UPPSC Syllabus 2023: Download PCS Syllabus PDF for Prelims & Mains Exam

Uttar Pradesh Combined State/ Upper Subordinate Exam 2023 ( UPPSC UPPCS )


Exam On: 23 Sep '23 - 30 Sep '23

Rachit Kumar Saxena

Rachit Kumar SaxenaManager-Editorial

Updated on May 15, 2023 09:09 IST

UPPSC 2023 syllabus will be the key to selection because, after the removal of optional subjects, there will be no advantage to certain subjects and all the candidates have to appear in the same papers. With the removal of optional subject, the scaling in the UPPSC main exam is also removed. This will provide a level playing field to all the candidates. UPPSC 2023 syllabus was revised because of the inclusion of two new papers in the UPPSC main exam.  The main exam will be conducted in the last week of September based on the new syllabus. The Commission did not release the detailed syllabus for the newly added papers. As per the official notification, the Commission will ask Uttar Pradesh specific information in the main exam. The candidates need to prepare all the folklore of the state. The candidates should prepare notes for all the information related to the state, it includes physical features, rivers, local fares, economic and political setup of the state. The candidates should prepare the important products of each district of the state. The candidates need to prepare all the government schemes related to the state.

Also Read: UPSC Exam Analysis 2023 Live Update

The UPPSC exam will be conducted on May 14 based on the syllabus and exam pattern notified in the notification. The Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission can ask anything from the syllabus and up to any detail. The Commission will conduct the UPPSC mains exam 2023 in the last week of September. The UPPSC 2023 applications were closed on April 6. 

The Commission mentioned that the UPPSC 2023 syllabus will remain the same as mentioned in the earlier syllabus. The candidates are required to prepare everything about the state such as the physiography of the state, climate system, drainage system, demography, important festivals, local traditions and folklore of the different part of the state. The newly introduced papers will be descriptive in nature and the candidates will be required to write answers in the form of conventional essay-type answers.

Read here Detail for UPSC Civil Service Exam 2023

UPPCS Syllabus 2023 - Prelims

The Commission mention the syllabus for each stage in the official notification. The candidates must read and understand the topics given in the official syllabus. The candidates can see here the UPPCS syllabus for prelims and main exam separately. 

UPPCS Prelims Syllabus - General Studies - 1

The UPPSC notification defines the UPPSC prelims syllabus in detail. The list of the topics given in the official notification is given below.

Current events of national and international importance

On Current Events of National and International Importance, candidates will be expected to know about them.

History of India & Indian National Movement

In History, emphasis should be on broad understanding social, economic and political aspects of Indian History. In the Indian National Movement, the candidates are expected to have a synoptic view of nature and character of the freedom movement, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence.

India and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic geography of India and the World

In World Geography only general understanding of the subject will be expected.
Questions on the Geography of India will relate to Physical, Social & Economic Geography of India.

Indian Polity and Governance

Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.:- In Indian Polity, Economic and Culture, questions will test knowledge of country’s political system including Panchayati Raj and Community Development, broad features of Economic policy in India and Indian Culture.

Also Read: Syllabus for Current Affairs

Economic and Social Development

Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.:- The candidates will be tested regarding problems and relationship between Population, Environment and Urbanisation.

General Science

Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and understanding of Science, including matters of everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person, who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.

General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change that do not require subject specialisation. General awareness of the subject is expected from candidates.

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UPPCS Prelims Syllabus - General Studies Paper-2 (Aptitude)

It is the qualifying paper only and the candidates need to secure minimum passing marks to qualify this paper. The minimum qualifying mark is 66 marks out of 200. The list of topics is as follows.

  • Comprehension.
  • Interpersonal skills, including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision-making and problem-solving.
  • General mental ability
  • Elementary Mathematics up to Class X level- Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry and Statistics.
  • General English up to Class X level.
  • General Hindi up to Class X level.

See Here: Best Books for UPPSC

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UPPSC PCS Syllabus- Main exam

The UPPSC main exam pattern has been changed and the optional subject has been removed from the main exam. Instead of the optional subject, the Commission will introduce two papers related to the Uttar Pradesh-specific General Knowledge and cultural traditions in the different parts of the state since Uttar Pradesh is a very diversified state. UPPSC main exam is a descriptive type exam where the candidates are required to write conventional answers in the answer sheet. The Commission released the UPPCS exam dates in the official calendar. The UPPSC main exam will start on September 23, around one week apart from the IAS main exam. The candidates are required to prepare the UPPSC exam syllabus with factual orientation, whereas the IAS syllabus is not so factually oriented. UPPSC syllabus is the key to the selection of the candidate. UPPSC syllabus is very similar to the IAS syllabus. In addition, the candidates must also prepare the Uttar Pradesh-specific topics. UPPSC question papers ask a mix of traditional and modern questions in their prelims and main exam.

