GNM Nursing: Full Form, Admission 2023, Fees, Syllabus, Entrance Exam, Career Scope

Updated on Jul 11, 2023 01:28 IST
Parul Thapa

Parul ThapaSenior Executive Content

The GNM full form is General Nursing Midwifery which is a 3-year course in the field of Nursing. The GNM Nursing focuses on specific areas of Nursing practice such as maternity care, post-trauma care, rehabilitation, mental health care, data collection, and so on. GNM admission is done on the basis of entrance exams administered by state governments. There is no centralised examination for GNM. 

Lately, GNM Nursing has been phased out by the Indian Nursing Council. The last admission year for GNM Nursing was the 2020-2021 academic year.   

GNM course includes six months of mandatory internship. GNM Nursing is one of the sorts of GNM Nursing courses that can be considered a stepping stone for a bright career in the Nursing field. GNM graduates can start their careers by working with government and private hospitals and clinics.

Candidates who complete the GNM course can pursue careers in Nursing such as Clinical Nurse Specialists, Legal Nurse Consultants, Forensic Nurses, Traveling Nurses, and so on. The top recruiters that employ GNM course include The Indian Red Cross Society Max Hospital, Community Health Centres Manipal Hospital, Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Fortis Healthcare, etc.

Latest Updates:

AIIMS BSc Nursing 2023: Exam Date (Out), Registration Started, Syllabus, Pattern

Table of Contents
  1. GNM Course Highlights
  2. All About GNM Course
    • 2.1 Why Study GNM?
  3. GNM Entrance Exams 2023
  4. GNM Eligibility Criteria
  5. GNM Course: Syllabus
    • 5.1 Types of GNM Courses
  6. Top GNM Colleges
    • 6.1 Top Government GNM Colleges
    • 6.2 Top Private GNM Colleges
  7. GNM Career Scope: Job Profiles, Salary & Top Recruiters 
    • 7.1 Job Profiles in GNM 
    • 7.2 Top Recruiters in GNM
  8. FAQs Regarding GNM Course

GNM Course Highlights

GNM Nursing (General Nursing and Midwifery), is intended to equip people with specialised practises in Clinical Nursing with an emphasis on various midwifery services. To know more about the GNM course level, fees, duration, top entrance exams, universities, job profiles, etc., candidates can take a look at the GNM course details in the table below:

Particulars Details
Full Form General Nursing and Midwifery
Nursing Duration 6 Months - 3 years
Course Level Diploma course
Nursing Entrance Exams  WBJEE ANM-GNM, Kerala GNM, Maharashtra GNM, etc. (list mentioned below)
Colleges CMC Vellore, St John’s Medical College, Jamia Hamdard University, CMC Ludhiana
Course Fee INR 40,000 - INR 1,00,000
Average Annual Salary  Up to INR 9 lakh
Job Role Pharmaceutical Industry, Technical Industry, Research Labs, etc

Also Read:

Top-Ranked Medical Colleges in India

Know about the Nursing course

All About GNM Course

GNM, or General Nursing and Midwifery, is a 3-year diploma course that is also known as GNM Nursing. It is a course designed for candidates interested in a career in Clinical Nursing. The 3-year GNM course is structured into three years of instruction followed by six months of required internship. Internships are available in Nursing homes, hospitals, and even private medical firms and companies for students. GNM is an ideal course for those who want to aid sick people and doctors in various hospitals.

Why Study GNM?

  • Nursing programmes such as GNM Nursing play a crucial role in the healthcare industry. Students can use clinical approaches to aid patients as a result of their occupational training.
  • The job entails administering to patients and supporting doctors in providing treatment to the general public.
  • A GNM course's curriculum is specially designed to prepare students to work as full-fledged nurses. Candidates get a mix of theoretical and practical instruction, which aids in the acquisition of basic skills.

