Which is the Best Computer Language?

Which is the Best Computer Language?

8 mins readComment
Vikram
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content
Updated on May 30, 2024 10:26 IST
Choosing the best computer language is a hot topic in the tech world. With so many programming languages available, it can be hard to decide. In this article, we'll help you figure out which computer language is best for your needs.
 
Which is the Best Computer Language?
Python

Python is a high-level, interpreted programming language known for its readability and ease of use. Created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991, Python emphasizes code readability and simplicity, making it an ideal choice for beginners.

  • Python is named after the British comedy series "Monty Python's Flying Circus."
  • It supports multiple programming paradigms, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming.
  • Python is widely used in data science, web development, automation, and artificial intelligence.
  • Python's simple syntax resembles natural language, which reduces the learning curve.
  • It has a large and active community, providing extensive libraries and frameworks like Django, Flask, and Pandas.
  • Python is used by major companies such as Google, NASA, and Instagram.

Criteria

Details

Beginner Friendly

Yes

Best For (suited for)

Data Science, Web Development, Automation, AI

Applications

Web applications, Data Analysis, Machine Learning, Automation Scripts

Pros

Easy to learn, extensive libraries, large community support, versatile

Cons

Slower execution speed compared to compiled languages, not ideal for mobile development

Job Profiles

Data Scientist, Python Developer, Machine Learning Engineer, Web Developer

Best Python Courses

Python for Data Science, AI & Development, Complete Python Bootcamp From Zero to Hero in Python

Best Free Python Courses

LearnVern - Python Programming Courses
Top Python Online Courses & Certifications
Top Python for Data Science Online Courses & Certifications
Free Python Online Courses & Certifications

C Programming Language

C is a general-purpose, procedural programming language developed by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs in 1972. It is widely used for system programming, developing operating systems, and embedded systems.

  • C is known for its performance and efficiency.
  • It is the foundation for many other programming languages, including C++, Java, and Python.
  • Unix, Linux, and Windows operating systems are written in C.
  • C provides low-level access to memory through pointers, which gives programmers significant control over system resources.
  • It is often used in developing firmware and device drivers.
  • C has a minimal runtime, which makes it suitable for system-level programming.

Criteria

Details

Beginner Friendly

No

Best For (suited for)

System Programming, Embedded Systems, Operating Systems

Applications

Operating systems, Embedded software, System software

Pros

High performance, low-level memory access, portability

Cons

Steeper learning curve, lacks modern features of higher-level languages

Job Profiles

System Programmer, Embedded Systems Engineer, Firmware Developer, C Developer

Best C Programming Courses

C Programming for Beginners, C for Everyone: Programming Fundamentals

Best Free Courses

C for Beginners

Top C Programming Courses & Certificates

Free C Programming Courses & Certificates

C++

C++ is an extension of the C programming language with object-oriented features. It was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup and first released in 1985. C++ is widely used in software development, game development, and real-time systems.

  • C++ supports both procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms.
  • It is known for its performance and efficiency, similar to C.
  • C++ is used in developing game engines, real-time systems, and high-performance applications.
  • C++ provides a rich set of libraries and frameworks, such as the Standard Template Library (STL).
  • It is commonly used in developing applications where performance is critical, such as games and simulations.
  • Major software like Adobe products, Unreal Engine, and major parts of Microsoft Windows are developed using C++.

Criteria

Details

Beginner Friendly

No

Best For (suited for)

Game Development, Real-time Systems, High-Performance Applications

Applications

Game engines, Real-time simulations, System software

Pros

High performance, object-oriented features, extensive libraries

Cons

Complex syntax, steeper learning curve, manual memory management

Job Profiles

Game Developer, Software Engineer, Systems Programmer, C++ Developer

Best Courses

C++ Tutorials for Beginners

Best Free Courses

C++ for Beginners
Check our blog, If you want to know the difference between C and C++.
Top C++ Online Courses & Certifications
Free C++ Online Courses & Certifications

Java

Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It was developed by Sun Microsystems and released in 1995.

  • Java's syntax is similar to C++, making it easier for those familiar with C-based languages.
  • It follows the principle of "write once, run anywhere" (WORA), meaning compiled Java code can run on all platforms that support Java without recompilation.
  • Java is widely used in enterprise environments, Android app development, and large systems.
  • Java is the primary language for Android app development.
  • It has a strong emphasis on security, which is crucial for enterprise applications.
  • Major websites like LinkedIn, Amazon, and eBay use Java in their backend systems.

Criteria

Details

Beginner Friendly

Yes

Best For (suited for)

Enterprise Applications, Android Development, Large Systems

Applications

Android apps, Web applications, Enterprise software

Pros

Platform-independent, robust security features, strong community support

Cons

Verbose syntax, memory consumption can be high

Job Profiles

Java Developer, Android Developer, Backend Developer, Software Engineer

Best Courses

Programming in JAVA by NPTEL

Best Free Courses

Java for Beginners
Top Java Online Courses and Certifications
Free Java Online Courses and Certifications

JavaScript

JavaScript is a versatile, high-level programming language primarily used for adding interactive elements to websites. It was created by Brendan Eich in 1995 and has since become a core technology of the World Wide Web.

