Operating System Syllabus: Check Subject-wise Latest Syllabus

Updated on Mar 5, 2024 01:31 IST
Esha Gupta

Esha GuptaAssociate Senior Executive

Every digital device we use runs on an operating system. An operating system is a software that runs different operations on these devices. The popular operating systems are Windows, Linux, Mac OS, Android, iOS, etc. Though operating systems is one of the core subjects of computer engineering and computer sciences courses, one can also pursue it as a separate diploma or certificate course to become an operating system specialist or manager. The diploma courses are available for both undergraduate and postgraduate students. Even the students who have cleared their class 10 exam can enrol in a certificate course to gain a basic understanding of the functions and working of an operating system.

Important Facts About Operating System Syllabus

Check below some important points about the syllabus of Operating Systems

1. Duration of the course: The duration of the operating system course depends upon whether the students are enrolled in a certificate, PG diploma or UG diploma course. The duration of the certificate courses can vary from 1 to 12 months depending on the institute which is offering the course. The UG diploma course generally has a duration ranging from 6 to 8 months whereas the duration of the PG diploma course can extend up to 2 years.

2. Eligibility Criteria: The students who have secured passed class grades in class 10th and above are eligible to appear for the certificate courses. For enrolling in the UG diploma courses the students must have completed the 12th class and must possess a basic understanding of computers. A bachelor’s degree with computers as one of the primary subjects is the minimum eligibility required to enrol in a PG diploma course.

3. Changes in the syllabus: The syllabus of the operating system keeps updating regularly as new and interesting operating systems are getting introduced every year. For instance, a few years back the Android operating system was not as used as it is today. Therefore, the latest operating system syllabus includes detailed subjects on this OS as well.

4. Objectives of the course: At the end of the operating system syllabus, a student is expected to handle these responsibilities:

  • Installing and configuring different operating systems

  • Testing, evaluating, and troubleshooting technical issues and glitches in the operating system

  • Manage security of devices and network

  • Backup data from the system

  • Analyse compatibility of operating systems for different computer applications and software

  • Implement system recovery methods

5. Syllabus of operating systems in IITs: The syllabus of operating systems in IITs focuses mainly on file systems, memory management, process management, and synchronisation.

6. Syllabus of operating systems in NITs: The syllabus of operating systems in NITs revolves around distributed and multiprocessor operating systems, mobile operating systems, databases, and system architecture.

7. Exam pattern: The operating system exams in degree courses are usually theoretical in nature. However, the online courses might have an objective or theoretical+practical exam depending upon the specific course chosen by the students.

List of Subjects in Operating System

Candidates can check below the list of subjects studied under the Operating System

Typical Core Subjects for OS

Subject Title

Subject Details

Operating Systems Overview

An introduction to the operating system along with different concepts like memory management, security, types of operating systems, etc. are covered in this subject.

Operating Systems Structures

The system programs, operating system generations, OS services, system calls, etc. are covered in this subject.

Process Management

The concepts of process, process control block, scheduling queues in a process, multithreaded programming, and related concepts are covered in this subject.

Concurrency and Synchronisation

Comparing Windows and UNIX OS, semaphores, process synchronisation, and associated subjects are taught in this subject.

Deadlocks

Characterisation of deadlock, system deadlock, preventing deadlock, and related concepts are covered in this subject.

Memory Management

Contiguous memory allocation, virtual memory, and related concepts are covered in this subject.

File Systems

The concept of files, how to access files, free-space management, comparison of UNIX and Windows OS, and related concepts are covered in this subject.

I/O System

An overview of the input and output hardware, software, and solutions is provided through this subject.

Elective Subjects for OS

As operating system courses are complete in themselves, there aren’t any electives for the same. However, after completing any of these courses, the students can complete CCNA, CCNP, or any other networking-related courses that can help them expand their knowledge of networks and operating systems.

Detailed Syllabus for Operating System

The syllabus of the operating system may vary slightly as per the course that the students have opted for. Some of the courses divide their curriculum into different modules whereas some of the courses divide their curriculum into units. However, the majority of the concepts and curriculum remain the same. An overview of the operating system syllabus taught in the B. Tech course is given below:

Unit

Core/Elective

Subject Title

Subject Details

Unit-1

Operating Systems Overview

Operating Systems Overview

The elementary concepts of operating systems including their types and differences are covered in this subject.

 

Operating System Structures

Operating System Structures

The operating system generators, services and system calls, system programmes, and other concepts are discussed in this subject.

Unit-2

Process Management

Process Management

It covers the basic concepts of process management including process control block, process scheduling, etc.

