C Plus Plus Programming Language: Course, Fees, Eligibility, Career Scope

Updated on Apr 10, 2024 06:23 IST
Esha Gupta

Esha GuptaAssociate Senior Executive

C++ programming is a powerful programming language widely used for developing system software, application software, device drivers, embedded software, and games. It is an extension of the C programming language with additional features such as classes and objects, making it suitable for both low-level system programming and high-level application development. Explore the blog and discover the available programs and online courses, diverse career paths, associated salary ranges, and valuable insights into the potential career landscape after learning C++ programming.

C++ programming language was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in the early 1980s. It originated as an extension of the C programming language with additional features aimed at providing object-oriented programming capabilities. Bjarne Stroustrup developed C++ while working at Bell Labs, initially naming it "C with Classes." Over time, it evolved into the C++ language that we know today, incorporating features such as classes, inheritance, polymorphism, and templates.

Table of Contents
  1. C++ Course Highlights
  2. Current Trends in the C++ Development Industry
  3. Why Learn C++ in 2024?
  4. C++ Basics
    • 4.1 Core Concepts of C++
    • 4.2 Advanced C++ Concepts
  5. How to Become a C++ Developer?
  6. Top Job Titles in the C++ Development Industry
  7. C++ Education and Certification
    • 7.1 C++ Course Eligibility Criteria
    • 7.2 C++ Online Courses and Classes
    • 7.3 C++ Syllabus Overview
  8. Top Companies Hiring C++ Professionals
  9. FAQs

C++ Course Highlights

Particulars

Details

Course Level

Undergraduate, Postgraduate, Online C++ Programming Courses

Duration

  • UG - 3 to 4 years
  • PG - 2 years
  • Online Courses - 4 to 24 weeks

Eligibility

  • Online and Undergraduate Courses - 10+2 in any stream with basic computer knowledge
  • Postgraduate Courses - Bachelor's degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, or related

Fees

Up to Rs. 8 lakh

Top Institutions

  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
  • National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani)
  • Delhi Technological University (DTU)
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs)

Average Salary

Up to Rs. 20 LPA

Top Recruiters

Oracle, Google, Microsoft, Amazon, IBM, SAP, Infosys, TCS, Cognizant, Wipro, Accenture, Capgemini, Tech Mahindra, HCL Technologies, among others

Job Positions

C++ Developer, Software Engineer, Application Developer, System Programmer, Embedded Systems Developer, Game Developer, Systems Analyst, among others

Current Trends in the C++ Development Industry

  • One of the notable features introduced in C++20 is modules, which aim to replace the traditional preprocessor include model with a more strong and efficient module import system.
  • C++ remains a preferred choice for developing low-latency and real-time systems, such as those used in finance (high-frequency trading platforms) and embedded systems.
  • Tools like CMake and Conan for package management are becoming increasingly popular. 
  • The development of compilers such as Clang, which provides modular design and tooling capabilities beyond traditional compilation, and GCC, which continuously adds optimizations and support for the latest C++ standards and is crucial for the evolution of C++.

Why Learn C++ in 2024?

  • C++ is known for its efficiency and performance, making it ideal for building high-performance applications and systems 
  • C++ allows direct memory manipulation and hardware access, providing greater control over system resources and enabling low-level programming when necessary.
  •  Learning C++ provides a solid foundation in object-oriented programming (OOP) principles, enhancing understanding and proficiency in software development concepts and methodologies.
  • C++ continues to be utilized across different industries, from systems programming to game development, ensuring its relevance and demand in the job market.

C++ Basics

C++ development involves managing and maintaining the code and software that allow applications to operate smoothly and efficiently. It's a critical role that balances technical expertise with the need to ensure that applications are always available and running optimally. C++ developers work with various technologies, including desktop applications, embedded systems, and performance-critical servers, to develop, configure, and troubleshoot software systems.

The role of a C++ developer has evolved significantly with the rise of system-level programming and the increasing complexity of computing needs. Today, these professionals not only ensure that applications perform efficiently across various platforms but also implement strong optimization techniques to enhance performance. Their skills are supported by a broad understanding of computer systems, programming principles, and performance optimization.

With the continuous growth of technology-driven industries and the expansion of the Internet of Things (IoT), the demand for skilled C++ developers is on the rise. They play a pivotal role in designing, implementing, and maintaining the software that supports high-performance computing and real-time systems.

Core Concepts of C++

Concept

Description

C++ Syntax and Semantics

Understanding the basic syntax and semantics of C++ is crucial, including data types, operators, control structures, and error handling.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

C++ is known for its powerful support for object-oriented programming, including classes, inheritance, polymorphism, and encapsulation.

Memory Management

C++ gives developers direct control over memory allocation and deallocation, necessitating a deep understanding of dynamic memory management, pointers, and references.

Standard Template Library (STL)

The STL is a powerful set of C++ template classes to provide general-purpose classes and functions with templates that implement many popular and commonly used algorithms and data structures.

