CAT Verbal Ability Questions and Answers for Practice

CAT Verbal Ability Questions and Answers for Practice

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Vipra Shrivastava
Senior Manager - Content
Updated on Feb 13, 2024 17:37 IST brings to you CAT Verbal Ability questions and answers for practice. If you want to get high scores in the CAT 2024 exam, then practice these questions from verbal ability, parajumbles and reading comprehensions. These practice questions will help in preparation for other MBA entrance exams as well.CAT preparation 2023

CAT preparation

Verbal Ability or VA is the sub-part of CAT VARC section. The number of questions on verbal reasoning in the CAT exam is usually between 8-10. The CAT Verbal Ability questions are in both MCQ and non-MCQ i.e. Type In The Answer (TITA) format. The CAT Verbal Ability topics range from parajumbles, out of context sentence in a para, error correction in a para, vocabulary usage and sentence completion to analogies and critical reasoning. Verbal Ability questions are similar to solving a riddle. To crack CAT questions on Verbal Ability, the key is to look at them critically and find out the logic. Stick to the information provided in the CAT exam paper to determine the right answer.

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Since there is no formula to be memorized for verbal reasoning topics, preparation of this section is largely dependent on practice of CAT previous year question papers and CAT mock tests. A good performance in the VARC section of CAT is also completely based on practice. Solve as many VARC questions as you can during CAT 2024 preparation. The more you practice, the better you get.

Q:   What is the structure of CAT question paper?

The CAT question paper structure has remained unchanged since 2014 when there were only two sections. Quantitative Aptitude was clubbed with Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning was clubbed with Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension. In 2015, the Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning were clubbed together and Quantitative Aptitude and Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension made two individual sections. Since 2015, the sectional segregation has remained the same but the number of questions have come down from 100 to 66. The exam duration has also been reduced. Until 2019, the CAT exam was of 180 minutes and the total number of questions were 100. However, in 2020, the question paper structure was revised due to COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, the total number of questions came down to 76. In 2021 and 2022, the number of questions were further lowered to 66. For the last two years, CAT is conducted for 2 hours, and the number of questions is 66. The latest CAT question paper structure is: Total questions: 66 Number of sections: 3 Order of sections - 1. VARC 2. DILR 3. Quantitative Aptitude Sectional time limit: 40 minutes VARC questions: 24 DILR questions: 20 Quantitative Aptitude questions: 22.

Q:   Which CAT slot has the toughest question paper?

There is no pattern to which CAT question paper can be the toughest. The CAT question paper of every slot has unique questions. The examination body strives to maintain the same difficulty level of the paper across all slots but it may happen that a question can be more difficult from another. It is seen that, to keep the uniqueness of the question paper intact, the examination authority also changes the topic wise weightage a little bit across the exam slots. In most of the previous years, it is seen that the morning slot of the CAT exam is tougher than the rest two. However, candidates must not worry about the difficulty level of the slots as, the scores of all the candidates are normalised on a common scale to root out the possibility of advantage or disadvantage to any student due to difference in difficulty level. To know how the CAT scores are normalised, read this article:

Q:   What are the important topics that usually dominate the SNAP question paper?


Candidates preparing for SNAP exam must study all the topics included in the SNAP syllabus i.e. General English and Quantitative Ability, Data Interpretation & Data Sufficiency and Analytical and Logical Reasoning.

Some of the important topics of SNAP General English section are Passages, Syllogisms, Analogies, Grammar, Antonym-Synonym, One Word Substitution, Similar Sounding Words, Parajumbles and Fill in the Blanks.

Some of the important topics of SNAP Quantitative Ability, Data Interpretation & Data Sufficiency section are Trigonometry, Geometry, Algebra, Ratio and Proportion, Percentages, Partnership, Time-Speed-Distance and Data Interpretation.

Some of the important topics of SNAP Analytical and Logical Reasoning are Column Graphs, Pie Chart, Coding and Decoding and Puzzles.

SNAP aspirants must focus on these topics during exam preparation to score well. Most of the questions will be asked from these topics only.

As part of solved CAT questions series articles, here are some VARC CAT questions for practice. Solve these questions as part of your preparation for CAT 2024 and other MBA entrance exams aspirants.

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CAT Verbal Ability Questions for Practice 

CAT Parajumble Questions

Directions for question 1: In the following questions, there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.

A. Wren was standing just outside the High Council doors, staring absently at patches of bright, star-filled sky
B. and thought that she could barely remember her life before the beginning of her quest, when Gavilan came up to her.
C. The others had already gone, all but Garth, who lounged against a tree some distance over, looking out at the city.
D. Earlier, Wren had searched for Eowen, hoping to speak with her, but she has disappeared.
E. Now she turned as Gavilan approached, thinking of speaking with him instead, of asking him the questions she was still anxious to have answered.

