Difference Between Oracle and SQL

Difference Between Oracle and SQL

4 mins readComment
Esha
Esha Gupta
Associate Senior Executive
Updated on Mar 29, 2024 17:24 IST

Have you ever wondered about the difference between Oracle and SQL? While SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standardized language for managing relational databases, Oracle refers specifically to a commercial database management system (DBMS) developed by Oracle Corporation. Oracle implements its own version of SQL, offering additional features and functionalities customized according to enterprise-level database management needs. Let's understand more!

Oracle refers to a commercial database management system (DBMS) developed and marketed by Oracle Corporation. On the other hand, SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standardized programming language used for managing and manipulating relational databases. In this blog, we will understand the differences between them in detail!

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Table of Content

Difference Between Oracle and SQL

Below is a table of differences between oracle and SQL.

Feature

Oracle

SQL

Definition

Oracle is a commercial database management system offered by Oracle Corporation, known for its strong features that support large-scale enterprise applications.

SQL is a standard language for accessing and manipulating databases used to query, update, and manage data.

Usage

Used as a platform to build and manage databases, offering a wide range of capabilities from basic data storage to advanced analytics, cloud support, and application development.

Used as the language to perform various operations on databases, such as querying data, updating records, and creating and modifying schemas.

Scope

Oracle provides a comprehensive environment that includes its own SQL dialect for database management along with additional tools and features for application development, backup, recovery, and more.

SQL, as a language, is not tied to any specific database system. It is used across various database systems like MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQL Server, and including Oracle Database.

Functionality

Beyond standard database management, Oracle offers advanced features like PL/SQL for procedural programming, robust transaction management, and extensive enterprise-level data security features.

SQL focuses on data manipulation and definition commands. Its functionality is expanded by each database system to include procedural elements, functions, and system-specific features.

Cost and Licensing

Oracle Database comes with various licensing and pricing models, including editions that are feature-rich but also come at a cost.

SQL, being a language, does not have a cost associated with it, but the database systems that utilize SQL, like Oracle, may have licensing fees.

 

What is Oracle?

Oracle is a multinational computer technology corporation specialising in developing and marketing enterprise software products, particularly database management systems (DBMS), cloud engineering systems, and enterprise software products. It is one of the largest software companies in the world and is known for its flagship product, Oracle Database, a relational database management system.

Oracle Corporation offers a wide range of software and services, including database technologies, cloud infrastructure, software applications, and consulting services. Its products and services are used in various industries, including finance, telecommunications, manufacturing, retail, and government sectors.

Oracle Database is a relational database management system (RDBMS) produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation. It is one of the world's leading database solutions, widely used for running online transaction processing (OLTP), data warehousing (DW), and mixed (OLTP & DW) database workloads. 

What is SQL?

SQL stands for Structured Query Language. It is a standardized programming language used to manage and manipulate relational databases. SQL is designed for querying, updating, and managing data in relational database management systems (RDBMS).

Features of SQL:

  • SQL allows users to retrieve specific data from databases using queries. Queries can be simple or complex and can involve filtering, sorting, and aggregating data to meet specific criteria.
  • It supports operations for inserting, updating, and deleting data in database tables. These operations are crucial for maintaining data integrity and keeping databases up to date.
  • SQL provides commands for defining and modifying the structure of database objects, such as tables, indexes, views, and constraints. These commands allow users to create, alter, and drop database objects as needed.
  • It includes commands for managing access to database objects and controlling user privileges. These commands enable administrators to grant or revoke permissions and ensure data security.

Thus, the distinction between Oracle and SQL lies in their nature and scope within the realm of database management.

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FAQs

Is SQL the same as Oracle?

No, SQL (Structured Query Language) and Oracle are not the same. SQL is a standardized language used for managing and manipulating relational databases, whereas Oracle is a commercial database management system (DBMS) developed by Oracle Corporation. Oracle implements its own SQL dialect as part of its DBMS offering, providing additional features and functionalities beyond the standard SQL language.

Can I use SQL with Oracle?

Yes, SQL can be used with Oracle. Oracle supports SQL as its primary language for querying, updating, and managing data within its database management system. SQL commands and syntax can be used to interact with Oracle databases, perform operations such as data retrieval, insertion, deletion, and modification, and define database objects like tables, indexes, and views. However, it's important to note that Oracle may have its own extensions and proprietary features beyond standard SQL, which users need to consider when working with Oracle databases.

What are the key differences between Oracle and SQL Server?

While both Oracle and SQL Server are powerful relational database management systems (RDBMS), they differ in several aspects such as licensing models, supported platforms, and feature sets. Oracle is developed by Oracle Corporation, while SQL Server is developed by Microsoft. Oracle typically follows a commercial licensing model, whereas SQL Server offers various editions with different pricing options, including both commercial and free editions. Additionally, Oracle supports multiple operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and Unix, while SQL Server primarily runs on Windows but also has versions for Linux. Feature-wise, both systems offer robust data management capabilities, but they may have differences in implementation details, performance optimizations, and ecosystem integrations. Understanding these distinctions is essential for organizations when selecting the appropriate database platform for their specific requirements and infrastructure.

About the Author
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Esha Gupta
Associate Senior Executive

Hello, world! I'm Esha Gupta, your go-to Technical Content Developer focusing on Java, Data Structures and Algorithms, and Front End Development. Alongside these specialities, I have a zest for immersing myself in v... Read Full Bio