GNM Entrance Exams 2023

The GNM Nursing entrance tests and admission procedures are organised by several State Nursing Councils in collaboration with State Health Departments. The Indian Nursing Council (INC), which is the highest regulating organisation for nurses, releases comprehensive qualifying requirements for GNM Nursing, and applications are being accepted based on these criteria. The following is a list of state-by-state GNM Nursing admission tests and the organisations that administer them:

Exam Name

Conducting Body

Meghalaya GNM

Department of Health & Family Welfare, Meghalaya

West Bengal (WB) GNM

Government of West Bengal, Health and Family Welfare Department

Andhra Pradesh GNM

Directorate of medical education, Government of Andhra Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh GNM 

Arunachal Pradesh Nursing Council

Assam GNM 

Directorate for Welfare of Tea and Ex Tea Garden Tribe, Government of Assam

Bihar GNM 

Ambedkar Institute of  Higher Education, Patna, Bihar

Chhatisgarh GNM

Chhattisgarh Directorate Medical Education (CGDME)

Gujarat GNM

Admission Committee for Professional Medical Education Courses (ACPMEC), Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Haryana GNM

Haryana General Nurse and Midwives Council, Panchkula, Haryana

Himachal Pradesh (HP) GNM

Directorate of Medical Education and Research, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

IOCL BSc Nursing and GNM 

Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), Assam Oil Division & Assam Oil College of Nursing

Jharkhand GNM/ANM 

Jharkhand Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (JCECEB)

Karnataka GNM 

Karnataka State Diploma in Nursing Examination Board, Bengaluru 

Kerala GNM 

Directorate of Medicine Education, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)

Madhya Pradesh GNTST/PNST 

Madhya Pradesh Board of Professional Education or VYAPAM

Maharashtra GNM 

Maharashtra Nursing Council, Mumbai

Manipur GNM 

Government of Manipur, Medical Directorate, Imphal

Mizoram GNM

Mizoram College of Nursing, Government of Mizoram

Odisha GNM/ANM 

Directorate of Nursing, Odisha

Punjab GNM 

Department of Health and Family Welfare Punjab

Rajasthan GNM 

Government of Rajasthan, Directorate of Medical and Health Services

Sikkim GNM 

Vinayaka Mission’s Research Foundation, Sikkim

Tamil Nadu (TN) GNM 

Directorate of Medical Education - Health & Family Welfare Department, Government of Tamil Nadu

Telangana GNM 

Directorate of Medical Education, Government of Telangana

Tripura GNM 

Directorate of Medical Education, Government of Tripura

Uttar Pradesh (UP) GNM 

Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences, Saifai Etawah (Uttar Pradesh)

Uttarakhand HNBUMU GNM Admission 

Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Uttarakhand Medical Education University (HNBMU)

Click here to check the top Nursing entrance exams In India

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GNM Eligibility Criteria

  • Should have passed Class 12 with English and must have secured a minimum of 40 per cent in aggregate in the qualifying examination and English separately from any recognized board. Candidates from State Open Schools recognised by the State Government and the National Institute of Open Schools (NIOS) recognized by the Central Government are also eligible.
  • Should have passed class 12 with PCM/B (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology) and English securing 40 per cent in aggregate in vocational ANM course from any Institute recognized by the Indian Nursing Council
  • Should have passed class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology and English securing 40 per cent in aggregate in Vocational Stream-Health care Science from a recognized CBSE board/Centre.
  • Should be a Registered ANM with a qualifying mark

Note: In the absence of an official update, merit-based eligibility has been mentioned for all the courses and may vary.

GNM Course: Syllabus

Nursing is a key component of the healthcare system that supports mental health and sickness prevention across the board, according to the GNM Syllabus. Candidates can check the table below to know the syllabus of the GNM Nursing course:

Year Syllabus
Year 1
  • Biological Sciences
  • Behavioral Sciences
Year 2
Year 3
  • Community Health Nursing
  • Paediatric Nursing

Click here to see the detailed GNM syllabus

Types of GNM Courses

In the healthcare industry, GNM Nursing programmes are crucial, especially in the present. A GNM Nursing course's curriculum is specifically created to prepare students to work as full-fledged nurses. The applicants receive a mix of classroom instruction and practical training, which aids in their development of fundamental skills. Basic, Post Basic and Distance GNM are the three most popular types of GNM in India. Candidates can check the details below:

