CAT Data Interpretation (DI) Questions with Solutions for Practice

# CAT Data Interpretation (DI) Questions with Solutions for Practice

Vipra Shrivastava
Senior Manager - Content
Updated on Jun 28, 2024 15:28 IST

CAT DILR section cannot be mastered without practice. And the key is to start practicing early. Shiksha brings to you solved CAT Data Interpretation questions with solutions for practice to help you prepare well for CAT 2024 exam. Attempt these questions and practice for CAT 2024 preparation.

CAT Data Interpretation or DI is a high scoring but a tricky section. As the name suggests, Data Interpretation expects you to interpret the given data in the form of charts, graphs, tables, venn diagram, symbols, etc. to solve a set of questions related to it. In CAT, Data Interpretation questions are clubbed with Logical Reasoning (LR) questions, while in XAT and CMAT it is clubbed with Quantitative Aptitude or QA.

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The key to crack CAT Data Interpretation (DILR) questions is to understand the basics of Maths and having a good command over calculation. But only strong calculation skills is not enough. You need practice of solving DI sets within the given time limit. There are 10 questions of DI in CAT which you need to address effectively in 20 minutes (rest 20 minutes for LR).

Q:   What is the structure of CAT question paper?

A:
The CAT question paper structure has remained unchanged since 2014 when there were only two sections. Quantitative Aptitude was clubbed with Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning was clubbed with Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension. In 2015, the Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning were clubbed together and Quantitative Aptitude and Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension made two individual sections. Since 2015, the sectional segregation has remained the same but the number of questions have come down from 100 to 66. The exam duration has also been reduced. Until 2019, the CAT exam was of 180 minutes and the total number of questions were 100. However, in 2020, the question paper structure was revised due to COVID-19 pandemic. In 2020, the total number of questions came down to 76. In 2021 and 2022, the number of questions were further lowered to 66. For the last two years, CAT is conducted for 2 hours, and the number of questions is 66. The latest CAT question paper structure is: Total questions: 66 Number of sections: 3 Order of sections - 1. VARC 2. DILR 3. Quantitative Aptitude Sectional time limit: 40 minutes VARC questions: 24 DILR questions: 20 Quantitative Aptitude questions: 22.

Q:   Which CAT slot has the toughest question paper?

A:
There is no pattern to which CAT question paper can be the toughest. The CAT question paper of every slot has unique questions. The examination body strives to maintain the same difficulty level of the paper across all slots but it may happen that a question can be more difficult from another. It is seen that, to keep the uniqueness of the question paper intact, the examination authority also changes the topic wise weightage a little bit across the exam slots. In most of the previous years, it is seen that the morning slot of the CAT exam is tougher than the rest two. However, candidates must not worry about the difficulty level of the slots as, the scores of all the candidates are normalised on a common scale to root out the possibility of advantage or disadvantage to any student due to difference in difficulty level. To know how the CAT scores are normalised, read this article: https://www.shiksha.com/mba/articles/understanding-cat-normalization-process-blogId-9386.

Q:   What are the important topics that usually dominate the SNAP question paper?

A:

Candidates preparing for SNAP exam must study all the topics included in the SNAP syllabus i.e. General English and Quantitative Ability, Data Interpretation & Data Sufficiency and Analytical and Logical Reasoning.

Some of the important topics of SNAP General English section are Passages, Syllogisms, Analogies, Grammar, Antonym-Synonym, One Word Substitution, Similar Sounding Words, Parajumbles and Fill in the Blanks.

Some of the important topics of SNAP Quantitative Ability, Data Interpretation & Data Sufficiency section are Trigonometry, Geometry, Algebra, Ratio and Proportion, Percentages, Partnership, Time-Speed-Distance and Data Interpretation.

Some of the important topics of SNAP Analytical and Logical Reasoning are Column Graphs, Pie Chart, Coding and Decoding and Puzzles.

SNAP aspirants must focus on these topics during exam preparation to score well. Most of the questions will be asked from these topics only.

So, what you need to do is practice CAT DILR questions in large numbers and of various difficulty levels. In this article, we have shared a few CAT Data Interpretation questions with solutions for candidates preparing for CAT 2024 and other MBA aspirants to practice and strengthen Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning for CAT.

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## CAT Data Interpretation Questions for Practice

Directions for questions 1 to 4: Refer to the following information on prices and production of crude oil for the period 1973-80 and answer the questions given below. In the first graph, the lines show the prices of crude oil per barrel for domestic production and imports while the bars show the domestic price as a percentage of the import price. In the second graph, the bars show average production of barrels per day in the US and Non-OPEC countries, while the line shows the consumption of oil in the US.

1. In 1979, if the US imported crude oil in order to meet demands, what is the total cost of imported crude oil?

1) USD 455,800/day         2) USD 296,800/day         3) USD 376,300/day         4) USD 251,550/day

2. What is the difference between the total cost of domestic production of crude oil in the US in 1975 and the total cost of crude oil imported by the US in order to meet demands in this year?

