Most Important IAS Topics for UPSC CSE 2023

Indian Administrative Services 2023 ( IAS )

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Registration: 14 Feb '24 - 5 Mar '24

Rachit Kumar
Rachit Kumar Saxena
Updated on Jun 26, 2023 17:05 IST

UPSC IAS 2023 notification has been released online on February 1, 2023. The candidates can check here the subject-wise important topics for the UPSC IAS 2023 prelims and main exam. The candidates should prepare these topics to score better in the prelims and main exam. The UPSC IAS prelims 2023 will be conducted on May 28 in offline mode. Besides the topics, there are in-depth articles which can be downloaded as pdfs. The candidates can take their pdfs for future reference. They can also refer to the topic for note preparation.


Most Important Topics for UPSC IAS 2023

UPSC IAS 2023 notification has been released online on February 1. The last date to apply for the UPSC IAS 2023 exam is February 21. The UPSC IAS 2023 Prelims exam will be conducted on May 28 across the nation in offline mode. The Commission notified the UPSC IAS syllabus for the Civil Service prelims and main exam separately. The candidates should note that the candidates should prepare the topics given in the IAS syllabus in an integrated manner so that they can score better in the UPSC IAS exam. The candidates should see the interviews of UPSC toppers so that they can get right guidance.

The UPSC mention the IAS prelims and main exam syllabus separately in the official IAS notification. Though the topics are mentioned in a separate manner but they are more or less same.  The most important topics for the IAS exam are selected based on their relevancy and the current affairs that occurred in the recent past having major ramifications. The candidates should prepare their own notes to help them prepare faster during the examination. 

Nature of UPSC Questions

There are certain topics which seem important for the UPSC IAS exam 2023 but interestingly they are not asked in the prelims exam. UPSC mostly ask for the background of current events. Ideally, UPSC asks around four aspects of a topic in one question through multiple options and only one option is correct. The candidate having a clear idea bout the topic can only answer those confusing questions. The candidates should balance their preparation in the static General Studies topics and Current affairs so that they can make the interconnect between the two. This will help in the answer writing as well as in the prelims exam.

IAS questions always spell surprise to most of the candidates because they ask interdisciplinary questions in the exam where the candidates need to write about various aspects of the topic within the time constraint. The information acquired in these topics can be utilized in these types of questions.

Current Affairs and UPSC Preparation

Current events of national and international importance and the General Studies topics are important for the IAS exam, be it IAS prelims, main or the IAS interview. The IAS exam needs a clear understanding of all aspects of Current affairs and general studies. We here provide a comprehensive list of topics important for the UPSC exam 2023 and IAS main exam 2023.There are some IAS topics which are evergreen and some IAS topics are very important for the year. IAS preparation revolves around these IAS topics because there is a high probability of getting questions in the IAS question papers.

All the IAS aspirants are studying the IAS syllabus to extract the important IAS topics for the upcoming IAS exam. IAS Exam 2023 will not be an exception to the previous years and the candidates are searching for the important IAS topics for this year as well. Based on the previous year IAS question papers and the tips provided by the IAS toppers about their IAS interviews, we have extracted the section-wise important topics for the UPSC IAS prelims 2023

How to prepare Current Affairs for IAS exam 2023?

How to Start IAS Preparation?

The candidates can see here the important steps to start the IAS preparation


Current Affairs Topics for UPSC IAS 2023

Current events of national and international importance are the guiding force for IAS preparation. It provides the locus of UPSC IAS preparation and the current affairs of the last 100 days are most important for the IAS prelims exam. The candidates need to prepare for the current affairs from January 1, 2022, to 20 days prior to the exam. The question paper is printed 20 – 25 days earlier than exam.

