Difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme - Eligibility, Duration, Scope and Salary

Difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme - Eligibility, Duration, Scope and Salary

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Vikrant Shukla
Deputy Manager
Updated on Jul 11, 2024 18:55 IST

Check the difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme. Know the basic parameters of differentiation and the eligibility criteria, scope, and salary, as well as the future.

Difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme

Difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme

Difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme - The Bachelor in Education (B.Ed) and Masters in Education (M.Ed) are the most popular courses that students opt for when they are planning to make a career in Teaching. B.Ed course is an undergraduate professional degree that prepares students to work as teachers in schools, while M.Ed is a master's degree course related to the study of new methods of teaching and educational research. 

Students taking teaching as a profession have a lot of queries and want to know the difference between B.Ed and M.Ed program. The main difference between the two programs is the level of education and the duration of the course. To become a successful professional in the teaching field B.Ed is a must-have degree after graduation, while an M.Ed course is one of the most popular courses to make a career in the field of academics at school, college, and university level.

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Difference Between B.Ed. and M.Ed. Program - Highlights


Details about B.Ed. (Bachelor of Education)

Details about M.Ed. (Master of Education)

Objective of the course

The course is mandatory for students to make a career in teaching. The course prepares students to become qualified teachers for secondary and higher secondary schools.

MEd course is one step above BEd. It is advanced studies in education enhance the professional competence of teachers and prepare students for senior-level job roles such as educational managers and researchers.

Eligibility for the course


B.Ed. degree with a minimum of 55% marks

Duration of the course

2 years

2 years

Focus Areas covered in the course

  • Pedagogy
  • Subject-specific teaching methods Educational psychology
  • Classroom management
  • Educational research
  • Advanced educational psychology Educational planning and administration

Career Opportunities after completing the course

Teaching job roles in secondary and higher secondary schools

Educational and administration job roles in teacher training, curriculum development, and educational research

Average Salary after completing the course

₹3-6 lakhs per annum, the salary also depends upon the prior experience of the candidate, location of the job, and type of organization

₹4-8 lakhs per annum, the salary also depends upon the prior experience of the candidate, location of the job, and type of organization

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In this article, we will be resolving some of the most popular queries related to the difference between the B.Ed and M.Ed programs. As a part of the difference between B.Ed and M.Ed programme, we will be sharing information on the basis of the definition of the two, the eligibility criteria, duration, syllabus, scope, and salary.

Q:   How is aggregate score defined in the RIE CEE exam?


Aggregate score in RIE CEE can be defined as follows:

• For B.Sc.B.Ed. And M.Sc.Ed.: Obtained marks of PCM or PCB out of
Maximum marks of PCM/PCB in qualifying examination.
• For B.A.B.Ed. Obtained total marks of qualifying examination out of
Maximum marks of qualifying examination.
• For B.Ed. obtained total marks of qualifying degree examination out of the
maximum marks of qualifying degree examination
• For B.Ed.M.Ed. (integrated) obtained total marks of qualifying
postgraduation examination out of the maximum marks of qualifying
postgraduation examination
• For M.Ed. obtained total marks of qualifying examination out of the
maximum marks of qualifying examination. If the qualifying examination is
B.Sc.Ed./B.Sc.B.Ed/B.A.Ed./B.A.B.Ed. Only the obtained total marks of
professional components out of the maximum marks in these components. 

Q:   Which courses can one get through RIE CEE exam?


After qualifying RIE CEE exam, candidates can get admission in following course:

  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)
  • B.A.B.Ed. – Four Year
  • B.Sc.B.Ed. – Four Year
  • M.Ed. – Two Year
  • M.Sc.Ed -Six Year
  • B.Ed.-M.Ed. (Integrated) – Three Year

Q:   Is CET compulsory for B Ed in Maharashtra?


Yes, qualifying the CET exam is compulsory for the BEd course from a government college in the state of Maharashtra. For private college there is no need for CET qualification certificate to complete the BEd course.

Difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme

The following table consists of the parameters on which the difference between B.Ed and M.Ed programme is been drawn. Candidates who have a confusion between the two can refer to this table.

