Difference Between Input and Output Devices

Difference Between Input and Output Devices

5 mins read5.2K Views Comment
Anshuman
Anshuman Singh
Senior Executive - Content
Updated on May 2, 2024 16:50 IST

Generally, two types of computer hardware are used to interact with computers: Input devices and Output devices. These two types of devices are required for a computer to function appropriately. But are you aware of the difference between input and output devices used in a computer?

2023_01_MicrosoftTeams-image-256-1.jpg

The main difference between input and output devices is that an input device is a hardware that allows a user to send information to a computer. In contrast, an output device is a hardware that allows a computer to send information to a user.

You can also explore: What is Processor: Components and Types

In this article, we will discuss the difference between input and output devices in great detail. But before we start exploring the difference between input and output devices, let’s explore the list of topics listed under the table of contents (TOC) we will cover in this article.

Table of Contents (TOC)

Difference Between Input and Output Devices 

For a better understanding, let’s explore the difference between input and output devices in a tabular format. Here’s the table:

Benchmark Input Device Output Device
Definition Hardware that allows a user to send information to a computer. Hardware that allows a computer to send information to a user.
Controlled by User Computer
Function Converts simple user instructions into machine language. Converts machine language into simple user instructions.
Takes data from The users. The processor
It helps the computer in Accepting the data. Displaying the data.
Design complexity More complex in comparison to output devices. Less complex in comparison to input devices
Examples Keyboard, Mouse, Microphone, Touchscreen, Scanner, etc. Monitor, Speaker, Printer, Headphones, Projector, etc.

Your Career Awaits: Discover the Best Government Job-Oriented Courses After 10 & Online Government Certification Opportunities

What is an Input Device? 

Input Device Definition: An input device is a type of hardware that allows a user to send data, instructions, commands, or information to a computer.

You can also explore: Different Types Of Computer.

In short, input devices are used to input data or commands into the computer. Here are some examples of input devices along with their function:

  • Microphone: This input device allows you to record audio.
  • Camera: This input device allows you to capture images and videos.
  • Scanner: This input device allows you to digitize documents or images.
  • Keyboard: This input device allows you to type letters, numbers, and symbols.
  • Mouse: This input device allows you to move a cursor on the screen and make selections.

You can also explore: What Is A Motherboard?

In layman’s terms, input devices are all the hardware you can use to provide information to the computer so that the computer can perform a specific task.

 

What is an Output Device? 

Output Device Definition: An output device is a type of hardware that allows a computer to send information or results to the user.

You can also explore: Learn About Different Types of Output Devices

In short, output devices are used to display or print the results of the computer’s processing. Here are some examples of output devices along with their function:

  • Monitor: This output device displays text and images on the screen
  • Printer: This output device prints documents, photos, graphics, etc.
  • Speakers: This output device outputs audio.
  • Projector: This output device displays images or videos on a larger screen.

In layman’s terms, output devices are all the hardware the computer uses to provide information or results of the task you requested. Output device allows you to see, hear or read the results of the computer’s processing.

Key Differences Between Input and Output Devices 

Here are the key differences between input and output devices:

  • The input device takes data from users, but the output device takes data from the processor.
  • Input devices are controlled by users, whereas computers control output devices.
  • An input device helps a computer to accept data, but an output device helps a computer in displaying data.
  • The input device converts simple user instructions into machine language, but the output device converts machine language into simple user instructions.
  • An input device allows a user to send data, instructions, commands, etc., to a computer. In contrast, an output device allows a computer to send information or results to the user.

You can also explore: What are Repeaters in Computer Networks?

Conclusion

The primary difference between output device and input device is that an input device is a hardware that allows a user to send information to a computer. In contrast, an output device is a hardware that allows a computer to send information to a user.

In this article, we have discussed what input and output devices are, along with examples and their functions. We also have discussed the difference between input and output devices in great detail. If you have any queries related to the topic, please feel free to send your queries to us through a comment. We will be happy to answer.

Happy Learning!!

FAQs

Difference Between Input and Output Devices

Input devices are hardware components that allow users to send data or commands to a computer, while output devices display or present information generated by the computer.

What is the main function of an input device?

The main function of an input device is to provide a way for users to interact with the computer by sending data, instructions, or commands.

What is the primary purpose of an output device?

Output devices are used to present or display information generated by the computer, making it understandable or accessible to users.

Can an input device also be an output device?

In some cases, a device can have both input and output capabilities. For instance, a touchscreen can act as an input device when users interact with it, and as an output device when it displays information.

What are some common examples of input devices?

Common input devices include keyboards, mice, touchpads, scanners, digital cameras, microphones, and joysticks.

What are some common examples of output devices?

Common output devices include monitors, printers, speakers, projectors, headphones, and tactile feedback devices.

How do input and output devices work together?

Input devices provide data or instructions to the computer, which processes the information and generates output. Output devices then present this processed information to the user.

About the Author
author-image
Anshuman Singh
Senior Executive - Content

Anshuman Singh is an accomplished content writer with over three years of experience specializing in cybersecurity, cloud computing, networking, and software testing. Known for his clear, concise, and informative wr... Read Full Bio