEE Mains if you belong to general category. You may get lower branches . Also there are various reservation as homestate, female, category. If you have any kind of reservation you may get in easily.

U

Udit Dixit

Beginner-Level 4

Answered 4 days ago

JEE Main is one of the accepting exams for BTech admission at SNU Noida. High performers may be offered direct admissions based on their JEE (Mains) score in 2024 or 2023. The University reserves the right to interview the candidate in case needed. Candidates with 76 percentile in JEE Main have the

...more

N

Nishtha Shukla

Contributor-Level 10

Answered 4 days ago

After the JEE Main 2024 Session 1 results, candidates should first check their results on the official JEE Main website using their application number and date of birth. The scorecard will provide detailed information such as total marks, percentile score, All India Rank (AIR), category, cutoff mark

...more

25897385
Adv. Ved Vinayak

Contributor-Level 9

2111 Institutes accepting JEE Main

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