 Differentiating B.Ed and M.Ed Programs based on their Parameters

Key Parameters




B.Ed is a bachelor’s professional course which is the first step to take up teaching as a profession in schools. However, complete B.Ed candidates must have completed their graduation. Right after completing this course, students can get a job at the school level. However, students who have a post-graduation degree before the B.Ed can become school teachers of senior secondary classes. Candidates can pursue a B.Ed in distance education as well as regular mode. 

MEd is pursued after completing BEd. M.Ed is a master's degree, a post-graduation degree where students are taught new methods of teaching and educational research, instruction, curriculum, counseling, leadership, etc. The course is divided into four semesters and offers specialization in various subjects. Candidates can pursue MEd courses in distance education and regular mode. After the completion of the MEd course, candidates can choose to work not only as teachers but also as counselors, administrators, headmasters, etc. 

Eligibility Criteria



Duration of Course

B.Ed course duration is typically two years.

M.Ed course duration is typically two years.


Perspectives in Education

Curriculum and Pedagogic Studies

Engagement with the Field

Research Methods

- Introduction to Research Methods in Education

- Quantitative Methods in Educational Research (More Courses to be added)

Perspectives Courses

Philosophy of Education, Sociology of Education, Personality, Learning and Cognition, Teaching and Teacher Education: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

Specialisation Courses (Maths/Educational Technology/Social Science Education/language and Literacy/Science/Inclusion/Social Theory/Art/Comparative and International Education/Culture and Education/Experimental Research and Evaluation/Information and Communication Technologies/Equality)


There is a lot of scope after completing the B.Ed course in India. Candidates can apply in are both private and public schools on a very competitive pay scale. They can work as teachers and progress to the level of coordinators, vice principals, or principals. With experience and skills, they can also move into management. Candidates with a good financial background can also start their own educational institution or coaching center.

There is also the possibility of continuing higher education by doing an M.Ed. and then doing a PhD. With these teaching career options, there is also a lot of scope to earn a good salary, and perks and progress financially in the career.

Candidates who have done M.Ed always get an upper hand over a B.Ed degree holder. They have an opportunity to excel in their teaching career. Apart from B.Ed opportunities, there are also a lot of opportunities awaiting M.Ed degree holders in private and public Schools and Colleges, Coaching centers, Educational consultancies, Research agencies, libraries, Publishing houses as Home Tuitions, etc.

M.Ed degree holders can also work in government sectors and apply for graduation or post-graduation level jobs along with other jobs like Instructors, Stenographers, Librarians, High School Teachers, Trained Graduate Teachers, or Post Graduate Teachers.


The starting salary of a B.Ed degree holder who joins as a Primary School Teacher can be anything around INR 2,20,000 to 3,50,000. The salary can increase with experience and promotions. The highest salary is at the position of Principal (College/ University) which can be anything around INR 800000-1500000.

The salary of an M.Ed degree holder ranges between INR 25000 and INR 50000 in the government sector while approximately INR 20000 to INR 40000 per month in the private sector. The salary can increase with experience and timely promotions.

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Q:   How many marks required for PTET?


As per the past year facts, the minimum marks required to qualify in the PTET exam are mentioned as below - 
















Q:   What is the criteria for B Ed CET?


The eligibility criteria is the minimum age limit, acadmeic qualification and domicile criteria that candidates need to meet in order to apply for BEd CET. For MAH BEd CET, candidates need to be minimum 25 years of age, they must have qualified graduation and must have a domicile certificate of Maharashtra.

Q:   Is distance BEd from IGNOU valid?


The Indira Gandhi National Open University is run by the central government of India, and with a total active enrolment of over 4 million students, it is one of the largest open universities in the world. Yes, if you pursue your from INGOU through a correspondence/distance program, your B.Ed will be legitimate and completely valid.

Q:   How can I apply for PTET 2024?


Candidates can apply for Rajasthan PTET 2024 exam by filling the application form online. The exam conducting authorities will release the PTET application form 2024 on its official website. Candidates meeting the minimum eligibility criteria will be able to fill the application form of PTET before the last date in online mode only.

Q:   Which courses can one get through PTET exam?


