Updated on Nov 16, 2022 11:51 IST
Radhika Sharma

Radhika SharmaAssociate Senior Executive

Civil Law is one of the fundamental aspects of legal system of Indian Constitution. Indian legal system is hybrid and civil law is one of the main element along with Common law and Customary law. Those who are interested in making a career in Civil law must first study its principles and significance as part of law degree curriculum. Read this page to get details about Civil law courses, eligibility, skillset required, and job opportunities. 

What is Civil Law?

Law can be termed as a set of rules meant to regulate the actions of citizens. Law is basically created by a particular country or governmental institutions to regulate the actions of its citizens. In the Indian Judicial System, law is categorised into four parts such as Criminal law, Civil law, Common law and Statutory law.

Civil Law is one of the most important branches of law for every member of the country. It helps in resolving different non-criminal disputes with the defined procedures, set of rules, regulations and judicial precedents. The dispute can vary from personal, family to organisational. Civil law regulates private matters between individuals by providing compensation or any adequate form of redressal for the violation of their private or civil rights. 

As it is said that there is no shortcut to succeed in life, likewise there is no shortcut to become a good lawyer. The profession requires a lot of dedication and hard work to excel in the field.

Civil Law Courses, Eligibility & Entrance Exams

To make a career in the field, aspirants can opt for five-year integrated LLB courses civil law degree like BA LLB, BBA LLB, BSc LLB or BCom LLB at the Undergraduate level. Candidates can also opt for a three-year LLB course or degree after graduation. Meanwhile, candidates willing to go for higher level studies can choose Civil Law degree such as LLM and doctoral degree (PhD) in law. Candidates can also pursue one-year diploma course in civil law after graduation.

There are majorly three types of degree courses in Civil Law- Integrated LLB, LLB and LLM. Candidates willing to apply for the courses should meet the eligibility criteria prescribed by a university/college in which they are seeking admission. Given below is the basic eligibility prescribed by a majority of law schools in India:

Law Courses

Duration

Eligibility

Integrated LLB

5 years

Candidates should pass Class 12 in any stream with minimum 45-50% marks.

LLB

3 years

Candidates should have a graduation degree in any discipline with 55% minimum marks.

LLM

2 years

Candidates should have a graduation degree in law.

A minimum of 24 months of experience is also demanded by some institutes and Universities.

Skillset for Civil Lawyer

Besides educational qualifications, there are various traits that a good civil lawyer should possess. Here we have elaborated on some qualities required to be a good civil lawyer.

Skill Description
Communication Skills A civil lawyer must have excellent communication skills, as s/he is required to present legal papers, represent clients in court. Good communication skills will help civil lawyers to present their clients side in court effectively.
Negotiation Skills A civil lawyer must possess good negotiation skills. He/she should be skilled in insisting clients reconcile with others.
Problem Solving Attitude A civil lawyer must be capable of observing and analysing the problem and must present an immediate solution for it.
Persuasive Skills A civil lawyer must be able to persuade others and change their decisions.
Emotional Intelligence In order to satisfy the client, a civil lawyer should be able to connect with them emotionally and personally. He/she should respect, understand and engage with the client to make them feel comfortable.
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Popular Entrance Exams for Civil Law

There are multiple entrance exams for admission in Civil Law. In order to become a civil lawyer, aspirants are first required to enroll themselves in an undergraduate degree course followed by an LLM programme. A number of institutes and universities offer admission to candidates on the basis of entrance examination. Given below are the popular undergraduate civil lawyer course entrance examinations.

Also, check out few popular LLM entrance exams for Civil Law admissions:

Branches of Civil Law 

Those interested in Civil Law can obtain further specialization in this area. Here are a few popular civil law branches:

Labour laws

Securities Law

Tax Management and Administration

Media Laws

Labour Law and Welfare

Taxation Practice

Taxation law

Business law

IPR and Patent Law

Labour Practice

Patents Law

Patent Law and Practice

Industrial Law

Insurance Laws

Subjects & Syllabus of Civil Law

So, if you are all set to prepare for this profession, you can refer the detailed subject and syllabus of civil law. Here is a tabulation of civil law subjects for both UG and PG levels.

For Undergraduate level

Civil Law Subjects: UG Level

Crime

Labour Law

Trust

Professional Ethics

Family laws 1

Family laws 2

Women & Law

Law of Torts & Consumer Protection Act

Law of Evidence

Jurisprudence

Law of Insurance

Human rights & international law

Constitutional law

Environmental law

Conflict of Laws

Contract

Practical training - legal aid

Criminology, Penology and Victimology

Comparative law

Companies Act

Law of Contract II

Co-operative law

Code of Criminal Procedure

Legal Writing

Administrative Law

Practical Training - moot court land laws including ceiling and other local laws

Intellectual property law

Practical training II - Drafting

International Economics Law

Interpretation of Statutes

Investment & securities law

Law of Taxation

Civil Procedure Code (CPC)

Property Law including the transfer of Property Act

Banking law including the Negotiable Instruments Act

Information Technology Law

For postgraduation

Here is a detailed list of subjects for post-graduation in Civil Law:

Civil Law Subjects: PG Level

Comparative Constitutional Law

Teaching methods & Research Methodology

Comparative Jurisprudence

Public international law

Environmental Law

Human rights

Insurance laws

Jurisprudence

Law and Justice in Globalising World

Access to Justice

Civil Law Specialisations

Given below are list of subjects for specialisations in Civil Law:

Civil Law Subjects: Specialisations

Criminal law

Family law

Intellectual property law

International trade and business laws

Taxation law

Constitutional law

Securities Law

Corporate law and governance (including international business)

Civil Law Job profiles

After pursuing the course, candidates become eligible for below mentioned job profiles in the field of law in India. Check out some major types of civil lawyers and their role mentioned below.