The main exam is the main part of the UPPSC exam in real terms. The marks secured in the UPPSC PCS main exam are the deciding factor in the final selection. With the change in UPPCS exam pattern, new syllabus of the UPPSC main exam came into force.

There are two major changes in the main exam pattern. Firstly, UPPSC does away with the objective type papers and re-introduced the descriptive type papers as in the past but with an increase in the number of papers. Secondly, UPPSC introduced the ‘Ethics’ paper which was not there earlier.

The paper-wise official UPPSC syllabus is given below

UPPCS Main Essay Syllabus

The candidates need to write three essays (in about 700 words) in three hours. There will be three sections in the UPPSC Essay question paper and the candidates need to choose one topic from each section. The section-wise syllabus is:

Section A: (1) Literature and Culture. (2) Social sphere. (3) Political sphere.

Section B: (1) Science, Environment and Technology. (2) Economic Sphere (3) Agriculture, Industry and Trade.

Section C: (1) National and International Events. (2) Natural Calamities, Landslide, Earthquake, Deluge, Drought etc. (3) National Development programmes and projects.

UPPCS Main General Studies Paper 1 Syllabus

General Studies Paper I is the most static paper of the UPPSC PCS main exam. This paper has the least current orientation and the candidates should prepare it keeping in mind that its topics will be useful in other exams as well. The list of topics is as follows:

1- History of Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2- Modern Indian History (from A.D.1757 to A.D. 1947): Significant events, personalities and issues, etc.

3- The Freedom Struggle- its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country. 

4- Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country (till 1965A.D.). 

5- History of the world will include events from 18th century to the middle of the 20th century such
as French revolution of 1789, the industrial revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, Socialism, Nazism, Fascism etc-their forms and effect on the society.

6- Salient features of Indian Society and culture.

7- Role of Women in society and women's organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

8- Meaning of liberalization, privatization and globalization and their effects on the economy, polity and social structure.

9- Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

10- Distribution of major natural resources of World- Water, Soils, Forests in reference to South and South-East Asia with special reference to India. Factors responsible for the location of industries (with special reference to India).

11- Salient features of Physical Geography- Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, Cyclone, Ocean Currents, winds and glaciers.

12- Oceanic resources of India and their potential.

13- Human migration-refugee problem of the World with a focus on India.

14- Frontiers and boundaries with reference to Indian sub-continent.

15- Population and Settlements- Types and Patterns, Urbanization, Smart Cities and Smart Villages.

16- Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh – History, Culture, Art, Architecture, Festival, Folk-Dance, Literature, Regional Languages, Heritage, Social Customs and Tourism.

17- Specific knowledge of U.P.- Geography- Human and Natural Resources, Climate, Soils, Forest, Wild-Life, Mines and Minerals, Sources of Irrigation.

UPPCS Main General Studies Paper 2 Syllabus

This paper demands the knowledge of the Indian Constitution, the important Acts passed by the Parliament and important historical judgements related to the basic structure of the constitution of India. The list of the topics are as follows

1- Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure, Role of Supreme Court in the evolution of basic provisions of Constitution.

2- Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States: issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

3- Role of Finance Commission in Centre-State financial relations. 

4- Separation of powers, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. Emergence and use of alternative dispute redressal mechanisms.

5- Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other major democratic countries.

6- Parliament and State legislatures- structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers and privileges and concerned issues.

7- Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary: Ministries and Departments of the Government, Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. Public Interest Litigation (PIL).

8- Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.

9- Appointment to various Constitutional posts, Powers, functions and their responsibilities.

10- Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies including NITI Aayog, their features and functioning.

11- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design, implementation and Information Communication Technology (ICT).

12- Development processes- the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups (SHGs), various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

13- Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes, mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

14- Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

15- Issues relating to poverty and hunger, their implication on the body politic.

16- Important aspects of governance. Transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential, citizens, charters and institutional measures.

17- Role of Civil Services in a democracy in the context of emerging trends.

18- India and its relationship with neighbouring countries.

19- Bilateral, Regional and Global groupings and agreements involving India and/ or affecting India's interest.

20- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests- Indian diaspora.

21- Important International Institutions, Agencies their structure, mandate and functioning.

22- Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh regarding Political, Administrative, Revenue and Judicial System.

23- Current affairs and events of Regional, State, National and International importance.