  1. Agri Accelerator Funs
  2. Issue of Privacy
  3. Indian Mobile Operating System - Bharat OS
  4. Eklavya Model Residential Schools
  5. Green Hydrogen Policy
  6. Public Emergency in Sri Lanka
  7. Artificial Womb and its Importance
  8. Fly Ash Management and Utilisation Mission and its Relevance
  9. Understanding the New India Literacy Programme
  10. UNEP Frontiers Report
  11. UN Environment Report 2023
  12. Significance of the First India-Central Asia Summit
  13. India-France Agreement on Roadmap for Blue Economy & Ocean Governance
  14. Important Provisions of Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2021
  15. NASSCOM's Report on Startups in India
  16. One Health Concept: What is it and its Relevance
  17. New Ordinance Companies and their relevance
  18. COVID-19 and India's Effort in 2021
  19. India's Rank in Global Hunger Index 2021
  20. Highlights of State of Education Report 2023 for India
  21. Prohibition of Child Marriage (Amendment) Bill, 2021
  22. Objectives of Fourth Assembly of International Solar Alliance
  23. Objectives of G-20 Innovation League
  24. India and International Energy Agency (IEA)
  25. Sahel Crisis Genesis and its Solution
  26. Delhi Declaration 2023 and way ahead
  27. Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness Index Or RECAI and its importance for India
  28. Waste Management Policy in India and its effectiveness
  29. Objective and Relevance of COP26
  30. ADIPEC 2023 Agenda and Outcomes 
  31. Recovery of Indian Economy
  32. New Agriculture Laws
  33. New National Education Policy
  34. Digital Education Report
  35. Stages of Vaccine Development
  36. ASEEM Platform
  37. Postal Ballet in India
  38. Net Zero Carbon Emission - Meaning
  39. 5G technology - Beam formation, Mass MIMO
  40. Working of ICMR
  41. Drug testing regulation in India
  42. String of Pearls theory and India's counter
  43. Sea Lines of Communication in the Indian Ocean
  44. One Belt One Road (OBOR) Policy and India's Counter
  45. Cyclone Nisarga affected areas
  46. Fabric required for PPE kit
  47. What percentage of oxygen is required for the normal functioning of the brain?
  48. Shifting of Earth's Geo-Magnetic field and its impact
  49. Indo-Nepal & Indo-China Border distpute
  50. Virus and Bacteria borne diseases differences
  51. Outbreak-Epidemic-Pandemic
  52. CORONA Test Techniques - Viral vs Antibody Test
  53. Recent NAM and SCO Summit
  54. Recent Dhaula-Vira Discoveries
  55. Coronavirus Pandemic
  56. China – Wuhan
  57. Facts related to the Citizenship Amendment Act
  58. The Jammu & Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh formation
  59. Sir Creek dispute
  60. Uttarakhand Summer Capital
  61. Environment Summits 2023-22

Download here: UPSC IAS Question Papers


Economy Topics for UPSC IAS 2023

Indian Economy topics are more oriented towards current events. The candidates need to prepare the current economic events occurring in India and the world. The candidates need to understand the Indian Economic Structure and its interaction with the world.

  1. Centre's Roadmap to Achieve US$300 Bn from Electronics
  2. Shortage of Semi-Conductors and India's Initiative
  3. Salient Features of National Monetisation Plan
  4. Highlights of World Economic Outlook Report October 2023
  5. Salient Features of MPLAD Scheme
  6. Salient Features of Poshan Abhiyaan
  7. Highlights of 8th Indo-US Economic and Financial Partnership
  8. Role of RBI in post-COVID-19 recovery
  9. Recovery of Indian Economy after the pandemic
  10. FATF Review of Indian Economy Pushed to 2023
  11. IMF projection and Indian Economy
  12. Garib Kalyan Rozgar Abhiyaan
  13. Zoram Food Park, Mizoram
  14. Google to invest 75000 Crore in India
  15. National Infrastructure Pipeline
  16. Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund
  17. What is Negative Growth?
  18. Deflation and Recession
  19. Indian Economic Structure
  20. The primary, secondary and tertiary producers
  21. Agriculture in India
  22. Banking Structure of India (Recent Bank Mergers)
  23. RBI Mandate and it's functioning
  24. SEBI, IRDA
  25. REPO rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Marginal Standing Facility, Bank Rate
  26. Crypto-currency and issues related to it ( Recently Supreme Court gave an order related to it)

See here: Important UPSC Essay topics

Geography Topics for UPSC IAS 2023

The geography topics are very important because geography is a science-based subject and various candidates found it difficult to prepare. There are a good number of questions from the physical geography of India and the world. World geography has very fewer questions in the IAS question paper. The important topics are as follows.

  1. The increasing frequency of Cyclone
  2. Bihar and Assam Floods
  3. Flood and the Indian preparations across the state
  4. The naming convention of cyclones
  5. Physical Features along Indo-China Border
  6. Geo-Magnetic Field and its significance
  7. Cyclone Amphan &  Cyclone Nisarga
  8. Formation of Himalayas and structure of Himalayas, Importance of Himalayas
  9. Physical Geography of India
  10. The drainage system in India
  11. Monsoon pattern in India
  12. Rock System in India
  13. Formation of Rocks
  14. Recent Census figures
  15. Climatology
  16. Hydrology

Indian Polity Topics for UPSC IAS 2023

The Indian Polity section is the favourite section of the UPSC because a good number of questions have been asked every year and the question seems very easy and direct but the close analysis of the question provides the insight that the question was difficult. It is suggested to read twice the Indian Polity questions then only mark the answers. The important topics for the Indian Polity section are as follows.

