HTML Full Form

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Updated on Aug 27, 2023 21:19 IST

HTML is a markup language to generate webpages. In this article, we will learn the full form of HTML. We will also learn the history and features of HTML.


HTML, an acronym for Hypertext Markup Language, is a fundamental building block of the World Wide Web. It is a markup language used to structure and present content on the internet. HTML provides a standardized way to define the elements and components of a webpage, enabling browsers to interpret and render the information correctly. This article will delve into the full form of HTML and explore its significance in web development.

What is HTML and what is its Full Form?

The Full Form of HTML: HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. 

H= Hypertext

T= Text

M= Markup

L= Language

The term “hypertext” refers to interconnected text and multimedia elements, allowing users to navigate through documents or web pages by clicking on hyperlinks. The term “markup language” indicates that HTML uses tags to annotate elements and define their structure within a document.

HTML Tags and Structure: HTML uses a set of tags or elements to define the structure and layout of a webpage. Tags are enclosed in angle brackets (< >) and are placed before and after the content they affect. These tags are interpreted by web browsers, which then display the webpage according to the specified structure.

Here’s a basic example of an HTML document structure:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>My Webpage</title>
<h1>Welcome to My Webpage</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph of text.</p>
<a href="">Click here</a> to visit a website.
Copy code

In the example above, the <html> element is the HTML document’s root. The <head> element contains meta-information about the document, such as the page title. The <body> element encapsulates the visible content of the webpage. Inside the <body> element, we have a heading (<h1>), a paragraph (<p>), and a hyperlink (<a>).

HTML tags can have attributes that provide additional information about an element. For instance, the <a> tag in the example above includes an href attribute, which specifies the destination URL that the hyperlink should point to.

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Must Check: Free HTML course and Certificate

History of HTML

Version Year Description
HTML (No version number) 1991 The initial version of HTML was developed by Tim Berners-Lee, providing basic structuring and linking capabilities for web documents.
HTML 2.0 1995 The first official standardization of HTML by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), introduced new elements like tables, image maps, and form inputs.
HTML 3.2 1997 A more comprehensive version with enhanced features such as improved table support, image enhancements, and support for client-side image maps.
HTML 4.0 1997 Introduced significant enhancements, including support for Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), framesets for dividing the browser window into multiple sections, and more interactive form elements.
HTML 4.01 1999 A minor revision of HTML 4.0, fixing some issues and adding new elements like the <fieldset> and <label>.
XHTML 1.0 2000 An HTML reformulation in XML syntax, emphasizing stricter rules for document structure and introducing compatibility with XML-based technologies.
HTML5 2014 A major update that introduced new semantic elements, improved multimedia support, offline web application capabilities, and enhanced APIs for interactivity and multimedia.
HTML5.1 2016 An incremental update to HTML5, adding new elements, attributes, and APIs, along with improved accessibility and media support.
HTML5.2 2017 Another incremental update focuses on refining and clarifying HTML5 features, adding new form elements, and enhancing accessibility and security.
HTML5.3 2018 Further refinements to HTML5, introducing new elements like <dialog> and <template>, and enhancing existing features such as web components and media handling.
HTML5.4 Expected in the future An upcoming version of HTML likely to introduce new features and improvements to keep up with evolving web technologies and requirements.

Key Features and Uses of HTML

HTML offers a range of features and capabilities that empower developers to create rich and interactive web pages. Here are some of the key aspects of HTML:

  1. Text and Content Formatting: HTML allows you to format and structure text using tags such as headings (<h1> to <h6>), paragraphs (<p>), lists (<ul>, <ol>, <li>), and more. It also supports including images, videos, audio, and other media elements.
  2. Hyperlinks: With HTML, you can create hyperlinks using the <a> tag, enabling users to navigate between different web pages or sections within a page. Hyperlinks are a crucial aspect of the interconnected nature of the web.
  3. Forms and User Input: HTML provides tags to create forms for capturing user input, such as text fields, checkboxes, radio buttons, dropdown menus, and submit buttons. This feature enables user interactions like submitting forms, searching, or entering data.
  4. Semantic Markup: HTML offers semantic elements (e.g., <header>, <footer>, <article>, <section>) that provide structural meaning to the content. Semantic markup enhances accessibility and search engine optimization (SEO) and helps assistive technologies interpret web content more accurately.
  5. Compatibility and Cross-Browser Support: HTML is a standardized language, ensuring that web pages built using HTML will be rendered consistently across different browsers and platforms. This compatibility is essential for a seamless user experience.
  6. Integration with CSS and JavaScript: HTML works seamlessly with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript. CSS allows developers to control the visual presentation of HTML elements, while JavaScript enables dynamic interactivity and behavior on web pages.


HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, is the backbone of the web. It provides the essential structure and formatting required for creating web pages that are rendered by browsers. Understanding HTML is crucial for anyone venturing into web development or aiming to build their online presence. With its simple syntax, extensive features, and compatibility, HTML continues to play a pivotal role in shaping the digital landscape we navigate every day.


How does HTML work?

HTML is interpreted by web browsers, which read the HTML code and render it into a visual web page that users can view. The HTML code describes the structure and content of the page, including headings, paragraphs, images, links, and more.

What are HTML tags?

HTML tags are used to define and structure elements within an HTML document. Tags are represented by angle brackets () and come in pairs: an opening tag and a closing tag. The content between the opening and closing tags is affected by the tag's functionality.

Can HTML handle multimedia content?

Yes, HTML can handle multimedia content. With the tag, you can display images, and with the and tags, you can embed audio and video files directly into web pages. Additionally, HTML5 introduced the element for rendering graphics and animations.

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