Job Profile Job Description
Family Lawyer A family lawyer is responsible to handle cases related to family issues like abuse, successions, alimony, family partitions, child custody etc. S/he supports the clients in providing solution to such issues.
Divorce Lawyer S/he deals with cases of disputes among spouses. A divorce lawyer is also responsible for legal division of assets among the spouses and resolving child custody issue.
Intellectual Property Lawyer S/he deals with cases related to intellectual and creative innovations. The professional is responsible for issues like patents, copyrights, trademarks, duplication, industrial design rights and many others.

Top Recruiters

Top recruiters in the civil law profession are mentioned below:

  • Luthra & Luthra

  • S & R Associates

  • Amarchand & Mangaldas & Suresh A Shroff & Co.

  • Trilegal

  • Khaitan & Co

  • Desai & Diwanji

  • Platinum Partners

  • AZB & Partners

  • Nishith Desai Associates

  • Wadia Ghandy & Co

  • Talwar Thakore & Associates

  • Anand and Anand

  • J Sagar Associates

  • Economic Laws Practice

  • Lakshmikumaran & Sridharan

Civil Law FAQs

Q: How many types of laws are there in India?

A: There are mainly five types of laws in Indian Judicial System

  • Civil law

  • Common law

  • Criminal law

  • Statutory law

Q: What are the popular Law colleges in India?

A: Popular law colleges of India are as follows:

Q: What are the different types of Civil Law courses in India?

A: There are mainly three types of Civil Law courses in India

  • 5-years Integrated LLB

  • 3-years LLB

  • 2 years LLM

Q: What are the important traits to be become good civil lawyer?

A: Given below are some important qualities that a good civil lawyer should possess:

  • Excellent Communication Skills

  • Negotiation Skills

  • Problem solving attitude

  • Persuasive Skills

  • Emotional intelligence

Q: What are the popular Civil Law entrance exams?

A: Popular Civil Law entrance exams are as follows

  • AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)

  • CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)

  • LSAT India

  • ACLAT: Alliance Common Law Admission Test

  • ULSAT: UPES Law Studies Aptitude

  • DU LLB (Delhi University Bachelor of Legislative Law)

  • KLEE: Kerala Law Entrance Examination

  • ILSAT: ICFAI Law School Admission Test

  • AP LAWCET (Andhra Pradesh Common Law Entrance Test)

  • CLAT PG

  • AILET PG

  • LSAT India PG

Q: What is the full form of LLB?

A: The full form of LLB is Legum Baccalaureus. It is a three-year Bachelor of Law degree offered to candidates by many popular institutes in India.

Q: What are the popular area of specialisations in Civil Law?

A: Some popular area of specialisations in Civil Law as follows:

  • Criminal law

  • Family law

  • Intellectual property law

  • Taxation law

  • International trade and business laws

  • Constitutional law

  • Corporate law and governance (including international business)

Q: Can I pursue Civil Law after class 12th?

A: Yes, candidates can opt for 5-years integrated LLB course after class 12th. H/she must have passed class 12th with a minimum of 45 to 50 per cent marks.

Q: What is the maximum age limit to pursue Civil Law?

A: There is no upper age limit to pursue Civil Law courses. The age limit criteria was abolished by the Bar Council of India (BCI) few years back.

Q: What are the popular civil law job profiles?

A: After pursuing civil law courses, one can work under given below job profiles.

  • Family Lawyer

  • Divorce Lawyer

  • Intellectual Property Lawyer etc.

Q: How can I become a civil lawyer in India?

A: In order to become a civil lawyer, candidates must have a 3-year LLB degree or a 5-year integrated degree. After completion of the course, candidates need to obtain practical work experience and then enroll themselves with the State Bar Council.

Q: What are the 4 types of Civil Law?

Q: What are the 4 types of Civil Law?

A: Four most important types of Civil laws are 
  • Contracts
  • Property
  • Family relations
  • Civil wrongs causing physical injury or injury to property (tort)

Q: What is the difference between Civil Law and Criminal Law?

A: Civil Law deals with cases related to property, housing, divorce, money, custody of a child in divorce cases etc. Meanwhile, Criminal Law deals with cases related to offences against the society.

Popular Civil Law Colleges in India

Following are the most popular Civil Law Colleges in India. Learn more about these Civil Law colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
2.7 L

Civil Law Applications open. Apply Now

1.8 L
3.6 LPA
1 Course
2.75 L

Civil Law Applications open. Apply Now

Popular Private Civil Law Colleges in India

2.7 L

Civil Law Applications open. Apply Now

1 Course
2.75 L

Civil Law Applications open. Apply Now

1.8 L
3.6 LPA

Popular Civil Law UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Civil Law UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Civil Law PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Civil Law PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

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