Top 5 MBA Specialisations in India

Top 5 MBA Specialisations in India

17 mins read3.7L Views 128 Comments
Vipra Shrivastava
Senior Manager - Content
Updated on Nov 3, 2023 14:49 IST

The task to choose an MBA specialisation is not easy. One has to keep in mind a lot of things. One needs to weigh interest, skills, aptitude, career prospect as well as financial status before choosing an MBA specialisation. Along with that, one need to assess B-Schools as well. Shiksha has listed top 5 MBA specialisations in India to help you decide better. 

top MBA specializations

Top 5 MBA Specializstions in India - As the MBA admission season has started; aspirants must gear up to make the career defining choice - MBA specialisation. Choosing an MBA specialisation can be as difficult and confusing as the decision to choose a career for yourself or choosing an MBA institute. We, at Shiksha, have found out that though MBA institutes keep coming up with highly specialised courses and programmes, such as MBA in Sports Management or MBA in Hospitality & Tourism, a large ratio of management aspirants remains inclined towards a few traditional speciailisations. Naturally, these are the popular  MBA specialisations in India. 

Top 5 MBA Specialisations in India

  1. Finance
  2. Marketing
  3. Operations
  4. Information Technology
  5. Human Resources

Let's discuss each of these top 5 MBA specialisations in India in detail. Any candidate's first question while choosing an MBA specialisation is "Which specialisation is best in MBA in India?". Every MBA specialisation is 'best' if you choose to make a career in that domain. To make the best of any specialisation all you need to do is work hard and diligently. 

1. MBA in Finance

MBA in Finance offers numerous possibilities for employment in the the field of Finance. Finance Managers can become Accounting Managers who prepare financial reports for the company or Financial Analysts who focus on developing financial strategies and are responsible for the monetary management of the company.

"Financial Analysis forms the basis of strategic planning, managing alliances, and making every-day decisions in management. From mergers to expansion to global financing, MBA in Finance offers you a highly specialized knowledge which accelerates the success of an individual as well as the success of the businesses where they work", says Suresh Agrawal who has been teaching Finance students for years.

"Finance Management is for people who are in love with numbers and balance sheet, have high-end analytical skills and are more comfortable working at the back-end of the company. Finance specialization in MBA can prepare you for exciting careers in investment banking, merchant banking, financial consultancies, financial institutions, and international finance", says Ravi Jain, HR Professional with two decades of experience.

MBA Finance coursework can provide a solid background for the prestigious CPA (Certified Public Accountant) exam or the equally venerated CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) exam.

Those who pursue an MBA in Finance can take up the following job profiles:

  • Cash Managers
  • Risk and Insurance Managers
  • Credit Managers
  • Management Consultants
  • Investment Banking Associates and later Investment
  • Bankers
  • Treasurers and Finance Officers
  • Controllers (who prepare budget reports for regulatory agencies and business management, do audits and prepare cash management strategies)
  • The ‘C' Position: ‘CFO' or Chief Financial Officers supervise all financial and accounting operations, strategies, and policies of the company.

MBA in Finance Job Roles and Average Salary

Check below popular MBA Finance jobs and their corresponding average salaries in India.

MBA Finance Job Roles

MBA Finance Average Salary (INR)

Financial Analyst

5 - 8 LPA

Business Analyst

6 - 12 LPA

Finance Manager

10 - 18 LPA

Equity Research Analyst

7.5 - 12 LPA

Research Analyst

6 - 10 LPA

Relationship Manager

7 - 9 LPA

Account Manager

7 - 12 LPA

Bank Manager

6 - 10 LPA

Chief Financial Officer

15 - 20 LPA

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2. MBA in Marketing

The single most popular specialisation amongst MBA graduates in India, Marketing is a hard-core front-end job and is meant for leaders. MBA Marketing is a very dynamic and competitive programme. You need excellent communication skills, resource mobilisation skills and relentless zeal to succeed to make it to the top-level positions in the field of Sales and Marketing.

"MBA Marketing offers you a fast-paced career - full of responsibilities, challenges, and growth opportunities. From Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG), Consumer Durables, Non-Durables, Advertising, Market Research, Media, Sales & Distribution to Services Marketing, MBA in Marketing offers you excellent job options", says Hari Mirchandani, Marketing Manager with five years of experience.

"Though MBA Finance has its own importance, MBA Marketing equips you better for a very critical activity of any business. In the financial services sector too, the success of products like loans and credit cards depends more on their marketing than their interest rates and charges. In Finance, you might need additional professional qualifications like CA and CS are needed to move ahead. In Marketing, it is the experience and results that count ", says Sumit Chadha, who is pursuing MBA Marketing.