 

Concurrency & Synchronisation

Concurrency & Synchronisation

The concepts like critical section problem, atomic transactions, process synchronisation, etc. are explained in detail in this subject.

Unit-3

Deadlocks

Deadlocks

The concepts of deadlock, deadlock prevention, system model, detecting and avoiding deadlocks, etc. are discussed in this subject.

 

Memory Management

Memory Management

Swapping, memory allocation, a case study of Unix operating systems, page-replacement algorithms, paging, and related concepts are taught in this chapter.

Unit-4

File System

File System

The meaning of a file, structure of the directories, file structure system and implementation, free-space management, and associated concepts are discussed in this subject.

Unit-5

I/O System

I/O System

An overview of the mass storage structure, disk structure, disk attachment, swap space management, I/O systems, etc. is given in this subject.

Specialisation offered in Operating System

Some operating system courses allow the students to acquire a specialisation in a particular operating system like Windows, Linux, office automation, etc. There aren’t any degrees that offer such specialisation but the students can find such specialisations online. Some of the specialisations along with their details are given below:

Specialisation

Subjects

Details

Linux

  • Introduction to linux operating system

  • Linux OS services

  • Linux distributions and licensing model

An overview of the Linux OS along with its services and structure are explained in this specialisation.

Windows

  • Introduction to Windows Operating System

  • Windows applications & services

  • Windows networking & licensing model

An overview of the Windows OS along with its applications, services, and licensing part is covered in this specialisation.

MAC OS

  • Discovering MAC OS Sierra

  • Installing and using apps on MAC OS

  • Navigating through MAC OS environment

A brief overview of the MAC OS, its use and applications, and services are discussed in this specialisation

Books & Authors Related to Operating System

Some of the best operating system books that the students can refer to gain a clear perspective of the concepts are given in the below table:

Subject

Book Title

Author

Description

Operating Systems

Operating System Concepts

Avi Silberschatz & Peter Galvin

It provides a clear view of various basic and advanced concepts in the operating systems.

Operating Systems

Operating Systems: Internals and Design Principles

William Stallings

It gives a detailed description and overview of the various topics included in the OS syllabus.

Operating System

Operating System: A Concept-Based Approach

D M Dhamdhere

The fundamental concepts of OS with case studies and techniques are explained in this book.

Operating System

Operating System: A Design-Based Approach

Charles Crowley

The concepts along with the evolved forms of operating systems with case studies and code segments are incorporated in this book.

Operating System

Operating Systems: A Modern Perspective

Gary J Nutt

The applications of OS fundamentals in the real world are included in this book.

UNIX OS

Design of the Unix Operating System

Maurice Bach

Core principles of UNIX and the relationship between its kernel and programming interface is covered in this book.

Operating System

Operating System Concepts: Windows Xp Update 6th Edition

Silberschatz Galvin Gagne

A detailed description of the basic OS concepts and a wide range of topics related to Windows, Solaris, Linux, etc. are included in this book.

Operating Systems

Operating Systems

Archer J Harris

The main concepts and rules of DOS, Linux, and UNIX operating systems are explained in this book.

Operating Systems

Modern Operating Systems

Andrew S Tanenbaum

Conceptual knowledge of Windows 2000, Unix, and Linux operating systems can be learnt via this book.

UNIX OS

UNIX- The Complete Reference

Ken Rosen & James Farber

An in-depth knowledge of the UNIX OS can be acquired through this book.

Entrance Exams for Operating System

There aren’t any specific entrance exams that the students have to appear to qualify for these operating system courses. However, the students need to meet the basic eligibility criteria for applying to these courses. The basic eligibility criteria for different types of operating system courses are given below:

  1. Certificate Courses: Minimum Qualification- 10th Class with passed class marks

  2. UG Diploma Courses: Minimum Qualification- 12th Class with passed class marks

  3. PG Diploma Courses: Minimum Qualification-Bachelor’s Degree with computer subjects.

Syllabus for Distance Programme in Operating System

There are various online education platforms that offer distance programmes in operating systems. Though the syllabus of the generic courses remain similar to the regular courses, some courses have different syllabus as per the specialisation. The duration of the regular courses vary from 1-month to 2 years depending upon the course type. However, the duration of the online course can be slightly longer depending on the availability of the students and their schedules. An online exam will be conducted by the respective institute for online courses. The exam format can be either descriptive or objective as it can vary from one institute to another.

The certification courses are usually available for free but the advanced-level courses usually start from Rs. 20,000 and can be much higher depending upon the institute which the students choose for studying the OS course.

Top Colleges for Operating System Courses in India

Some of the top colleges/institutes for the operating system courses depending upon the curriculum, practical knowledge, and placement facilities are given in the below table:

S.No.