Type Details
Basic Nursing The basic GNM is the most prevalent form of GNM. It is a bachelor's degree programme that prepares students to gain nursing skills and knowledge to provide comprehensive nursing care to patients with a variety of disorders.
Post-basic GNM Advanced knowledge is explored by candidates in the post-basic GNM or post-basic BSc Nursing programmes. This information is delivered in the classroom, as well as through educational trips and clinical lessons.
Distance GNM Because GNM (General Nursing and Midwifery) is a highly technical profession, remote learning options are restricted. Students should be careful of universities that provide GNM via distance learning.

Also Read:

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AIIMS Nursing Syllabus 2023: Download the Latest Syllabus PDF

Know all about Nursing & Midwifery

Learn more about MSc Nursing

Top GNM Colleges

Nursing candidates have a variety of programmes to select from besides GNM Nursing. These also include undergraduate and graduate programmes in Nursing in addition to diploma Nursing programmes. Candidates can look at the tables below which include government and private colleges that offer these GNM courses in India:

Top Government GNM Colleges

AIIMS Delhi, King George's Medical University, Armed Forces Medical College, and JIPMER Puducherry are some of the top government colleges that offer GNM courses in India. Candidates can check some of the top government colleges offering GNM courses in India in the table below:

College Name  Fee (in INR)
All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi 500 - 2,000
King George's Medical University 48,000
Armed Forces Medical College 80,000
JIPMER Puducherry  1,000 - 27,000
Jamia Hamdard 2,00,000 - 5,00,000
Government Medical College, Nagpur 35,000
SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre 35,000 - 4,00,000
Banaras Hindu University 600 - 11,000
IGNOU - Indira Gandhi National Open University 4,000 - 60,000
Byramjee Jeejeebhoy Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospitals 3,00,000

Top Private GNM Colleges

Amity University, Parul University, NIMS Nursing College, and Rama University are some of the top private colleges that offer GNM courses in India. Candidates can check some of the top private colleges offering GNM courses in India in the table below:

College Name Fee (in INR)
Amity University, Gurugram 2,00,000 - 6,00,000
Parul University 50,000 - 7,00,000
NIMS Nursing College, NIMS University 50,000 - 7,00,000
Rama University, Kanpur 2,00,000 - 4,00,000
Integral University - IUL 25,000 - 5,00,000
Galgotias University 4,00,000
Teerthanker Mahaveer College of Nursing 79,000 - 6,00,000
LNCT University 1,00,000 - 4,00,000
Silver Oak University 5,00,000
Sister Nivedita University 2,00,000 - 8,00,000

Note: The above fee is collated from multiple sources and is likely to vary. For more details related to the fee, please visit the official website of affiliated colleges.

GNM Career Scope: Job Profiles, Salary & Top Recruiters 

GNM Nursing freshers are competent enough to serve at various hospitals and organisations after completing the diploma. They can start their GNM career by joining as a Home Nurse, Health Visitor, Community Health Worker, Basic Health Worker Rural Health Worker, Aanganwadi and ASHA worker. 

Job Profiles in GNM 

ANM graduates can expect a starting salary in the range of INR 8,000 to INR 12,000. But with experience and attainment of further educational qualifications, they can earn INR 3.2 LPA to INR 7.8 LPA. The amount may fluctuate depending on the employer organisation and hospital. Candidates can check the top-paying GNM job profiles that candidates can opt for in the table below: 

Job Profile

Job Description

Average Annual Salary (in INR)


Teachers disseminate knowledge to students with a wide range of subject knowledge at the post-secondary level. They deliver scholarly articles, perform research, and instruct in the discipline.


Legal Consulting Nurse

Legal Nurse Consultants are registered nurses who offer medical data to legal entities, research organizations and experts in medicine-related cases. The data will be related to care, surveying medical records, or preparing reports and outlines about wounds or sicknesses.


