Difference Between Web Browser and Web Server

Difference Between Web Browser and Web Server

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Vikram
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content
Updated on Oct 25, 2023 09:50 IST

In this article, we will briefly discuss what Web Browser and Web Servers are, their features, and the differences between them.

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Web Browsers and Web Servers are one of the Internet’s most important components. A Web Browser is a software application that allows users to view web pages and interact with websites. In contrast, a web server is a computer program that delivers web pages to users’ web browsers. This article will discuss what Web browsers and Web servers are, their differences, features, advantages, and disadvantages.


So, let’s start with the tabular comparison between Web Browser and Web Servers.

Table of Content

Difference Between Web Browsers and Web Servers: Web Browsers vs Web Servers

Parameters Web Browser Web Servers
Function Access and view content on the internet Respond to requests made by web browsers.
Type of Application Client-side (e.g. computer, mobile, etc.) Server-side
Interaction Users interact with the web browser directly Users interact with web servers through web browsers
Supported Technologies HTML, CSS, JavaScript HTTP, HTTPs, and other web protocol
Security Features Cache and Cookies Firewalls and Intrusion Detection System
Examples Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge, Apple Safari Apache, Nginx, IIS, Tomcat, JBoss

What is Web Browsers?

A software application that allows to view web pages and other web-based content. When a user specifies any web address, the browser sends the request to web pages for the particular page or file. The web server returns the files to the browser, which displays them on the user’s screen.


It is used to access the website (a collection of web pages stored on web servers), bookmark, manage cookies and many more.

Also explore the basic difference between web page and website.

Popular Web Browsers

  • Google Chrome
  • Mozilla Firefox
  • Apple Safari
  • Opera,
  • Microsoft Edge

Functions of Web Browser

  • Displaying Web Pages,
  • Navigating Between Web Pages,
  • Zooming in and out of web pages,
  • Bookmarking Web Pages
  • Managing Cookies, extensions and add-ons
  • Securing Web Browsing

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Web Browsers

Advantages

  • Easy to use and can be downloaded for free.
  • Are constantly updated with new features and security patches
  • Available for a variety of platforms, including Windows, MAC, Linux, and Mobile Devices

Disadvantages

  • It can be slow, especially when loading complex websites.
  • It can be used to track users’ browsing activities.
  • Web Browsers can be used to download malware and harmful software, which is vulnerable to security attacks.

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What is Web Server?

A software application that responds to the request made by the web browsers. It is typically located on dedicated servers that are connected to the Internet. When a user requests a website, the web server processes the request and sends back the necessary files (requested by the web browsers), such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, to the user’s browsers. Web hosting companies or organizations typically manage web servers, and they are responsible for hosting websites and making them accessible to users worldwide.
In layman’s terms, web servers are computer programs that deliver web pages to users.

Popular Web Serers

  • Apache
  • Nginx
  • IIS
  • Tomcat
  • JBoss

Features of Web Servers

  • Storing web pages
  • Serving web pages to users
  • Managing website traffic
  • Securing websites
  • Logging website activity

Advantages and Disadvantages of Web Servers

Advantages

  • It can easily handle large amounts of data and traffic, which makes it capable of hosting high-traffic websites and applications.
  • They are secured with encryption, firewalls, and other security measure.
  • It can manage databases and handle requests for data from web applications and websites.

Disadvantages

  • Setting up and maintaining is expensive, especially for small businesses and individuals.
  • It can be complex to configure and manage, requiring technical expertise and knowledge.
  • Highly vulnerable to DDoS attacks, SQL injection, and other security risks.

Conclusion

In this article, we have briefly discussed what Web Browser and Web Servers are, their features, and the differences between them. Later, it also covers the advantages and disadvantages of Web Browsers and Web Servers.

Hope you will like the article.

Keep Learning!!

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FAQs

What is a Web Browser?

A web browser is a software application used to access and view websites. Common examples include Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Safari. It requests information from web servers and displays it to the user, usually in the form of web pages.

What is a Web Server?

A web server is a software and underlying hardware that accepts requests from web browsers and serves them web content, typically in the form of HTML pages. Examples include Apache and Microsoft's Internet Information Services (IIS).

How do Web Browsers and Web Servers Communicate?

Web browsers communicate with web servers using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). When you enter a URL in your browser, it sends an HTTP request to the corresponding web server. The server then processes this request and sends back the requested web page.

Can a Computer be Both a Web Browser and a Web Server?

Yes, a computer can function as both a web browser and a web server, but not typically at the same time in the same context. For instance, a developer might use their computer to host a website (acting as a server) and to browse the internet (using a browser).

Do Web Browsers Store Data?

Yes, web browsers can store data such as cookies, cache, and browsing history. This data can personalize user experience and speed up website loading.

What Security Measures Do Web Servers Need?

Web servers require robust security measures to prevent unauthorized access and cyber attacks. These include firewalls, SSL certificates, regular software updates, and secure configurations.

Is Internet Speed Affected More by the Web Browser or the Web Server?

Internet speed can be affected by both. A slow web server can delay the loading of web pages, while a web browser's performance can be impacted by add-ons, extensions, and the number of tabs open.

About the Author
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Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content

Vikram has a Postgraduate degree in Applied Mathematics, with a keen interest in Data Science and Machine Learning. He has experience of 2+ years in content creation in Mathematics, Statistics, Data Science, and Mac... Read Full Bio

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