  1. Important Provisions of Election Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2023
  2. Expansion in BSF jurisdiction and the way ahead
  3. New Agriculture Laws are essential for long-pending Agricultural reforms
  4. All India orientation of CBI investigation
  5. Implications of J & K reorganisation Act, 2019
  6. Difference between Cabinet Minister and Minister with Independent Charge
  7. Prime Minister as the Residuary Legatee
  8. Preamble
  9. Article related to the Land Boundaries and their redrawing
  10. Articles related to the Citizenship of India
  11. Citizenship Act
  12. Fundamental Rights
  13. Fundamental Duties
  14. Articles related to the Supreme Court of India
  15. Articles related to the Emergency Provisions in India
  16. Article related to the Union-State relations with social emphasis on Article 256, 356
  17. National Security Act
  18. Essential Commodities Act
  19. Important SC Judgements related to Fundamental Rights and Basic Structure Doctrine
  20. Panchayati Raj Institutions
  21. Lokpal Institution
  22. NITI Aayog functioning

See here: IAS preparation in 100 days

 History Topics for UPSC IAS 2023

History of India is one of the largest section in the IAS syllabus. The number of question in IAS prelims and main exam is relatively less. Though the number is less, the UPSC can surprise any year with the increase in numbers in the IAS question paper. The important topic is based on the previous year trend and recent discoveries.
The modern history is the most important section of the IAS prelims exam. Following topics will be very important for the IAS prelims 2020.

  1. History of Galwan Valley
  2. Dholavira excavation and the related discoveries
  3. Government of India Act 1935
  4. All the events occurred in the year 1919 and 1920.
  5. All the events related to Mahatma Gandhi and Jawahar Lal Nehru
  6. The Round Table Conferences – I, II and III. (III is most important)
  7. Poona Pact
  8. Jaliawalan Bagh Tragedy
  9. Civil Disobedience Movement 
  10. Cabinet Mission Plan
  11. Quit India Movement
  12. The Social movements in Modern India
  13. The Formation of Indian National Congress, the Democratic Socialist Party and the local parties
  14. The chronology of events leading to the Indian Independence
  15. National Leaders related to the National Movement
  16. Liberal Viceroys of India

The list given above is not exhaustive. We will amend it as we come across other important topics for the IAS exam 2023 and IAS prelims 2023.

Important Essay Topics for UPSC IAS 2023 Main

The candidates should also practice to write IAS essay on a daily basis. The candidates shoudl write on diverse topics to practice for the essay. Topics given in the newspaper editorial can be very handy for the candidates for essay writing. The candidates explore more topics here.

  • The changing world order and India’s participation
  • India’s Foreign Policy and evolving bilateral issues
  • India’s relation with its neighbours
  • Border Security in India
  • Status and Condition of Women in Indian Society
  • Child labour and the restriction imposed by the Indian laws
  • Impact of technological advancement on the social fabric of Indian Society
  • Changing Trend in Indian Agriculture and the Economic Reforms
  • The Health Infrastructure in India
  • Rural and urban divide in India and how technology can play a vital role
  • What are the differences in the life of child age, youth age and old age?

For more topics, the candidates can follow - topics for essay writing

Also Read:

IAS Topper 2021 AIR 2 Ankita Agarwal

IAS Toppers -Kanishak Kataria, Akshat Jain and Junaid Ahmad Tips and Strategy

Current Affairs 2023 Topics for IAS exam

Important Questions for UPSC 2023 & IAS Main 2020

About the Author
Rachit Kumar Saxena

With over twelve years of experience in the government exam and its preparation domain, Rachit knows the life cycle of almost all government exam and related information. He deeply understands the user requirements ... Read Full Bio

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Answered 2 months ago

There are three stages in the IAS selection process namely

  1. IAS prelims
  2. IAS main (written) 
  3. IAS main (personaity test)

The IAS 2024 notification was released online on February 14 and the last date to apply for the exam will be March 4.

Rachit Kumar Saxena

Answered 2 months ago

IAS selection process takes more than one year to complete. The official IAS notification is released in February and the final result is declared in May-June next year. The Commission conduct the exam in offline mode and the candidates are required to appear and clear all the stages of IAS selectio


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Answered 2 months ago

The nationality requirements for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) are as follows:

Indian Citizen: The candidate must be a citizen of India. Only Indian citizens are eligible to apply for All India Services.

Other Nationalities: Foreig


Rachit Kumar Saxena

Answered 2 months ago

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the Civil Services Examination (CSE) annually. The CSE is also known as the IAS (Indian Administrative Service) exam. The CSE is a common exam that recruits candidates for about 24 top government services, including IAS, IPS, IFS, and IRS.

The CSE i


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Answered 2 months ago

The Union Public Service Commission is expected to release the IAS main result 2023 either in December or in January 2024. The Union Public Service Commission will conduct the IAS Main 2023 exam till September 23. The IAS main exam will be conducted at the designated exam centres only. The candidate


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