Updated on Apr 18, 2024 02:36 IST
Chanchal Aggarwal

Chanchal AggarwalSenior Executive Content

Do you know what names like Facebook, Microsoft, Wikipedia, and WordPress have in common besides their popularity? You guessed it right. They are all built using PHP. This indicates how versatile and reliable PHP is across different types of web platforms.

As per the W3Tech report, PHP remains a dominant server-side programming language on the web. It is used by 76.5% of all websites whose server-side programming language is known.

PHP Course Highlights

Particulars

Details

Course Level

Undergraduate, Postgraduate, Online Programmes

Duration

Online Courses - Few hours to 8-12 weeks

Eligibility

For Offline/Online Courses - 10+2 in any stream

Fees

Up to INR 3 lakh

Resources

  • PHP.net:
  • GitHub and Stack Overflow
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • Coding Dojo
  • Le Wagon
  • Udemy
  • Coursera
  • Codeacademy

Average Salary

Up to INR 12 lakh

Top Recruiters

Google, Facebook, Slack, Amazon, Etsy, Magento (Adobe), WordPress, Joomla & Drupal, BBC, Spotify, JPMorgan Chase, PayPal

Job Positions

Junior PHP Developer, PHP Web Developer, WordPress Developer, Full Stack Developer, PHP Application Developer, Drupal/Joomla Developer, Senior PHP Developer, PHP Framework Specialist (e.g., Laravel, Symfony Developer), Software Engineer (PHP), Lead PHP Developer/Engineer

Current Trends of PHP

  • PHP’s version 7 is used by 57.9% of all websites, which indicates a strong preference for this stable and feature-rich version, as per W3Tech. 
  • Around 78.9% of businesses utilizing PHP leverage popular frameworks like Laravel, CodeIgniter, and Symfony for development, according to Cloudways data. 

Reasons for Learning PHP in 2024

  • Several popular CMS platforms run on PHP, including WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal. More than 40% of all websites on the internet are powered by WordPress, which is built on PHP, demonstrating the need for PHP skills in content management and web development (W3Tech).
  • Currently, Naukri.com reports over 180,000 job postings for web developers and 110,000 for full-stack developers.
  • PHP's community thrives on platforms like PHP.net, Stack Overflow, and GitHub, offering extensive resources and support through countless discussions and repositories, aiding both beginners and advanced developers.
  • The average annual salary of a PHP developer is ₹3.7 Lakhs.

Fundamental Concepts of PHP

Concept Description
Syntax PHP scripts start with . Understand basic syntax for writing PHP code.
Variables Denoted by a $, used to store data of various types. Case-sensitive.
Data Types Includes strings, integers, floats, booleans, arrays, objects, NULL, and resources.
Operators Used for arithmetic, assignment, comparison, and logical operations.
Control Structures Includes if, else, while, for, foreach for decision-making and looping.
Functions PHP has a vast library of built-in functions and supports custom functions.
Arrays Can hold multiple values in indexed, associative, and multidimensional types.
Superglobals Built-in global arrays like $_GET, $_POST, $_SESSION, $_COOKIE for handling data.
Form Handling Handling form data using $_GET and $_POST superglobals is essential.
Sessions and Cookies Used for storing user information across different pages.
Error Handling Essential for debugging and handling unexpected situations gracefully.
Database Interaction Interaction with databases using MySQLi or PDO for database operations is crucial.

Top Online PHP Courses

PHP Online Courses

Provider/ University

Duration

PHP & MySQL Training

IIT Bombay

15 weeks

PHP

Great Learning

2 hours

Building Web Applications in PHP

Coursera

30 hours

PHP with Laravel for beginners - Become a Master in Laravel

Udemy

43 hours

PHP

Naresh iTechnologies

-

Colleges/Institutes Offering PHP Courses

Popular Colleges

Courses

Fees in INR

Thakur Institute of Career Advancement

Basic Certificate in PHP

7 K

Compufield Computer Institute

  • Dual Diploma Pro in Web Technology and Multimedia
  • Certificate in Web Development
  • Diploma in Web Designing, Software Engineering,  Multimedia Pro, E-Commerce and Global Marketing
  • Diploma in Web 2.0 Technology