UPPCS Main General Studies Paper 3 Syllabus

This is the most dynamic paper of UPPSC PCS main exam. This paper's topics run in consonance with the current events all the time. The candidates need to update the textbooks for the new data and figures released by the government from time to time. The list of the topics are as follows

1- Economic planning in India, objectives and achievements. Role of NITI Aayog, Pursuit of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG's).

2- Issues of Poverty, Unemployment, Social justice and inclusive growth.

3- Components of Government Budgets and Financial System.

4- Major Crops, Different types of irrigation and irrigation systems, storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce, e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5- Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices, Public Distribution System (PDS)- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security, Technology missions in agriculture.

6- Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.

7- Land reforms in India since independence.

8- Effects of liberalization and globalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

9- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

10- Science and Technology-developments and applications in everyday life and in National Security, India's Science and Technology Policy.

11- Achievements of Indians in science & technology, indigenization of technology. Developments of New technologies, transfer of technology, dual and critical use technologies.

12- Awareness in the fields of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and Space Technology, Computers, Energy resources, nanotechnology, microbiology, biotechnology. Issues relating to intellectual property rights (IPR), and digital rights.

13- Environmental security and Ecosystems, Conservation of Wildlife, Biodiversity, Environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

14- Disaster as a Non-traditional security and safety challenge, disaster mitigation and management.

15- Challenges of International Security: Issues of Nuclear proliferation, Causes and spread of extremism, Communication networks, the role of media and social networking, Basics of cybersecurity, money laundering and human trafficking. 
16- India's internal security challenges: Terrorism, corruption, insurgency and organised crimes.

17- Role, kind and mandate of security forces, higher defence organizations in India 

18- Specific knowledge of Uttar Pradesh Economy:-

  • Overview of UP Economy: State Budgets. Importance of Agriculture, Industry,
  • Infrastructure and physical resources. Human Resources and Skill development.
  • Government Programmes and Welfare Schemes.

19- Issues in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Animal Husbandry.

20- Law and Order and Civil Defence with special reference to U.P.

UPPCS Ethics Syllabus

Ethics paper is introduced recently and the teachers are in the process to devise a strategy for the candidates. This paper was introduced to check the moral orientation of the candidates.

The list of the topics are as follows.

Ethics and Human Interface

Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human action, dimensions of ethics, ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators, the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.


Content, structure, function, its influence and relation with thought and behaviour, moral and political attitudes, social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and nonpartisanship, objectivity, dedication to public services, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.

Emotional Intelligence - concept and dimensions, its utility and application in administration and governance.

Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.

Public/Civil Service Values and Ethics in Public Administration

Status and problems, ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions, laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance, accountability and ethical governance, strengthening of moral values in governance, ethical issues in international relations and funding, corporate governance.

Probity in Governance

Concept of public service, the philosophical basis of governance and probity, information sharing and transparency in government. Right to Information, codes of ethics, codes of conduct, citizen's charter, work culture, quality of service delivery, utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

Case studies on the above issues.

UPPSC Exam Pattern

The UPPCS exam pattern and syllabus complement each other. The candidates should understand the UPPCS exam pattern to best utilise the time allotted for the exam and score better in the exam. A good understanding of the exam pattern can help in better time management during the exam. There is a separate syllabus for the UPPSC PCS prelims and main exam but the candidate should take an integrated approach to the UPPSC syllabus because most of the topics are common and we can say that the main syllabus is an extension of the prelims syllabus. Working on the minute details of the syllabus can change the UPPSC PSC result.

UPPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

The prelims exam is the screening exam that weeds out the undeserving candidates for the main exam. The prelims comprise two papers, the details of which are given below.

Paper Name

No. of Questions


General Studies – I



General Studies– II (Aptitude)



The candidates can see here the UPPSC exam pattern for the main exam. The General Studies Paper-II is qualifying in nature only and the candidates need not worry about that paper. The marks secured in the General Studies paper-I are considered for the prelims result. Both stages of the UPPSC exam are important hence we will see them separately.

Also Read: UPPSC application form

UPPSC Main Exam Patttern

The UPPSC main exam is a descriptive exam where the candidates are required to write conventional essay-type answers in the answer booklet provided by the Commission. The candidates can see here the UPPSC main exam pattern here:





General Hindi






General Studies-I



General Studies –II



General Studies –III



General Studies –IV



Optional Subject - Paper 1 Uttar Pradesh Specific Paper-1

To be announced


Optional Subject - Paper 2 Uttar Pradesh Specific Paper-2

To be announced

Sub-Total (Written Test)

To be updated

Personality Test (Viva-Voce)


Grand Total


The above details are taken from the official notification. 

