Top 10 Examples of Input and Output Devices

Top 10 Examples of Input and Output Devices

5 mins read2.4K Views Comment
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content
Updated on Jul 17, 2023 14:45 IST

Discover the fascinating world of input and output devices! From keyboards and mice to printers and speakers, this article explores the most common and specialized devices that help us interact with our computers and other digital devices.


Welcome to the world of input and output devices! From keyboards and mice to printers and speakers, these devices are the unsung heroes of our digital lives. They help us interact with computers, allowing us to work, play, and communicate easily. In this article, we will discuss what input and output devices are, provide examples, and talk about the future of these devices.

You’ve come to the right place if you’re a tech enthusiast or just curious about these tools. So, without further delay, let’s explore the article!

Also read: Difference Between Input and Output Devices

Table of Content

Definition of Input and Output Devices

Input and output devices are essential components of our digital lives that play a crucial role in human-computer interaction. These tools allow us to interact with our smartphones, tablets, and computers meaningfully to perform tasks such as typing, scanning, printing, and listening.

Without input devices, we wouldn’t be able to input data or commands into these devices. Similarly, we couldn’t see the result or action performed without output devices.

Now, it’s time to define input and output devices formally. But before that, let’s understand what input and output mean.

You have used a calculator to perform arithmetic operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division). Let’s say you have entered (7+5)*6 in the calculator and hit enter; it shows 72.

So, here:

Input: (7+5)*6

Output: 72

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What is an Input Device?

An input device is a hardware component that enters data or information into a computer system. These devices enable users to interact with the computer system and allow users to enter, manipulate, and manage data or information.

Examples: Keyboard, Mouse, Joystick

What is an Output Device?

An output device is a hardware component that enables a computer system to display or transmit data or information to the user. It allows the user to view, hear, or receive information produced by the system, making it accessible and useful.

Examples: Monitors, Printers, Speakers

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Examples of Input Devices and Output Devices

Common Input and Output Devices

Input Devices

1. Keyboard: One of the most common computer input devices for typing text and commands. It consists of keys for alphabets, numbers and special characters.

2. Mouse and Touchpad: Another common device is used to navigate and integrate with GUI (Graphical User Interface). It has two buttons (left and right) and a scrolling wheel that allow users to click, drag, and scroll through content on a screen.

3. Scanner: It is a device that converts any physical documents (text and images) into digital formats that can be saved or shared.

4. Webcam: A digital video device transmits pictures online.
5. Microphone: A device that inputs audio (voice commands, voice chats, or voice recording) into a computer for recording or communication purposes.

Output Devices

1. Monitor: The device displays a computer’s visual (text, images, and videos) output. It can be used for gaming, video editing, and other multimedia applications.

2. Printer: The device produces a hard copy of digital documents or images.

3. Speaker: Device used to output audio from a computer.

4. Projector: Device used to display visual output on a large wall screen. It can be used for presentations, movies, and other multimedia applications.

5. Headset: The device output audio from a computer for private listening. They can be used for music, movie, or gaming.

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Specialized Input and Output Devices

Specialized input devices and output devices are tools designed for specific tasks. They have unique features, functions, or interfaces that differentiate them from standard input and output devices.

Some examples of specialized input and output devices are:

  1. Midi Keyboard: Input device that is used in music production and performance. It has various controls and buttons that allow musicians to input, edit, and manipulate MIDI data. It can create and record music, control software synthesizers and samplers, and perform live music.
  2. Game Controller: Input devices that are designed for gaming consoles and PCs. They typically feature buttons, triggers, a joystick, and motion sensors allowing players to control their characters’ actions and movements in games.
  3. Barcode Scanner: Input devices used in retail, logistics, and other industries to scan and read barcodes. They typically use laser or LED technology to capture and decode the information encoded in the barcode.
  4. 3D Printers: Output device that creates physical objects from a digital design by layering materials such as plastic, metal, and ceramic. The printer reads a digital file containing the design for specifications for the object to be printed and then creates the object by layering the material precisely.
  5. Medical Imaging Equipments: Output devices used to produce visual representations of the internal structure of the human body. These devices generate detailed images using X-rays, MRI, CT, and ultrasound technologies.

Future of Input and Output Devices

The advancement of technologies will likely shape the future of input and output devices, changing the need of users, and emerging applications and use cases.

Here are some trends and predictions of input and output devices.

1. Gesture-Based Input: Till now, we have seen or used touchscreens and motion-based interfaces. In the upcoming days, we will witness input devices based on gestures and movements to control the devices and applications. They can be used for facial recognition, eye-tracking, etc.

2. Voice and Natural Language Input: With the advancement of NLP and speech recognition, we may see the input device allowing users to interact with their devices. Examples: Alexa, Siri.

3. Brain-Computer Interfaces: In the future, we may witness devices that can read and interpret brain waves, allowing users to control applications with their thoughts.

4. Haptic Feedback: With the increasing popularity of Augmented and Virtual Reality, it may be possible to see more output devices that provide haptic feedback, such as vibrations, pressure and temperature changes, to simulate technical sensation and enhance the user’s immersion.
5. Flexible and Foldable Displays: As flexible and foldable display technology improves, we may see more output devices that can be folded, rolled, or wrapped.


In this article, we have what input and output devices, the top 10 examples of input and output devices, and later in the article, we have also discussed the future of input and output devices.

Hope you will like the article.

Happy Learning!!

About the Author
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content

Vikram has a Postgraduate degree in Applied Mathematics, with a keen interest in Data Science and Machine Learning. He has experience of 2+ years in content creation in Mathematics, Statistics, Data Science, and Mac... Read Full Bio