  • If you have an outgoing and spontaneous personality, can influence people with your words and actions, and live in the moment, marketing management might be your calling.
  • MBA in Marketing promises fat pay packages as Brand Manager, Project Manager, Sales Manager, Marketing Manager, Market Research Analyst, Area/Regional Manager. Chief Marketing Officer (CMO).
  • A large chunk of CEO positions in top multinational companies is dominated by people from the Marketing background.
  • For best results, join top B-schools that offer you exposure to international markets and global marketing techniques.

MBA in Marketing Job Roles and Average Salary

Check below popular MBA Marketing jobs and their corresponding average salaries in India.

 MBA Marketing Job Roles

MBA Marketing Average Salary

Marketing Manager

7.9 LPA

Brand Manager

8.8 LPA

Asset Management


Corporate Sales


Market Research Analyst

3.4 LPA

Sales Manager


Product Manager


Head Of Digital Marketing


3. MBA in Operations

MBA in Operations trains and equips you with skills to deal with Production Management or Shop Floor Management. You learn how to launch and maintain process flows, develop vendor and inter-departmental relationships, do ancillary management etc. to ensure smooth and efficient business operations. With Business Operations as your MBA specialisation, you may start off as Product Manager or Technical Supervisor and reach the position of Chief Technology Officer (CTO) or General Manager of a company, especially in manufacturing, engineering and IT sectors.

"Operations Management requires an eye for minutest details, zero-error efficiency levels, excellent negotiation skills, ability to sale the ship through storms with the calm of an able sea captain, technical know-how of all the processes you are handling, and general ideal about manufacturing, sales, and distribution channels of the company you work in. An MBA degree in Operations definitely helps you master all this and equips you for future challenges", says Vikas Tripathi, who is a Plant Manager for more than a decade.

"MBA Operations open up career opportunities for you in the fields of material and supply chain management, quality control, logistics, inventory control, and production planning and improvement. However, people who are looking forward to joining IT industries should choose MBA in IT instead. MBA Operations does include some of the aspects of Software Project Management but only with limited scope", says Prof. Deen Dayal, faculty of a reputed management institute.

Business Operations offers a varied and fast-paced work environment. Operations Management specialization can be further sub-divided into:

  • Production or Manufacturing Operations
  • Service Operation

Most candidates with engineering backgrounds go for MBA Operations, as it gives them an edge over their peers in product development and designing, intranet development and process optimization. Companies, too, give preference to MBA Operations students with technical or engineering backgrounds during campus placements.

Operations Manager often reach positions like Plant Manager and Chief Operating Officer (COO) and directly involve with process standardization, analysis and forecasting. Those who choose to work as consultants can be seen involved with outsourcing, resource management, customer service, pricing and manufacturing optimization as well as marketing optimisation.

MBA in Operations Job Roles and Average Salary

Check below popular MBA Operations jobs and their corresponding average salaries in India.

MBA in Operations Job Roles

MBA Operations Average Salary (in INR)

Operations Manager

7.8 LPA

Data Analyst

5.5 LPA

Human Resource Management

7.2 LPA

Supply Chain Program Manager

8.74 LPA

General Operations Manager

12.24 LPA

4. MBA in Information Technology (IT)

Information Technology (IT) or Management Information Systems (MIS) has recently emerged as one of the most important MBA specializations. For those who have IT background (as a software engineer or IT graduate), MBA IT can open up positions like System Analyst, Technical Systems Manager, Technical Consultant, and Business Development Manager - all the way up to the position of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) or Chief Technology Officer (CTO). IT, e-commerce, and related industries often offer good placements to MBA IT graduates.

"If you are a good programmer, have technical skills, and have knowledge of the business domain, you can choose Information Technology or IT as your MBA specialization. You can then help develop Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) solutions for business development, sales and marketing, accounts, project management, HR functions and all other business processes. You can always look after e-commerce and outsourcing aspects of businesses that have shown tremendous growth in the past decade", says Geetika Sachdeva, a senior software programmer.

"MBA in IT opens up gates of Fortune 500 companies for you in India and abroad. Indian IT professionals are respected worldwide and with an MBA background, you just become irresistible for best multinational companies (MNCs)", says Rohit Bhalla, HR expert working in an IT industry.

In the high-tech environment of today, MBA IT opens up several career opportunities for you as:

  • Business Analyst: where you can interact between customer requirements and document them properly for developers.
  • Pre-Sales or Business Development Manager: where you prepare presentations for clients and basically, translate technical innovations of your company in terms understandable by laymen.
  • Sales or ERP Consultant: where you deal with customizing ERP solutions (like SAP) to suit client requirements.
  • Project Manager: where you are directly involved with implementing a project - right from planning and estimation to managing resources to time management.
  • QA Manager: where you are responsible for assessing and controlling the quality of the software solutions being provided to clients.
  • Functional or Process Consultant: where you configure and re-configure processes and chalk out verticals to complete efficient operations within an IT company.
  • Management professionals with technical skills gain tremendous respect among their peers in today's world.