College/University/Institute Name

Syllabus (URLs)

1

NIT, Delhi

To be uploaded soon

2

Mumbai University

To be uploaded soon

3

Red Hat Global Learning Services, Mumbai

To be uploaded soon

4

VIT, Chennai

To be uploaded soon

5

IIT Madras

To be uploaded soon

6

Vinayaka Missions University, Salem

To be uploaded soon

7

Parul University, Vadodara

Download Here

8

Apponix, Bengaluru

To be uploaded soon

9

Net Dev Group

To be uploaded soon

10

RCS Education

To be uploaded soon

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Which operating system courses are better: Linux or Windows?

A. Both the operating system courses are good in their own way. The students who are into programming languages can prefer to study Linux as it supports multiple programming languages. The students who are interested in learning networking and related concepts can study Windows operating systems. Both the courses provide extensive knowledge of the respective operating systems.

Q. Which institute is the best to learn Linux operating systems?

A. The students should go for the Red Hat Linux certification and advanced certification courses. It is because Red Hat Linux is one of the most popular Linux operating systems in India and offers the best opportunities for the students to learn in-depth about the operating system and various programming languages.

Q. Why should one learn about operating systems?

A. By learning about the operating systems, the students can grow their knowledge about computer systems and how they work. Therefore, if they want to enhance their theoretical and practical knowledge about computers and various operating systems, learning OS courses is their only choice. The students can either pursue regular or online operating system courses.

Q. Which courses include the operating system as a subject?

A. BSc. in Computer Science, MSc. in Computer Science, BTech in Computers, BCA, MCA and many other computer engineering courses have operating systems as one of their core subjects. However, the students should prefer learning an operating system UG or PG diploma course if they want to learn about operating systems in depth.

Q. Which are the most popular certification courses and institutes when it comes to online operating system courses?

A. Some of the popular training institutes that offer online certificate courses in operating systems are given below:
  • Operating Systems & You - Google

  • Operating Systems - Saylor Academy

  • Operating Systems from Scratch - Udemy

  • OS: Process and Memory Management - Udemy

  • Introduction to Open Source Networking - Linux Foundation

  • Operating System - Edutainor India

  • Computer Architecture - Princeton University

Q. Which are the essential concepts covered in the Linux courses?

A. Some of the essential concepts that are covered in the Linux courses are given below:
  • Basics of UNIX OS

  • File & directories basics and permissions

  • User administration & group administration

  • Shell scripting

  • Server configurations

  • Advanced networking & security concepts

  • Services & utilities of Linux OS

  • Installing Linux OS & managing it

Q. What are the operating system syllabus objectives?

A. The main objectives of the operating system syllabus includes:
  • Learn memory management methods

  • To understand the basics of OS and their functions

  • To learn the scheduling policies of various operating systems

  • To analyse the various operations performed by an operating system manager

  • Make adjustments in the operating system configurations and settings as per the requirements

Q. Which are the important topics in the operating system syllabus?

A. The important topics in the operating system syllabus are listed below:
  • CPU scheduling

  • Synchronisation

  • Deadlock

  • File System

  • Memory Management

  • Virtual Memory

  • Process Management

  • Semaphores

  • Multilevel paging

  • Page replacement techniques

  • Disc scheduling methods

  • Unix File System

  • Segmentation

  • Banker Algorithm

Q. Which are the main types of the operating system?

A. The main types of operating system according to their working and structure are listed below:
  • Batch Operating System

  • Real Time Operating System

  • Time Sharing or Multitasking System

  • Mobile Operating System

  • Network Operating System

  • Multiprocessing operating system

Some of the popular operating systems that are used in the world are DOS, Windows, Unix, Linux, MAC OS, iOS, Android, and Windows Phone OS.

Q. What is synchronisation in an operating system?

A. When different processes share one memory space, the operating system manages those processes by allowing only one process to make changes in the memory at a time. This process is known as synchronisation and it is a very important topic in the operating system syllabus.

Q. Define CPU scheduling in an operating system.

A. When you handle different tasks and processes on a computer, the CPU is owned by only one process or task at a time. The CPU does the task of choosing the processes that are arranged in a queue by the operating system. This process is known as CPU scheduling and it is a very essential topic in the syllabus of OS courses.

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Most Popular Courses

Following are the most popular Operating Systems courses, based on alumni reviews. Explore these reviews to choose the best course in Operating Systems.

Popular Operating Systems UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Operating Systems UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Operating Systems PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular Operating Systems PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Popular Operating Systems Specializations in India

Following are the most popular Operating Systems Specializations . You can explore the top Colleges offering these Specializations by clicking the links below.

Popular Specializations

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