Best Law Specialisations in Demand - Criminal Law, Environmental Law, Taxation Law, Civil Law

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Anjum
Anjum Khan
Assistant Manager
Updated on Sep 20, 2022 15:03 IST
Law courses are offered in various specialisations including Corporate Law, Criminal Law, IPR, Human Rights Law, Taxation Law, and more. Here are the most popular law specialisations that aspirants can choose to study in the law school in India.

Law Specialisations in India

A career in law offers a great opportunities, be it becoming a practising advocates, legal consultants, advisors, litigators, public prosecutor,  judicial services, and much more. To make a successful career in law, one has to pursue an Undergraduate (UG) law degree - BA LLB (Hons.), BBA LLB, BCom LLB, BSc LLB, BLS-LLB or a Postgraduate (PG) degree - Bachelor of Laws (LLB) and Master of Laws (LLM) from top law colleges in India. The UG law courses have all the subjects of law i.e. Law of Crimes, Torts, IPC, Jurisprudence, IPL, Cyber Law, Family Law, Contracts Law etc. However, to study on of the law specialization, one has to choose it at the postgraduate level. Most of the law courses offered in India are based on core law specializations. In this article, we have listed popular law specialisations in India so one can decide better for their career in law. 

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Popular Law Specializations in India 

In India, the career scope in law is really high, and some of the popular law specialization are as under:

Civil Law

The most sought after law specialisation deals with handling damage suits, private rights of individuals, drafting deeds and wills, handling breach of contract suits, acting as trustee or guardian as well as handling mortgages. To study and make a career in civil law, aspirants must be aware of rights, acts and remedies of family law, criminal law, property law which they study in their law courses. The required skill set for civil lawyers includes an eye for details, networking and soft skills, analytical and logical skills, as well as they must keep a journalistic approach towards latest developments in the law domain. 

Quick Facts about Civil Law Specialization

  • Civil law is a set of codified laws, and judicial precedents/ case-laws are not a binding
  • Main source are legislations and statues
  • Civil law is applicable to - Contracts, Civil Wrong/ Torts, Intellectual Property Rights, and Family Laws

Tax Law

This law specialisation focuses on income tax, real tax, estate tax, franchises, problems of inheritance, etc. With income comes the tax, be it for individuals or organisations hence, the need for tax law studies where one can learn all about policies, government rules and regulations as well as remedies to help tax defaulters. 

Interesting facts about tax law specialization

  • Sir James Williams, the first Finance Minister of British India, introduced Tax to recover losses occured due to Revolt of 1857. 
  • Akshay Kumar is one the highest tax payer for 5 consecutive years
  • Taxation lawyers are the among highest paying legal professions

Criminal Law

This law field deals with offences against society or state. This is one of the oldest and also an extremely exciting branch of law. In this specialisation, one is involved in interviewing clients and interrogating witnesses, conducting trials, correlating findings, preparing a case for defence as well as examining and cross-examining witnesses in court.

Interesting facts about crimilar law specialization

  • The Indian Penal Code, was enacted 1860
  • It is substantive in nature, and contains punishments for all kinds of offences for procedural laws. 

Know more about Criminal Law

Corporate Law

This law field deals with advising corporations on their legal rights, obligations and privileges. Lawyers practising Corporate Law also need to study statutes, constitutions and ordinances and also help the corporations in making important decisions on whether to go in for a suit or not.

Know more about Corporate Law

International Law

Candidates wanting to pursue a career in this law field need to specialise in treaties, customs and traditions observed by nations in their relations with one another. The law specialisation deals with trade laws, immigration laws, labour and employment laws, and much more. 

Labour Law

This law specialisation deals with workers, their associations, workers’ rights, workers’ duties and working conditions. A lawyer who specialises in labour law is often called to sort out issues between the management and the firm’s employees.

Know more about Labour Laws

Real Estate Law

This law covers conveyance of property, search records and deeds to establish titles of property; acting as trustee for property and drawing up legal documents for deeds and mortgages.

Know more about Real Estate Laws 

Patent Law

This law specialisation focuses on securing patents for inventors from the patent’s office. Here the lawyer specialises in prosecuting or defending patent infringement and preparing detailed specifications of the patent and so on.

