CAT Preparation 2022: Know How to Crack CAT Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension (VARC)

Common Admission Test 2022 ( CAT )

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Admit Card: 27 Oct '22

Parasharan
Parasharan Chari
COO, Endeavor Careers
Updated on Jun 1, 2022 13:44 IST

In CAT exam, vocabulary-based questions can range from Sentence Completion and Cloze Tests to Synonyms, Antonyms, Analogies, Spellings, Words Often Confused and Odd Words. Check out CAT preparation plan for VARC.

CAT preparation VARC

CAT Preparation of Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension must begin well in advance as you need to develop reading habit and English comprehension skills. To prepare for this section of CAT 2022, make a daily plan of reading newspapers and novels for about one hour. This is just the first step toward VARC preparation for CAT exam. Once you develop English reading and comprehension skills, half the battle will be won. Read below MBA expert's suggestions on CAT preparation for VARC.

The mention of Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension in CAT exam typically evokes two polemical responses:

  1. "There’s nothing difficult about Verbal questions. RCs or paragraphs are given. You read them and answer the questions given."
  2. "You just can’t figure out what is correct in Verbal. The most bizarre option tends to be correct.”

Verbal Ability section of the CAT question paper can be simple, if you get your perspective about it right. Below are various CAT Verbal Ability tips and the skills that one needs to apply for CAT exam preparation. 

CAT Preparation 2022: Vocabulary

Vocabulary-based questions of CAT exam can range from Sentence Completion and Cloze Tests to Synonyms, Antonyms, Analogies, Spellings, Words Often Confused and Odd Words. These questions require a combination of vocabulary knowledge, reading skills and reasoning powers. Further, vocabulary knowledge is not merely knowing what a word means but understanding what contexts the word can fit into.

For example, a Sentence Completion question can present four answer options as: mitigate, alleviate, ameliorate, assuage. At first glance, all four words may be defined generally as, 'to lessen the intensity or severity of something unpleasant', but specifically mitigate, alleviate and assuage are used to refer to lessening pain, grief, suffering, anger. Assuage is particularly used with hunger and anger. But ameliorate is 'to make something more bearable'. Difficult conditions or states are ameliorated.

Take another example, the difference between the words incredible and incredulous. An unbelieving person is incredulous. An unbelievable thing is incredible.

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CAT Preparation: A sample of question for VARC

Q: Fill in the blanks with words from the given options:

i)  The conspirators met _________ in order to plot a(n) __________ against the oppressive

   Government of Julius Caesar.

a) Aggressively….referendum

b) Clandestinely….revolt

c) Wittily….upheaval

d) Wickedly…..invocation

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CAT Preparation for VARC: How to Improve Vocabulary?

Vocabulary part of the CAT exam can be approached through etymology - understanding root meanings. Knowing the meaning of a Latin root like ‘loqui’ will enable one to understand words like eloquent, loquacious, soliloquy, ventriloquize, circumlocution, grandiloquent, magniloquent etc. Add to your understanding of roots, the meanings of prefixes and suffixes and you have considerable control over vocabulary.

However, at the next level, you must seek a thorough mastery of the connotations and collocations of words by encountering words in their appropriate contexts. Contextual word learning also allows you to retain the words through the associations that the context creates for you.

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CAT Preparation for VARC: How to Tackle Grammar?

There are two approaches to solving grammar based question – one is the classical approach wherein you go by rules and learn the various parts of speech and their usages and the rules that apply and the second one is –  you practice the kind of questions that are asked and you take an approach of learning the kind of errors which lead to questions based on error detection or sentence correction.

Once there is familiarity with the error types, a lot of practice helps you cross the line. Understanding Grammar does have a considerable impact on solving other Verbal questions like Para-jumbles, Logical Continuation, Summary and even RC questions because some of the option eliminations can be done through grammar rules as well.

The usual questions in this section are based on Error Detection, Sentence Correction, Word Usage and Fill in the Blanks.