1) USD 49,500/day           2) USD 96,750/day           3) USD 53,625/day           4) USD 65,625/day

3. Which of the following statements is/are true?

1) The percentage change in the price of imported crude oil in 1974 is approximately 120%.

2) In 1977, the absolute difference between the percentage change in the price of domestic oil and the percentage change in the price of imported oil is approximately 2.

3) The percentage change in the consumption of oil by the US from 1973 to 1979 is -80%.

4) In 1977, the ratio of production of oil by non-OPEC countries to that by the US is 4.25.

1. I only                       2. II only                     3. III only                    4. II and III

4. What is the difference between the percentage change in the price of imported oil and the price of domestic oil in 1976?

1) 2.55                         2) -9.95                       3) -19                          4) 1.25

Directions for questions 5 to 8: Table A shows the number of hits scored by leading male actors of the Bollywood film industry in the past 5 years. Table B gives data on who were leading ladies in each of these hit films. The data for the four established actresses is given separately, while the hits of all the other heroines are clubbed under the head “Others”.

Table A Year

Actors

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

SRK

1

0

2

1

1

VO

1

2

0

0

1

AK

0

0

1

1

0

HR

0

1

1

0

1

SK

1

0

1

0

1

Table B Year

Actresses

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

AR

2

0

1

0

1

RM

1

1

0

1

0

PZ

0

1

1

1

0

MD

0

1

0

0

1

Others

0

0

3

0

2

Note:

• AR and SK have vowed never to work together in a film. Also PZ has not yet worked with VO.
• Among the four established actresses, AK only works with RM.
• All of SRK’s hits in the past 5 years have been with only two actresses.
• VO only works with established actresses.

5. In 2002, SRK’s two hits have been with

1) AR & PZ                 2) AR & others            3) PZ & others             4) RM & MD

6. MD’s two hits in the past 5 years have been with

1) VO and SK              2) VO only                  3) VO and SRK           4) VO and HR

7. HR’s hits have been with

1) RM & AR                2) RM & PZ                3) Others & PZ            4) MD & AR

8. Which actor/actors had the highest number of hits with “other” actresses?

1) AK                          2) HR                          3) HR & SK                 4) SK

CHECK OUT

Directions for questions 9 to 12: Refer to the following information and answer the questions given below.

The table below shows the financial performance of business houses for a particular year. Study the table and answer the questions based on the information contained in the table.

Total Assets

(TA)

Net Worth

(NW)

Total Borrowings

Net Sales

(NS)

Op.

Profits(OP)

Tata

2,671,163

963,496

1018,262

1,934,490

341,976

Birla

2,039,079

969,612

792,092

1,280,812

324,145

Reliance

1,152,904

719,265

249,749

549,367

145,801

ESSAR

1,054,419

342,532

458,843

155,391

91,092

RPG

658,631

286,670

264,555

289,391

62,580

JK

490,622

196,010

197,141

285,150

45,964

Thapar

443,936

207,870

121,217

357,406

54,782

L & T

411,672

211,810

65,605

305,442

51,689

ITC

324,964

125,544

120,442

313,948

72,257

Mafatlal

183,733

62,600

783,754

1,611,263

26,485

Gross Profit

Net Profits

(NP)

GP/NS

(%)

GP/TA

(%)

NP/NW

(%)

Tata

248,422

156,487

12.8

9.3

16.2

Birla

226,078

145,544

17.7

11.1

15.0

Reliance

134,369

106,485

24.5

11.6

14.8

ESSAR

70,907

57,438

45.5

6.7

16.8

RPG

28,671

14,738

9.9

4.4

5.1

JK

27,690

12,660

9.7

5.6

6.5

Thapar

33,867

22,412

9.5

7.6

10.8

L & T

44,002

27,736

14.4

10.7

13.1

ITC

54,721

33,362

17.4

16.8

26.6

Mafatlal

16,336

8,905

10.1

8.9

14.2

9.  If NP/NW ratio is considered to be an index of performance, which of the business houses is the best performer?

1) Tata                         2) ITC                         3) Birla                        4) Reliance

10. If executive compensation is a function of operating profit on sales, which organisation would be the most remunerative for an executive?

1) Birla                        2) Mafatlal                  3) RPG                        4) ESSAR

11.  If dividends are a function of net profit over net worth, which company should a person invest in?

1) Tata                         2) ESSAR                    3) ITC                          4) RPG

12.  As compared to the JK group, which one of the groups could be termed as lean, i.e., having total assets £ those of JK, and thin, i.e., having borrowings £ those of JK as well as performing better, i.e., better in sales and net profits than JK?

1) ESSAR         2) Mafatlal       3) Reliance       4) ITC

Here are the Solved Answers to Questions 1-12:

Q.1 –  Ans. 4

The total consumption of crude oil in the US in 1979 is 21,200 barrels per day while the total domestic production of crude oil is 9,500 barrels per day.