Forensic Nurse

Forensic nurses are held responsible for caring for victims of assault, child and elder abuse, domestic violence, neglect, and sexual crimes. Besides treating casualties and emergencies, Forensic Nurses are also responsible for gathering and securing evidence in cases of conflicts and reported crimes.


Clinical/Hospital Nurse

Clinical Nurse Specialists work in doctor's facilities, hospitals, clinics, medical centres, and other healthcare centres. They are typically specialists in particular areas, for example, Diabetology, Pediatrics, Obstetrician and Cardiovascular Health, or Public Policy.


Home Nurse

A Home Nurse is a healthcare professional who constantly takes care of the sick or homebound or helps in the functioning of medical offices having staff limitations. Some Home Nurses work and commute between hospitals, schools, and clinics.


Top Recruiters in GNM

Opportunities in a wide range of sectors are available to students in GNM courses. Following course completion, one should register with the Indian Nursing Council. Graduates of the GNM Nursing programme can find work in both the public and private sectors. Candidates can check a list of top recruiters in India who employs GNM course graduates in the table below:

Top Recruiters
The Indian Red Cross Society Max Hospital
Community Health Centres Manipal Hospital
Apollo Hospitals Enterprise Fortis Healthcare
Medanta Medicity Columbia Asia Hospital
Global Hospitals Wockhardt Hospitals

Read More:

Nursing Courses and Colleges in Delhi

Know more about BSc Nursing

MSc Nursing Colleges in Delhi/NCR

FAQs Regarding GNM Course

Q. What is the GNM course?

A. General Nursing Midwifery, often known as GNM, is a three-and-a-half-year diploma programme in Nursing. After passing their class 12 test in the Science stream, students who want to pursue a GNM diploma can move further. The three years and half-long programme require an internship for six months. One of the types of courses that can be used as a springboard to a career in nursing is the GNM diploma programme. GNM diploma holders can begin their careers by working in public and private hospitals and clinics.

The average cost of a GNM diploma programme in India is between 20,000 and 1.5 lakh rupees per year. This may change depending on the norms of the universities/colleges. Numerous institutions in India offer the GNM diploma, and admission is based on both merit and entrance exams.

Q. Who can do the GNM course?

A. Candidates who desire to work in medicine have access to GNM. Candidates must engage in this course if they want to work as nurses, midwives, or assistants in society. If candidates have compassion for assisting people and want to work with medical professionals to treat them, they can join the GNM Nursing programme.

Candidates must also have completed their Class 12 in English and have obtained a minimum combined score of 40% in both the qualifying test and English separately from any recognised board. Candidates accepted by the National Institute of Open Schools (NIOS), approved by the Central Government, and State Open Schools recognised by the State Government are also eligible.

Q. What are the benefits of the GNM course?

A. Since there is a chronic shortage of skilled nurses, it is projected that demand will rise significantly during the following several years. So, obtaining a nursing degree from a respected nursing college could result in exciting employment options.

  • In the Nursing industry, the candidate's ability to progress professionally is unrestricted. In other words, a nurse's pay is based on the quality of the medical care they provide. 
  • Being a nurse is one of the professions with the most freedom.
  • Nurses can earn respectable annual salary packages. It's a profession that provides a significant return on investment.
  • There is a strong demand for nurses to care for individuals who are ill or injured across the country, from urban to rural locations. As a result, candidates can choose where they want to work as a nurse.
  • Along with pride, nurses typically feel some level of respect and aplomb from their fellow professionals.

Q. Can I do a GNM course without Science?

A. Candidates can enrol in a GNM course as a student from any stream (with or without Science). GNM, or General Nursing and Midwifery, is a 3-year, 6-month programme for those who want to specialise in Clinical Nursing. The minimal requirement for this course is a grade of 12 from any stream and a minimum score of 40% on the prerequisite tests. Candidates must have English in their Class 12 curriculum as the only criterion.

Q. Which is better - GNM or BSc Nursing?

A. A four-year undergraduate degree curriculum in BSc Nursing is available. A student is qualified for admission to the BSc Nursing programme if they have finished Class 12 in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology with 45% of the possible points from any recognised board or institution. The programme creates skilled Nursing professionals through a superb integration of theoretical and practise study. 