10.5 K - 1.78 L

Linux Learning Centre

Programming with PHP

4 K

NACE International Institute

Apache Certification
PHP

-

Oxford Software Institute, Delhi

PHP Programming

-

SEED Infotech Ltd, Bangalore

PHP Programming

-

Minimum Eligibility for Enrolling in PHP Courses

There are no strict eligibility criteria for enrolling in PHP courses; you can start learning PHP after finishing your 10th or 12th grade. The decision to learn this programming language largely depends on your interests, career objective or the course requirements you're pursuing. For example, students in programs like B.Tech, BSc.IT, BCA, etc., might find learning PHP necessary for their curriculum.

Who Should Go For PHP Courses?

  • With over 30 years of evolution, PHP boasts a large codebase and established best practices for web development. This foundation offers a stable yet dynamic path for aspiring developers.
  • If you're interested in making websites that respond and change based on user actions, like filling out forms or displaying personalized content, then learning PHP is for you. It's perfect for anyone wanting to work with databases and create websites that update dynamically. PHP courses provide the skills needed to build and manage complex websites effectively.
  • PHP's versatility makes it ideal for small businesses, from powering simple sites to complex e-commerce platforms. Its scalability ensures that your PHP-based projects can expand seamlessly as your business grows. It makes it a smart, long-term investment in your digital toolkit.

Syllabus for Online PHP Courses

Module

Topics Covered

Introduction to PHP

- Overview of PHP

-Setting up the environment

- Syntax and basic script structure

- Embedding PHP in HTML

Basic Concepts

- Variables and data types

- Strings and operations

- Control structures: if, else, switch

- Loops: for, while, do-while, foreach

Functions

- Defining and calling functions

- Function arguments and return values

- Built-in PHP functions

- Anonymous functions and closures

Arrays and Data Structures

- Indexed and associative arrays

- Multidimensional arrays

- Array functions and manipulation

- Working with JSON data

Working with Forms

- GET and POST methods

- Form validation and sanitization

- Handling file uploads

- Super global variables: $_GET, $_POST, $_FILES

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

- Classes and objects

- Properties and methods

- Constructors and destructors

- Inheritance, interfaces, and traits

- Visibility (public, private, protected)

Error Handling and Debugging

- Error types and handling

- Exceptions and try-catch blocks

- Debugging techniques

- Logging errors and exceptions

Working with Databases

- Introduction to MySQL/MariaDB

- PHP Data Objects (PDO) extension

- Performing CRUD operations

- Prepared statements and transactions

PHP and the Web

- Sessions and cookies

- Handling user authentication

- Redirects and HTTP headers

- Working with APIs and cURL

Security Best Practices

- SQL injection prevention

- Cross-site scripting (XSS) prevention

- Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) prevention

- Password hashing and secure data handling

Advanced PHP Techniques

- Namespaces and autoloading

- Working with files and directories

- Regular expressions

- Date and time manipulation

PHP Frameworks

- Introduction to PHP frameworks

- MVC architecture

- Getting started with a framework (e.g., Laravel, Symfony)

- Basic routing, controllers, and views

Building a Complete Application

- Project planning and structure

- Integrating front-end technologies

- Implementing CRUD operations in a project

- User authentication and authorization

Testing and Deployment

- Unit testing in PHP

- Functional testing

- Deployment best practices

- Using Composer for dependency management



How to Become PHP Developer

Step

Action

Learn Basic Web Technologies

Study HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to understand web page structure, styling, and functionality.

Master PHP Basics

Learn PHP syntax, variables, loops, functions, and how to work with forms and databases.

Understand Database Management

Gain proficiency in SQL and learn to interact with databases using PHP, focusing on MySQL or MariaDB.

Explore PHP Frameworks

Learn at least one PHP framework (e.g., Laravel, Symfony) to enhance development efficiency and follow best practices.