CAT Preparation for VARC: How to Win on Reading Comprehension?

Your reading comprehension skills make or mar your verbal score! Reading skills can be developed in three phases:

Habit cultivation: First, cultivate the reading habit. Read, read and read. Start with simple fiction, newspapers and blogs. The components of reading include sustained concentration and retention of information while reading.

Speed Building: Speed of reading being a critical component of any aptitude exam, you must cultivate speed. Target nothing less than a reading speed of about 300 words per minute depending on the level of the text.

Diverse Reading: Read more but read diverse. Choose to read those topics that are out of your comfort zone. RCs in aptitude exams can be drawn from any field.
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Logic Based Questions (Logical Continuation, Logical Discontinuation, Critical Reasoning, Para jumbles etc.):

A piece of writing is as logical as any piece of logic can be!

A big learning for a student of Verbal Aptitude is the realization that writing follows logical patterns. This is why a reader must learn to read critically. Understanding the technicalities of Critical Reasoning section of CAT is fundamental. Critical Reasoning not only prepares you to address the whole gamut of CR questions - Assumptions, Strengthen, Weaken, Method of Reasoning, Flaw in the Reasoning, Syllogisms but also enables you to understand structuring of ideas thus, facilitating critical reading. With Critical Reasoning, you are ready to take on questions like Logical Continuation, Logical Discontinuity, Para-jumble etc.

A practice of a huge number of questions of all question types is the suggested CAT preparation plan. Ensure that you get an exposure of diverse topics from which the questions are asked in CAT exam.

Overall, developing Verbal Aptitude has multi-layered benefits for CAT aspirants. The structuring of thought that results from good Verbal Aptitude is fundamental to being a successful manager.

Free DILR Sample Questions for Practice with Answers  Free QA Sample Questions for Practice with Answers Free VARC Questions for Practice with Answers

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Try this CAT Mock Test, Powered by IMS, to assess your preparation level and time-management skill.

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About the Author

Parasharan Chari is an alumnus of SPJIMR and is currently serving as the Chief Operating Officer at a popular MBA coaching institute.

 

 

 

CAT Percentile predictor prepared by Shiksha.com helps students to get their predicted CAT percentile on the basis of their expected exam score. So, predict your CAT score by clicking the link below:

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FAQs on CAT Preparation for VARC

Q: Which are the best books for CAT VARC preparation?

A: How to Prepare for Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension for CAT by Arun Sharma and Meenakshi Upadhyay, 30 Days to a More Powerful Vocabulary Mass Market Paperback by Wilfred Funk & Norman Lewis and High School English Grammar & Composition by Wren & Martin   are some of the best books for CAT VARC preparation .

Q: In how many months can I master VARC section of CAT?

A: VARC section requires long-term preparation as it requires developing reading habit to improve English comprehension. So, candidates who are weak in English reading and comprehension, must start reading books, novels and newspapers at least a year ahead.

Q: What are the main topics of Verbal Ability in CAT?

A: The main topics of Verbal Ability in CAT include Parajumbles, Sentence Completion, Cloze Tests to Synonyms, Antonyms, Analogies, Spellings, Words Often Confused and Odd Words.

Q: How can I prepare for VARC by self-study?

A: To prepare for VARC section of CT by self-study, one needs to start reading English novels and books from early on. To prepare for both Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension, the candidates must practice a good number of sample papers, mock tests and practice questions.

Q: What is the weightage of VARC section in CAT?

A: The VARC section of CAT 2021 had 24 questions in total. Each question carries three marks for correct attempt and minus one mark for incorrect attempt (MCQs) only. So, the total weightage of VARC section is 72.

Q: What is a good attempt in VARC section of CAT?

A: To score 99 percentile, one needs to score around 32-34 marks in this section of CAT, thus out of 24 questions, 8 to 10 correct attempts will be considered good in VARC section.

Q: Is there negative marking in VARC section of CAT?

