Python NumPy Tutorial: For Beginners

Python NumPy Tutorial: For Beginners

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Updated on Jun 5, 2023 18:34 IST

This article talks about NumPy. How to install it? It also covers Input/Output, creating and Manipulating DataArray Operations, mathematical and statistical Functions with NumPy, You will learn reshaping, Joining, and Splitting Arrays.


Welcome to the world of numerical computing with NumPy! In this blog post, we will explore the powerful capabilities of the NumPy library and how it can enhance your data analysis, scientific computing, and machine learning workflows. If you are a beginner or an experienced programmer, this comprehensive guide will cover all the important topics to help you unlock the full potential of Python NumPy.

Table of Contents

What is NumPy?

NumPy, which stands for “Numerical Python,” is a powerful Python library for scientific computing. It supports large, multidimensional arrays and matrices and a collection of mathematical functions to operate on these arrays efficiently. NumPy is a fundamental library for data analysis and numerical computations in Python.

Array Manipulation Using NumPy
Array Manipulation Using NumPy
NumPy is a foundation library for scientific computations in Python, literally standing for Numerical Python. It contains sophisticated functions and tools for integrating with other programming languages as well. more
How to use Python Array
How to use Python Array
Python arrays are linear-ordered data structures that store the elements of the same data type at contiguous memory locations. In this article, we will discuss how to use python arrays.
Top 9 NumPy Interview Questions
Top 9 NumPy Interview Questions
In this article, we will discuss basic and intermediate NumPy Interview Questions in most simplified ways with example.

Also read: Free Python Courses Online

The need of NumPy

  • It introduces ndarray. These are homogeneous and multidimensional arrays that can store large amounts of numerical data. 
  • Efficiently implement multidimensional arrays. It offers optimized functions and operators that can be applied directly to arrays.
  • Perform scientific calculations. NumPy provides a comprehensive collection of mathematical functions, including trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, and statistical functions. 
  • You can perform Fourier transforms to reshape data stored in multidimensional arrays.
  • NumPy provides built-in linear algebra and random number generation functions.

Installation and Setup

To install NumPy, you can use pip, the package installer for Python. Open a terminal or command prompt and enter the following command:

pip install numpy
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This will download and install the latest version of NumPy from the Python Package Index (PyPI).

Once NumPy is installed, you can import it into your Python scripts or interactive sessions using the following import statement:

import numpy as np
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File Input/Output with NumPy

Task Function Example
Reading data from a file numpy.loadtxt() data = np.loadtxt(‘data.txt’)
Writing data to a file numpy.savetxt() np.savetxt(‘output.txt’, data, fmt=’%d’, delimiter=’\t’)
Reading binary data numpy.fromfile
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