UPPCS Syllabus 2023 FAQs

Q: Is the UPPSC PCS Syllabus 2023 changed?

A: Yes, the UPPSC PCS syllabus 2023 will be changed because the optional subject has been removed from the UPPSC Main exam. The Commission will introduce two papers which will ask the local folklore, traditions, and other Uttar Pradesh specific General Knowledge. The Commission will soon release the official notification mentioning the said changes officially.

Q. What is UPPCS syllabus?

A. UPPCS syllabus is notified in the Uttar Pradesh Combined State/Upper Subordinate Exam notification every year. In short, we can say it includes everything which is linked and relevant to India, state of Uttar Pradesh and our citizens. The candidates are suggested to prepare all the topics mentioned in the UPPCS syllabus because the Commission does not provide the weightage to the topics. UPPSC 2023 notification is expected in February 2023.

Q. How many optional subjects are there in UPPCS Syllabus?

A. The total number of subjects in the UPPSC PCS exam is 29 including four literature subjects. The candidates need to select one of the optional subjects from the list. The General Studies, Hindi, and Essay paper are compulsory to all the candidates. The Commission should do the answer writing practice during preparation. The Government of the State is considering to remove the optional subject from the UPPSC PCS main exam but there is no official notice released yet in this regard. The UPPSC notification will clear the clouds of rumours.

Q. How many language literature subjects are there in UPPSC PCS Syllabus?

A. There are 4 literature subjects in the UPPSC PCS syllabus. The candidates can opt for any literature subject. The names of the optional subjects are English Literature, Hindi Literature, Urdu Literature and Sanskrit literature. The candidates are required to select one optional subject from the given lists. The candidates need to prepare the optional subjects and try to score better marks in the optional subjects to ensure their selection. 

Q. How to prepare UPPSC PCS syllabus?

A. UPPSC PCS syllabus can be prepared with the right strategy. The candidates need to study the fundamentals first and then go for the application part of the topics. Interlinking the topics is the key to scoring more marks in the PCS exam. The candidates should start the preparation with the NCERT books and then start the standard books. Only NCERT books will not sufficient for the exam. 

Q. How much time will it take to cover the UPPSC PCS Syllabus?

A. UPPSC PCS syllabus can be covered in 1 to 1.5 years’ time with a consistent effort. The UPPSC toppers and mentors always suggest covering the UPPSC PCS main syllabus first. Most of the topics are common for the prelims and main exam. The candidates are suggested to prepare the UPPCS syllabus in a integrated manner. 

Q. What are the sources to prepare the UPPSC PCS Syllabus?

A. The topics given in the UPPSC PCS syllabus should be covered through the NCERT and standard textbooks. Starting with the NCERT books, the candidates should prepare the topics from the standard reference books and relate it with the newspapers. Special emphasis needs to be given to the news related to the UP government initiatives and state schemes.

Q. Is UPPCS syllabus covers everything?

A. The UPPSC PCS syllabus covers almost everything which is relevant to India, state of Uttar Pradesh and Indian citizens. But in the case of the Science and Technology area, there are no limits for the UPPSC PCS syllabus. Previous year’s question papers can immensely help in ascertaining the boundaries of UPPSC PCS syllabus.

Q. What is the role of current affairs in the UPPSC PCS syllabus?

A. Current Affairs plays a very important role in UPPSC PCS preparation. All the topics in the UPPSC PCS Syllabus need to be linked with the current events national and International happenings. Current affairs should have the roots in the static General Studies Topics. The candidates should prepare the current affairs in an integrated manner with the static General Studies topics. 

Q. Which subjects are best for UPPSC PCS Exam?

A. This can not be ascertained. Every year is different and every year the passing percentage of each subject is different. But after analysing the trend, we can say that the following subjects have the highest success ratio are History, Geography, Sociology, Hindi Literature. Apart from the optional subjects, the candidates should strive to score better in the compulsory subjects such as General Studies and Essay paper.

Q. Where anyone can get details of UPPSC PCS syllabus topics?

A. The UPPSC PCS prelims syllabus is not well described in the Uttar Pradesh Combined State/Upper Subordinate Exam (PCS) notification. But the PCS main exam syllabus is very well defined and explained in the notification itself. The candidates need to read, understand, learn and explore the UPPSC PCS main syllabus.

Q. Do UPPSC PCS changes every year?

A. No, UPPSC PCS syllabus is very much static and before changing the syllabus, the UPPSC needs to take approval from the Department of Personnel which works under the Chief Minister of the state. The candidates need to prepare the syllabus as given in the official notification. 

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