A: Yes, there is negative marking of minus one in the VARC section of CAT. However, there is no negative marking for non-MCQ type questions in this section of CAT.

Q: What types of Reading Comprehension passages are there in CAT?

A: In CAT, the Reading Comprehension passages are usually inference based. They topics of RC passages range from philosophy, art & culture, literature to science, history and economics.

Q: What are the best resources for RC preparation?

A: The best resources for RC preparation is sample papers and previous years’ CAT question papers. For developing reading habit and strengthening vocabulary and comprehension, candidates must read newspaper editorials, biographies, fiction and non-fiction novels, economic reports and insights, etc.

Q: Is CAT VARC section tough?

A: The VARC section of CAT usually of moderate to high difficulty level, as the RC passages are long and dense. Since the questions are inference based and not fact based, the section usually appears to be tough and time taking.

Q: How important is it to read novels for CAT VARC section?

A: It is very important to read novels for preparation of CAT VARC section as by doing that the habit of reading long passages can be developed, which is essential for cracking a speed based exam like CAT. Also, the candidates gets to know foreign words and idioms which are not used in casual conversations on daily basis. Thus, novels are a great source of improving vocabulary.
About the Author
Parasharan Chari
COO, Endeavor Careers

Parasharan Chari is an alumnus of SP Jain and is currently serving as the chief operating officer at Endeavor Careers and is also associated with the design and development of its online testing portal CatGurus.com

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LPU is known for its MBA. LPU provides quality education, with great scholarship programs plus holistic learning opportunities. As per the eligibility at LPU, student need to Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or...LPU is known for its MBA. LPU provides quality education, with great scholarship programs plus holistic learning opportunities. As per the eligibility at LPU, student need to Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT and Interview or Completed Company Secretary CS from Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) or Completed Chartered Accountancy CA from Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) or Completed Cost & Management Accountancy (CMA) from Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI). Applicant should have 80 percentile or above in CAT or MAT or all India rank upto 20000. For more information you can check the website.

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Harsh Pandey

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At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto...At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto 20000 in CMAT or 230 and above score in NMAT then LPU NEST is exempted.

D

Which colleges can I get with 75 %ile in CAT?

N

Navneet Kaur

Guide-Level 14

4 days ago

LPU is known for its MBA. LPU provides quality education, with great scholarship programs plus holistic learning opportunities. As per the eligibility at LPU, student need to Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or...LPU is known for its MBA. LPU provides quality education, with great scholarship programs plus holistic learning opportunities. As per the eligibility at LPU, student need to Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT and Interview or Completed Company Secretary CS from Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) or Completed Chartered Accountancy CA from Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) or Completed Cost & Management Accountancy (CMA) from Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI). Applicant should have 80 percentile or above in CAT or MAT or all India rank upto 20000. For more detials you can check the website.

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Harsh Pandey

Guide-Level 12

a week ago

At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto...At LPU the eligibility for MBA at LPU is Pass with 55% aggregate marks in Bachelors degree (any discipline) or equivalent, subject to qualifying LPU NEST or CAT or MAT or XAT or NMAT or CMAT^ and Interview. The student should have 80 Percentile or above in CAT or MAT or XAT or All India Rank upto 20000 in CMAT or 230 and above score in NMAT then LPU NEST is exempted.

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What CAT score do I need to get into FABM? I'm from B.Sc. Agriculture.

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Srishti Pranjal

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General cut off to get into FABM for general is 80, for OBC, it is 70 and for SC and ST, it is 60.

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Can I get admission for MBA in IPS Business School without giving CAT or any other exam?

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Sharanya B

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5 days ago

Hello Priyanka, CAT is one of the most commonly accepted exam. CMAT XAT MAT exams are also accepted in IPS business school.

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Neha Sudarshini

Beginner-Level 1

5 days ago

Although CAT percentile is kept as a criterion in most colleges, there are other management entrance exams too. Few of the different exams are MAT XAT NMAT etc. These scores again are accepted by numerous number of colleges.

h

While filling CAT 2022 form, I followed the best of 5 marking pattern for SSC which is not correct. Can I fill the form again?