Template Programming

Templates in C++ are a core concept for creating generic classes or functions to handle data of unknown types.

Concurrency

C++ supports multi-threading and concurrent execution, crucial for performance optimizations in applications needing to manage multiple tasks simultaneously.

Resource Management

Ensuring resource safety using RAII (Resource Acquisition Is Initialization) to manage resources such as file handles, network sockets, and more.

Error Handling

Exception handling in C++ allows for managing errors and exceptions in a robust and controlled manner.

Compile-Time Programming

Utilizing constexpr and templates for meta-programming, allowing computations to be performed at compile-time, reducing runtime overhead.

Interfacing with Other Languages

C++ often interacts with other programming languages through bindings and APIs, especially in large projects that require interoperability.

Advanced C++ Concepts

Concept

Description

Advanced Template Metaprogramming

Using templates to perform computations at compile-time, enabling powerful and flexible code abstraction mechanisms.

Move Semantics

Move semantics with std::move and rvalue references enhance performance by allowing the transfer of resources instead of copying them.

Lambda Expressions and Functional Programming

Lambdas allow for defining anonymous functions, which enhance the support for functional programming paradigms within C++.

Concurrency and Parallelism

Advanced use of threads, tasks, and asynchronous programming models to optimize performance and responsiveness in applications.

Custom Memory Management

Implementing custom allocators and understanding the nuances of memory pools and stack vs heap memory management.

Compiler Intrinsics

Using compiler-specific functions or instructions that allow for lower-level manipulation of operations, often used for optimization.

Design Patterns and Architecture

Applying sophisticated design patterns beyond the basics, such as Singleton, Factory, Visitor, and more complex architectural patterns like MVC or Event-Driven.

Optimizing for Low-Latency and Real-Time Systems

Techniques for writing low-latency code in C++ that are crucial in fields like finance and embedded systems, focusing on minimizing execution time and resource usage.

Modular Programming

Utilizing C++20 modules to improve compile times, enforce better encapsulation, and reduce dependencies.

Advanced I/O and Networking

Working with complex I/O operations and protocols, integrating with networking libraries or handling asynchronous I/O operations.

How to Become a C++ Developer?

Here are a few steps to consider when you want to learn and excel in C++ Programming Language.

Top Job Titles in the C++ Development Industry

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Annual Salary in INR

C++ Developer

Develops and maintains applications using C++, ensuring code efficiency and integrating software components.

4 to 9 lakh

Embedded Systems Engineer

Specializes in developing and troubleshooting embedded software systems using C++, often for hardware interfaces and real-time operating systems.

5 to 10 lakh

Game Developer

Uses C++ to create and optimize game engines and game functionalities for various gaming consoles and computers.

6 to 12 lakh

Software Architect

Designs complex software systems and guides the overall technical direction, often using C++ for system-critical applications.

12 to 25 lakh

High-Frequency Trading (HFT) Developer

Develops algorithms and systems for trading stocks at very high speeds using C++, focusing on performance and low-latency networking.

10 to 30 lakh

Systems Programmer

Works on lower-level software that interacts directly with the hardware or operating systems, primarily using C++.

7 to 15 lakh

Quantitative Developer

Designs and implements complex mathematical models for financial markets, using C++ to ensure performance efficiency.

10 to 25 lakh

Backend Developer

Specializes in server-side software development in C++, handling database management, user interface backend logic, and server interactions.

6 to 12 lakh

Performance Engineer

Optimizes software and systems for better performance using C++, analyzing and improving speed, memory usage, and integration processes.

8 to 16 lakh

Robotics Engineer

Designs and programs robots, using C++ for real-time system control, sensor integration, and actuator control.

6 to 12 lakh

Source: AmbitionBox

C++ Education and Certification

C++ education and certification will open doors to many learning opportunities, dealing with a range of learners from beginners to advanced programmers. These programs are designed to ensure that individuals have the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in various aspects of C++ programming. 

C++ Course Eligibility Criteria

  • Completion of the 12th grade, with some basic knowledge of computers, computer applications, and any programming language.
  • A background in computer science or related fields is often recommended for those pursuing more advanced courses.
  • Candidates with a degree (graduate or postgraduate) can also enrol in more specialized C++ courses.

C++ Online Courses and Classes

Course Name

Provider

Duration (Approx)

C++ SoloLearn Flexible
C++ Tutorial Great Learning 2 Hours
C++ Programming -A Practical Approach IIT Kanpur 6 Weeks
Foundation C++ with Data Structures and Algorithms Coding Ninjas 4 Months
Complete Modern C++ (C++11/14/17) Udemy 20 Hours
C++ Tutorial for Complete Beginners Udemy 16 Hours
C++ Course LearnVern 3 Hours
Introduction to C++ course Simplilearn 6 Hours
Use C++ to build a crypto trading platform IV: objects Coursera 12 Hours
Master C++ Programming From Beginner To Advance - C++ Course Udemy 15 Hours

C++ Syllabus Overview

Basic Level Courses

Topic

Description

C++ Programming Fundamentals

Introduction to C++ syntax, basic data types, control structures, and simple functions.

