C Programming Language: Course Details, Fees, Duration, Diploma & Online Certification

Updated on Apr 18, 2024 05:11 IST
Esha Gupta

Esha GuptaAssociate Senior Executive

The C programming language is a high-level programming language that was developed in the early 1970s by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Labs. C is known for its efficiency and flexibility, allowing programmers to write programs that can be easily transferred to various computer platforms. It's a structured language, which means it allows a complex program to be broken into simpler modules or functions. Explore the blog and discover the available programs and online courses, diverse career paths, associated salary ranges, and valuable insights into the potential career landscape after learning C programming.

C has become one of the most widely used programming languages of all time. It provides low-level access to memory, a simple set of keywords, and a clean style. These features make C language suitable for system programming, such as operating system or compiler development. Many later languages have borrowed syntax/features directly or indirectly from C including C++, C#, and Java. C is still widely used today because of its stability, universal availability, and because it provides the foundational concepts upon which modern programming languages are built.

Table of Contents
  1. C Programming Language Course Highlights
  2. Current Trends in the C Programming Industry
  3. Why Learn C Programming Language in 2024?
  4. C Programming Language Basics
    • 4.1 Core Concepts of C Programming Language
    • 4.2 Advanced C Programming Language Concepts
  5. How to Become a C Programmer?
  6. Top Job Titles in the C Programming Industry
  7. C Programming Language Education and Certification
    • 7.1 C Programming Course Eligibility Criteria
    • 7.2 C Programming Online Courses and Classes
    • 7.3 C Programming Language Syllabus Overview
  8. Top Companies Hiring C Programmers
  9. FAQs

C Programming Language Course Highlights



Course Level

Undergraduate, Postgraduate, Online C Programming Courses


  • UG - 3 to 4 years
  • PG - 2 years
  • Online Courses - 4 to 24 weeks


  • Online and Undergraduate Courses - 10+2 in any stream with basic computer knowledge
  • Postgraduate Courses - Bachelor's degree in Computer Science, Information Technology, or related


Up to Rs. 8 lakh

Top Institutions

  • Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs)
  • National Institutes of Technology (NITs)
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani)
  • Delhi Technological University (DTU)
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIITs)

Average Salary

Up to Rs. 20 LPA

Top Recruiters

Oracle, Google, Microsoft, Amazon, IBM, SAP, Infosys, TCS, Cognizant, Wipro, Accenture, Capgemini, Tech Mahindra, HCL Technologies, among others

Job Positions

C Developer, Software Engineer, System Programmer, Embedded Systems Developer, Systems Analyst, among others

Current Trends in the C Programming Industry

  • C continues to be the preferred choice for system-level programming, particularly in the development of operating systems, embedded systems, and low-level hardware interfaces. 
  • C is crucial in embedded systems development, including automotive systems, consumer electronics, and medical devices, due to its efficiency and minimal runtime overhead.
  • Tools like GNU Make, and C-specific build systems remain important for managing large projects. Additionally, debugging tools such as GDB (GNU Debugger) are widely used for troubleshooting and improving C applications.
  • With vast amounts of legacy code written in C, there is a significant ongoing demand for developers skilled in maintaining, optimizing, and securing this code, especially in critical and high-performance applications.

Why Learn C Programming Language in 2024?

  • C is often considered the mother of all programming languages because many later languages (like C++, Java, and Python) have syntax based on C. Learning C can provide a strong foundation in fundamental programming concepts such as variable types, data structures, and memory allocation.
  • It provides an unmatched level of control over system resources and memory, which is crucial for system programming.
  • Despite its age, C is widely used in developing firmware and system software for various critical systems across industries. 
  • The necessity to manage memory manually and understand low-level architecture in C programming sharpens problem-solving skills.

C Programming Language Basics

C development involves managing and maintaining the code and software that allow applications to operate smoothly and efficiently. It's a critical role that balances technical expertise with the need to ensure that applications are always available and running optimally. C developers work with various technologies, including operating systems, embedded systems, and performance-critical applications, to develop, configure, and troubleshoot software systems.

The role of a C developer has evolved significantly with the rise of system-level programming and the increasing complexity of computing needs. Today, these professionals not only ensure that applications perform efficiently across various platforms but also implement strong optimization techniques to enhance performance.

With the continuous growth of technology-driven industries and the expansion of the Internet of Things (IoT), the demand for skilled C developers is on the rise. They play an important role in designing, implementing, and maintaining the software that supports high-performance computing and real-time systems.

Core Concepts of C Programming Language



C Syntax and Semantics

Understanding the basic syntax and semantics of C is crucial, including data types, operators, control structures, and error handling.