A six-month internship is part of the three-and-a-half-year diploma programme in General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM). A student is eligible for the General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) degree if they have finished Class 12 in any stream with 45% of the recommended marks from any recognised board or institution. Students who complete the course are prepared to care for individuals, families, and communities.

Undoubtedly, the BSc Nursing programme is superior to General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) if one wants to have a successful career in the healthcare sector. In terms of career growth, future education opportunities, and financial compensation, a BSc Nursing degree is more valuable than a General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) programme.

Q. What is the scope after GNM?

A. In the Indian and international healthcare sectors, nursing and medical care are in high demand. The scope of the GNM for recent graduates is increased by the student's education. For Nursing graduates, there are several employment openings in GNM Nursing across various industries. 

Nursing students can join Nursing professionals or institutions with the State Nursing Registration Council after completing the programme. The courses cover patient treatment, rehabilitation, and care. Other information about the GNM nursing programme includes the fact that students are specifically taught how to support doctors during the most important patient treatment procedures. 

Present-day GNM degree holders have access to a number of employment opportunities in the healthcare sector. They can advance their careers in the nursing sector by working as home nurses, health visitors, community health workers, primary health workers, or rural health workers. 

Q. Which type of Nursing job is best?

A. The following list mentioned the top Nursing job profiles in India (in no particular order):

  • Certified registered nurse anaesthetist
  • Dean of Nursing
  • General nurse practitioner
  • Certified nurse midwife
  • Paediatric Nurse
  • Staff Nurse
  • ICU Nurse
  • Home Nurse
  • Chief Nursing Office

Q. Is GNM hard to study?

A. There is no denying the difficulty of GNM courses. There is a lot of stuff to learn, the tests are challenging, the timetables are complicated, and the homework keeps coming. All of these elements could make life difficult for you as a student. The nursing field is quite competitive from the time you begin the application process until you graduate.

A lot of information and work is required for Nursing school. New issues present fresh opportunities for learning. Once you begin Nursing college, going to the doctor, viewing medical documentaries, and considering what to look for on a prescription label will all take on entirely new meanings.

Q. Which Nursing job profile is highly paid?

A. Senior Staff Nurse is the Nursing position with the highest salary.

A Senior Staff Nurse oversees and directs junior staff nurses and nursing students to ensure that patients receive the best care possible. She also manages nursing care for patients.

Senior registered nurses are expected to communicate with doctors, occupational therapists, and physiotherapists on behalf of patients. To make sure that they adhere to the hospital's best practice care standards, they supervise a group of registered nurses and care assistants. In accordance with the needs of the patients and the hospital's policies and procedures, senior registered nurses also administer and order medications. The person should be extremely motivated, analytical, perceptive, organised, and an excellent team player with leadership skills. 

Popular GNM Course Colleges in India

Following are the most popular GNM Course Colleges in India. Learn more about these GNM Course colleges (Courses, Reviews, Answers & more) by downloading the Brochure.
13 Courses
1.2 K - 26.58 K
6 - 120 LPA

#30 Shiksha Collections

35 K - 4 L
2.5 - 4.5 LPA
1.12 L - 5.84 L
3.6 - 3.7 LPA

Nursing Applications open. Apply Now

12 Courses
80 K

#11 Shiksha Collections

1 Course
1 Course
4.8 L
4.1 LPA

Popular Private GNM Course Colleges in India

3.2 L - 7.2 L
6.75 LPA

Nursing Applications open. Apply Now

8 Courses
1.8 L - 5.6 L
9 Courses
96 K - 3 L
2.2 - 3.5 LPA
5 Courses
74 K - 2.49 L
9 Courses
4 Courses
76 K - 3.6 L

Popular GNM Course UG Courses in India

Following are the most popular GNM Course UG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these UG Courses by clicking the links below.

UG Courses

Popular GNM Course PG Courses in India

Following are the most popular GNM Course PG Courses . You can explore the top Colleges offering these PG Courses by clicking the links below.

PG Courses


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