  • JavaScript can be used on both the client-side and server-side (with Node.js).
  • It is an essential part of modern web development, alongside HTML and CSS.
  • JavaScript frameworks like React, Angular, and Vue.js are widely used for building web applications.
  • JavaScript is the most popular language according to various developer surveys.
  • It enables the development of dynamic web pages that can update content without reloading.
  • Major platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Gmail use JavaScript for their front-end interfaces.

Criteria

Details

Beginner Friendly

Yes

Best For (suited for)

Web Development, Mobile App Development, Game Development

Applications

Interactive web pages, Web applications, Server-side applications with Node.js

Pros

Highly versatile, vast ecosystem, large community, real-time web applications

Cons

Browser compatibility issues, dynamic typing can lead to runtime errors

Job Profiles

Frontend Developer, Full Stack Developer, Web Developer, JavaScript Developer

Best Courses

JavaScript - The Compete Guide (Beginner + Advanced)

Best Free Courses

Introduction to JavaScript
Top JavaScript Online Course and Certifications
Free JavaScript Online Courses and Certifications 

Ruby

Ruby is a dynamic, open-source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity. It was created by Yukihiro Matsumoto and first released in 1995. Ruby is best known for its elegant syntax and the popular web framework Ruby on Rails.

  • Ruby emphasizes human-readable code, making it easy to write and maintain.
  • Ruby on Rails (Rails) is a powerful web application framework that has significantly influenced web development.
  • It is often used for web applications, automation scripts, and data analysis.
  • Ruby's syntax is designed to be intuitive and mirrors natural language.
  • Ruby on Rails allows for rapid development of web applications, promoting convention over configuration.
  • Companies like Shopify, Airbnb, and GitHub have built their platforms using Ruby on Rails.

Criteria

Details

Beginner Friendly

Yes

Best For (suited for)

Web Development, Automation, Data Processing

Applications

Web applications, Automation scripts, Data processing

Pros

Elegant syntax, strong community support, rapid web development with Rails

Cons

Slower runtime performance, less commonly used compared to Python or JavaScript

Job Profiles

Ruby Developer, Web Developer, Backend Developer, DevOps Engineer

R Programming Language

R is a programming language and free software environment primarily used for statistical computing and graphics. It was developed by Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman and first released in 1993.

  • R is highly extensible and has a vast collection of packages available via CRAN (Comprehensive R Archive Network).
  • It is widely used by statisticians, data miners, and data scientists for developing statistical software and data analysis.
  • R provides a wide variety of statistical techniques and graphical tools.
  • R has robust tools for data visualization, including ggplot2, which allows for creating complex multi-layered graphics.
  • It is an open-source language, meaning it is free to use and has a strong, active community.
  • Companies like Google, Facebook, and Twitter use R for data analysis and visualization.

Criteria

Details

Beginner Friendly

Yes

Best For (suited for)

Data Analysis, Statistical Computing, Data Visualization

Applications

Statistical software, Data analysis, Visualization

Pros

Excellent for data visualization, extensive packages for statistical analysis, open source

Cons

Steeper learning curve for programming newcomers, slower performance in some cases

Job Profiles

Data Scientist, Statistician, Data Analyst, Bioinformatician

Best Courses

Introduction to R Programming

Best Free Courses

Data Analysis with R Programming
Top Online R Programming Courses and Certifications
Free Online R Programming Courses and Certifications
Conclusion
Language Beginner Friendly Best For (suited for) Applications Pros Cons Job Profiles
Python Yes Data Science, Web Development, AI Web apps, Data Analysis, ML Easy to learn, versatile, large community Slower execution speed, not ideal for mobile dev Data Scientist, Python Developer, ML Engineer
Java Yes Enterprise Apps, Android Dev, Large Systems Android apps, Web apps, Enterprise Platform-independent, robust security features Verbose syntax, high memory consumption Java Developer, Android Developer, Backend Dev
JavaScript Yes Web Dev, Mobile App Dev, Game Dev Interactive web pages, Web apps Highly versatile, vast ecosystem, large community Browser compatibility issues, dynamic typing Frontend Developer, Full Stack Dev, JS Developer
C No System Programming, Embedded Systems OS, Embedded software, System software High performance, low-level memory access Steeper learning curve, lacks modern features System Programmer, Embedded Systems Engineer
C++ No Game Dev, Real-time Systems, High-Perf Apps Game engines, Real-time simulations High performance, object-oriented features, extensive libs Complex syntax, steeper learning curve, manual memory mgmt Game Developer, Software Engineer, C++ Developer
Ruby Yes Web Dev, Automation, Data Processing Web apps, Automation scripts Elegant syntax, strong community, rapid web dev with Rails Slower runtime performance, less commonly used Ruby Developer, Web Developer, Backend Developer
R Yes Data Analysis, Statistical Computing Statistical software, Data analysis Excellent for data visualization, extensive stats packages Steeper learning curve, slower performance in some cases Data Scientist, Statistician, Data Analyst
About the Author
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Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content

Vikram has a Postgraduate degree in Applied Mathematics, with a keen interest in Data Science and Machine Learning. He has experience of 2+ years in content creation in Mathematics, Statistics, Data Science, and Mac... Read Full Bio