Procedural Programming

C is primarily used for procedural programming, focusing on the design and implementation of procedures or routines.

Memory Management

C gives developers direct control over memory allocation and deallocation, necessitating a deep understanding of dynamic memory management, pointers, and references.

Modular Programming

The use of header files and source files to organize code into modules, improving maintainability and reusability.


Using processes and basic threading libraries to manage concurrent execution is crucial for applications needing to perform multiple tasks simultaneously.

Resource Management

Managing resources manually, using pointers to handle memory and utilizing system-level constructs for managing files and network connections.

Error Handling

C relies on error codes and errno for managing errors robustly, as it lacks built-in exception handling.

Linking External Libraries

C often interacts with external libraries through direct linking, which is crucial for extending functionality and interfacing with hardware or other programming languages.

Interfacing with Hardware

Direct interfacing with hardware using pointers and volatile keywords, especially in embedded and system-level programming.

Advanced C Programming Language Concepts



Advanced Pointer Arithmetic

Using pointers to manipulate memory locations directly is crucial for low-level system tasks.

Optimizing Resource Management

Techniques for efficient memory and resource management, such as using custom memory pools.

Concurrency and Parallelism

Utilizing advanced libraries (e.g., POSIX threads) for optimizing performance and responsiveness in applications.

Custom Memory Management

Implementing custom allocators and understanding nuances between stack and heap memory management.

Compiler Intrinsics and Assembly

Using compiler-specific functions or inline assembly to optimize operations and improve performance.

Design Patterns and Architecture

Applying design patterns suited for procedural programming, such as State, Strategy, and Observer.

Optimizing for Low-Latency and Real-Time Systems

Techniques for writing efficient code in C that minimize execution time and resource usage are crucial in real-time systems like embedded devices.

Modular Programming with Linker Scripts

Utilizing linker scripts and object files to manage large projects and optimize linking processes.

Advanced I/O and Networking

Handling complex I/O operations and integrating with networking libraries for systems and network programming.

How to Become a C Programmer?

Here are a few steps to consider when you want to learn and excel in C Programming Language.

Top Job Titles in the C Programming Industry

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Annual Salary in INR

C Developer

Develops and maintains applications using C, ensuring code efficiency and integrating software components.

4 to 8 lakh

Embedded Systems Engineer

Specializes in developing and troubleshooting embedded software systems using C, often for hardware interfaces and real-time operating systems.

5 to 10 lakh

Systems Programmer

Works on lower-level software that interacts directly with the hardware or operating systems, primarily using C.

6 to 14 lakh

Software Architect

Designs complex software systems and guides the overall technical direction, often using C for system-critical applications.

11 to 24 lakh

Real-Time Systems Developer

Develops software for systems requiring real-time processing, using C to ensure performance and responsiveness.

7 to 15 lakh

Firmware Developer

Designs develops, and optimizes firmware, often for embedded systems using C, focusing on integration and efficiency.

5 to 11 lakh

Network Programmer

Develops and maintains network-driven applications, ensuring efficient data communication and security protocols in C.

6 to 12 lakh

Performance Engineer

Optimizes software and systems for better performance using C, analyzing and improving speed, memory usage, and integration processes.

8 to 16 lakh

Device Driver Developer

Designs and implements software that controls hardware devices, using C to develop accessible and efficient drivers.

5 to 12 lakh

Systems Analyst

Analyzes system requirements and designs solutions using C, focusing on scalability, performance, and integration.

6 to 12 lakh

Source: AmbitionBox

C Programming Language Education and Certification

C Programming Language education and certification will open doors to many learning opportunities, dealing with a range of learners from beginners to advanced programmers. These programs are designed to ensure that individuals have the necessary skills and knowledge to excel in various aspects of C programming. 

C Programming Course Eligibility Criteria

  • Completion of the 12th grade, with some basic knowledge of computers, computer applications, and any programming language.
  • A background in computer science or related fields is often recommended for those pursuing more advanced courses.
  • Candidates with a degree (graduate or postgraduate) can also enrol in more specialized C courses.

C Programming Online Courses and Classes

Course Name


Duration (Approx)

C for Everyone: Programming Fundamentals Coursera 22 Hours
C Programming For Beginners - Master the C Language Udemy 26 Hours
Programming Basics Great Learning 1 Hour
Introduction to Programming in C NPTEL 8 Weeks
C Programming: Getting Started - 1 Coursera 11 Hours
Introduction to C Great Learning 1 Hour
C for Everyone: Structured Programming Coursera 9 Hours
C Programming For Beginners Udemy 100 Hours
Complete C Programming IIT Kanpur 6 Weeks
Learn C and C++ Internshala 8 Weeks

C Programming Language Syllabus Overview

Basic Level Courses



C Programming Fundamentals

Introduction to C syntax, basic data types, control structures, and simple functions.