Q:   Which section of CMAT question paper has the maximum weightage?

All the five sections of CMAT question paper has equal weightage of 20 questions. Each question carries four marks for correct attempt. One mark is deducted per incorrect entry. There is no marks deduction for unanswered question. Therefore, each section of CMAT will have equal weightage of 80 marks. Given below is the sectional weightage of CMAT exam. 1. English Comprehension: 20 questions, 80 marks 2. General Knowledge: 20 questions, 80 marks 3. Quantitative Techniques and Data Interpretation: 20 questions, 80 marks 4. Data Interpretation and Reasoning: 20 questions, 80 marks 5. Innovation and Entrepreneurship: 20 questions, 80 marks Since, all the sections of CMAT have same weightage, it is important for candidates to prepare for each section well. If you will score equally will in every section, only then will your overall score will be good. Also, many colleges consider sectional scores as well for admission shortlist so it is important to perform equally well in all sections of CMAT.

Q:   What is the total number of questions in MAT exam?


MAT exam has 150 multiple-choice questions equally divided into five sections - Language Comprehension, Intelligence and Critical Reasoning, Data Analysis and Sufficiency, Mathematical Skills and Indian and Global Environment. Each section of the exam has 30 questions. The questions are in MCQ format with four options to choose the correct options from. Given below is the sectional break up of MAT question paper. All three modes of exam have the same weightage. 

Language Comprehension: 30 questions 

Intelligence and Critical Reasoning: 30 questions 

Data Analysis and Sufficiency: 30 questions 

Mathematical Skills: 30 questions 

Indian and Global Environment: 30 questions 

Since there is no sectional time limit in MAT candidates can divide time between all the five sections according to their own exam strategy and target score. The score of Indian and Global Environment section is not taken into consideration for percentile calculation, thus candidates should not spend more than 10-15 minutes on it.

Q:   What is the benefit of solving official CMAT question papers?

Solving previous year CMAT question papers is very important for optimising your performance in the exam. There are several benefits of practicing the official CMAT question paper but one of the most important benefits is that the candidate will know the latest exam pattern and difficulty level. The CMA question papers are set by the examination authority on the basis of questions asked in last 10 years or so. Thus, if you practice CMAT previous year papers, you will be familiar with all types of questions asked in the exam in the last few years. Since, MBA entrance exams are all about speed and accuracy, it is very important to be familiar with the types of questions. CMAT question papers help you in time management skills as well as the skill to choose the right questions to ask. Candidates must solve CAT question papers of at least last five years for best results.

Q:   Are the question papers of all SNAP sessions same?


The question papers of all SNAP sessions are same but the questions are different. The pattern, structure, difficulty level and marking scheme are the same for all SNAP sessions but every question paper has unique questions. This is done so that no candidate has any advantage or disadvantage when they appear for the next attempt. Candidates preparing for the SNAP exam, must keep in mind that the different sessions could be of different difficulty level. If their first attempt was easy, the second attempt may not be easy. So, it is important continue to prepare and practice during the gap between two SNAP sessions. The best score of all the sessions will be taken into consideration for SIU personal interview shortlisting.

Q:   How many questions are asked in the NMAT exam?


As per the NMAT exam pattern, as many as 108 questions are asked from three sections collectively. Each section of NMAT exam has 36 questions. The sections for NMAT exam with question weightage is as follows:

  • Language Skills: 36

  • Logical Reasoning: 36

  • Quantitative Skills: 36

Candidates need to answer all the questions within 120 minutes. The 120 minute time-frame of NMAT exam is divided into sectional time frames. Questions under each section must be answered within the specified time limit.

1] A & C           2] A & E           3] B & E           4] C & D

Also Read: CAT questions for practice with answers (VARC, DILR, QA)

Odd Sentence

Directions for question 2: In the following questions, a word has been used in sentences in four different ways. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence in which the usage of the word is incorrect or inappropriate.


1) She used to wear her heart on her sleeve when she was younger, but life taught her to be more reserved.
2) He met his heart of hearts when he was just a teenager, and they have been together ever since.
3) He had his heart set on becoming a musician, so he was miserable when his parents forced him to study engineering instead.
4) Though our father was always strict and stern, we knew his heart was in the right place. 

CAT Word Usage Questions

Directions for question 3: In each question, there are four sentences. Each sentence has a pair of words that are italicized and highlighted. From the italicized and highlighted words, select the most appropriate words (A or B) to form correct sentences. The sentences are followed by options that indicate the words that may be selected to correctly complete the set of sentences. From the options given, choose the most appropriate ones.