Practice Building Projects

Develop small projects to apply your knowledge, such as blogs, forums, or e-commerce sites.

Learn Version Control Systems

Get familiar with Git for version control to manage and collaborate on projects.

Study Object-Oriented PHP

Dive into object-oriented programming (OOP) concepts in PHP to write more efficient and modular code.

Understand Security Practices

Learn about web security practices to protect your applications from common vulnerabilities.

Develop RESTful APIs

Learn to create and use APIs with PHP for web services and integrations.

Create a Portfolio

Build a portfolio of your projects to showcase your skills to potential employers or clients.

Contribute to Open Source

Enhance your skills and visibility by contributing to open-source PHP projects.

Stay Updated and Network

Follow PHP and web development trends. Join communities, which include PHP libraries, frameworks, CMSes, etc., and participate in forums and meetups.

Salary and Job Titles

  • Average salaries for Web Developers in India can range from ₹3.5 lakhs to ₹8 lakhs per annum, depending on experience and location.
  • Salary: Average salaries for Front-End Developers in India can range from ₹4 lakhs to ₹9 lakhs per annum, depending on experience and location. 
  • Full-stack developers are highly sought-after due to their versatile skills. There are over 110,000 job postings for "Full Stack Developer" on Naukri.com.
  • Average salaries for WordPress Developers in India can range from ₹4 lakhs to ₹8 lakhs per annum, depending on experience and location. 
  • E-commerce developers in India are estimated to earn between 4.5 lakhs and 10 lakhs per annum, depending on their experience and location. 

Conclusion

In 2024, PHP remains a pivotal language in the web development syllabus, offering vast career opportunities and jobs due to its critical role in building dynamic websites and applications. Its widespread use in server-side scripting, database integration, and content management systems like WordPress makes it a versatile choice for developers. Choosing PHP opens doors to diverse programming roles, ensuring a durable and evolving career path in the tech industry.

FAQs related to PHP

Q: What is PHP, and why is it used?

A: PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is an open-source server-side scripting language. PHP is used to manage databases, dynamic content, session tracking, and building e-commerce sites. It is integrated with Oracle, MySQL, PostgreSQL, Sybase, Microsoft SQL Server, and Informix.

Q: What is the scope in PHP?

A:Recently, the demand for PHP professionals has increased and big companies are hiring PHP professionals for their projects. After some experience in this field, one can also work independently as a freelancer.

Q: What is the eligibility required for PHP training?

A: Any graduate who knows the basic computer programming language can go for the PHP courses and certifications.

Q: Which are the top companies in India that recruit PHP professionals?

A: Few popular companies in India which regularly hire PHP professionals are - Webkul, ABC, Maxgen, CodeClouds, Xento Systems, IndiaNIC Infotech, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Infosys, NeoSOFT Technologies, and Hidden Brains Info Tech.

Q: Is there any degree program in PHP?

A: No, there is no degree program dedicated to PHP. One can do the PHP diploma and get certifications in PHP.

Q: What is the advantage of using PHP?

A: The various advantages of PHP are - it is easy and simple to learn, cost-efficient, provides efficient performance, flexibility and easy integration and compatibility.

Q: Why use PHP for a website?

A: It supports Sybase, Oracle etc. It can be used to create simple syntax, functions and methods. Furthermore, it supports the database management system.

Q: What is the difference between PHP and Python?

A: PHP develops a dynamic website or web application and it has a wide range of syntax and naming conventions. Python is used for rapid application development and it has a clear and concise syntax of codes.

Popular PHP Colleges in India

Following are the most popular PHP Colleges in India. Learn more about these PHP colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
6 K
60 K
9 K
5 K

Popular Private PHP Colleges in India

6 K
60 K
9 K
5 K

Most Popular Courses

Popular PHP UG Courses

Following are the most popular PHP UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular Exams

Following are the top exams for PHP. Students interested in pursuing a career on PHP, generally take these important exams.You can also download the exam guide to get more insights.

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