Media Law

This legal field deals with various aspects related to Telecommunications, Information Technology, Defamation, Broadcasting, Copyright, Advertising, Confidentiality, Contempt, Entertainment law, Privacy, Censorship, Firm law and Internet & online services.

Know more about Media Laws

Competition Law

This law specialisation deals with prohibiting agreements or practices that restrict free trading and competition between business, banning abusive behaviour by a firm dominating a market along supervising mergers and acquisitions of large corporations (which also includes some joint ventures).

Know more about Competition Laws

Intellectual Property Law

This specialisation deals with the rules for securing and enforcing legal rights to inventions, designs, and artistic works.

Know more about IPR Laws

Mergers and Acquisition Law

This field deals with the laws affecting the purchase of one company by another (an acquisition), or the blending of two companies into a new entity (a merger).

To develop a better understanding of the various specialisations that are on offer at law schools as well as know more about life at a law college.

Candidates can choose law specialisations when they appear for the admission process of their selected law college. 

FAQs for Best Law Specialisations in Demand

Q. Which are the top 5 Law Specializations in India?

A. Some of the most popular law specializations in India are – Civil Law, Criminal Law , Corporate Law , Cyber Law and Intellectual Property Law .

Q. Is there any specific admission procedure to pursue any law specialization in India?

A. Law aspirants looking to pursue a specialization in the field must complete their Class 12 or graduation, after which they can apply for a Bachelor’s in law degree. There is an option to pursue 3-year LLB or 5-year LLB course by clearing the top law entrance examination namely CLAT , AP LAWCET , TS LAWCET , LSAT India , AILET , MH CET Law and many more. Candidates can pursue a specialization in Law usually at the time of pursuing LLM. For LLM also, one may clear the entrance tests like CLAT, LSAT-India, AILET and more. There are various private colleges, which offer direct admission to law courses based on a student's educational qualification.

Q. What type of lawyers or which law specialization makes the most money in India?

A. The highest paying law job profiles in India are Intellectual Property Lawyer, Corporate Lawyer, Law Firm Associate, Tax Lawyer, Judicial Officers, Judge or Law School Professor.

Q. Which are the highest paying Law firms in India?

A. Currently, Khaitan and Co., Shardul Amarchand Mangladas and Co., Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas & Co., J Sagar & Associates (JSA), Trilegal, Desai & Diwanji are the top law firms famous for their recruitment package and clientele. Also Read: Top Legal Firms in India

Q. Is my Indian law degree valid in other countries?

A. No, the degree is valid in India only.

Q. Can a student opt for multiple law specializations in their final year of graduation?

A. No, initially a student needs to complete his/her 3-year or 5-year LLB degree as it covers all the law subjects. This is because all the subjects are interconnected and it forms the basis of their study.

Q. What is the best way to excel in your specialization? Is learning from books and completing assignments enough?

A. The best way to learn the opted course is to practice in the court. A student should go in the field i.e. court or to the client and then listen to the cases and gain proper exposure and experience from it. There, a student should listen to the arguments, see how the case is presented to the judge or jury, how are the orders issued or how is the verdict announced, all this helps one to develop an understanding of the entire scenario that is followed in the court.

Q. How much time should one give to learn any of the law specializations?

A. When it comes to having expertise in any of the specializations in the field of law, it is said, the more you practice the better it is. Theoretical knowledge is just not enough! There are minor steps that one learns in the real field.

Q. Which are the top job profiles of Law?

A. After pursuing a law course, one can become a Lawyer, Legal Advisor, Judge, Solicitors, Legal Executives and more. Read more

Q. On what all levels are Law Courses offered in India?

A. In India, Law courses are offered at UG, PG, Diploma and Certificate level. The law stream is becoming widely popular among law aspirants at all levels. There are various law courses in India including integrated, certificate, diploma, bachelors, masters and doctorate courses. Read more

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About the Author
Anjum Khan
Assistant Manager

Holding core experience in EdTech domain for multiple streams including Law, Design, Hospitality, and more. Helping students take informed decisions for their higher education.

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