3. The lower classes were not powerful enough to come out from under the yolk (A) / yoke (B) of oppression.
The servant returned after a long time, abased (A) / abashed (B) that he had been unable to find his master and convey the message to him.
The defendant is liable (A) / libel (B) to be found guilty, unless he can produce some evidence that he did not threaten the victim.
Electromagnetic signals tend to attenuate (A) / accentuate (B) over a distance, so over the large interstellar distances, much information is lost.

1) BBAA           2) BBAB           3) ABAB           4) AABB

Also Read:

CAT Odd Sentence Questions

Directions for question 4: Each question has four sentences pertaining to a subject, which may or may not be in sequence. One of the sentences is contextually/logically incorrect. Choose the option corresponding to the sentence that is incorrect or inappropriate.

1) Many alchemists believed that all matter was a mixture of four elementary substances: water, air, earth and fire.
2) The transmutation of the elements was pursued in medieval laboratories in a quest called alchemy.
3) The defining objectives of alchemy included the creation of the fabled philosopher’s stone, which among other things, could create an elixir of life conferring youth and longevity.
4) By altering the relative proportions of earth and fire, say, you would be able, they thought, to change copper into gold.

Parajumbles for CAT

Directions for question 5: The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labelled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences, from among the given choices, to construct a coherent paragraph.

1) These creation myths insist on a continuum, or at least a negotiable boundary, between animate and inanimate matter.
2) That is usually regarded as the work of the gods.
3) Many creation myths insist that the first people were fashioned from clay, mud, dirt: primal matter given a life-soul by supernatural means.
4). Who made humans?
5) That continuity is also demanded by any purely scientific theory of life’s origins on earth, but in myth this usually takes the form of a kind of animism in which life is immanent in all matter.
6) The Egyptian god Khnum made humankind this way from the clay of the Nile basin; the goddess Nuwa formed the Chinese people from yellow earth; in the Book of Genesis, the Judaeo-Christian god ‘created man of the dust of the ground’.

1) CFADBE      2) DFCAEB      3) CAEDBF      4) DBCFAE

CAT Question Bank - VARC, DILR, QA

Directions for question 6: Each question has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the sentence that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

6. Our embrace of the idea that computer databases provide an effective and even superior substitute for personal memory is not particularly surprising. It culminates a century-long shift in the popular view of the mind. As the machines we use to store data have become more voluminous, flexible and responsive, we’ve grown accustomed to the blurring of artificial and biological memory. But it’s an extraordinary development nonetheless. The notion that memory can be ‘outsourced’ to machines would have been unthinkable at any earlier moment in our history.

For the Ancient Greeks, memory was a goddess: Mnemosyne, mother of the Muses. To Augustine, it was ‘a vast and infinite profundity’, a reflection of the power of God in man. Now, his words seem old-fashioned. Not only has memory lost its divinity, it’s well on its way to losing its humanness.

1) Now memory is outsourced to machines.
2) God is no longer in the machine.
3) Mnemosyne has become a machine.
4) Mnemosyne is irrelevant in the information age.


CAT Reading Comprehension Questions

 Directions for questions 7 to 10: The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Two of the four main physical forces are familiar ones: electromagnetism and gravity. Even though it is the most obvious force we experience in everyday life, gravity is by far the weakest of the four. The reason why it is so important to us is that our weight is caused by the pull of the entire Earth, almost six million billion billion kilograms of matter (6 × 1024 kg), acting together.
It takes the gravitational pull of all that mass put together to hold us down on the surface of the Earth with the weight we feel.
This can be put in perspective by comparing the strength of gravity with the strength of the electromagnetic force, or with one aspect of electromagnetism: the electric force. The electric force of repulsion between two protons is 1036 times stronger than the strength of the gravitational attraction between the same two protons the same distance apart.

On the nuclear and atomic scales, gravity is utterly insignificant, and molecules are held together by electric forces without any complications caused by the gravitational interactions between atoms.

These electric forces can, of course, produce attraction, not just repulsion, which is what holds electrons and nuclei together in atoms, and holds atoms together to make molecules.

On the surface of the Earth, there is constant competition between electric forces holding things together and gravitational forces tending to break things apart. Because of this smaller bodies can survive more easily if they suffer a fall. But a large animal is likely to suffer broken limbs even by falling over, let alone in a fall from a tree or over a cliff. We humans are close to the limit of how big an active animal can be and survive on Earth. In order to be much larger than a human being, you have to be sturdy and ponderous, like an elephant, or live in the sea, like a whale, where the water offers support. Roughly speaking, the rule of thumb is that the volume of a body (and therefore its mass) is proportional to the cube of its linear size (its height), but the strength of its bones is only proportional to its cross-section, which depends on the square of the linear size. Since mass is proportional to volume, and the force of gravity pulling on a body (its weight) is proportional to its mass, as bodies get bigger the forces operating when they fall increase more than the ability of their bones to withstand a fall.