Procedural Programming in C

Overview of procedural concepts such as functions, loops, and conditional statements.

Memory Management Basics

Basic understanding of memory allocation, pointers, and preventing memory leaks.

Basic Software Development Tools

Introduction to compilers, debuggers, and IDEs commonly used in C development.

Intermediate Level Courses



Advanced C Features

Dive into advanced features like modular programming, dynamic memory management, and file operations.

Build Systems and C Project Configuration

Techniques for managing C projects, including using build systems like Make and GNU Autotools.

Unit Testing in C

Introduction to unit testing frameworks in C, such as CUnit and Unity.

Debugging and Profiling

Strategies for effective debugging and profiling to optimize C application performance.

Advanced Level Courses



Concurrency and Multithreading

Managing concurrent execution in C using POSIX threads and multiprocessing techniques.

Advanced Design Patterns

Implementation of complex design patterns in C for creating robust and scalable applications.

Systems Programming in C

Techniques for low-level programming, including interfacing with operating systems, and writing efficient, system-critical code.

C in Embedded Systems

Utilizing C for embedded systems development, focusing on resource-constrained programming and real-time performance.

Top Companies Hiring C Programmers

Company Name



Technology, Software Development, Cloud Services


Technology, Artificial Intelligence, Cloud Computing

Apple Inc.

Technology, Consumer Electronics, Software Development


E-commerce, Cloud Computing, Technology

Facebook (Meta Platforms)

Social Media, Technology, Virtual Reality


Technology, Graphics Processors, Artificial Intelligence


Technology, Database Management, Cloud Services


Semiconductor, Technology, Wireless Technology


Software Development, Cloud Services, Technology


Technology, Cloud Computing, IT Services

In 2024, C programming continues to be a crucial skill in the tech industry, important for developing efficient system-level software. It plays a key role in operating systems programming, embedded systems, and real-time applications.


What is C?

C is a high-level and general-purpose programming language that is ideal for developing firmware or portable applications. Originally designed for writing system software, it is also widely used in building applications and operating systems.

How do I become a C Developer?

To become a C developer, you should start by learning the fundamentals of the language, including syntax, control structures, and basic data types. Following this, practical experience through projects, understanding more complex topics like pointers and memory management, and mastering debugging and optimization techniques are crucial steps.

What are the essential skills for a C Developer?

Essential skills for a C developer include a strong grasp of procedural programming, understanding of memory management, proficiency in using pointers, expertise in writing and optimizing algorithms, and familiarity with system level programming.

What are C certifications and are they important?

C certifications can demonstrate a professional level of proficiency in the language and understanding of its applications. While not always required, they can be beneficial for standing out in job applications, especially for positions that emphasize technical expertise.

What are the most important concepts in C?

The most important concepts in C include pointers, memory management, multi-threading, and modular programming with multiple files. Mastery of these concepts is crucial for efficient and effective programming in C.

What is the difference between C and Java?

C is a procedural programming language that offers low-level access to memory and provides minimal runtime support, while Java is an object-oriented language that runs on a virtual machine, offering extensive runtime services like garbage collection and cross-platform compatibility.

What are some popular C development tools?

Popular C development tools include the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), Clang for compiling, GDB for debugging, Valgrind for memory leak detection, and Make for automating the build process.

What are the career opportunities for C Developers?

Career opportunities for C developers are prevalent in areas such as embedded systems, systems programming, automotive software development, telecommunications, and IoT devices.

What is the salary range for C Developers in India?

The salary range for C developers in India typically varies from 4 to 12 lakh INR annually, depending on experience, industry, and specific technical skills.

What are the challenges and advantages of being a C Developer?

Challenges of being a C developer include managing complex memory usage and understanding low-level system interactions, which can be error-prone and difficult to debug. Advantages include high performance of the developed applications, control over hardware and system resources, and the ability to work on critical software systems and embedded devices.

Popular C Programming Language Colleges in India

Following are the most popular C Programming Language Colleges in India. Learn more about these C Programming Language colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
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Popular Private C Programming Language Colleges in India

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Popular C Programming Language UG Courses

Following are the most popular C Programming Language UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular C Programming Language PG Courses

Following are the most popular C Programming Language PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses

Popular Exams

Following are the top exams for C Programming Language. Students interested in pursuing a career on C Programming Language, generally take these important exams.You can also download the exam guide to get more insights.

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