Object-Oriented Programming in C++

Overview of object-oriented concepts such as classes, objects, inheritance, and polymorphism.

Memory Management Basics

Basic understanding of memory allocation, pointers, and memory leaks prevention.

Basic Software Development Tools

Introduction to compilers, debuggers, and IDEs commonly used in C++ development.

Intermediate Level Courses

Topic

Description

Advanced C++ Features

Dive into advanced features like templates, exceptions, and the Standard Template Library (STL).

Build Systems and C++ Project Configuration

Techniques for managing C++ projects, including using build systems like Make and CMake.

Unit Testing in C++

Introduction to unit testing frameworks in C++, such as Google Test and Boost.Test.

Debugging and Profiling

Strategies for effective debugging and profiling to optimize C++ application performance.

Advanced Level Courses

Topic

Description

Concurrency and Multithreading

Managing concurrent execution in C++ using threads, locks, and asynchronous programming models.

Advanced Design Patterns

Implementation of complex design patterns in C++ for creating robust and scalable applications.

Low-Latency Programming in C++

Techniques for writing high-performance, low-latency C++ code are crucial in fields like finance and gaming.

C++ in Distributed Systems

Utilizing C++ for distributed systems development, focusing on network programming, sockets, and RPC frameworks.

Top Companies Hiring C++ Professionals

Company Name

Industry

Microsoft

Technology, Software Development, Cloud Services

Google

Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing

Apple Inc.

Technology, Consumer Electronics, Software Development

Amazon

E-commerce, Cloud Computing, Technology

Facebook (Meta Platforms)

Social Media, Technology, Virtual Reality

NVIDIA

Technology, Graphics Processors, Artificial Intelligence

Oracle

Technology, Database Management, Cloud Services

Qualcomm

Semiconductor, Technology, Wireless Technology

Adobe

Software Development, Cloud Services, Technology

IBM

Technology, Cloud Computing, IT Services

In 2024, C++ programming continues to be an important skill in the tech industry, essential for developing high-performance software applications. It plays a pivotal role in systems programming, game development, and real-time systems.

FAQs

What is C++?

C++ is a high-level programming language developed by Bjarne Stroustrup as an extension of the C language. It includes object-oriented, generic, and functional features in addition to facilities for low-level memory manipulation.

How do I become a C++ Developer?

To become a C++ developer, you should start by learning the basics of the language, including syntax and fundamental concepts. Progress to more advanced topics such as object-oriented programming, data structures, algorithms, and software design principles. Practical experience through projects or contributions to open source can enhance your skills and employability.

What are the essential skills for a C++ Developer?

Essential skills include a deep understanding of memory management, proficiency in OOP, mastery of the Standard Template Library (STL), debugging, and performance optimization. Knowledge of multithreading, concurrency, and experience with C++ development tools are also important.

What are C++ certifications and are they important?

C++ certifications can validate your knowledge and skills in the language. Although not always required by employers, they can enhance a resume, especially for early-career developers. Certifications from reputable organizations like Microsoft or Pearson VUE can be particularly valuable.

What are the most important concepts in C++?

Important concepts include object-oriented programming (classes, inheritance, polymorphism), templates, the Standard Template Library, memory management, and exception handling. Advanced concepts like move semantics, concurrency, and design patterns are also crucial.

What is the difference between C++ and Java?

While both C++ and Java are object-oriented languages, C++ is known for providing more control over system resources and hardware due to its low-level capabilities. Java, on the other hand, runs on a virtual machine which provides platform independence at the expense of direct hardware interaction.

What are some popular C++ development tools?

Popular C++ development tools include integrated development environments (IDEs) like Visual Studio, Code::Blocks, and CLion, as well as version control systems like Git. Debugging tools such as GDB and performance optimization tools like Valgrind are also widely used.

What are the career opportunities for C++ Developers?

C++ developers have opportunities in many fields including game development, system/software engineering, embedded systems, financial services, and real-time simulation applications. Advanced C++ skills are also in demand in high-performance computing and competitive programming.

What is the salary range for C++ Developers in India?

The salary for C++ developers in India can range from approximately 4 lakh to over 20 lakh INR annually, depending on experience, location, and the specific industry. Senior developers and specialists in high-demand areas like finance or embedded systems tend to be at the higher end of the salary range.

What are the challenges and advantages of being a C++ Developer?

Challenges include managing complex memory issues and mastering the steep learning curve of advanced features. However, the advantages include high performance of applications, control over system resources, and versatility across different programming paradigms and industries.

Popular C Plus Plus Programming Language Colleges in India

Following are the most popular C Plus Plus Programming Language Colleges in India. Learn more about these C Plus Plus Programming Language colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
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Popular Exams

Following are the top exams for C Plus Plus Programming Language. Students interested in pursuing a career on C Plus Plus Programming Language, generally take these important exams.You can also download the exam guide to get more insights.

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