Understanding the DevOps Lifecycle: Key Stages, Tools, and Techniques

Understanding the DevOps Lifecycle: Key Stages, Tools, and Techniques

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Updated on Feb 21, 2023 13:36 IST

This article provides a comprehensive overview of the DevOps lifecycle, including its key stages and the tools and techniques used at each stage. It explains the differences between DevOps, Agile and Waterfall models, and highlights the key differences between the three methodologies in terms of flexibility, changes, focus, and requirements.


DevOps is a culture and practice becoming increasingly popular among software development teams. It is a method of collaboration and communication between development and operations teams to improve software delivery speed and quality. The DevOps lifecycle encompasses a series of stages and processes necessary for delivering software effectively and efficiently. This article will provide a comprehensive overview of the DevOps lifecycle, including its key stages and the tools and techniques used at each stage.

Table of contents

Difference between the waterfall model, agile model and DevOps


Waterfall Model

A waterfall model is a planning process used to develop a product or component from start to finish. It consists of five steps or phases that represent the key phases of project creation. The steps are feasibility study, requirements analysis, design, programming, testing and maintenance.

Agile Model


The Agile model is a flexible, iterative approach to software development that emphasizes collaboration,customer satisfaction, and adaptive planning. It was introduced in response to the

limitations of waterfall model,which could be more flexible and adapt to chnaging project needs



DevOps is a software development process aimed at bridging the gap between development and operations teams, bringing the two teams together to achieve a common goal of delivering high-quality software products efficiently and quickly. DevOps emphasizes collaboration, automation, and continuous delivery and improvement.This is the automated process of software deveopment

Parameter Waterfall Agile DevOps
Property Waterfall model is sequential and is inflexible in nature This model is flexible and iterative in nature This model combination of practices and tools  that automate the processes between IT teams and software development and is flexible in nature 
Requirements The requirement should be clear from the start of project Requirements are allowed to change  Requirements are allowed to change
Focus The focus is on documentation Focus is on working software and customer satisfaction Focus is on quick and efficient delivery with continuous testing and  deployment 
Changes/updations Unable to accommodate changes Easily accommodate changes Easily accommodate changes
Software Development Life Cycle
Software Development Life Cycle
The Software Development Life Cycle refers to the phases of work involved in producing software applications. Each phase corresponds to a role or responsibility that contributors to the software must...read more
Software Testing Life Cycle
Software Testing Life Cycle
STLC(Software Testing Life Cycle) is a sequence of steps being followed while doing software testing.This article will explain you different phases of testing life cycle with example and in a...read more
Continuous integration(DevOps): Real-life example explained
Continuous integration(DevOps): Real-life example explained
This article revolves around very important topic of DevOps-Continuous integration.This topic is covered with benefits,its working and real-life example.

Also read: Beginner’s Guide to Becoming a DevOps Engineer

Also read: Getting started with Devops, Learn All About Devops Certifications

Stages of the DevOps Lifecycle


The phases of a DevOps lifecycle can be divided into several key stages, each of which is critical to the success of the overall process. These stages include:

1. Planning and Development

The planning and development stage of the DevOps lifecycle involves identifying and defining the goals and objectives of a project. This stage also includes defining the software architecture, determining the technologies and tools that will be used, and selecting the development team. It is important to involve both development and operations teams in this stage to ensure that the project is aligned with both technical and business requirements.

2. Code Creation and Version Control

Once the project goals and objectives have been defined, the next stage of the DevOps lifecycle is code creation and version control. This stage involves writing the code and ensuring it is properly organized and managed using version control tools such as Git. This stage is critical to ensuring the code is maintainable, scalable, and easy to update and modify.

Tool Description
Git Git is a version control system that allows developers to easily keep track of changes to their codebase, and it is widely used in DevOps. It can be used to store and track changes in source code, store and share data, and collaboratively work on projects.
Kubernetes Kubernetes is an open-source container orchestration platform used for automating deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. It is used to manage and orchestrate containers across multiple nodes and clusters. 

3. Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment

Continuous Integration and continuous deployment are key stages in the DevOps lifecycle. They involve automating the process of building, testing, and deploying software. This allows for faster and more efficient delivery of software updates and fixes, reducing the time and effort required to get new features and bug fixes into the hands of users.

1. Continuous Integration

Continuous Integration is a set of practices that encourages the Implementation of small code changes by the development teams and checks them into a version control repository. Most modern applications require code to be developed on different platforms and tools, so teams need a consistent mechanism for integrating and validating changes. In short, write the code, commit it, and then send the code to the server, and then it is tested. Continuous Integration creates a way to automate applications’ building, packaging, and testing.

2. Continuous Deployment

The code is first built and then automatically tested and deployed to the production environment. The continuous deployment aims to minimize the time between code writing and to make it available to the end users. So unlike waterfall and agile Models in DevOps, the code is automatically deployed after being tested. It means every change that passes through the automated testing is deployed on the production side.

This practice of continuous deployment is not a good practice sometimes. Because some companies don’t have frequent and short-release cycling and some have policies for doing restrictive manual testing and sometimes the deployment environment is complex, with multiple dependencies 

But some companies like Facebook do continuous deployment as they update the software.

Tool Description
Jenkins An extensible open source continuous integration server. Jenkins CI is the leading open source continuous integration server. Built in Java, it offers over 300 plugins to help you build and test almost any project. It provides a web interface for configuring build and deployment pipelines and can be extended with plugins to integrate with various tools and services.
Ansible Ansible is an open source IT automation tool for deployment, configuration management, and application delivery. You can use YAML files to describe the desired state of your system and use it to automate the deployment of code changes.
Travis CI Travis CI is a cloud-based continuous integration and continuous deployment platform. Travis CI offers great features such as quick setup, live build view, pre-installed database service, pull request support, automatic deployment on running builds, clean virtual machine for any build, deployments, etc. increase. Supports any platform, including Mac and Linux.
Chef Chef allows you to manage and scale your cloud infrastructure without downtime or disruption. Move applications and configurations freely from one cloud to another. Chef integrates with all major cloud providers including Amazon EC2, VMWare, IBM Smartcloud, Rackspace, OpenStack, Windows Azure etc

4. Automated Testing and Quality Assurance (QA)


The product is checked by QA team. Nowadays automated testing is done mainly where the team is expected to write the test scripts and run it.This testing is done on continuous basis.At the end of the day they are responsible for the quality of the product.As shown in the fig. above testing tools like selemium are used to do testing and generate testing reports and the the code is sent to Jenkins tool for further integration.


Tool Description
JUnit JUnit is one of the leading frameworks for Java-based applications. More recently, it has also been used to run automated tests. Test automation involves writing test cases using JUnit annotations and Selenium Webdriver to simulate user interactions with your website’s user interface.
Selenium Selenium is an open source automation tool for testing web applications in different browsers. Provides an interface for developers to emulate user behavior. It also supports various programming languages ​​such as PHP, Java, and Python.


Docker Docker is a container system used for packaging and deploying applications in a consistent and isolated environment. It allows developers to quickly and easily create, deploy, and manage applications in a secure and reliable way.
Kubernetes Kubernetes is an open-source container orchestration platform used for automating deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications. It is used to manage and orchestrate containers across multiple nodes and clusters. 

5. Continuous Improvement and Feedback Loops

The monitoring and feedback stage of the DevOps lifecycle is critical to ensuring that the software is performing optimally and meeting users’ needs. This stage involves monitoring the software performance, collecting user feedback, and making necessary improvements. It is also important to monitor the system’s overall health and identify and resolve any issues that may arise.


The DevOps lifecycle is a critical component of modern software development. It involves a series of stages and processes to improve software delivery speed and quality. DevOps teams can use the right tools and techniques to ensure that software is delivered efficiently.

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