The Rajasthan PTET exam is being held to provide admission to candidates in BEd, BA BEd and BSc BEd courses offered at colleges and universities in Rajasthan. In order to take admission in B.Ed courses, candidates were supposed to first check their eligibility criteria for tbhe exam and then apply for the courses as per their eligibility by filling the application form. The application process for Rajasthan PTET for this acadmeic session has been closed. Application process for the new academic session will commence after the completion of the admission process.

FAQs of Difference between B.Ed and M.Ed Programme

Q: What is the difference between MEd and B Ed?

A: There is a vast difference between M.Ed and B.Ed, M.Ed stands for Master in Education (MEd) and is a postgraduate course in education while B.Ed is an undergraduate professional degree that prepares students for work as a teacher in schools. For either an M.Ed degree of a B.Ed degree candidates need to have a graduation qualification certificate. By doing M. Ed a person qualifies for senior profiles because it's an advanced degree in the education field, the benefits include getting jobs as a School Principal, Lecturer, Professor, Curriculum developer & subject expert as the syllabus of M.Ed trains candidates in curriculum development & administration roles. Candidates who do B.Ed are eligible to apply for teachers in government schools (TGT, PGT).

Q: What are the benefits of MEd after B Ed?

A: By doing M.Ed  a person qualified for senior profiles because it is an advanced degree. There are a lot of benefits of doing an M.Ed after a B.Ed as it empowers candidates to get senior job roles such as School Principals, Lecturers, Professors, Curriculum developers & subject experts this is because the M.Ed syllabus trains students in curriculum development & administration roles.

Q: Is Ma Education is equal to B Ed and MEd?

A: No, there is a difference between MA Education and B.Ed and M.Ed degree. MA Education is a post-graduation degree that deals with advanced teaching in theoretical subjects and focuses on building leadership among the students. While M.Ed, which is also a post-graduation degree focuses more on the practical aspect of teaching. The curriculum devises innovative and new methods of instruction and educational research. The B.Ed course is an undergraduate professional degree that prepares students for work as a teacher in schools.

Q: Can I do both B Ed and MEd together?

A: No, it is not possible to do a B.Ed and M.Ed degree together. If candidates are found doing dual degrees at the same time then the education department might take strict action against them as it is illegal to do both these degrees together. If candidates want to do M.Ed, they will first have to complete the B.Ed successfully.

Q: Is it necessary to do MEd after BEd?

A: No, it is not necessary to do an M.Ed after B.Ed, however, if you want to pursue into higher education or do a Ph.D., it is preferable to do an M.Ed. If you want to work on higher profiles like School Principals, administrators, lecturers, or professors you will have to do an M.Ed.

Q: Is M Ed a master's degree?

A: Yes, an M.Ed (Master of Education) is a master's degree. Candidates who want to pursue an M.Ed must have a graduation degree. Candidates pursue an M.Ed course after completing a B.Ed degree. Candidates qualifying for M.Ed get an opportunity to learn various personality development and teaching skills. It helps them in enhancing skills such as teaching aptitude, research skills, and much more. The M.Ed course also deals with counseling, education, technology, information technology, and more. The duration of the M.Ed course is two years and it is offered in different specializations.

Q: Can I get job after med?

A: Yes, certainly candidates can get a job after completing the M.Ed course. It is a high-level post-graduation course that is generally done after B.Ed. After completing an M.Ed, students can easily get job opportunities in both government and private sectors. The area of the job will be closely related to teaching and education.

Q: What is the salary after M Ed in India?

A: The salary of an M.Ed degree holder in India ranges anything between INR 4 to 6 LPA. The salary also varies on the position they are working, the organization, the demographics, and their skills.

Q: What is the future after M Ed?

A: The future of an M.Ed degree holder is very bright after completing the course. Candidates can explore various job options such as High School Principal, Administrative Assistant, Educator, Educational Researcher, Government Jobs, etc. The list of jobs that candidates can apply for after an M.Ed are Stenographer, Librarian, Trainer Graduate Teacher, Post Graduate Teacher, Principal/Vice-Princpal, etc. There is also a good salary associated with these roles, and it ranges around INR 4 LPA to 6 LPA depending upon experience.

About the Author
Vikrant Shukla
Deputy Manager

With over 7 years of experience in the digital content arena, Vikrant specializes in creating unique content specific to the Media, Journalism, Film and TV stream for Shiksha. He writes articles and news covering th... Read Full Bio