Examples of Computer Hardware: Understanding the Components that Power Your PC

Examples of Computer Hardware: Understanding the Components that Power Your PC

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Vikram
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content
Updated on Sep 7, 2023 17:15 IST

Explore the fascinating world of computer hardware with our comprehensive guide, delving into various examples from processors to peripherals. Discover the building blocks of modern technology!

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Computer hardware has become an integral part of our daily life as technology evolves. The advancement in hardware is shaping how we work, communicate, and entertain ourselves. In this article, we will discuss the exciting journey through various examples of hardware that form the backbone of modern computers. 

We will cover everything from processors and motherboards to storage devices and networking equipment. If you are a tech enthusiast, a curious learner, or a seasoned professional, this article will provide valuable insight into computer hardware and its impacts.

Let’s start the article with the formal definition of hardware.

What is Hardware?

Hardware refers to the physical component that makes up an electronic device or computer system. These devices are compiled together to process, store, and display data and enable the user to interact with devices.

Computer hardware includes Central Processing Unit, Motherboard, Memory (RAM & ROM), Storage Devices (HDD & SSD), Graphical Processing Unit (GPU), Power Supply Unit (PSU), Input Devices (Keyboard, Mouse, Microphones, touchscreen), Output Devices (Monitors, printers, speakers), and Networking Hardware (routers, switches).

Must Explore: Computer Networks and Internet Protocol

Must Explore: Diploma in Computer Networking

What are the Different types of Computer Hardware?

Computer hardware devices are broadly classified into Internal Hardware Devices and External Hardware Devices.

Internal Hardware Devices:  The devices that are installed inside the computer system are known as Internal Hardware Devices.

Example: Motherboard, RAM

External Hardware Devices: The devices that are installed outside the computer system are known as External Hardware Devices.

Example: Printer, Headphones, Joystick

Examples of Computer Hardware

Central Processing Unit (CPU)

It is responsible for processing information from programs run by your computer. It is referred to as the brain of the computer system. Each CPU has a clock speed that represents the number of instructions it can process in any given second, measured in gigahertz.

Motherboard

It is the central hub that connects and supports all other hardware components in the system. It is just one piece of circuitry for communication between the CPU, RAM, storage devices, and other peripherals.

Storage Devices

The devices that are used to store data permanently or temporarily. Broadly they are classified into two major categories: Hard Disk Drive (HDD) and Solid-State Drives (SDD).

Random Access Memory (RAM)

It is a volatile memory that stores data temporarily for quick access by the CPU. It is responsible for holding data and instructions that are currently used by the system.

Example: Corsair, Kingston

Graphics Processing Unit

It renders images, animation, and videos on a computer screen. It can be integrated into the CPU or come as a separate graphics card.

Example: NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3080, and AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT

Power Supply Unit

It provides the necessary power to all components in a computer system by converting AC power from the wall outlet to the DC power required by the computer’s components.

Examples of PSUs Brand are Corsair, EVGA, and Seasonic

Input Device

It allows one to interact with the computer with computer by providing input.

Example:

  • Keyboard: A device that consists of button, switches or keys which are used to type things on a computer.
  • Mouse: A device that is used to move the pointer on the screen, or to select information.
  • Scanner: A device that converts images or text into digital or computerized information.

Output Device

It displays or presents the result of computer processing.

Examples: 

  • Monitor: A device that displays text or video images on screen.
  • Printer: A device that is used to print the documents (hard copy)

Networking Hardware

Components of networking hardware enable a computer to communicate with each other and connect to the internet.

Examples: Routers, Switches, Network Interface Card, and Wireless Access Points.

Conclusion

In this article, we have briefly discussed what is hardware, what is computer hardware, types of computer hardware and the examples of computer hardware. Hope you will like the article.

Happy Learning!!

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FAQs

What is Hardware?

Hardware refers to the physical component that makes up an electronic device or computer system. These devices are compiled together to process, store, and display data and enable the user to interact with devices. Computer hardware includes Central Processing Unit, Motherboard, Memory (RAM & ROM), Storage Devices (HDD & SSD), Graphical Processing Unit (GPU), Power Supply Unit (PSU), Input Devices (Keyboard, Mouse, Microphones, touchscreen), Output Devices (Monitors, printers, speakers), and Networking Hardware (routers, switches).

What are the Different types of Computer Hardware?

Computer hardware devices are broadly classified into Internal Hardware Devices and External Hardware Devices. Internal Hardware Devices: The devices that are installed inside the computer system are known as Internal Hardware Devices. Example: Motherboard, RAM External Hardware Devices: The devices that are installed outside the computer system are known as External Hardware Devices. Example: Printer, Headphones, Joystick

Examples of computer hardware?

Central Processing Unit, Motherboard, Random Access Memory, Graphics Processing Unit, Monitor, Printer are some examples of computer hardware.

About the Author
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Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content

Vikram has a Postgraduate degree in Applied Mathematics, with a keen interest in Data Science and Machine Learning. He has experience of 2+ years in content creation in Mathematics, Statistics, Data Science, and Mac... Read Full Bio