LAN Full Form – Local Area Network

LAN Full Form – Local Area Network

3 mins read320 Views Comment
clickHere
Vikram
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content
Updated on Aug 31, 2023 10:30 IST

What is LAN (Local Area Network_ – It is a computer network that interconnects computers within a limited area, such as residences, schools, laboratories, university campuses, etc. Computers connected to the LANs are called workstations.

2023_07_1-2.jpg

What is the full form of LAN, and What is it?

The full form of LAN in Computer is:

LLocal

AArea

NNetwork

It is a computer network that interconnects computer within a limited area, such as residences, schools, laboratories, university campuses, etc. Computers connected to the LANs are called workstations. These are the user’s personal computers, and they can access the file server for the software and storage.

Must Read: What is networking?

History of LAN

Year Event
1970s The concept of LAN was developed, primarily to share resources and improve communication within a small geographical area.
1973 Robert Metcalfe, who later founded 3Com, outlined the basic principles of Ethernet, which would become the dominant network technology.
1976 Xerox Corporation’s Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) developed the first LAN technology, Ethernet.
1980s LANs started to become more common in businesses as personal computers became more affordable and widespread.
1983 The IEEE 802.3 standard for Ethernet over coaxial cable was published.
1985 The IEEE 802.11 committee to create a standard for wireless LANs was formed.
1990s The use of LANs expanded beyond businesses and started to become common in homes, schools, and other institutions.
1997 The first IEEE 802.11 standard for wireless LANs (Wi-Fi) was published.
2000s The use of both wired and wireless LANs continued to grow, with improvements in speed, reliability, and security.
Present LANs are now a fundamental part of most businesses, many homes, and many public spaces, with ongoing developments in speed, capacity, and wireless technology.

What are the Different Types of LANs?

Based on the medium of connections (wired and wireless) and the protocol used, LAN is mainly classified into Ethernet LAN and Wi-Fi LAN.

  • Ethernet LAN: It is the most common type of LAN that uses a wired connection. Ethernet uses cables to connect devices together, typically in a star topology, where all the devices are connected to a central hub or switch. They are known for their speed and reliability, i.e. why they are commonly used in businesses and schools where high-speed connectivity is required.
  • WI-FI LAN: It is a type of LAN that uses wireless connections, i.e., instead of cables, devices are connected to the network using radio waves. These networks are used in homes, cafes, and other public places as it allows mobility.
What is WLAN (Wireless LAN)?
What is WLAN (Wireless LAN)?
The LAN network could not provide the flexibility to move around without being tethered to a physical connection. And this was hampering the flexibility and productivity of the users. In...read more
MAN Full Form in Computer Networking
MAN Full Form in Computer Networking
Discover the meaning behind MAN in computer networking and its full form, Metropolitan Area Network. Learn how MANs connect local area networks (LANs) within a specific geographic area.
What is Campus Area Network (CAN)?
What is Campus Area Network (CAN)?
Are you aware of the type of network used in buildings that covers a significant area that a normal LAN network cannot cover? The answer is Campus Area Network (CAN).

What are the Different Components of LAN?

Components Descriptions
Computers/Workstations These are the devices individuals use to access the network. They can be desktop computers, laptops, or even mobile devices.
Network Interface Cards (NICs) These are hardware components installed in each computer, which allow the computer to connect to the network. They can be wired (Ethernet) or wireless (Wi-Fi).
Switches These are devices that connect multiple devices on a LAN. They receive, process, and forward data to the destination device.
Routers These are devices that connect multiple networks. In a LAN, a router connects the network to the internet.
Cables These are used in wired LANs to connect devices. The most common type is an Ethernet cable.
Wireless Access Points (WAPs) These are used in wireless LANs to broadcast the network signal, allowing wireless devices to connect to the network.
Servers These are powerful computers that store files and applications for the network. They can serve different purposes, such as file, email, or web servers.
Software This includes the operating system and network software that manage network connections, network security, and device communication.
What is NAT (Network Address Translation)?
What is NAT (Network Address Translation)?
Are you aware of how network devices, such as routers, translate the IP addresses of devices in a private network to a single IP address used to communicate with the...read more
What is an Intranet?
What is an Intranet?
You all must have heard and are aware of the term Internet, but do you know about the term “Intranet” or what is Intranet? Many of us might be unaware...read more
MAN Network – Advantages and Disadvantages
MAN Network – Advantages and Disadvantages
Computer networks have evolved significantly over time. Numerous networks available today cater to the specific needs of millions of different users. But what exactly is a network, you may be...read more

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of LAN?

Advantages of LAN Disadvantages of LAN
Resource Sharing Limited Range
High Speed Maintenance Cost
Improved Communication Network Failure
Cost-Effective Security Risk
Data Security Limited Internet Bandwith