MBA in IT Job Roles and Average Salary

Check below popular MBA in IT jobs and their corresponding average salaries in India.

MBA in IT Job Roles

MBA in IT Average Salary (in INR)

IT Manager

10 LPA

IT Director

12 LPA

Project Manager, Information Technology

13 LPA

Computer & Information System Manager

14 LPA

Chief Technology Officer


5. MBA in Human Resources (HR)

Human Resources or HR is one of the trickiest jobs in the corporate world. From Recruitment and Selection of personnel to deciding Compensation to Employee Training and Development to Job Analysis and Performance Appraisals, an HR manager is a ringmaster in the business jungle. Besides, those who choose MBA in HR can also develop themselves as Industrial Relations Manager or developing a cross-cultural working environment in multinational and global companies, which are highly specialized jobs.

"A Human Resources Manager is required by all the sectors, whether they are in a boom or gloom. HR Management is virtually a recession-proof job. Whether a company is hiring more people to fulfill its expansion plans or firing people to cut down on their costs, they will always need HR experts to help them with personnel management", says Amit Tyagi, HR Manager for the last five years in an MNC.

"If you have good communication skills, have a friendly personality, and are dependable and confident, MBA with HR specialisation can help you launch a career in human resource development, industrial relations, and personnel management. HR is not only about common-sense. You have to have specific skills and aptitude for the job. HR personnel are the first points of interaction between a company and its employees and an efficient Human Resources department plays a critical role in keeping business operations smooth and effective", says Lolita Sahni who has done MBA HR from a reputed management institute.

Human Resources Management is concerned with the internal marketing of a company. The credit for how your employees work for you and how well they understand the HR policies of the firm depends on HR. Recently, India has noticed a big change in the way people view HR professionals. Salary packages are getting fatter, and educational institutions known for their Human Resources programmes are getting adequate support from the corporate world

XLRI, IIM Lucknow, TISS, Mumbai and MDI, Gurgaon reported 100% placements in their HR programs. The average salary offer for MBA HR at MDI Gurgaon is Rs 8 lakh per annum. Since only 10 per cent of MBA aspirants choose HR as their specialisation field, it seems that Marketing and Finance have a higher level of corporate interest. But the truth is that if you do an MBA in Human Resources from a good B-school that offers a high-quality curriculum with an expert faculty programme, you will find several good career options in the global marketplace.

MBA in HR Job Roles and Average Salary

Check below popular MBA in HR jobs and their corresponding average salaries in India.

MBA in HR Job Roles

MBA in HR Average Salary (in INR)

HR Manager - Talent Acquisition

 INR 9.8 LPA

HR Manager - Training


HR Manager - Compliance


HR Professor


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What are the various other popular MBA specialisations?

Apart from the above mentioned top 5 MBA specialisations; one can opt for various other specialisations depending on their interest, flair and career goal.

Also Read: MBA specialization guide

Take a look at various MBA specialisations offered by MBA colleges in India:

All MBA Specializations
Finance Infrastructure
Marketing International Business
Sales Disaster Management
Human Resources Energy & Environment
Operations Import & Export
Product IT & Systems
Business Analytics Healthcare & Hospital
Digital Marketing Business Economics
Entrepreneurship Agriculture & Food Business
Advertising Materials Management
NGO Management Oil & Gas
Pharma Retail
Project Management Rural Management
Sports Management Supply Chain
Telecom Textile Management
Transport & Logistics Forestry
Public Policy Hospitality


Your choice of MBA specialisation should be based on your personality, skills and career goals. The traditional fields of Marketing and Finance will always remain popular. Those who prefer number crunching and are comfortable with with balance sheets may do well with Finance specialisation. Those who love to interact with clients, are creative and innovative, and can influence people easily can choose Marketing as their specialisation.

Also Read: How to get the most of your MBA program?

Business Operations is the best MBA specialisation for those who have technical or engineering background and love looking after machines and backend processes where the real action takes place. Human Resources or HR is a stream for people's person and is a job for those who have a charismatic personality that can mobilize employees and inspires trust and loyalty for the company. Information Technology or IT specialisation is for management graduates who are geeks at heart who love computers, gadgets, and the latest technology.

Share your opinions on how to choose MBA specialisation, which field you recommend for management aspirants, and whether you would like to stick to popular MBA specialisations or rather go for a unique MBA course. Here's a discussion on the best MBA specialisation going on in our Shiksha forums.

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FAQs on MBA Specialisations

Q: What are the advantages of pursuing MBA with a specialisation?