This means that the US has to import 11,700 barrels of crude oil per day.
In 1979, the cost of imported crude oil was \$ 21.5 per barrel.
So the total cost of imported oil is 11700 ? 21.5
= \$ 251,550 per day.

Q2 – Ans. 4

In 1975, the domestic production of crude oil in the US was 8250 barrels per day while the consumption was 18000 barrels per day.

This means that the US had to import 9750 barrels per day.
The price of domestic and imported oil in 1975 was \$ 8 and \$ 13.5 per barrel respectively.
So the total cost of domestic oil was \$ 66,000 / day while the cost of imported oil was \$ 131,625 per day.
Thus the required difference is \$ 65,625 per day.

Q 3 – Ans. 2

The percentage change in the price of imported crude oil in 1974 is (12.5 – 4.5)/4.5 ? 177%.

So statement I is false.
The percentage change in the price of domestic crude oil is (9 - 8.5)/8.5 ? 5.88% while the percentage change in the price of imported crude oil is
(14 – 13)/13 = 7.69%.
The difference is 5.88 - 7.69 = -1.81.
So statement II is true.
The consumption of crude oil by the US has changed by (21200 – 19000)/ 19000 ? 11.57%.
So statement III is false.
The production of crude oil by non-OPEC countries and the US in 1977 is 28,000 and 9,000 respectively. The required ratio is 3.11. So statement IV is false.

Q4 – Ans. 2

The price of imported oil has changed by
(13 - 13.5)/13.5 = -3.7%, while the change in the price of domestic oil is (8.5 – 8)/8 = 6.25%.
The difference between these values is difference
= – 3.7 – 6.25= – 9.95.

Q5 – Ans. 1

If AK only works with RM, then 2003 hit of AK is with RM.
Hence SRK in 2003 combined with PZ to give a hit. If AR and SK do not work together, then AR’s two hits in 2000 are with SRK and VO.
Hence SK’s hit in 2000 is with RM.
SRK has had hits with PZ and AR in 2003 and 2000 respectively. So SRK’s hits in 2002 are with PZ and AR. Also SRK’s in 2004 is with AR. VO’s 2004 hit is with MD.
As VO has had 2 hits in 2001, at least one of them is with MD. Given that PZ has not worked with VO, then VO’s 2nd hit in 2001 is with RM. Hence in 2001, PZ has a hit with HR. So in 2002, SRK’s two hits are with PZ and AR.
Hence 1st option.

Q 6 – Ans. 2

MD’s both hits have been with VO.
Hence 2.

Q7 – Ans. 3

HR’s hits have been with PZ in 2001 and others in 2002 and 2004. Hence 3.

Q8 – Ans. 3

The 2 hits of others in 2004 are with HR and SK, and the three hits in 2002 are with AK, HR and SK.

Q9 – Ans. 2

By observing table II, we can see that NP/NW ratio is maximum for ITC.
Hence it is the best performer.

Q10 – Ans. 4

Operating Profit/Sales for Birla
= 324145/1280812 = 0.253.
Operating Profit/Sales for Mafatlal
= 26485/1611263 = 0.016.
Operating profit/Sales for RPG
= 62580/289391 = 0.216.
Operating profit/Sales for ESSAR
= 91092/155391 = 0.586.

Thus ESSAR is the best choice.

Q11 – Ans. 3

Net Profit / Net Worth is highest for ITC.
Hence a person should invest in ITC.

Q12 – Ans. 4

JK’s total assets, borrowings, sales and net profits are 490,622, 197,141, 285,150 and 12,660 respectively.
Of the given choices, ITC satisfies all the given conditions since its total assets, borrowings, sales and net profits are 324,964, 120,442, 313,948 and 33,362 respectively.

Content courtesy:

Atul Gopal, CEO of a coaching institute that trains students for MBA entrance exams like CAT and GMAT, and also provides training for GRE.

## CAT Data Interpretation Questions for Practice

CAT Data Interpretation Sets

 CAT DI Test Easy Set 1 CAT DI Test Easy Set 1 Solutions CAT DI Test Medium Set 1 CAT DI Test Medium Set 1 Solutions CAT DI Test Difficult Set 1 CAT DI Test Difficult Set 1 Solutions
 CAT DITest Easy Set 2 CAT DI Test Easy Set 2 Solutions CAT DI Test MediumSet 2 CAT DI Test Medium Set 2 Solutions CAT DI Test Difficult Set 2 CAT DI Test Difficult Set 2 Solutions
 CAT DI Easy Questions Set 3 CAT DI Test Easy Set 3 Solutions CAT DI Medium Questions Set 3 CAT DI Test Medium Set 3 Solutions CAT DI Dificult Questions Set 3 CAT DI Test Difficult Set 3 Solutions
 CAT DI Easy Questions Set 4 CAT DI Test Easy Set 4 Solutions CAT DI Medium Questions Set 4 CAT DI Test Medium Set 4 Solutions CAT DI Diffcult Questions Set 4 CAT DI Test Diffcult Set 4 Solutions