36450093
yash sahani

Contributor-Level 9

a week ago

We should avoid common mistakes while filling the CAT form are:1. Not having the required documents: when applying for CAT not having your documents ready can significantly increase of chances of error. 2. Entering personal details incorrectly: Another common mistake candidates usually make it wh...We should avoid common mistakes while filling the CAT form are:
1. Not having the required documents: when applying for CAT not having your documents ready can significantly increase of chances of error.
2. Entering personal details incorrectly: Another common mistake candidates usually make it while entering their personal details.
3. Uploading unclear photograph and signature: uploading your photograph is the last step of entering your personal details in the CAT application form.

H

Harsh Rastogi

Beginner-Level 5

a month ago

No, you cannot fill the form again. You should always read the instructions carefully before filling any form.

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I have heard that UGC has given regulations for CAT eligibility that the colleges can accept CAT eligibility for the past two years. Is it?

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Harsh Verma

Beginner-Level 5

a week ago

An entry to the MBA world requires the candidates to appear for entrance exams of which the most popular is the CAT or Common Admission Test. The CAT Score allows the candidate to be eligible for most of the best B-Schools in India including the IIMs which hold the CAT Exam. The CAT exam eligibil...An entry to the MBA world requires the candidates to appear for entrance exams of which the most popular is the CAT or Common Admission Test. The CAT Score allows the candidate to be eligible for most of the best B-Schools in India including the IIMs which hold the CAT Exam. The CAT exam eligibility has remained more or less the same in the past years. As per the CAT notification for CAT the same criteria will be followed without any changes. Aspirants should review the criteria, given below in detail, to check if they are eligible for the exam before they begin preparing. They should understand the factors and requirements to appear for CAT 2022 to avoid disqualification at any stage of the admission process. Moreover, candidates should also identify the eligibility criteria for the B-schools separately along with the difference in the eligibility requirements for CAT and the IIM.

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ANKIT Tiwari

Beginner-Level 5

a week ago

The CAT score card is valid for a period of one year only. After which candidates will have to take the following years' CAT exam for admissions in respective institutes. Most of the Institutions/Universities in India accept the CAT score for admissions.

R

What percentile should I score in CAT exam to get MDI Gurgaon under defence quota?

H

Harsh Verma

Beginner-Level 5

a week ago

Going by my own experience and of others who have a similar profile as yours, you can expect a call from MDI at about 96.5 -97 percentile. A few people from my batch had received calls at a lower percentile as well but that again varies from year to year. So all in all, 97 percentile would be a s...Going by my own experience and of others who have a similar profile as yours, you can expect a call from MDI at about 96.5 -97 percentile. A few people from my batch had received calls at a lower percentile as well but that again varies from year to year. So all in all, 97 percentile would be a safe bet.

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Utkarsh Tiwary

Beginner-Level 5

a week ago

The MDI Gurgaon is the best college which has defence quota. The percentile which is required by MDI Gurgaon under defence quota is expected as 94 percentile. It is also the best college for defence.

A

How to start preparing with CAT and IIFT?

S

Sunit Chatterjee

Beginner-Level 5

a week ago

To start first start with your basics remember these 4 to 5 points 1) read 1 hour every day
2. Do sudoku and basics of dilr
3. Do quant from ncert if your basics are weak if it is strong then do past year paper or previous year mock
5. Give ample amount of mock and sectional test thanks.

S

I am applying for CAT 2022 and also had applied for CAT last year. Do I need to re-register or should use last year's credentials?

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ANISHKA LUNAWAT

Beginner-Level 5

2 weeks ago

Yes, you have to apply for the CAT form again from the beginning even if you have registered last year also. Since exam score is valid for only one year.

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I have a gap year in my engineering. What should I fill in the duration of course in CAT form? Should I fill 4 or 5 years?

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Sonima Dwivedi

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2 weeks ago

It will still be counted as 4 years.

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