A: Specialised MBA programmes give the students an in-depth knowledge in a specific field which they can choose on the basis of their interest or skills. It will give students managerial experience in the field of their choice to build a credible careerin a particular sector of the industry in the long run.

Q: Can I opt for a specialization in General MBA?

A: Candidates who are opting for General MBA, may choose one or more electives in the second year, which are similar to specialisations. Training in that particular field is provided in the thrid or fourth semester of the course. MBA General with specialisation in a particular field is a popular choice among management aspirants.

Q: Are the elective subjects of an MBA Specialisation course taught in the first year of the programme?

A: In General MBA, the teaching of the elective subjects begin from the second or final year of the two year full-time programmes. In MBA specialisations too, the first year covers the main subjects and syllabus of MBA and the specialisation is taught in the second year.

Q: How is the pedagogy of General MBA different from that of the specialised MBA?

A: While the broad pedagogy of General, as well as specialised MBA, is the same, the latter may involve a more detailed course content, practical and experiential learning methodology, industry visits, etc. Also, the pedagogy and the course design is made in a customized way to suit the specialisation.

Q: Do specialized MBA students have better career opportunities?

A: It is advantageous for candidates to pursue MBA with specialisation who have a keen interest in a particular field or industry. Graduates of specialised MBA have a better chance of getting suitable jobs in the field of their choice. Also, those who want to become entrepreneurs will also have an edge in successfully running the business due to the expertise gained in the MBA programme.

Q: What is the difference between MBA specialisation and elective?

A: Electives are subjects that an MBA student can choose in their second year. Choosing electives is a common factor for both General as well as specialised MBA students. The elective courses may be generic or specialised in nature. In General MBA, the elective courses will have a wide variant but in the specialised MBA, the elective courses are also from the specialisation area.

Q: What is the best MBA specialisation?

A: There are a plethora of MBA specialisations offered by the B-schools across India and it is difficult to specify one MBA specialisation as the best one. Each specialised MBA programme has its own advantages and scopes. Some of the popular MBA specialisations are Finance, Marketing, Human Resources, Operations and Supply Chain, International Business and Retail Management.

Q: Which are the MBA Specialisations that lead to high paying jobs?

A: Some of the highest paying MBA specialisations in India include Finance, Sales, Marketing, Operations, International Business and Luxury Management among others. While Finance, Sales, Marketing, Operations are high paying because they form the four pillars of any business organisation, specialisations like International Business and Luxury Management are high paying as they deal with international clients.

Q: Which are the top B-schools offering specialised MBA?

A: Some of the top B-schools offering specialised MBA programmes include Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (International Business), Institute of Rural Management Anand (Rural Management), NMIMS Mumbai (Pharmaceutical Management, Sustainability Management), MDI Gurgaon (Energy Management), to name a few.

Q: Is there any particular city in India which offers best specialised MBA programmes?

A: No, there is no particular city which can be considered as the best destination to pursue specialised MBA programmes. However, the metro cities or industrial hubs such as Delhi/NCR, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Lucknow, Pune, Hyderabad, etc. have many colleges that offer top MBA specialsations. 

Q: Which MBA specialisation has the highest demand in the industry?

A: Each specialisation has a demand in their respective industries, and there are certain niche programmes such as MBA Luxury Management or Brand Management which also have industry demands. Having said that, the universal and most common MBA specialisations, which are in demand across the sectors are Finance, Marketing and Human Resource Management.

About the Author
Vipra Shrivastava
Senior Manager - Content

Vipra is a massive Breaking Bad fan. When not watching crime drama series, she spends time in updating the list of places she wants to visit and people she wants to meet, but she is happiest in the company of dogs. ... Read Full Bio




Mohammed Bassam

3 months ago

Can anybody tell me how to choose which one is better and which one is good for future.This all part of course in MBA is best to study but it's difficult to choose one

Reply to Mohammed Bassam


rinku srivastava

3 months ago

Can a student opt operations and management together for specialization?

Reply to rinku srivastava


Shakti Raj

3 years ago

Mba in dual specialization is really good.Dual specialization was not so common a few years ago, but the trend changed.Not all but few colleges in India offer dual specialization in MBA. Quantum University Roorkee located in Uttarakhand is one such college where dual specialization is offered.

Reply to Shakti Raj


mukesh rana

3 years ago

MBA in HR and Finance is better as it opens ample number of opportunities worldwide.Dual specialization with these two would be a good choice.Quantum University Roorkee located in Uttarakhand offers dual specialization in MBA in various branches.Fee structure is quite affordable here.

Reply to mukesh rana


Shakti Raj

3 years ago

There are few colleges which offer dual specialization in India. Quantum University Roorkee is one of the best college offering MBA in various branches. Students from all over India as well as abroad are currently pursuing MBA at Quantum.Placements records are really good here.

Reply to Shakti Raj