Must Check: Difference Between LAN and WAN

Similar Reads

RFID Full Form: Its Components and Working
RFID Full Form: Its Components and Working
RFID technology tracks RFID tags attached to objects to capture the data encoded within them. These tags consist of the information stored electronically within them. RFID is a method of...read more
VPN Full Form and Why Use It: Virtual Private Network
VPN Full Form and Why Use It: Virtual Private Network
When connected to the internet, you may not want to reveal your identity or tell your service provider which sites you are visiting. For that, VPNs can help. There are...read more
ATM Full Form: Unlocking the Meaning of Automated Teller Machine
ATM Full Form: Unlocking the Meaning of Automated Teller Machine
This article is about ATM. You must have seen this ATM machine near your home. This article will help you in exploring more knowledge about its benefits and working.
FMCG Full Form: Fast-Moving Consumer Goods
FMCG Full Form: Fast-Moving Consumer Goods
FMCG refers to a category of products that are typically sold quickly and at a relatively low cost. FMCG products include everyday items such as food, beverages, toiletries, cleaning products,...read more
HTML Full Form
HTML Full Form
HTML, an acronym for Hypertext Markup Language, is a fundamental building block of the World Wide Web. It is a markup language used to structure and present content on the...read more
Know BIOS Full Form: Basic Input/Output System
Know BIOS Full Form: Basic Input/Output System
There must have been times when the BIOS automatically turns up when you switch on the desktop/laptop. This could happen when you first buy a computer without Windows or another...read more
GPS Full Form
GPS Full Form
Global Positioning System, the satellite-based navigation system that changed how we navigate. Understand the significance of this advanced technology in providing accurate positioning, navigation, and timing information, influencing everything from...read more
CAT Full Form: Common Admission Test
CAT Full Form: Common Admission Test
CAT is a highly competitive entrance examination conducted by the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) for admission to their postgraduate management programs. Scoring well in CAT opens doors to prestigious...read more
ISP Full Form, Meaning, and Types
ISP Full Form, Meaning, and Types
It’s impossible to think of a world without the internet. Have you ever wondered who provides the internet service that allows you to browse websites and connect with others online?...read more
WWW Full Form: World Wide Web
WWW Full Form: World Wide Web
What is WWW (World Wide Web) – It is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessible through the internet. Learn more about WWW in detail, its history, and some interesting...read more
GUI Full Form: Graphical User Interface
GUI Full Form: Graphical User Interface
In the digital age, the interaction between humans and machines has become an integral part of our daily lives. This interaction is facilitated by user interfaces, which serve as the...read more
MIS Full Form: Management Information System
MIS Full Form: Management Information System
MIS is a comprehensive framework that integrates people, technology, and processes to provide managers with timely, accurate, and relevant information for effective decision-making and organizational success.
What is the API Full Form, and Why Use APIs?
What is the API Full Form, and Why Use APIs?
The purpose of understanding the full form of API is to remove any confusion once and for all. For a newbie, there can be huge uncertainty regarding the acronym (some...read more
What is SAP Full Form?
What is SAP Full Form?
In today’s fast-paced business environment, organizations rely on various software solutions to streamline their operations and drive growth. One such widely used system is SAP. But what does SAP stand...read more
What is URL Full Form: Unlocking the Meaning Behind “URL”
What is URL Full Form: Unlocking the Meaning Behind “URL”
Have you ever wondered what “URL” stands for? In this straightforward guide, we’ll uncover the full form of URL, the key that unlocks the online world. Understanding the full form...read more

Related Reads:

How to Convert Binary to Decimal
How to Convert Binary to Decimal
In this article, we will learn, what is a binary number, what is a decimal number, and how to convert binary number to decimal number with the help of different...read more
Grid Computing: How Does it Work?
Grid Computing: How Does it Work?
In this article we will explore Grid Computing Architecture, its working, types and applications. Businesses and organizations generate vast amounts of data, requiring robust and efficient computing solutions. Grid computing...read more
What is Network Analysis: An Introduction
What is Network Analysis: An Introduction
The basics of network analysis involve understanding the key components of a network: nodes and edges. Nodes represent entities, while edges represent relationships or interactions between these entities. Networks can...read more
High-performance Computing: Real-life Analogy
High-performance Computing: Real-life Analogy
In this article you will learn High-performance Computing with real-life analogy. This article covers architecture, working applications and future of High-performance Computing.
Difference Between Bluetooth and Wi-Fi
Difference Between Bluetooth and Wi-Fi
In this article, we will discuss what is Bluetooth, what is Wi-FI, the difference between Bluetooth and Wi-FI, and their corresponding features.
Difference Between Web Browser and Web Server
Difference Between Web Browser and Web Server
In this article, we will briefly discuss what Web Browser and Web Servers are, their features, and the differences between them.
Difference Between Bit and Byte
Difference Between Bit and Byte
A bit is the most basic unit of information in computing and digital communication, represented as 0 and 1, while a byte consists of eight bits. In this article, we...read more
Difference Between Bytecode and Machine Code
Difference Between Bytecode and Machine Code
Confused by Bytecode and Machine Code? Don't worry, data science friend! This blog breaks down the differences in plain English so you can master their roles in machine learning....read more
Top 10 Examples of Software Every Tech Enthusiast Should Know
Top 10 Examples of Software Every Tech Enthusiast Should Know
Looking for examples of software? Check out our comprehensive article that covers a wide range of software applications, including productivity tools, design software, video editing programs, and more. Discover how...read more

FAQs

What is the full form of LAN?

The full form of LAN is Local Area Network.

LAN and WAN full form in Computer

The full form of LAN and WAN are Local Area Networks and Wide Area Networks respectively.

LAN WAN MAN full form in computer

LAN WAN MAN full form in computer are Local Area Networks, Wide Area Networks, and Metropolitan Area Networks.

LAN full form in Computer

LAN full form in computer is Local Area Network.

About the Author
author-image
Vikram Singh
Assistant Manager - Content

Vikram has a Postgraduate degree in Applied Mathematics, with a keen interest in Data Science and Machine Learning. He has experience of 2+ years in content creation in Mathematics, Statistics, Data Science, and Mac... Read Full Bio