This puts the seemingly incredible weakness of gravity in a different perspective. Suppose gravity were a million times stronger (which would still leave it 1030 times weaker than the electric force). This would not be enough to affect atomic and molecular processes, so everything on the scale of atoms and molecules – in particular, chemistry – would operate the way it does in our Universe.

But because of the volume rule, anything living on the surface of a planet in such a Universe would also have to be very small, in order not to break apart when it fell over. There could not be anything as large as us, and nothing with the same sort of complexity as us.

Most important of all, in this high-gravity universe, the stars would live for only about 10 thousand years before they had used up all their fuel, instead of living for about 10 billion years, as stars like the Sun do in our Universe. Since the chemistry in such a universe would be no different from that in our Universe, there would be no time for evolution even to begin. Gravity has to be as weak as it is for us to exist. A truly cosmic coincidence!

7. What is the main point of this passage?
1) Gravity is far weaker than the other physical forces like electromagnetism.
2) It’s a cosmic coincidence that gravity is as weak as it is.
3) Gravity has to be as weak as it is in order for life to exist.
4) If gravity hadn’t been as weak as it is, humans would never have evolved.

8. Would an elephant have an advantage over a human being in a universe in which gravity was a million times stronger than in ours?

1) Yes, as it would be better able to withstand a fall, because it is sturdy and massive.
2) Yes, as its bones would be proportionally stronger in comparison to its mass.
3) No, as it would be too heavy to survive for long.
4) No, as neither would be likely to evolve in the first place.

9. Which of the following is true about the electric force, as per this passage?
I. The electric force is the strongest of the four main physical forces.
II. The electric force of repulsion between two protons is 1036 times stronger than the strength of the attraction between the same two protons.
III. Atoms and molecules are held together by the forces of electric attraction.

1) Only II          2) Only III        3) I and II         4) I and III

10. This passage describes a hypothetical high-gravity universe. Which of the following is likely to be true, as per the information given in the passage, in a hypothetical universe in which gravity is a million times weaker than it actually is?
1) Chemistry would work very differently from that in our Universe.
2) More animals would evolve to be as large as or even larger than whales.
3) Stars and planets would never form, as gravity would not be strong enough to pull enough material together.
4) None of the above.

Refer below for ANSWERS to all the above questions [1 to 10]:

Content courtesy:

Alok Bansal has been the Director (2012-2018) of a popular coaching institute that trains students for MBA entrance exams like CAT, XAT  and GMAT.

CAT VARC Practice Questions Sets by Shiksha

For complete set of CAT Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension questions and answers download the PDFs below:

CAT Easy Test Set 1 CAT Easy Test Set 1 Solutions
CAT Medium Test Set 1 CAT Medium Test Set 1 Solutions
CAT Difficult Test Set 1 CAT Difficult Test Set 1 Solutions
CAT Easy Test Set 2 CAT Easy Test Set 2 Solutions
CAT Medium Test Set 2 CAT Medium Test Set 2 Solutions
CAT Difficult Test Set 2 CAT Difficult Test Set 2 Solutions
CAT Easy Test Set 3 CAT Easy Test Set 3 Solutions
CAT Medium Test Set 3 CAT Medium Test Set 3 Solutions
CAT Difficult Test Set 3 CAT Difficult Test Set 3 Solutions
CAT Easy Test Set 4 CAT Easy Test Set 4 Solutions
CAT Medium Test Set 4 CAT Medium Test Set 4 Solutions
CAT Difficult Test Set 4 CAT Difficult Test Set 4 Solutions
CAT Easy Test Set 5 CAT Easy Test Set 5 Solutions
CAT Medium Test Set 5 CAT Medium Test Set 5 Solutions
CAT Difficult Test Set 5 CAT Difficult Test Set 5 Solutions
CAT Easy Test Set 6 CAT Easy Test Set 6 Solutions
CAT Medium Test Set 6 CAT Medium Test Set 6 Solutions
CAT Difficult Test Set 6 CAT Difficult Test Set 6 Solutions


CAT 2024 exam will be conducted on November 24, 2024. Check below CAT preparation articles for understanding and making the strategy. 
About the Author
Vipra Shrivastava
Senior Manager - Content

Vipra is a massive Breaking Bad fan. When not watching crime drama series, she spends time in updating the list of places she wants to visit and people she wants to meet, but she is happiest in the company of dogs. ... Read Full Bio





3 years ago

What happen if I prefer to study by my own without coaching but the problem is i don't have maths background

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umesh dani

3 years ago

For any maths related problems. Contact me. It's very easy to crack.

Mr. Sanket BHatia

2013-10-09 18:49:26

CAT 2013 Approach Strategy for Quantitative Ability & Data Interpretation 1.


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